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Ammonium formate

Description References
Ammonium formate
Ammonium formate
Chemical Name:
Ammonium formate
AMMONIUM FORMAT;mravencanamonny;AMMONIUM FORMATE;Formiate ammonia;formated’ammonium;AMMONIUM FORMIATE;AmmoniumFormateAr;AmmoniumFormateGr;ammmonium formate;Ammoniumformate,99%
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Ammonium formate Properties

Melting point:
119-121 °C(lit.)
1.26 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
Flash point:
storage temp. 
Store at RT.
H2O: 10 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
6.0-8.0 (25℃, 10M in H2O)
Water Solubility 
Stable. Hygroscopic. Incompatible with strong acids, strong oxidizing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
540-69-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Formic acid, ammonium salt(540-69-2)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  Xi
Risk Statements  36/37/38
Safety Statements  26-36-37/39
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  BQ6650000
Hazardous Substances Data 540-69-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
Signal word:
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H303 May be harmfulif swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 5 P312
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
Precautionary statements:
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.

Ammonium formate price More Price(20)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 09735 Ammonium formate BioUltra, ≥99.0% (calc. based on dry substance, NT) 540-69-2 50g $75.2 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 09735 Ammonium formate BioUltra, ≥99.0% (calc. based on dry substance, NT) 540-69-2 250g $259.5 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 14517 Ammonium formate, 98+% 540-69-2 50g $22 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 14517 Ammonium formate, 98+% 540-69-2 250g $44.9 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 156264 Ammonium formate reagent grade, 97% 540-69-2 1kg $107 2017-11-08 Buy

Ammonium formate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Ammonium formate is the ammonium salt of formic acid, and is a colorless, hydroscopic, crystalline solid. It can be synthesized through treating ammonium carbonate with 85% formic acid. It is widely used in many organic reactions such as Leuckart reaction which is the reductive amination of aldehydes and ketones. It can also be used as a buffer in HPLC and LC/MS test. Moreover, it is also used in palladium on carbon (Pd/C) reduction of functional group. It can also be used for the preparation of formic acid in situ as well as being used to store formic acid.


Chemical Properties

colourless crystals


ChEBI: The ammonium salt of formic acid.

General Description

White solid with a weak odor of ammonia. Sinks and mixes slowly with water.

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Salts, basic, such as Ammonium formate, are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydroxide ions and have pH's greater than 7.0. They react as bases to neutralize acids. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of the bases in reactivity group 10 (Bases) and the neutralization of amines. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible.

Health Hazard

Inhalation causes irritation of nose and throat. Ingestion irritates mouth and stomach. Contact with eyes or skin causes irritation.

Fire Hazard

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic and irritating ammonia and formic acid gases may form in fire.

Ammonium formate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Ammonium formate Suppliers

Global( 211)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd.
0755-23311925 18102838259
0755-23311925 CHINA 3230 55
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 China 25125 65
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd. +86 (551) 65418684 65418696
+86 (551) 65418697 China 1944 62
Jiangsu Kolod Food Ingredients Co.,Ltd. 18861332158
+86-518-85115307 China 70 58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933; China 96831 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) China 40403 62
3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd. 86-21-50328103 * 801、802、803、804 Mobile:18930552037
86-21-50328109 China 15950 69
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 China 30314 84
TAIYUAN RHF CO.,LTD. +86 351 7031519
+86 351 7031519 China 2364 56
Beijing dtftchem Technology Co., Ltd. 13651141086; 86(10)60275028、60275820
86 (10) 60270825 China 3437 62

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