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Ethyl formate

Ethyl formate
Ethyl formate
CAS No.
109-94-4
Chemical Name:
Ethyl formate
Synonyms
Areginal;HCOOC2H5;FEMA 2434;FORMIC ETHER;Ethylformiat;Ethyl forMat;Aethylformiat;ETHYL FORMATE;Ethylformiaat;mrowczanetylu
CBNumber:
CB3411274
Molecular Formula:
C3H6O2
Formula Weight:
74.08
MOL File:
109-94-4.mol

Ethyl formate Properties

Melting point:
−80 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
52-54 °C(lit.)
Density 
0.921 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
2.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
15.16 psi ( 55 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.359(lit.)
FEMA 
2434 | ETHYL FORMATE
Flash point:
7 °F
storage temp. 
Flammables area
form 
Liquid
color 
Clear
explosive limit
16%
Water Solubility 
11 g/100 mL (18 ºC)
Sensitive 
Moisture Sensitive
Merck 
14,3807
BRN 
906769
Stability:
Stable. Extremely flammable. May form explosive mixtures with air. Note low flash point and wide explosive limits. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong acids, nitrates.
CAS DataBase Reference
109-94-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Formic acid, ethyl ester(109-94-4)
EPA Substance Registry System
Formic acid, ethyl ester(109-94-4)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F,Xn
Risk Statements  11-20/22-36/37
Safety Statements  9-16-24-26-33
RIDADR  UN 1190 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  LQ8400000
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  II
Hazardous Substances Data 109-94-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H332 Harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 4 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P403 Store in a well-ventilated place.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

Ethyl formate price More Price(17)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 112682 Ethyl formate reagent grade, 97% 109-94-4 2.5l $176 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 112682 Ethyl formate reagent grade, 97% 109-94-4 25ml $32.5 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar A11113 Ethyl formate, 97% 109-94-4 100ml $30.4 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar A11113 Ethyl formate, 97% 109-94-4 500ml $40.7 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 88554 Ethyl formate analytical standard 109-94-4 1ml-f $36.5 2017-11-08 Buy

Ethyl formate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid with an aromatic odour

Definition

ChEBI: A formate ester resulting from the formal condensation of formic acid with ethanol.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Flash point -4°F. Less dense than water. Vapors heavier than air.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Soluble in water. Slowly decomposed by water to formic acid, a corrosive material and ethyl alcohol, another flammable liquid.

Reactivity Profile

Ethyl formate is an ester. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing esters with alkali metals and hydrides. Ethyl formate is incompatible with the following: Nitrates; strong oxidizers, alkalis & acids [Note: Decomposes slowly in water to form ethyl alcohol and formic acid.] .

Health Hazard

Inhalation of vapor causes slight irritation of the eyes and rapidly increasing irritation of the nose. High concentrations cause deep narcosis within a few minutes followed by death within a few hours. Contact with liquid causes moderate irritation of eyes and mild irritation of skin. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach; may cause deep narcosis and death if not treated.

Fire Hazard

Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel long distance to a source of ignition and flash back.

Ethyl formate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Ethyl formate Suppliers

Global( 223)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd.
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0755-23311925 Abel@chembj.com CHINA 3230 55
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 sale@aladdin-e.com China 25125 65
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
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Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) sh@meryer.com China 40403 62
3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd. 86-21-50328103 * 801、802、803、804 Mobile:18930552037
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Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
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Beijing dtftchem Technology Co., Ltd. 13651141086; 86(10)60275028、60275820
86 (10) 60270825 dtftchem@sina.com China 1443 62
Energy Chemical 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
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Beijing Ouhe Technology Co., Ltd +86-10-4006331231;+86-10-51280831;+86-10-82967028
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