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Ethyl formate

CAS No.109-94-4
Chemical Name:Ethyl formate
Synonyms:Areginal;HCOOC2H5;FEMA 2434;FORMIC ETHER;Ethylformiat;Ethyl forMat;Aethylformiat;ETHYL FORMATE;Ethylformiaat;mrowczanetylu
Molecular Formula:C3H6O2
Formula Weight:74.08
MOL File:109-94-4.mol
Ethyl formate Property
Melting point : −80 °C(lit.)
Boiling point : 52-54 °C(lit.)
density : 0.921 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
vapor density : 2.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure : 15.16 psi ( 55 °C)
FEMA : 2434
refractive index : n20/D 1.359(lit.)
Fp : 7 °F
storage temp. : Flammables area
Water Solubility : 11 g/100 mL (18 ºC)
Sensitive : Moisture Sensitive
Merck : 14,3807
BRN : 906769
Stability:: Stable. Extremely flammable. May form explosive mixtures with air. Note low flash point and wide explosive limits. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong acids, nitrates.
CAS DataBase Reference: 109-94-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference: Formic acid, ethyl ester(109-94-4)
EPA Substance Registry System: Formic acid, ethyl ester(109-94-4)
Hazard Codes : F,Xn
Risk Statements : 11-20/22-36/37
Safety Statements : 9-16-24-26-33
RIDADR : UN 1190 3/PG 2
WGK Germany : 1
RTECS : LQ8400000
TSCA : Yes
HazardClass : 3
PackingGroup : II
Hazardous Substances Data: 109-94-4(Hazardous Substances Data)

Ethyl formate Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical Properties
colourless liquid with an aromatic odour
ChEBI: A formate ester resulting from the formal condensation of formic acid with ethanol.
General Description
A clear colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Flash point -4°F. Less dense than water. Vapors heavier than air.
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Soluble in water. Slowly decomposed by water to formic acid, a corrosive material and ethyl alcohol, another flammable liquid.
Reactivity Profile
Ethyl formate is an ester. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing esters with alkali metals and hydrides. Ethyl formate is incompatible with the following: Nitrates; strong oxidizers, alkalis & acids [Note: Decomposes slowly in water to form ethyl alcohol and formic acid.] .
Health Hazard
Inhalation of vapor causes slight irritation of the eyes and rapidly increasing irritation of the nose. High concentrations cause deep narcosis within a few minutes followed by death within a few hours. Contact with liquid causes moderate irritation of eyes and mild irritation of skin. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach; may cause deep narcosis and death if not treated.
Fire Hazard
Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel long distance to a source of ignition and flash back.
Ethyl formate Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
Etanol Calcium chloride Formic acid Aluminium chloride hexahydrate
Preparation Products
Thiamine chloride 4-CHLORO-2-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)PYRIMIDINE 4-CHLORO-1-ETHYL-3-METHYL-1H-PYRAZOLE-5-CARBOXYLIC ACID ETHYL ESTER 2-AMINO-4-METHYLOXAZOLE 1-Methyl-2-imidazolecarboxaldehyde METHYL 3-AMINO-6-METHYLTHIOPHENO[2,3-B]PYRIDINE-2-CARBOXYLATE Ninhydrin hydrate 4,5,6-TRIAMINOPYRIMIDINE 2-Chloro-6-methyl-3-pyridinecarbonitrile AMITRAZ METABOLITE HYDROCHLORIDE 5-Acetamidomethyl-4-Amino-2-Methyl pyrimidine 6-Methyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-3-amine 5-PROPYL-2-THIOURACIL Methyl 3-amino-4-phenylthiophene-2-carboxylate 7-Aminoisoquinoline 1H-1,2,3-Triazolo[4,5-d]pyrimidin-7-amine Tropic acid 5-BROMO-4-HYDROXY-2-METHYLPYRIMIDINE 4-HYDROXY-2-METHYLPYRIMIDINE 2-AMINO-PYRIMIDINE-5-CARBOXYLIC ACID ETHYL ESTER 5-N-PROPYLURACIL 7-Bromoisoquinoline 4-METHOXY-3-BUTEN-2-ONE 4-METHYLPYRIMIDIN-2-OL HYDROCHLORIDE α-Dimethoxymethyl-methoxypropionitrile alpha,alpha-Diphenyl-L-prolinol 4,5-DIBROMOTHIOPHENE-2-CARBOXALDEHYDE 2-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)PYRIMIDIN-4-AMINE 4-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidine EPOSTANE 3-Cyano-6-methyl-2(1H)-pyridinone A-(HYDROXYMETHYL)BENZENACETIC ACID METHYL ESTER 1,1-Diethoxy-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-diene 3,4-DIHYDROISOQUINOLINE 4-Hydroxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine 4-Chloropyridine-3-carboxaldehyde N-Methylformamide 7-NITRO-3,4-DIHYDROISOQUINOLINE 1-(PHENYLSULFONYL)-1H-INDOLE-2-CARBALDEHYDE 2-Aminopyrimidine-5-carbonitrile
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109-94-4(Ethyl formate)Related Search:
ZINC FORMATE TRIS(TRIMETHYLSILYL) PHOSPHATE Dimethyl succinate Ethyl benzoate Ethylparaben Ethyl chloroformate Benzocaine ISOXADIFEN-ETHYL Trinexapac-ethyl Ethyl isocyanoacetate DL-Ethyl 2-bromobutyrate Ethyl 2-bromopropionate Ethyl 2-bromoisobutyrate Formic acid Diethyl ether Etanol Ethyl formate(ortho) FORMATE ION CHROMATOGRAPHY STANDARD
109-94-4 Analytical Chromatography Product Catalog Alphabetic Analytical Standards FEMA 2434 FORMIC ACID ETHYL ESTER FORMIC ETHER ETHYL METHANOATE ETHYL FORMATE EQ - EZ Aethylformiat Areginal Ethyl ester of formic acid Ethyle(formiate d') ethyle(formiated’) ethyle(formiated’)(french) Ethylester kyseliny mravenci ethylesterkyselinymravenci ethylformate(dot) Ethylformiaat Ethylformic ester ethylformicester Etile(formiato di) etile(formiatodi) femanumber2434. formiated’ethyle HCOOC2H5 Methanoicacid,ethylester Methanoicacidethylester Mrowczan etylu mrowczanetylu mrowczanetylu(polish) Solvents for Spectrophotometry Solvents for HPLC & Spectrophotometry ETHYL FORMATE NATURAL ETHYL FORMATE 97+% FCC ETHYL FORMATE, STANDARD FOR GC ETHYL FORMATE REAGENT GRADE 97% EthylFormateForSynthesis Ethyl formate (technical) Ethyl formate, 98+% ethyl formiate ETHYLFORMATE,REAGENT Ethylformiat 109944 Organics Analytical Chemistry Solvents for HPLC & Spectrophotometry Solvents for Spectrophotometry ETHYL FORMATE pure Formic acid ethyl HCO2CH2CH3 Ethyl formate >=99.0% Ethyl methanoateFormic acid ethyl ester Ethyl formate,Formic acid ethyl ester Ethyl formate, AcroSeal, Extra Dry, 98+% Ethyl formate, pure, 98+% Ethyl ForMate [for SpectrophotoMetry]
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