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Stearic acid

description Chemical Properties application Uses Toxicity Limited use Production method
Stearic acid
Stearic acid
CAS No.
57-11-4
Chemical Name:
Stearic acid
Synonyms
C18;pd185;C18:0;naa173;NAA180;PD 185;groco54;groco55;groco58;groco59
CBNumber:
CB4853859
Molecular Formula:
C18H36O2
Formula Weight:
284.48
MOL File:
57-11-4.mol

Stearic acid Properties

Melting point:
67-72 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
361 °C(lit.)
Density 
0.84
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 173.7 °C)
refractive index 
1.4299
FEMA 
3035 | STEARIC ACID
Flash point:
>230 °F
storage temp. 
2-8°C
form 
powder
color 
White
Water Solubility 
0.1-1 g/100 mL at 23 ºC
Merck 
14,8804
BRN 
608585
CAS DataBase Reference
57-11-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Octadecanoic acid(57-11-4)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  Xi,F
Risk Statements  38-36/37/38-11
Safety Statements  37/39-26-16
RIDADR  1325
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  WI2800000
TSCA  Yes
HS Code  38231100
Hazardous Substances Data 57-11-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word:
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
Precautionary statements:
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.

Stearic acid price More Price(27)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1621008 Stearic acid United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard 57-11-4 500mg $348.4 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 175366 Stearic acid reagent grade, 95% 57-11-4 1kg $34.9 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar A17673 Stearic acid, 90+% 57-11-4 1000g $29.3 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar A17673 Stearic acid, 90+% 57-11-4 5000g $85.1 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich S4751 Stearic acid Grade I, ≥98.5% (capillary GC) 57-11-4 1g $30.8 2017-11-08 Buy

Stearic acid Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

description

Stearic acid is one of several major long-chain fatty acids comprising oils and fats. It is presented in animal fats, oil and some kinds of vegetable oils as wellin the form of glycerides. These oils, after hydrolysis, produce the stearic acid.
Stearic acid is a fatty acid widely existing in nature and has the general chemical properties of carboxylic acids. Almost all kinds of fat and oil contain certain amount of stearic acid with the content in the animal fats being relative high. For example, the content in the butter can reach up to 24% while the content in vegetable oil is relative low with the value in tea oil being 0.8% and the oil in palm being 6%. However, the content in cocoa can reach as high as 34%.
There are two major approaches for industrial production of stearic acid, namely fractionation and compression method. Add decomposition agent to the hydrogenated oil, and then hydrolyze to give the crude fatty acid, further go through washing with water, distillation, bleaching to obtain the finished products with glycerol as the byproduct.
Most domestic manufacturers use animal fat for production. Some kinds of production technology will result in the incompletion of the distillation of fatty acid which produce stimulating odor at the time of the plastic processing and high temperatures. Although these odor is of no toxic but they will have certain effect on the working conditions and the natural environment. Most imported form of stearic acid takes vegetable oil as the raw materials, the production processes are more advanced; the produced stearic acid is of stable performance, good lubrication property and less odor in the application.
Stearic acid is mainly used for the production of stearates such as sodium stearate, magnesium stearate, calcium stearate, lead stearate, aluminum stearate, cadmium stearate, iron stearate, and potassium stearate. The sodium or potassium salt of stearic acid is the component of soap. Although sodium stearate has a less decontamination ability than sodium palmitate, but its presence may increase the hardness of soap.
Take butter as raw material, go through sulfuric acid or pressurized method for decomposition. The free fatty acids was first subject to water pressure method for removing the palmitic acid and oleic acid at 30~40 ℃, and then dissolved in ethanol, followed by addition of barium acetate or magnesium acetate which precipitates stearate. Then further add dilute sulfuric acid to get the free stearate acid, filter and take it, and re-crystallize in ethanol to obtain the pure stearic acid.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Dai Xiongfeng.

Chemical Properties

Pure product appears as white shiny soft small pieces. It is slightly soluble in water, soluble in alcohol, acetone, easily soluble in benzene, chloroform, ether, carbon tetrachloride, carbon disulfide, amyl acetate and toluene.

application

Stearic acid is widely used in cosmetics, plastics plasticizers, mold release agents, stabilizers, surfactants, rubber vulcanization accelerator, waterproof agent, polishing agent, metal soap, metal mineral flotation agents, softeners and pharmaceuticals as well as other organic chemicals. Stearic acid can also be used as the solvents of oil-soluble paint, crayons lubrication agent, stencil lighting agent and the emulsifier of stearic acid glyceride.
Stearic acid can also be widely used in the manufacturing of PVC pipe, sheet material, profiles and film and is the PVC heat stabilizers with good lubricity and excellent stability against light and heat. In the application of polyvinyl chloride pipe, stearic acid helps prevent the "coke" during the processing and is effective heat stabilizer during PVC film processing while also preventing the discoloration of the finished film discoloration caused by exposure.
Stearic acid has become the additive for lubrication, plasticization and stabilization of the filled masterbatch. Stearic acid can effectively improve the coating activating effect of inorganic powder and increase the flow rate of materials. When there is demand for a large flow rate of the melt for material with inorganic powder accounting for the most part, an appropriate increase in the content of stearic acid can significantly increase the melt flow rate of material. However, the amount of stearic acid used in filled masterbatch also have threshold with its amount being controlled in about 1% of the total mass. If the added amount is over-excessive, it will not only cause the decrease of the quality and the performance of plastic products but also generate sticky substance in the die lip location of the manufacturing equipment of the plastic products, affecting the production efficiency and product quality.
The mono-or multi-alcohol ester of stearic acid can be used as cosmetics, nonionic surfactants and plasticizers. Its alkali metal salt can be dissolved in water and is a major component of soap. Other kinds of salts can be used as waterproofing agents, lubricants, bactericides, coating additives and PVC stabilizers.

Uses

It can be used as natural rubber, synthetic rubber (except butyl rubber) and latex curing active agent. It can also be used as raw material of plastic plasticizer and stabilizer. Medicine: it can be used for the preparation of ointments, suppositories, etc., as well as being used in the manufacture of cosmetics, candles, waterproof agent and polishing agent. The product can be used as a lubricant, defoamers and food additives in the food industry as well as the raw materials of glycerol stearate, stearic acid sorbitol anhydride esters and sucrose esters.
It can also be used as standard reference product for gas analysis as well as the preparation of soap, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and other organic chemicals.

Toxicity

Natural fatty acids; non-toxic.
GRAS (FDA, §172.615, §184.1090, 2000).
LD50: 21500mg/kg (rat via skin).

Limited use

FEMA (mg/kg): soft drinks: 2.0~ 10; candy: 4000; bakery: 3.5.
GB 2760-2001: candy, gum base agent; take GMP as limit.

Production method

There are two major approaches for industrial production of stearic acid, namely fractionation and compression method. Add decomposition agent to the hydrogenated oil, and then hydrolyze to give the crude fatty acid, further go through washing with water, distillation, bleaching to obtain the finished products with glycerol as the byproduct.
Compression method takes animal oil as raw material. Have animal oil subject to hydrolysis in the catalysis of zinc oxide at pressure of 1.17~1.47 MPa, further go through pickling, washing, distillation, cooling, freezing, press for removal of oleic acid to get the finished products.
Heat the cotton seed oil, rice bran oil, or soybean oil in the presence of a hydrolyzing agent under normal pressure to boiling with hydrolysis of 1.5 h and harden to saturated fatty acid. Oleic acid hydrogenation;
Use the C10~C20 and C18~C20 fraction of the synthetic fatty acid as raw materials, go through melting, pickling (with 1% sulfuric acid) mold, pressing, melting, pickling, dehydrating and crystallization to obtain it.
It can be obtained through the low-temperature segment separation of the mixed fatty acid.
It can also be made through the hydrogenation of oleic acid.

Chemical Properties

white flakes

Definition

ChEBI: A C18 straight-chain saturated fatty acid component of many animal and vegetable lipids. As well as in the diet, it is used in hardening soaps, softening plastics and in making cosmetics, candles and plastics.

General Description

White solid with a mild odor. Floats on water.

Air & Water Reactions

Slightly soluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Stearic acid is incompatible with strong oxidizers and strong bases. Stearic acid is also incompatible with reducing agents.

Health Hazard

Compound is generally considered nontoxic. Inhalation of dust irritates nose and throat. Dust causes mild irritation of eyes.

Fire Hazard

Stearic acid is combustible. Stearic acid can heat spontaneously.

Stearic acid Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Stearic acid Suppliers

Global( 391)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd.
0755-23311925 18102838259
0755-23311925 Abel@chembj.com CHINA 3230 55
Codow Chemical Co.,Ltd. +86-20-38056109 / 3892 1903
+86-20-6261 9665 sales@hwhg.com.cn China 18462 55
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 sale@aladdin-e.com China 25125 65
Hunan Changsha Hengchang Chemical Co., Ltd. 13217318550
0731-85206809 changshach@126.com China 26 62
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933 jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com China 96831 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) sh@meryer.com China 40403 62
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 saleschina@alfa-asia.com China 30314 84
TCI (Shanghai) Development Co., Ltd. 800-988-0390
021-67121385 sales@tcishanghai.com.cn China 22833 81
BeiJing Hwrk Chemicals Limted 4006990298;010-57411839;0757-86311057;021-51691807
010-87653215;0757-86311057;021-55236763 sales@hwrkchemical.com China 15554 55
Energy Chemical 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
021-58436166-800 info@energy-chemical.com China 44197 61

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