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Formic acid

CAS No.64-18-6
Chemical Name:Formic acid
Synonyms:Add-F;HCOOH;FORMOL;Amasil;formic;Bilorin;Formira;Myrmicyl;MORBICID;METHANONE
CBNumber:CB4854063
Molecular Formula:CH2O2
Formula Weight:46.03
MOL File:64-18-6.mol
Formic acid Property
Melting point : 8.2-8.4 °C(lit.)
Boiling point : 101 °C
density : 1.22
vapor density : 1.03 (vs air)
vapor pressure : 52 mm Hg ( 37 °C)
refractive index : n20/D 1.377
FEMA : 2487
Fp : 133 °F
storage temp. : 2-8°C
Water Solubility : MISCIBLE
Sensitive : Hygroscopic
Merck : 14,4241
BRN : 1209246
Stability:: Stable. Substances to be avoided include strong bases, strong oxidizing agents and powdered metals, furfuryl alcohol. Combustible. Hygroscopic. Pressure may build up in tightly closed bottles, so bottles should be opened carefully and vented periodically.
CAS DataBase Reference: 64-18-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference: Formic acid(64-18-6)
EPA Substance Registry System: Formic acid(64-18-6)
Safety
Hazard Codes : T,C,Xi
Risk Statements : 23/24/25-34-40-43-35-36/38-10
Safety Statements : 36/37-45-26-23-36/37/39
RIDADR : UN 1198 3/PG 3
WGK Germany : 2
RTECS : LP8925000
F : 10
HazardClass : 8
PackingGroup : II
Hazardous Substances Data: 64-18-6(Hazardous Substances Data)

Formic acid Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical Properties
Clear, colorless liquid
General Description
A colorless liquid with a pungent odor. Flash point 156┬░F. Density 10.2 lb / gal. Corrosive to metals and tissue.
Air & Water Reactions
Fumes in air. Soluble in water with release of heat.
Reactivity Profile
Formic acid reacts exothmerically with all bases, both organic (for example, the amines) and inorganic. Reacts with active metals to form gaseous hydrogen and a metal salt. Reacts with cyanide salts to generate gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Reacts with diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides to generate flammable or toxic gases. Reacts with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), to generate flammable and/or toxic gases and heat. Reacts with carbonates and bicarbonates to generate carbon dioxide but still heat. Can be oxidized by strong oxidizing agents and reduced by strong reducing agents. These reactions generate heat. May initiate polymerization reactions or catalyze other chemical reactions. A mixture with furfuryl alcohol exploded [Chem. Eng. News 18:72(1940)].
Health Hazard
Liquid causes skin and eye burns. Vapors are irritating and painful to breath. Vapor exposure may cause nausea and vomiting.
Fire Hazard
Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic vapor generated in fires
Formic acid Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
CARBON MONOXIDE Phosphorous acid Ethylamine water solution Triethylamine METALLURGICAL COKE PETROLEUM ETHER Sodium methanolate Sodium formate Methanol Sodium hydroxide Methyl formate Sulfuric acid Ammonia
Preparation Products
5,7-dichlorooxazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidine Pigment Yellow 83 2-OXO-2,3-DIHYDRO-BENZOOXAZOLE-5-CARBOXYLIC ACID 3-FLUORO-N-METHYLANILINE 5-AMINO-6-CHLORO-PYRIMIDIN-4-OL METHYL PENT-4-YN-2-YLCARBAMATE ETHYL 2,4-DICHLOROBENZOATE 7-Hydroxy-6-methoxy-3,4-dihydroisoquinoline 2-METHANESULFONYL-4-METHYL-PYRIMIDINE 2-Hydroxy-N-(4-methoxyphenyl)-11H-benzo[a]carbazole-3-carboxamide [4-AMINO-2-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)PYRIMIDIN-5-YL]METHANOL 4-AMINO-2-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)PYRIMIDINE-5-CARBALDEHYDE Sulfur Yellow GC dimethyl dodecyl thioic propylene betaine 4,4'-Methylenebis(N,N-dimethylaniline) 5-Ethyl-2-pyridineethanol 8-BROMO-3-METHYL-3,7-DIHYDRO-PURINE-2,6-DIONE Sulfur Red Brown B3R 3-METHYLTHIOPHENE-2-CARBONITRILE C.I.BASICBLUE22 CINNAMYL FORMATE 3,7-DIMETHYL-7-OCTEN-1-OL 1-METHYLPIPERIDINE-4-CARBOXYLIC ACID HYDROCHLORIDE 1H-Benzimidazole-5-carboxylic acid (1H-INDAZOL-3-YL)-ACETIC ACID Geranyl formate 1-FORMYL-4-METHYLPIPERAZINE Epoxidized soya bean oil GUANINE SULFATE Benzyl formate 1,3,5-TRIMETHYL-1,3,5-TRIPHENYLCYCLOTRISILOXANE 4-Azabenzimidazole 1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-4-methylpiperazine 2-AMINO-4,4'-DICHLORODIPHENYL ETHER 5-Methyl-2-(methylsulfonyl)pyrimidine ,97% 2-Ethylbutyric acid 3,4-DIHYDROISOQUINOLINE N-Methylformamide Diethoxymethyl acetate 1-METHYL-1-CYCLOHEXANECARBOXYLIC ACID
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64-18-6 ALDEHYDE C1 Carbonyl Compounds Carboxylic Acid Salts Carbohydrates C1 to C6 Cancer Research Asymmetric Synthesis BioChemika Ultra Biological Buffers Chiral Building Blocks Carcinogens Building Blocks Analytical Reagents Analytical Standards Biochemicals and Reagents Analytical Chromatography Product Catalog Alphabetic Aldehydes BioChemical FORMALDEHYDE SOLUTION FORMALDEHYDI FORMALIN, CARSONS FORMALDEHYDE DEVELOPING SOLUTION FORMALIN, NEUTRAL FORMALIN NEUTRAL BUFFER FORMALIN, NEUTRAL BUFFERED FORMALIN NEUTRAL SODIUM SALT FORMIC ALDEHYDE FORMOL FORMALDE-FRESH FORMALDE-FRESH SOLUTION FORMALDE-FRESH SOLUTION, BUFFERED FORMALDEHYDE, BUFFERED FORMALDEHYDE, CARSON-MILLON METHANONE METHYL ALDEHYDE Acide formique acideformique acideformique(french) Acido formico acidoformico Add-F ai3-24237 Amasil Ameisensaeure Ameisensaure Ameisens╬▒ure Bilorin Collo-Bueglatt Collo-Didax femano2487 formic Formic acid, solution Formira Formisoton HCOOH Hydrogen carboxylic acid
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