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Formic acid

Formic acid
Formic acid
CAS No.
64-18-6
Chemical Name:
Formic acid
Synonyms
Add-F;HCOOH;FORMOL;Amasil;formic;Bilorin;Formira;Myrmicyl;MORBICID;METHANONE
CBNumber:
CB4854063
Molecular Formula:
CH2O2
Formula Weight:
46.03
MOL File:
64-18-6.mol

Formic acid Properties

Melting point:
8.2-8.4 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
101 °C
Density 
1.22
vapor density 
1.03 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
52 mm Hg ( 37 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.377
FEMA 
2487 | FORMIC ACID
Flash point:
133 °F
storage temp. 
2-8°C
solubility 
H2O: soluble1g/10 mL, clear, colorless
pka
3.75(at 20℃)
form 
Liquid
color 
APHA: ≤15
PH
2.2 (10g/l, H2O, 20℃)
explosive limit
12-38%(V)
Water Solubility 
MISCIBLE
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
Merck 
14,4241
BRN 
1209246
Stability:
Stable. Substances to be avoided include strong bases, strong oxidizing agents and powdered metals, furfuryl alcohol. Combustible. Hygroscopic. Pressure may build up in tightly closed bottles, so bottles should be opened carefully and vented periodically.
CAS DataBase Reference
64-18-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Formic acid(64-18-6)
EPA Substance Registry System
Formic acid(64-18-6)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  T,C,Xi
Risk Statements  23/24/25-34-40-43-35-36/38-10
Safety Statements  36/37-45-26-23-36/37/39
RIDADR  UN 1198 3/PG 3
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  LP8925000
10
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  8
PackingGroup  II
Hazardous Substances Data 64-18-6(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H226 Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 3 Warning
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H331 Toxic if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 3 Danger P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P337+P313 IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

Formic acid price More Price(54)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.00264 Formic acid 98-100% for analysis EMSURE ACS,Reag. Ph Eur 64-18-6 1EA $61 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 06473 Formic acid solution BioUltra, 1.0M in H 64-18-6 100ml $177.5 2017-11-08 Buy
TCI Chemical F0654 Formic Acid [for LC-MS] >98.0%(GC) 64-18-6 5mL $36 2017-12-01 Buy
TCI Chemical F0654 Formic Acid [for LC-MS] >98.0%(GC) 64-18-6 25mL $60 2017-12-01 Buy
Alfa Aesar 36504 Formic acid, ACS, 88+% 64-18-6 *4x500ml $156 2017-11-08 Buy

Formic acid Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

Clear, colorless liquid

Definition

ChEBI: The simplest carboxylic acid, containing a single carbon. Occurs naturally in various sources including the venom of bee and ant stings, and is a useful organic synthetic reagent. Principally used as a preservative and antibacterial agent in livestock feed Induces severe metabolic acidosis and ocular injury in human subjects.

General Description

A colorless liquid with a pungent odor. Flash point 156°F. Density 10.2 lb / gal. Corrosive to metals and tissue.

Air & Water Reactions

Fumes in air. Soluble in water with release of heat.

Reactivity Profile

Formic acid reacts exothmerically with all bases, both organic (for example, the amines) and inorganic. Reacts with active metals to form gaseous hydrogen and a metal salt. Reacts with cyanide salts to generate gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Reacts with diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides to generate flammable or toxic gases. Reacts with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), to generate flammable and/or toxic gases and heat. Reacts with carbonates and bicarbonates to generate carbon dioxide but still heat. Can be oxidized by strong oxidizing agents and reduced by strong reducing agents. These reactions generate heat. May initiate polymerization reactions or catalyze other chemical reactions. A mixture with furfuryl alcohol exploded [Chem. Eng. News 18:72(1940)].

Health Hazard

Liquid causes skin and eye burns. Vapors are irritating and painful to breath. Vapor exposure may cause nausea and vomiting.

Fire Hazard

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic vapor generated in fires

Formic acid Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Formic acid Suppliers

Global( 362)Suppliers
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