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Acetone Basic information
Product Name:Acetone
Synonyms:ACETONE ALCOHOL;GRAMS DECOLORIZER;GRAM STAIN NO 3;(CH3)2CO;2-Propanon;aceton;aceton(german,dutch,polish);Acetone oil
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Mol File:67-64-1.mol
Acetone Structure
Acetone Chemical Properties
Melting point -94 °C(lit.)
Boiling point 56 °C760 mm Hg(lit.)
density 0.791 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 2 (vs air)
vapor pressure 184 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index n20/D 1.359(lit.)
Fp 1 °F
storage temp. Store at RT.
pka19.3(at 25℃)
form Liquid
color Colorless, invisible vapor
Relative polarity0.355
Water Solubility soluble
Merck 14,66
BRN 63580
CAS DataBase Reference67-64-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry ReferenceAcetone(67-64-1)
EPA Substance Registry System2-Propanone(67-64-1)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes F,Xi,T
Risk Statements 11-36-66-67-39/23/24/25-23/24/25
Safety Statements 9-16-26-45-36/37-7
RIDADR UN 1090 3/PG 2
WGK Germany 3
RTECS AL3150000
HazardClass 3
PackingGroup II
HS Code 29141100
Hazardous Substances Data67-64-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
MSDS Information
Acetone English
Acetone Usage And Synthesis
Chemical PropertiesColorless liquid
UsesAcetone′s luminesence intensity is dependent upon the solution components 1. The absorption of UV light by acetone, results in its photolysis and the production of radials 1.
UsesSuitable for HPLC, spectrophotometry, environmental testing
UsesUsed in liquid chromotography; cleaning glassware; extraction of solid waste.
UsesSolvent for fats, oils, waxes, resins, rubber, plastics, lacquers, varnishes, rubber cements. manufacture of methyl isobutyl ketone, mesityl oxide, acetic acid (ketene process), diacetone alcohol, chloroform, iodoform, bromoform, explosives, aeroplane dopes, rayon, photographic films, isoprene; storing acetylene gas (takes up about 24 times its vol of the gas); extraction of various principles from animal and plant substances; in paint and varnish removers; purifying paraffin; hardening and dehydrating tissues. Pharmaceutic aid (solvent).
DefinitionChEBI: A methyl ketone that consists of propane bearing an oxo group at C2.
General DescriptionA clear colorless liquid with a sweetish odor. Flash point 0°F. Less dense than water. Vapors are heavier than air. Used as a solvent in paint and nail polish removers.
Air & Water ReactionsHighly flammable. Water soluble.
Reactivity ProfileAcetone was reported that a mixture of Acetone and chloroform, in a residue bottle, exploded. Since addition of Acetone to chloroform in the presence of base will result in a highly exothermic reaction, Acetone is thought that a base was in the bottle [MCA Case History 1661. 1970]. Also, Nitrosyl chloride, sealed in a tube with a residue of Acetone in the presence of platinum catalyst, gave an explosive reaction [Chem. Eng. News 35(43):60. 1967]. The reaction of nitrosyl perchlorate and Acetone ignites and explodes. Explosions occur with mixtures of nitrosyl perchlorate and primary amine [Ann. Chem. 42:2031. 1909]. Reacts violently with nitric acid. Also causes exothermic reaction when in contact with aldehydes.
Health HazardINHALATION: vapor irritating to eyes and mucous membranes; acts as an anesthetic in very high concentrations. INGESTION: low order of toxicity but very irritating to mucous membranes. SKIN: prolonged excessive contact causes defatting of the skin, possibly leading to dermatitis.
Fire HazardHIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.
Tag:Acetone(67-64-1) Related Product Information
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