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Sodium hydroxide

Sodium hydroxide Suppliers list
Company Name: Shanghai Bojing Chemical Co.,Ltd.
Tel: +86-21-37122233
Email: Candy@bj-chem.com
Products Intro: Product Name:Sodium hydroxide
CAS:1310-73-2
Purity:99% Package:1kg;25kg;200kg Cardboard barrels Remarks:colorless crystalline
Company Name: Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd.
Tel: 0755-23311925 18102838259
Email: Abel@chembj.com
Products Intro: Product Name:Sodium hydroxide
CAS:1310-73-2
Purity:99% Package:3.3/KG
Company Name: Spectrum Chemical Manufacturing Corp.  Gold
Tel:021-67601398-808
Email:gduan@spectrumchina.net
Products Intro:Product Name:SodiuM Hydroxide, Reagent, ACS
CAS:1310-73-2
Purity:Reagent, ACS Package:1EA Remarks:LC23900
Company Name: Sino Chem Mongolia Alliance Ltd.  Gold
Tel:+86-131-10056998
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Products Intro:Product Name:Caustic soda
CAS:1310-73-2
Purity:99% Package:25kgs USD$320/MT FOB TIANJIN PORT Remarks:white flakescontent:99%;96%;90% white flkes;48% liquid & solution900kgs;1000kgs PP/PE woven bags
Company Name: Shanghai Macklin Biochemical Co.,Ltd.  Gold
Tel:15221275939
Email:shenlinxing@macklin.cn
Products Intro:Product Name:Sodium hydroxide standard
CAS:1310-73-2
Purity:0.1mol/L Package:1L
Sodium hydroxide Basic information
Product Name:Sodium hydroxide
Synonyms:Aetznatron;Augus hot rod;causticflake;causticsoda,bead;causticsoda,bead(dot);hydroxydedesodium(solide);hydroxydedesodium(solutions);lewis-reddevillye
CAS:1310-73-2
MF:HNaO
MW:40
EINECS:231-659-4
Product Categories:INORGANIC & ORGANIC CHEMICALS;Inorganics;Adsorbents, Filter Aids and Drying Agents;Ascarite;Chromatography/CE Reagents;Eluent concentrates for ICAlphabetic;Ion Chromatography;S;SN - SZ;Puriss p.a. ACS;Q-S, Puriss p.a. ACS;Base solutionsCosmetics;Allergens;Other AdditivesVolumetric Solutions;HPLC;HPLC Buffer;HPLC Buffers;HPLC Buffers - SolutionChromatography/CE Reagents;Solution;Base SolutionsTitration;Base solutionsVolumetric Solutions;Solution containers (VOLPAC);Base ConcentratesConcentrates (e.g. FIXANAL);Reference Material Hydrochloric acid;By Reference Material;Concentrates (e.g. FIXANAL);Titration;Pure Reagents for Wet Digestion (Trace SELECT)Essential Chemicals;TraceSelect;Acids&Bases;Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS);Digestion Reagents;Essential Chemicals;Reagent Grade;Base Solutions;Volumetric Solutions;Analytical Reagents for General Use;Puriss p.a.;Q-S, Puriss p.a.;Electrode BuffersCell Culture;Isoelectric Focusing and Two Dimensional Electrophoresis;Miscellaneous Reagents and Supplements;Reagents and Supplements;BioUltraMolecular Biology;DNA&RNA Purification;Molecular Biology;Molecular Biology Reagents;Reagents;Capillary Electrophoresis;Capillary Isoelectric Focusing;Protein Electrophoresis;metal hydroxide;alkali;inorganic alkali;inorganic chemical raw material
Mol File:1310-73-2.mol
Sodium hydroxide Structure
Sodium hydroxide Chemical Properties
Melting point 681 °C(lit.)
Boiling point 145 °C
density 1.515 g/mL at 20 °C
vapor density <1 (vs air)
vapor pressure 1 mm Hg ( 745 °C)
refractive index 1,473-1,475
Fp 176-178°C
storage temp. 2-8°C
solubility H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
form beads
color White
PH>14 (100g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Water Solubility SOLUBLE
Sensitive Air Sensitive & Hygroscopic
Decomposition 176-178 ºC
Merck 14,8627
CAS DataBase Reference1310-73-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry ReferenceSodium hydroxide(1310-73-2)
EPA Substance Registry SystemSodium hydroxide (Na(OH))(1310-73-2)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes C,Xi
Risk Statements 36/38-35-34
Safety Statements 26-45-37/39-24/25-36/37/39
RIDADR UN 1824 8/PG 2
WGK Germany 1
RTECS TT2975000
8
TSCA Yes
HazardClass 8
PackingGroup II
Hazardous Substances Data1310-73-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
MSDS Information
ProviderLanguage
SigmaAldrich English
ACROS English
ALFA English
Sodium hydroxide Usage And Synthesis
DescriptionSodium hydroxide, also known as lye and caustic soda, is a highly caustic substance that is used used in small amounts in cosmetics to establish and hold the pH of a product.Sodium Hydroxide is a extremely important compound in our lives because it has so many uses.  It is a very common base used in the chemical industry and is used for many things, many of which occur in our daily lives. One of the most well known uses of Sodium Hydroxide is its use in unclogging drains.  It comes in many different brands of drain cleaners, but one of the most common is Drano.  It also comes in the form of lye soap which can be used to wash practically anything, from the dishes to your face.
sodium hydroxide structure
sodium hydroxide structure
At room temperature, sodium hydroxide is a white crystalline odorless solid that absorbs moisture from the air. It is a manufactured substance. Sodium Hydroxide is an inorganic compound used to control the pH levels or serve as a buffering agent in cosmetics and personal care products. It was historically used in the formulation of soaps, but is currently seen in a variety of formulas, including bath products, cleansing products, fragrances, foot powders, hair dyes and colors, makeup, nail products, personal cleanliness products, shampoos, shaving products, depilatories, skin care products, and suntan products, as well as chemical hair straighteners and hair wave sets. It is also a popular ingredient in industrial solvents as a chemical base for soaps, oven cleaners, detergents and drain cleaners because of its ability to dissolve grease, oils, fats and protein based deposits, according to Wikipedia. Less frequently, Sodium Hydroxide is seen as an ingredient in toothpastes.
Sodium Hydroxide is FDA approved, and has received the GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) rating as a direct food additive. However, it is primarily used in the washing and chemical peeling of produce. It is approved for use in cosmetics and personal care products in varying concentrations: 5% by weight in nail cuticle solvents, 2% by weight in hair straighteners for general use, 4.5% by weight in hair straighteners for professional use, up to a pH 12.7 in depilatories, and up to pH 11 in other uses as a pH adjuster.
References
https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/sodium_hydroxide
http://sodiumhydroxide.weebly.com/uses.html
Chemical PropertiesWhite solid
UsesSodium hydroxide is one of the most important industrial chemicals. In volume, it is in the top ten chemicals produced in the United States. It is used in manufacturing a large number of compounds including several sodium salts, in treating cellulose for producing rayon and cellophane, and in manufacturing soaps, detergents, pulp, and paper. Sodium hydroxide is a common neutralizing agent for acids in acid-base titrations and petroleum refining. Another major application is extracting metals from their ores where alkali fusion, such as fusion with caustic soda, often is applied to open the ores. Additionally, sodium hydroxide is used to precipitate metals as hydroxides. Other uses are in reclaiming rubber, dissolving casein in plastics production, refining vegetable oils, processing textiles, as an eluant in ion chromatography, etching and electroplating, and as a laboratory reagent. Sodium hydroxide also is used as a strong base in many organic synthesis and base-catalyzed reactions.
PreparationSodium hydroxide is manufactured together with chlorine by electrolysis of sodium chloride solution. Various types of electrolytic cells are used commercially. They include the mercury cell, the diaphragm cell, and the membrane cell.
A saturated solution of brine is electrolyzed. Chlorine gas is liberated at the anode and sodium ion at the cathode. Decomposition of water produces hydrogen and hydroxide ions. The hydroxide ion combines with sodium ion forming NaOH. The overall electrolytic reactions may be represented as:
2Na+ + 2Cl_ + 2H2O → Cl2 (g) + H2 (g) + 2NaOH (aq)
The mercury cell proceeds in two stages that occur separately in two cells. The first is known as the brine cell or the primary electrolyzer in which sodium ion deposits on the mercury cathode forming amalgam, while chlorine gas is liberated at the anode:
Na+ + Cl–→ Na-Hg (cathode) + ½Cl2(g) (anode)
In the second cell, known as the decomposer cell, a graphite cathode is used while sodium amalgam serves as the anode. Water reacts with the sodium metal of the amalgam in the decomposer:
Na-Hg + H2O → Na+ + OH– + ½H2↑ + Hg
In chlor-alkali diaphragm cells, a diaphragm is employed to separate chlorine liberated at the anode from the sodium hydroxide and hydrogen generated at the cathode. Without a diaphragm, the sodium hydroxide formed will combine with chlorine to form sodium hypochlorite and chlorate. In many cells, asbestos diaphragms are used for such separation. Many types of diaphragm cells are available.
Sodium hydroxide is produced either as an anhydrous solid or as a 50% aqueous solution.
General DescriptionA white solid. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Used in chemical manufacturing, petroleum refining, cleaning compounds, drain cleaners.
Air & Water ReactionsSoluble in water. Dissolution can liberate enough heat to cause steaming and spattering and ignite adjacent combustible material [Haz. Chem. Data 1966].
Reactivity ProfileCAUSTIC SODA (Sodium hydroxide) is a strong base. Reacts rapidly and exothermically with acids, both organic and inorganic. Readily absorbs moisture from the air to give caustic semi-solids that attack aluminum and zinc with the evolution of flammable hydrogen gas. Catalyzes the polymerization of acetaldehyde and other polymerizable compounds; these reactions can occur violently, for example, acrolein polymerizes with extreme violence when put in contact with alkaline materials such as sodium hydroxide [Chem. Safety Data Sheet SD-85 1961]. Reacts with great violence with phosphorus pentaoxide when initiated by local heating [Mellor 8 Supp.3:406 1971]. Contact (as a drying agent) with tetrahydrofuran, which often contains peroxides, may be hazardous---explosions have occurred in such a use of the chemically similar potassium hydroxide [NSC Newsletter Chem. Soc. 1967]. Mixing with any of the following substances in a closed container caused the temperature and pressure to increase: glacial acetic acid, acetic anhydride, acrolein, chlorohydrin, chlorosulfonic acid, ethylene cyanohydrin, glyoxal, hydrochloric acid (36%), hydrofluoric acid (48.7%), nitric acid (70%), oleum, propiolactone, sulfuric acid (96%) [NFPA 1991]. Accidental contact between a caustic cleaning solution (probably containing sodium hydroxide) and Pentol caused a violent explosion. [MCA Case History 363(1964)]. Heating with a mixture of methyl alcohol and trichlorobenzene during an attempted synthesis led to a sudden increase in pressure and an explosion [MCA Guide for Safety Appendix 3 1972]. Hot and/or concentrated NaOH can cause hydroquinone to decompose exothermically at elevated temperature. (NFPA Pub. 491M, 1975, 385)
Health HazardStrong corrosive action on contacted tissues. INHALATION: dust may cause damage to upper respiratory tract and lung itself, producing from mild nose irritation to pneumonitis. INGESTION: severe damage to mucous membranes; severe scar formation or perforation may occur. EYE CONTACT: produces severe damage.
Fire HazardNon-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Some are oxidizers and may ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated.
Sodium hydroxide Preparation Products And Raw materials
Preparation Products6-AMINO-5-BROMOPYRIMIDIN-2(1H)-ONE-->DL-4-HYDROXY-3-METHOXYMANDELIC ACID-->BENZYL 1-PIPERAZINECARBOXYLATE-->1-[(Benzyloxy)carbonyl]piperidine-4-carboxylic acid-->3-(Acetylamino)thiophene-2-carboxylic acid-->2-(4,6-diamino-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)acetic acid-->4-METHYL-2-PHENYL-1,3-THIAZOLE-5-CARBOXYLIC ACID-->SAFFLOWER YELLOW-->STRONTIUM HYDROXIDE OCTAHYDRATE-->Sodium isoamylxanthate-->C^{12~18^} fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene (35) ether-->dodecyl phenyl polyoxyethylene (12) ether-->additive AC1210-->Sodium pyroantimonate -->Sodium O-isobutyl dithiocarbonate-->Tricobalt tetraoxide-->Sodium lactate-->SODIUM PHOSPHOTUNGSTATE-->QUINUCLIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE-->2,3-DIPHENYLPROPIONIC ACID-->2-HYDROXY-1-NAPHTHOIC ACID-->3-Fluoro-4-hydroxybenzaldehyde-->Disodium tartrate dihydrate-->11-Oxahexadecan-16-olide-->emulsifier C^{8~10^} OPE-10-->calcium disodium bis[2-chloro-5-[(2-hydroxy-1-naphthyl)azo]-4-sulphonatobenzoate] -->C^{8~9^} alkyl phenyl polyoxyethylene (18) ether-->Peregal O-25-->SODIUM STANNATE TRIHYDRATE-->2-THIOPHENECARBOXYLIC ACID SODIUM SALT-->5,5-DIETHYLBARBITURIC ACID SODIUM SALT-->emulsifier SOPE-20-->dibenzyl biphenyl polyoxyethylene ether-->SODA LIME-->2', 3'-ribonucleotide-->2-(1-Naphthalenyloxy)propanoic acid-->castor oil poloxyethylene (30) ether-->2-AMINO-4,6-DIMETHOXY-1,3,5-TRIAZINE-->thiourea-formaldehyde resin-->Alkaline Treated Starch
Raw materialsSodium carbonate-->Sodium chloride-->Calcium chloride-->Calcium oxide-->CALCIUM CARBONATE-->Barium chloride dihydrate-->Barium chloride-->Boron tribromide-->Calcium chloride hexahydrate-->Sodium polyacrylate -->Caustic Soda(liquid)30%-48% 
Tag:Sodium hydroxide(1310-73-2) Related Product Information
Carbon Black Acetic acid glacial Aluminium sulfate Bromochlorophenol Blue sodium salt ACID BLUE 40 ACID BLUE 25 ACID BLUE 80 Ammonium hydroxide Sodium chloride Lithium hydroxide Sodium hydroxide Diclofenac sodium Water Sodium acetate Hydroxide SODIUM CARBONATE, MONOHYDRATE Aluminum hydroxide Caustic Soda(liquid)30%-48%