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Calciumchlorid Produkt Beschreibung

Calcium chloride Struktur
10043-52-4
CAS-Nr.
10043-52-4
Bezeichnung:
Calciumchlorid
Englisch Name:
Calcium chloride
Synonyma:
DBO4;CaCl2;Caltac;Jarcal;Calplus;Peladow;Snomelt;Calcosan;Caloride;Dowflake
CBNumber:
CB3465202
Summenformel:
CaCl2
Molgewicht:
110.98
MOL-Datei:
10043-52-4.mol

Calciumchlorid Eigenschaften

Schmelzpunkt:
772 °C(lit.)
Siedepunkt:
1600 °C
Dichte
1.086 g/mL at 20 °C
Dampfdruck
0.01 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
Brechungsindex
n20/D 1.358
Flammpunkt:
>1600°C
storage temp. 
2-8°C
Löslichkeit
H2O: soluble
Aggregatzustand
powder
Farbe
White to gray
Wichte
2.15
PH
8-10 (100g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Wasserlöslichkeit
740 g/L (20 ºC)
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
maximale Wellenlänge (λmax)
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.04
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.02
Merck 
14,1659
Stabilität:
Stable. Incompatible with zinc, water, strong acids, methyl vinyl ether, bromine trifluoride, boron oxide, calcium oxide. Hygroscopic.
InChIKey
UXVMQQNJUSDDNG-UHFFFAOYSA-L
CAS Datenbank
10043-52-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST chemische Informationen
Calcium dichloride(10043-52-4)
EPA chemische Informationen
Calcium chloride (10043-52-4)
Sicherheit
  • Risiko- und Sicherheitserklärung
  • Gefahreninformationscode (GHS)
Kennzeichnung gefährlicher Xi
R-Sätze: 36/37/38-36-36/38-41-22
S-Sätze: 26-39-24-22-36
RIDADR  UN 1789 8 / PGIII
WGK Germany  1
RTECS-Nr. EV9810000
3
TSCA  Yes
HS Code  28272000
Giftige Stoffe Daten 10043-52-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxizität LD50 i.v. in mice: 42.2 mg/kg (Syed, Hosain)
Bildanzeige (GHS)
Alarmwort Achtung
Gefahrenhinweise
Code Gefahrenhinweise Gefahrenklasse Abteilung Alarmwort Symbol P-Code
H290 Kann gegenüber Metallen korrosiv sein. Korrosiv gegenüber Metallen Kategorie 1 Warnung P234, P390, P404
H319 Verursacht schwere Augenreizung. Schwere Augenreizung Kategorie 2 Warnung P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H350 Kann Krebs verursachen. Karzinogenität Kategorie 1A Achtung
Sicherheit
P201 Vor Gebrauch besondere Anweisungen einholen.
P264 Nach Gebrauch gründlich waschen.
P264 Nach Gebrauch gründlich waschen.
P280 Schutzhandschuhe/Schutzkleidung/Augenschutz tragen.
P305+P351+P338 BEI KONTAKT MIT DEN AUGEN: Einige Minuten lang behutsam mit Wasser spülen. Eventuell vorhandene Kontaktlinsen nach Möglichkeit entfernen. Weiter spülen.
P308+P313 BEI Exposition oder falls betroffen: Ärztlichen Rat einholen/ärztliche Hilfe hinzuziehen.
P337+P313 Bei anhaltender Augenreizung: Ärztlichen Rat einholen/ärztliche Hilfe hinzuziehen.

Calciumchlorid Chemische Eigenschaften,Einsatz,Produktion Methoden

ERSCHEINUNGSBILD

GERUCHLOSE, STARK HYGROSKOPISCHE FARBLOSE KRISTALLE.

CHEMISCHE GEFAHREN

Zersetzung beim Erhitzen auf hohe Temperaturen und beim Verbrennen unter Bildung giftiger und ätzender Rauche. Schwache Base in wässriger Lösung. Greift Zink in Gegenwart von Wasser unter Bildung leichtentzündlichen Wasserstoffgases an. Löst sich sehr heftig in Wasser unter starker Hitzeentwicklung.

ARBEITSPLATZGRENZWERTE

TLV nicht festgelegt (ACGIH 2005).
MAK nicht festgelegt (DFG 2005).

AUFNAHMEWEGE

Aufnahme in den Körper durch Inhalation des Aerosols.

INHALATIONSGEFAHREN

Verdampfung bei 20°C vernachlässigbar; eine gesundheitsschädliche Partikelkonzentration in der Luft kann jedoch beim Dispergieren schnell erreicht werden.

WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION

WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION:
Die Substanz reizt die Haut und die Atemwege.

WIRKUNGEN NACH WIEDERHOLTER ODER LANGZEITEXPOSITION

Wiederholter oder andauernder Hautkontakt kann Dermatitis hervorrufen. Möglich sind Auswirkungen auf die Nasenschleimhaut mit nachfolgenden Geschwüren.

LECKAGE

Verschüttetes Material in Behältern sammeln; falls erforderlich durch Anfeuchten Staubentwicklung verhindern. Reste mit viel Wasser wegspülen. Persönliche Schutzausrüstung: Atemschutzgerät, P2-Filter für schädliche Partikel.

R-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

R36/37/38:Reizt die Augen, die Atmungsorgane und die Haut.
R36:Reizt die Augen.
R36/38:Reizt die Augen und die Haut.
R41:Gefahr ernster Augenschäden.
R22:Gesundheitsschädlich beim Verschlucken.

S-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

S26:Bei Berührung mit den Augen sofort gründlich mit Wasser abspülen und Arzt konsultieren.
S39:Schutzbrille/Gesichtsschutz tragen.
S24:Berührung mit der Haut vermeiden.
S22:Staub nicht einatmen.
S36:DE: Bei der Arbeit geeignete Schutzkleidung tragen.

Chemische Eigenschaften

Calcium chloride, CaC12, is colorless deliquescent solid that is soluble in water and ethanol. It is formed from the reaction of calcium carbonate and hydrochloric acid or calcium hydroxide and ammonium chloride. It is used in medicine, as an antifreeze, and as a coagulant.

Chemische Eigenschaften

Calcium chloride occurs as a white or colorless crystalline powder, granules, or crystalline mass, and is hygroscopic (deliquescent).

Verwenden

Calcium Chloride is a general purpose food additive, the anhydrous form being readily soluble in water with a solubility of 59 g in 100 ml of water at 0°c. it dissolves with the liberation of heat. it also exists as calcium chloride dihydrate, being very soluble in water with a solubility of 97 g in 100 ml at 0°c. it is used as a firming agent for canned tomatoes, potatoes, and apple slices. in evaporated milk, it is used at levels not more than 0.1% to adjust the salt balance so as to prevent coagulation of milk during sterilization. it is used with disodium edta to protect the flavor in pickles and as a source of calcium ions for reaction with alginates to form gels.

Verwenden

Obtained as a by-product in the manufacture of potassium chlorate. The white crystals, soluble in water and alcohol, are deliquescent and must be kept in a well-stoppered bottle. Calcium chloride was used in iodized collodion formulas and in collodion emulsions. It was also an important desiccating substance used in tin calcium tubes designed to store presensitized platinum papers.

Verwenden

Calcium chloride is one of the most versatile of the basic chemicals.It has several common applications such as brine for refrigeration plants, ice and dust control on roads, and in concrete. The anhydrous salt is also widely used as a desiccant, where it will absorb so much water that it will eventually dissolve in its own crystal lattice water (water of hydration). It can be produced directly from limestone, but large amounts are also produced as a by-product of the “Solvay Process” (which is a process to produce soda ash from brine).
Calcium chloride is also commonly used as an additive in swimming pool water as it increases the “calcium hardness” value for the water.Other industrial applications include use as an additive in plastics, as a drainage aid for wastewater treatment, as an additive in fire extinguishers, as an additive in control scaffolding in blast furnaces, and as a thinner in “fabric softeners”.
Calcium chloride is commonly used as an “electrolyte” and has an extremely salty taste, as found in sports drinks and other beverages such as Nestle bottled water. It can also be used as a preservative to maintain firmness in canned vegetables or in higher concentrations in pickles to give a salty taste while not increasing the food’s sodium content. It is even found in snack foods, including Cadbury chocolate bars.In brewing beer, calcium chloride is sometimes used to correct mineral deficiencies in the brewing water. It affects flavor and chemical reactions during the brewing process, and it can also affect yeast function during fermentation.
Calcium chloride can be injected as intravenous therapy for the treatment of “hypocalcemia” (low serum calcium). It can be used for insect bites or stings (such as Black Widow spider bites), sensitivity reactions, particularly when characterized by “urticaria” (hives).

Verwenden

For the treatment of hypocalcemia in those conditions requiring a prompt increase in blood plasma calcium levels, for the treatment of magnesium intoxication due to overdosage of magnesium sulfate, and used to combat the deleterious effects of hyperkalemi

Verwenden

Calcium chloride is highly hygroscopic and is often used as a desiccant.

Verwenden

calcium chloride is an astringent. It also helps improve the reaction among certain ingredients used in cosmetic formulations. This inorganic salt is no longer commonly used in skin care products and is being replaced with potassium chloride.

Definition

calcium chloride: A white deliquescentcompound, CaCl2, which issoluble in water; r.d. 2.15; m.p.782°C; b.p. >1600°C. There are anumber of hydrated forms, includingthe monohydrate, CaCl2.H2O, the dihydrate,CaCl2.2H2O (r.d. 0.84), andthe hexahydrate, CaCl2.6H2O (trigonal;r.d. 1.71; the hexahydrate loses4H2O at 30°C and the remaining2H2O at 200°C). Large quantities of itare formed as a byproduct of theSolvay process and it can be preparedby dissolving calcium carbonateor calcium oxide in hydrochloricacid. Crystals of the anhydrous saltcan only be obtained if the hydratedsalt is heated in a stream of hydrogenchloride. Solid calcium chloride isused in mines and on roads to reducedust problems, whilst the molten saltis the electrolyte in the extraction ofcalcium. An aqueous solution of calciumchloride is used in refrigerationplants.

Vorbereitung Methode

Calcium chloride is a principal byproduct from the Solvay process.

Trademarks

Cal Plus (Mallinckrodt).

Air & Water Reaktionen

Deliquescent. Water soluble. Adding Calcium chloride to hot water caused violent boiling, [MCA Case History No. 69].

Reaktivität anzeigen

Bromine trifluoride rapidly attacks the following salts: barium chloride, cadmium chloride, Calcium chloride, cesium chloride, lithium chloride, silver chloride, rubidium chloride, potassium bromide, potassium chloride, potassium iodide, rhodium tetrabromide, sodium bromide, sodium chloride, and sodium iodide [Mellor 2 Supp. 1:164, 165 1956]. Long term exposure of Calcium chloride solution upon a zinc coated galvanized iron vessel caused slow evolution of hydrogen which ignited and exploded [Bretherick, 5th Ed., 1995].

Health Hazard

Inhalation causes irritation of nose and throat. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach. Contact with eyes (particularly by dust) causes irritation and possible transient corneal injury. Contact of solid with dry skin causes mild irritation; strong solutions can cause marked irritation, even a superficial burn.

Pharmazeutische Anwendungen

The main applications of calcium chloride as an excipient relate to its dehydrating properties and, therefore, it has been used as an antimicrobial preservative, as a desiccant, and as an astringent in eye lotions.
Therapeutically, calcium chloride injection 10% (as the dihydrate form) is used to treat hypocalcemia.

Sicherheitsprofil

Moderately toxic by ingestion. Poison by intravenous, intramuscular, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes. Human systemic effects: dermatitis, changes in calcium. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Mutation data reported. Reacts violently with (B203 + CaO), BrF3. Reaction with zinc releases explosive hydrogen gas. Catalyzes exothermic polymerization of methyl vinyl ether. Exothermic reaction with water. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also CALCIUM COMPOUNDS and CHLORIDES.

Sicherheit(Safety)

Calcium chloride is used in topical, ophthalmic, and injection preparations. The pure form of calcium chloride is toxic by intravenous, intramuscular, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes, and moderately toxic by ingestion, causing stomach and heart disturbances. It is a severe eye irritant and can cause dermatitis.
LD50 (mouse, IP): 0.21 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, IV): 0.042 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, oral): 1.94 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, SC): 0.82 g/kg
LD50 (rat, IM): 0.025 g/kg
LD50 (rat, IP): 0.26 g/kg
LD50 (rat, oral): 1.0 g/kg
LD50 (rat, SC): 2.63 g/kg

mögliche Exposition

Calcium chloride is used as road salt for melting snow, a drying agent in desiccators, for dehydrating organic liquids and gases, in refrigeration brines and antifreeze, as a dust-proofing agent, food additives, concrete hardening accelerator, and others. May react with strong oxidizers.

Lager

Calcium chloride is chemically stable; however, it should be protected from moisture. Store in airtight containers in a cool, dry place.

Versand/Shipping

There are no label or maximum shipping quantity requirements set by DOT.

läuterung methode

It is available as fused granules or cubic crystals. It is very hygroscopic, very soluble in H2O (exothermic), and EtOH. Store it in a tightly closed container. [Ehrlich in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 931 1963.]

Inkompatibilitäten

Calcium chloride is incompatible with soluble carbonates, phosphates, sulfates, and tartrates. It reacts violently with bromine trifluoride, and a reaction with zinc releases explosive hydrogen gas. It has an exothermic reaction with water, and when heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of chlorine.

Regulatory Status

GRAS listed. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (injections, ophthalmic preparations, suspensions, creams). Included in medicines licensed in the UK (eye drops; intraocular irrigation; vaccines; injection powders for reconstitution; nebulizer solution; oral suspension).

Calciumchlorid Upstream-Materialien And Downstream Produkte

Upstream-Materialien

Downstream Produkte


Calciumchlorid Anbieter Lieferant Produzent Hersteller Vertrieb Händler.

Global( 522)Lieferanten
Firmenname Telefon Fax E-Mail Land Produktkatalog Edge Rate
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
info@dakenchem.com CHINA 21686 58
Jiangsu Kolod Food Ingredients Co.,Ltd.
+86-518-85110578 18805133257
+86-518-85110578 sales3257@jskolod.com CHINA 100 60
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 22633 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sale@mainchem.com CHINA 32447 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 info@tnjchem.com China 1878 55
Tianjin Zhongxin Chemtech Co., Ltd.
022-89880739
022-66880086 sales@tjzxchem.com CHINA 575 58
Hebei Chisure Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+8613292890173
0311 66567340 luna@speedgainpharma.com CHINA 1014 58
Shanghai Zheyan Biotech Co., Ltd.
18017610038
zheyansh@163.com CHINA 3623 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51086038
86-21-51861608 chemwill_asia@126.com;sales@chemwill.com;chemwill@hotmail.com;chemwill@gmail.com CHINA 23981 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 sales@jushengtech.com CHINA 28236 58

10043-52-4(Calciumchlorid)Verwandte Suche:


  • PELADOW(R) SNOW AND ICE MELT
  • 10043-52-4
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE, SOLUTION, 2.75%CALCIUM CHLORIDE, SOLUTION, 2.75%CALCIUM CHLORIDE, SOLUTION, 2.75%
  • Anhydrous calcium chloride
  • anhydrouscalciumchloride
  • CaCl2
  • Calcium chloride (CaCl2)
  • Calcium chloride pellets
  • calciumchloraide
  • calciumchloride(anhydrous)
  • calciumchloride(cacl2)
  • calciumdichloride
  • Calcosan
  • Caloride
  • Calplus
  • Caltac
  • Chip calcium chloride
  • chloruredecalcium
  • Dowflake
  • Homberg's phosphorus
  • Huppert's reagent
  • Hydrochloric acid calcium salt (2:1)
  • Ice melt
  • Intergravin-orales
  • Jarcal
  • Liquical
  • Liquid calcium chloride
  • Liquidow
  • Marley cement accelerator
  • Peladow
  • Snomelt
  • Superflake anhydrous
  • superflakeanhydrous
  • Sure-step
  • Unichem calchlor
  • uraminemc
  • CALCIUM ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY STANDARD
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE SOLUTION
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE STANDARD
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE TS
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE 0-2H2O
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE 2H2O
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE 2-HYDRATE
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE DEHYDRATED
  • Calcium chloride fused
  • CALCIUM (II) CHLORIDE
  • CALCIUM ION STANDARD
  • CALCII CHLORIDUM
  • BOD CALCIUM CHLORIDE SOLUTION C
  • APPLICATION: ACCELERATION OF THE SET OF CONCRETE, MISC.
  • CHLORO CALCIUM
  • 74% CALCIUM CHLORIDE FLAKES 74%MIN
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE CLINKER
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE(77%)
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE POWDER
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE BP
  • DROUS CALCIUM CHLORIDE
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