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Schwefelsäure, Eisen(II)-Salz Produkt Beschreibung

Schwefelsäure, Eisen(II)-Salz
Englisch Name:

Schwefelsäure, Eisen(II)-Salz Eigenschaften

decomposes at 671℃ [JAN85]
storage temp. 
Store at +15°C to +25°C.
white orthorhombic crystals
g/100g solution H2O: 13.6 (0°C), 22.8 (25°C), 24.0 (100°C); solid phase, FeSO4 · 7H2O (0°C, 25°C), FeSO4 ·H2O (100°C) [KRU93]
CAS Datenbank
7720-78-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST chemische Informationen
Ferrous sulfate(7720-78-7)
EPA chemische Informationen
Ferrous sulfate (7720-78-7)


R-Sätze: 25
S-Sätze: 45
HS Code  28332910
Giftige Stoffe Daten 7720-78-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxizität LD50 oral in rat: 319mg/kg

Schwefelsäure, Eisen(II)-Salz Chemische Eigenschaften,Einsatz,Produktion Methoden

R-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

R25:Giftig beim Verschlucken.

S-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

S45:Bei Unfall oder Unwohlsein sofort Arzt zuziehen (wenn möglich, dieses Etikett vorzeigen).


Green vitriol, FeSO4.7H20, has been known since the thirteenth century ; it crystallizes from solutions of iron or iron bases in dilute sulphuric acid. The heptahydrate forms green monoclinic crystals of density 1·88, very soluble in water (296 g litre-1 FeS04 at 25°C). By precipitating the aqueous solution with ethanol, heating the heptahydrate to 140° in vacuo or by crystallizing it from 50 % sulphuric acid, the white monohydrate is obtained. This can be further dehydrated to the white, amorphous FeSO4 by heating to 300° in a current of hydrogen. At red heat the sulphate decomposes : 2FeS04 -> Fe203+S02+S03 A tetrahydrate, FeS04.4H20, crystallizes from aqueous solutions above 56°.

Chemische Eigenschaften

Greenish or yellow-brown crystals or granules; odorless. Soluble in water with saline taste; insoluble in alcohol. hygroscopic.

Chemische Eigenschaften

Ferrous sulfate is a greenish or yellowish solid in fine or lumpy crystals.

Physikalische Eigenschaften

White orthorhombic crystal; hygroscopic; density 3.65 g/cm3; soluble in water (26.6g/100g water at 20°C). The monohydrate is a yellowish-white monoclinic crystal; density 3.0 g/cm3; decomposes at 300°C; soluble in water. Heptahydrate is bluish-green monoclinic crystal; refractive index 1.47; hardness 2 Mohs; density 1.89g/cm上3; decomposes at about 60°C; very soluble in water; soluble in absolute methanol; slightly soluble in ethanol.


Iron(II) sulfate is probably the most important salt of iron, as well as the longest-known iron(II) compound. The compound is used as a mordant in dyeing; as a component of writing ink; in electroplating baths; in radiation dosimeters; in lithography and engraving; as a weed-killer; and in water purification. A major application of this compound is in the manufacture of other iron(II) salts including Prussian blue or ferric ferrocyanide. Iron(II) sulfate also is used as a reducing agent and an analytical reagent (in brown ring test for nitrate).


Ferrous sulfate (FeSO4) is also known as iron sulfate or iron vitriol. It is used in the production of various chemicals, such as sulfur dioxide and sulfuric acid.


Ferrous Sulfate is a nutrient and dietary supplement that is a source of iron. it is a white to grayish odorless powder. ferrous sulfate hep- tahydrate contains approximately 20% iron, while ferrous sulfate dried contains approximately 32% iron. it dissolves slowly in water and has high bioavailability. it can cause discoloration and rancidity. it is used for fortification of baking mixes. in the encapsulated form it does not react with lipids in cereal flours. it is used in infant foods, cereals, and pasta products.


Iron Supplement


A rusty-brown solid prepared by the action of heat on iron(III) hydroxide or iron(II) sulfate. It occurs in nature as the mineral hematite. Industrially it is obtained by roasting iron pyrites. Iron(III) oxide dissolves in dilute acids to produce solutions of iron(III) salts. It is stable at red heat, decomposes around 1300°C to give triiron tetroxide, and can be reduced to iron by hydrogen at 1000°C. Iron(III) oxide is not ionic in character but has a structure similar to that of aluminum(III) oxide.


Copperas: an off-whitesolid, FeSO4.H2O; monoclinic; r.d.2.970. There is also a heptahydrate,FeSO4.7H2O; blue-green monoclinic;r.d. 1.898; m.p. 64°C. The heptahydrateis the best known iron(II) saltand is sometimes called green vitriolor copperas. It is obtained by the actionof dilute sulphuric acid on ironin a reducing atmosphere. The anhydrouscompound is very hygroscopic.It decomposes at red heat to giveiron(III) oxide, sulphur trioxide, andsulphur dioxide. A solution of iron(II)sulphate is gradually oxidized on exposureto air, a basic iron(III) sulphatebeing deposited.

Vorbereitung Methode

Iron(II) sulfate in industrial scale is mostly produced in the pickling process as a by-product of the steel industry. It is obtained when the surface of steel is cleaned with dilute sulfuric acid to remove metal impurities. In the laboratory iron(II) sulfate heptahydrate may be prepared by dissolving iron in dilute sulfuric acid in a reducing atmosphere, followed by crystallization:
Fe + H2SO4 → FeSO4 + H2
Alcohol may be added to the aqueous solution to speed up crystallization; iron(II) may otherwise oxidize to iron(III) during a slow crystallization process.
Iron(II) oxide or carbonate may be used instead of iron metal to prepare the heptahydrate.


Ingestion causes intestinal disorders.

Landwirtschaftliche Anwendung

Copperas, also called green vitriol, is ferrous sulphate heptahydrate. It is an iron salt fertilizer, which is most effective in overcoming iron deficiency.

Landwirtschaftliche Anwendung

Ferrous sulphate heptahydrate (FeSO4.7H2O), also called green vitriol or copperas, is a blue-green water-soluble crystal and is the best known ferrous salt. It is obtained by the action of dilute sulphuric acid on iron in a reducing atmosphere. The anhydrous compound is very hygroscopic. It gets oxidized gradually in an aqueous solution. On heating, the solid decomposes to give red ferric oxide, sulphur trioxide (SO3) and sulphur dioxide (SO2).


A human poison by ingestion. Moderately toxic to humans by an unspecified route. An experimental poison by ingestion, intraduodenal, intraperitoneal, intravenous, and subcutaneous routes. Human systemic effects by ingestion: aggression, somnolence, brain recorlng changes, diarrhea, nausea or vomiting, bleedmg from the stomach, coma. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. Potentially explosive reaction with methyl isocyanoacetate at 25'. May igmte on contact with arsenic trioxide + sodium nitrate. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of SOx. See also IRON COMPOUNDS.

mögliche Exposition

It is used as a fertilizer, food or feed additive; and in herbicides; process engraving; dyeing, and water treatment. A byproduct of various chemical and metal treating operations.

Veterinary Drugs and Treatments

While iron is a necessary trace element in all hemoglobin-utilizing animals, the use of therapeutic dosages of ferrous sulfate (or other oral iron) preparations in veterinary medicine is limited primarily to the treatment of iron-deficiency anemias in dogs (usually due to chronic blood loss), and as adjunctive therapy in cats when receiving epoetin (erythropoietin) therapy. Injectable iron products are usually used in the treatment of iron deficiency anemias associated with newborn animals.


Aqueous solution is acidic. Contact with alkalies form iron. Keep away from alkalies, soluble carbo nates; gold and silver salts; lead acetate; lime water, potassium iodide; potassium and sodium tartrate; sodium borate; tannin.

Schwefelsäure, Eisen(II)-Salz Upstream-Materialien And Downstream Produkte


Downstream Produkte

Schwefelsäure, Eisen(II)-Salz Anbieter Lieferant Produzent Hersteller Vertrieb Händler.

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Jiangsu Kolod Food Ingredients Co.,Ltd.
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7720-78-7(Schwefelsäure, Eisen(II)-Salz)Verwandte Suche:

  • Iron(Ⅱ) sulfate
  • ferric potassium alum
  • potassium ferric sulfate
  • Conferon
  • Duretter
  • Duroferon
  • Exsiccated ferrous sulfate
  • Exsiccated ferrous sulphate
  • Iron sulfate (ous)
  • Iron(2+) sulfate
  • Iron(2+) sulfate (1:1)
  • iron(2+)sulfate
  • iron(2+)sulfate(1:1)
  • Iron(II) sulfate (1:1)
  • Ferro-gradumet
  • Ferrosulfat
  • Ferrosulfate
  • Ferro-Theron
  • Ferrous sulfate (1:1)
  • Ferrous sulfate anhydrous
  • ferroussulfate(1:1)
  • ferroussulfate,solution
  • Fersolate
  • Ferulen
  • Ferusal
  • FeSO4
  • Fesotyme
  • Green-up mossfree
  • Iron monosulfate
  • Iron protosulfate
  • Iron sulfate
  • Iron sulfate (1:1)
  • Iron sulfate (FeSO4)
  • Ferrous Sulfate Extra Fine
  • Ferrous Sulfate Hepahydrate
  • iron(ii)sulfate(1:1)
  • ironmonosulfate
  • ironprotosulfate
  • Ironsulfate
  • ironsulfate(1:1)
  • ironsulfate(feso4)
  • ironsulphate
  • Irospan
  • Irosul
  • kesuka
  • mol-iron
  • Sal chalybis
  • salchalybis
  • slowfe
  • Slow-Fe
  • Sorbifer durules
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