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Glyphosat

Glyphosate Struktur
1071-83-6
CAS-Nr.
1071-83-6
Bezeichnung:
Glyphosat
Englisch Name:
Glyphosate
Synonyma:
GLYPHOSPHATE;TOTAL;sting;N-(PHOSPHONOMETHYL)GLYCINE;glyphosate acid;AMMO;GLIPHOSATE;GLYPHOSATE TECH;N-(Phosphonomethyl)glycine 2-propylamine;Rounduuuuup(Monsanto)
CBNumber:
CB7680517
Summenformel:
C3H8NO5P
Molgewicht:
169.07
MOL-Datei:
1071-83-6.mol

Glyphosat Eigenschaften

Schmelzpunkt:
230 °C (dec.) (lit.)
Siedepunkt:
465.8±55.0 °C(Predicted)
Dichte
1.74
Flammpunkt:
230°C
storage temp. 
APPROX 4°C
Aggregatzustand
solid
pka
1.22±0.10(Predicted)
Wasserlöslichkeit
1.2 g/100 mL
Decomposition 
230 ºC
Merck 
13,4525
BRN 
2045054
Stabilität:
Stable. Incompatible with metals, strong oxidizing agents, strong bases. May be light sensitive.
InChIKey
XDDAORKBJWWYJS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS Datenbank
1071-83-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
IARC
2A (Vol. 112) 2017
EPA chemische Informationen
Glyphosate (1071-83-6)
Sicherheit
  • Risiko- und Sicherheitserklärung
  • Gefahreninformationscode (GHS)
Kennzeichnung gefährlicher Xi,N,Xn
R-Sätze: 41-51/53-62-37/38-36/37/38-36-22
S-Sätze: 26-39-61-2-37-36
RIDADR  UN 3077 9/PG 3
WGK Germany  2
RTECS-Nr. MC1075000
HS Code  29319090
Giftige Stoffe Daten 1071-83-6(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxizität LD50 in rats, mice (mg/kg): 4873, 1568 orally (Bababunmi)
Bildanzeige (GHS)
Alarmwort Achtung
Gefahrenhinweise
Code Gefahrenhinweise Gefahrenklasse Abteilung Alarmwort Symbol P-Code
H318 Verursacht schwere Augenschäden. Schwere Augenschädigung Kategorie 1 Achtung P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H411 Giftig für Wasserorganismen, mit langfristiger Wirkung. Langfristig (chronisch) gewässergefährdend Kategorie 2
Sicherheit
P273 Freisetzung in die Umwelt vermeiden.
P280 Schutzhandschuhe/Schutzkleidung/Augenschutz tragen.
P391 Verschüttete Mengen aufnehmen.
P305+P351+P338 BEI KONTAKT MIT DEN AUGEN: Einige Minuten lang behutsam mit Wasser spülen. Eventuell vorhandene Kontaktlinsen nach Möglichkeit entfernen. Weiter spülen.
P501 Inhalt/Behälter ... (Entsorgungsvorschriften vom Hersteller anzugeben) zuführen.

Glyphosat Chemische Eigenschaften,Einsatz,Produktion Methoden

ERSCHEINUNGSBILD

FARBLOSE KRISTALLE.

PHYSIKALISCHE GEFAHREN

Staubexplosion der pulverisierten oder granulierten Substanz in Gemischen mit Luft möglich. Die trockene Substanz kann durch Verwirbeln, Druckluft, Fließen usw. elektrostatisch aufgeladen werden.

CHEMISCHE GEFAHREN

Zersetzung beim Erhitzen unter Bildung giftiger Rauche mit Stickstoffoxidenund Phosphoroxiden. Greift Eisen und verzinkten Stahl an.

ARBEITSPLATZGRENZWERTE

TLV nicht festgelegt (ACGIH 2005).
MAK nicht festgelegt (DFG 2005).

INHALATIONSGEFAHREN

Eine gesundheitsschädliche Partikelkonzentration in der Luft kann beim Versprühen schnell erreicht werden.

WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION

WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION:
Die Substanz reizt stark die Augen und reizt leicht die Haut.

LECKAGE

Persönliche Schutzausrüstung: Atemschutzgerät, P2-Filter für schädliche Partikel. Verschüttetes Material in Kunststoff-Behältern sammeln; falls erforderlich durch Anfeuchten Staubentwicklung verhindern. Reste sorgfältig sammeln. An sicheren Ort bringen. NICHT in die Umwelt gelangen lassen.

R-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

R41:Gefahr ernster Augenschäden.
R51/53:Giftig für Wasserorganismen, kann in Gewässern längerfristig schädliche Wirkungen haben.
R62:Kann möglicherweise die Fortpflanzungsfähigkeit beeinträchtigen.
R37/38:Reizt die Atmungsorgane und die Haut.
R36/37/38:Reizt die Augen, die Atmungsorgane und die Haut.
R36:Reizt die Augen.
R22:Gesundheitsschädlich beim Verschlucken.

S-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

S26:Bei Berührung mit den Augen sofort gründlich mit Wasser abspülen und Arzt konsultieren.
S39:Schutzbrille/Gesichtsschutz tragen.
S61:Freisetzung in die Umwelt vermeiden. Besondere Anweisungen einholen/Sicherheitsdatenblatt zu Rate ziehen.
S2:Darf nicht in die Hände von Kindern gelangen.
S37:Geeignete Schutzhandschuhe tragen.
S36:DE: Bei der Arbeit geeignete Schutzkleidung tragen.

Beschreibung

Glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine; 1071-83-6) is the active ingredient in several commercial herbicides for nonselective weed control. Glyphosate herbicides are among the world’s most widely used herbicides. Roundup?, containing the active ingredient glyphosate, was developed and introduced by Monsanto Company in 1974. Other formulations include WeatherMax, UltraMAX, Buccaneer, Razor Pro, Rodeo, and AquaMaster?. Some crops such as soybeans and cotton have been genetically engineered to be resistant to glyphosate (Roundup Ready), allowing farmers to use glyphosate as a postemergence herbicide. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) considers glyphosate to be relatively low in toxicity compared to organochlorine and organophosphate pesticides.

Chemische Eigenschaften

Glyphosate is a broad-spectrum, non-selective systemic herbicide. It is a colorless crystal at room temperature and is soluble in acetone, ethanol, xylene, and water. Glyphosate is used for the control of annual and perennial plants, including grasses, sedges, broadleaved weeds, and woody plants. It can be used on non-cropland as well as on many varieties of crops. Glyphosate itself is an acid, but it is commonly used in salt form, most commonly isopropylamine salt. It may also be available in acidic or trimethylsulfonium salt forms. It is generally distributed as water-soluble concentrates and powders. Glyphosate is a GUP.

Verwenden

Glyphosate is the active ingredient in several commercial herbicides. It is a broad-spectrum systemic herbicide for various types of weeds, grasses (Poaceae), and woody plants.

Allgemeine Beschreibung

Odorless white powder. Decomposition begins at approximately 419°F (darkens). pH (1% solution in water) 2.5.

Reaktivität anzeigen

Glyphosate may react with galvanized steel or unlined steel (except stainless steel) containers to produce hydrogen gas which may form a highly combustible or explosive gas mixture. Glyphosate can react with caustic (basic) materials to liberate heat. Glyphosate is corrosive to iron.

Health Hazard

Glyphosate is practically non-toxic if ingested, with a reported acute oral LD50 of 5600 mg/kg in the rat. The toxicities of the technical acid (glyphosate) and the formulated product (Roundup) are nearly the same. Laboratory animals, such as rats, dogs, mice, and rabbits, exposed to glyphosate for 2 years did not indicate any kind of adverse health effects.

Brandgefahr

Flash point data for Glyphosate are not available; however, Glyphosate is probably combustible.

Pharmakologie

Glyphosate is the only known inhibitor of the biosynthesis of aromatic acids that has been commercialized as a successful herbicide (1). Glyphosate acts as a competitive inhibitor of phosphoenolpyruvate, the natural substrate of the enzyme 5-enolpyruvyl-shikimate-3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase, and causes amassive accumulation of shikimate in treated plant tissue (1).
Glyphosate is a nonselective herbicide, and it has been characterized as a low-risk herbicide for the evolution of herbicide resistance. A few weed species are somewhat tolerant to glyphosate, probably due to uptake or translocation mechanisms, but no plant species has sufficient resistance to glyphosate to allow its use directly on the crop as a selective herbicide. The complicated procedure used to genetically engineer the commercialized glyphosate-tolerant crops (31) would suggest that the evolution of glyphosate-resistant weeds will be a very slow process and that the level of resistance from field selection will be relatively low.

Sicherheitsprofil

Poison by intraperitoneal route. Moderately toxic by ingestion. Human systemic effects: arrhythmias, blood pressure lowering, body temperature increase, change in heart rate, convulsions, darrhea, fibrosing alveolitis, fibrosis, hypermoultty, respiratory depression, respiratory stimulation. Used as an herbicide. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of NOx and POx.

mögliche Exposition

A potential danger to those involved in the manufacture, formulation, and application of this nonselective and nonresidual pre-emergence organophos phate herbicide. Has wide residential use in the United States for the control of weeds.

Stoffwechselwegen

The photolytic degradation of glyphosate results in the formation of glycine, (aminomethyl)phosphonic acid (AMPA), and NH3. Glyphosate undergoes nitrogen ? carbon cleavage on reaction with m- chloroperoxybenzoic acid, leading ultimately to many of the same products formed on their metabolism and environmental degradation. It is suggested that insoluble complexes of glyphosate with iron(III), copper(II), calcium, and magnesium ions are formed at near-neutral pH, a mechanism of which is the inactivation of glyphosate in contaminated groundwater.268 The bacterium degrades high levels of glyphosate, primarily by converting to AMPA. Appreciable uptake of glyphosate is observed with seedlings and leaves and to a lesser extent with culture cells in the form of non-metabolized glyphosate, with AMPA as the only detectable metabolite.

Stoffwechsel

In soils, glyphosate is rapidly mineralized within 1 to 2 weeks, and degradation occurs under aerobic and anaerobic conditions (79). The C?P bond is relatively resistant to chemical degradation, but several bacteria, e.g., Arthrobacter (80), Pseudomonas (81), various members of the Rhizobiaceae family (82), and certain fungi (83), have been shown to metabolize glyphosate.

Versand/Shipping

UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous haz ardous material, Technical Name Required.

Inkompatibilitäten

Organophosphates are susceptible to for mation of highly toxic and flammable phosphine gas in the presence of strong reducing agents such as hydrides. Partial oxidation by oxidizing agents may result in the release of toxic phosphorus oxides. Compounds of the carboxyl group react with all bases, both inorganic and organic (i.e., amines) releasing substantial heat, water, and a salt that may be harmful. Incompatible with arsenic compounds (releases hydrogen cyanide gas), diazo compounds, dithio carbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, sulfides (releasing heat, toxic, and possibly flammable gases), thio sulfates, and dithionites (releasing hydrogen sulfate and oxides of sulfur). Solutions are corrosive to iron, unlined steel, and galvanized steel, forming a highly combustible or explosive gas mixture. Do not store glyphosate in contain ers made from these materials.

Glyphosat Upstream-Materialien And Downstream Produkte

Upstream-Materialien

Downstream Produkte


Glyphosat Anbieter Lieferant Produzent Hersteller Vertrieb Händler.

Global( 466)Lieferanten
Firmenname Telefon E-Mail Land Produktkatalog Edge Rate
Hebei Jimi Trading Co., Ltd.
+86 319 5273535
bestoneforyou@sina.com CHINA 292 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
info@tianfuchem.com China 22021 55
Hangzhou FandaChem Co.,Ltd.
+8615858145714
fandachem@gmail.com China 9382 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
0551-65418679
info@tnjchem.com China 2995 55
Shanxi Naipu Import and Export Co.,Ltd
+86-13734021967 13734021967
kaia@neputrading.com CHINA 1011 58
career henan chemical co
+86-0371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com China 29959 58
HEBEI YINGONG NEW MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD
+86-86-18903210395 +86-19930599843
cindy@hbyingong.com China 742 58
SHANDONG ZHI SHANG CHEMICAL CO.LTD
+86 18953170293
sales@sdzschem.com CHINA 2940 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 28229 58
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+86-19930503282 +86-19930503282
alice@crovellbio.com China 5953 58

1071-83-6(Glyphosat)Verwandte Suche:


  • KERNEL(R)
  • landmaster
  • ENVISION(R)
  • tumbleweed
  • Paraquat tech
  • roundup(monsanto)
  • N-(PHOSPHONOMETHYL)-GLYCINE PLANT CELL*C ULTURE TEST
  • GLYPHOSATE, 1GM, NEAT
  • GLYPHOSATE PESTANAL (N-(PHOSPHONO- METHY
  • GLYPHOSATE 1X1ML DI WATER 1000UG/ML
  • Glyphosate, 95% Technical
  • Glyphosate95%(Ida)
  • glyphosate (iso,ansi,wssa,jmaf)
  • GLYPHOSATE98%
  • GLIPHOZAT
  • Glyphosate isopropyl amine salt aqueous solution(41%)
  • N-PHOSPHANO METHYL GLYCINE
  • GlyphoMax
  • Glyphosate CT
  • Herbatop
  • Hockey
  • Kickdown
  • Klinik
  • Roundup Max, NSC 151063
  • Glyphosate 0.2
  • (Carboxymethylamino)methylphosphonic acid
  • GLIALKA
  • GLYFOS ENVISION
  • GLYFOS(R)
  • GLYPHOSATE
  • ASSET
  • BRAKE
  • bronco
  • ACIGATE
  • AMIPHOSATE
  • pondmaster
  • Phosphonomethylaminoacetic acid
  • Roundup 2.5
  • ROUNDUP(R)
  • Ranger
  • rattler 4as
  • RAUDO
  • N-Phosphomethylglycine
  • phosphonomethyliminoaceticacid
  • rodeo
  • sonic
  • spasor
  • glifonox
  • glycel
  • Glycine,N-(phosphonomethyl)-
  • mon0468
  • mon0573
  • mon-0573
  • mon2139
  • n-(phosphonomethyl)-glycin
  • N-(Phosphonomethyl)glycine, Glyphosate
  • glyphosate (ISO) N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine
  • Glyphosate aqueous solution (10%)
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