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Lead oxide

Physical Properties Uses Preparation Reactions
Lead oxide
Lead oxide
Chemical Name:
Lead oxide
MINIUM;Pb3-O4;Sandix;ci77578;mennige;RED LEAD;parisred;Lead, red;c.i.77578;heuconin5
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Lead oxide Properties

Melting point:
500 °C
Boiling point:
9,1 g/cm3
vapor pressure 
10 mm Hg ( 0 °C)
red powder
Water Solubility 
Soluble in hydrochloric acid, glacial acetic acid and nitric acid and hydrogen peroxide. Insoluble in water and alcohol.
Stable. May react vigorously with reducing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
1314-41-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Lead(ii,iv) oxide(1314-41-6)
EPA Substance Registry System
Lead oxide (Pb3O4)(1314-41-6)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  O,T,N
Risk Statements  61-8-20/22-33-50/53-62-48/23/25-40
Safety Statements  53-45-60-61-36/37
RIDADR  UN 1479 5.1/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  OG5425000
HazardClass  5.1
HS Code  28249010
Hazardous Substances Data 1314-41-6(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 i.p. in rats: 45 mg Pb/100 g (Lead, 1972)
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H272 May intensify fire; oxidizer Oxidising liquids;Oxidising solids Category 2
Category 3
P210, P220, P221P280, P370+P378,P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H332 Harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 4 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H351 Suspected of causing cancer Carcinogenicity Category 2 Warning P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H360 May damage fertility or the unborn child Reproductive toxicity Category 1A, 1B Danger
H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P314, P501
H400 Very toxic to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
Precautionary statements:
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P220 Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.
P221 Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/…
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.

Lead oxide price More Price(7)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 11536 Lead(II,IV) oxide ≥96% 1314-41-6 1kg $70.6 2018-11-20 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 11536 Lead(II,IV) oxide ≥96% 1314-41-6 6x1kg $269 2018-11-20 Buy
Alfa Aesar 014232 Lead(II,IV) oxide, 97% (metals basis) 1314-41-6 5kg $345 2018-11-16 Buy
Alfa Aesar 014232 Lead(II,IV) oxide, 97% (metals basis) 1314-41-6 1kg $80.6 2018-11-16 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 241547 Lead oxide red powder, 1-2μm, 99% 1314-41-6 100g $30.7 2018-11-20 Buy

Lead oxide Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Physical Properties

Bright-red crystalline substance or amorphous powder; density 9.1 g/cm3; decomposes on heating to 500°C, melts at 830°C under pressure and oxygen; insoluble in water and alcohol; soluble in glacial acetic acid, hot hydrochloric acid, and a dilute nitric acid-hydrogen peroxide mixture.


Lead tetroxide has many applications. The most important use is in paint and storage-batteries. It is used as a pigment in corrosion-protecting paints for steel surfaces. It also is used in positive battery plates; in colored glasses and ceramics; in glass sealants for television picture tubes; in propellants and explosives; in radiation shields for x-rays and gamma rays; in the vulcanization of rubber; in glass-writing pencils; in adhesives for tire cords; in foaming agents and waterproofing materials; in plasters and ointments; in lead dioxide matches; and as a catalyst for oxidation of carbon monoxide in exhausts.


Lead tetroxide is made by heating lead monoxide in the presence of air at temperatures between 450 to 500°C. The temperature should be maintained below 500°C, above which the tetroxide decomposes.
6PbO + O2→2Pb3O4
Alternatively, the tetroxide may be prepared by heating a mixture of lead monoxide and lead dioxide at 250°C:
2PbO + PbO2→Pb3O4


When heated above 550°C, the tetroxide decomposes to monoxide, evolving oxygen:
6Pb3O4→6PbO + O2
Lead tetroxide reacts with dilute nitric acid forming lead nitrate and precipitating lead dioxide:
Pb3O4 + 4HNO3 → 2Pb(NO3)2 + PbO2 + 2H2O
The above reaction may be explained by assuming lead tetroxide as formally equivalent to plumbus plumbate having a structure Pb2II[PbIVO4] in which Pb2+ dissolves in dilute nitric acid forming lead(II) nitrate while Pb4+ precipitates out as lead(IV) oxide.
Lead tetroxide reacts with anhydrous acetic acid at 80°C producing lead(II) acetate and lead(IV) acetate. Alternatively, the tetroxide is added into a mixture of glacial acetic acid and acetic anhydride and heated gently:
Pb3O4 + 8CH3COOH → 2Pb(CH3COO)2 + Pb(CH3Coo)4 + 4H2O
On cooling, the tetraacetate crystallizes, leaving diacetate in the solution. Acetic anhydride is added to react with water produced in the reaction to form acetic acid and thus prevent hydrolysis.
Lead tetroxide can be reduced to metallic lead when heated with reducing agents, such as hydrogen, carbon, or carbon monoxide:
Pb3O4 + 4H2→3Pb + 4H2O

Chemical Properties

red to orange powder


Plasters and ointments; manufacture of colorless glass; glaze for faience; flux for porcelain painting, protective paint for iron and steel; oil-color for ship paints, varnishes; coloring rubber; cement for glass, gas and steam pipes; storage batteries; pencils for writing on glass; manufacture of lead peroxide, matches.


Natural red oxide of lead.

Lead oxide Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Lead oxide Suppliers

Global( 160)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 22049 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 20786 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32651 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 19990 58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933; China 96815 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) China 40395 62
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 China 30291 84
Energy Chemical 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
021-58436166-800 China 44187 61
JinYan Chemicals(ShangHai) Co.,Ltd. 13817811078,021-50426030
86-021-50426522,50426273 China 10073 60
Adamas Reagent, Ltd. 400-600-9262 China 14014 59

View Lastest Price from Lead oxide manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-12-18 Lead oxide
US $2.00 / kg 1kg 99% ask career henan chemical co

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