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Nickel chloride

Description Properties Preparation Reaction Health Hazards References
Nickel chloride
Nickel chloride
CAS No.
7718-54-9
Chemical Name:
Nickel chloride
Synonyms
NiCl2;Hexahydrate;NICKEL CHLORIDE;Nichel chloride;NICKEL DICHLORIDE;Nickel(II)-chlorid;NICKEL(+2)CHLORIDE;Dichloronickel(II);NICKEL(II) CHLORIDE;nickel(Ⅱ) chloride
CBNumber:
CB0116468
Molecular Formula:
Cl2Ni
Formula Weight:
129.6
MOL File:
7718-54-9.mol

Nickel chloride Properties

Melting point:
1001 °C
Boiling point:
987°C
Density 
3.55 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor pressure 
1.33 hPa (671 °C)
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
solubility 
H2O: soluble
form 
powder
Specific Gravity
3.55
color 
Yellow to orange
PH
4 (500g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Water Solubility 
slightly soluble
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
Merck 
14,6505
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with peroxides.
CAS DataBase Reference
7718-54-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Nickel dichloride(7718-54-9)
EPA Substance Registry System
Nickel chloride (NiCl2)(7718-54-9)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  T,N,Xi
Risk Statements  45-25-36/38-43-50-50/53-22-52/53-68-51/53-48/23-42/43-20/22-61-49-38-23/25
Safety Statements  53-26-36/37-45-61-37-29-24-23-60
RIDADR  UN 3288 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  QR6475000
3
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  6.1(b)
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  28273500
Hazardous Substances Data 7718-54-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 in mice, rats (mg/kg): 48, 11 i.p. (IARC)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H301 Toxic if swalloed Acute toxicity,oral Category 3 Danger P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction Sensitisation, Skin Category 1 Warning P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H331 Toxic if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 3 Danger P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H334 May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled Sensitisation, respiratory Category 1 Danger P261, P285, P304+P341, P342+P311,P501
H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects Germ cell mutagenicity Category 2 Warning P201,P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H350 May cause cancer Carcinogenicity Category 1A, 1B Danger
H360 May damage fertility or the unborn child Reproductive toxicity Category 1A, 1B Danger
H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H400 Very toxic to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
Precautionary statements:
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P284 Wear respiratory protection.
P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

Nickel chloride price More Price(21)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 339350 Nickel(II) chloride 98% 7718-54-9 50g $49.4 2018-11-20 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 339350 Nickel(II) chloride 98% 7718-54-9 250g $189 2018-11-20 Buy
TCI Chemical N0850 Nickel(II) Chloride Anhydrous >98.0%(T) 7718-54-9 25g $44 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical N0850 Nickel(II) Chloride Anhydrous >98.0%(T) 7718-54-9 500g $238 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar 014687 Nickel(II) chloride, anhydrous, 99% (metals basis) 7718-54-9 100g $82.8 2018-11-16 Buy

Nickel chloride Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Description

Nickel chloride is a brown or green colored solid. Most nickel chloride is used for electroplating and nickel plating, used to prepare various nickel salts and nickel catalysts; . During electroplating, it accelerates the dissolution of anode metal nickel, while acting to increase the electrolyte level of the solution. Nickel chloride can be used as catalyst for organic synthesis (e.g. pyrazolophthalazinyl spirooxindoles), to synthesize nickel nanoparticles as a reductant, and to prepare nickel coordination compounds, and and in industrial gas masks to protect from ammonia. It can also be used as an NH3 absorbent in gas masks and as a source of nickel ion for cell culture and toxicological studies.

Properties

NICKEL CHLORIDE is a brown or green colored solid. Its hexahydrate is a green monoclinic crystal, which is weathered in dry air and deliquescent in moist air. It is easily soluble in water, ethanol and ammonia. It is easily reduced to nickel when heated in hydrogen and becomes nickel oxide by heating in the air. It loses water of crystallization and becomes anhydrous in high temperature. The aqueous solution is acidic. Nickel chloride can combine with the anions of many inorganic and organic molecules to form nickel complexes, and form insoluble precipitates in weak acids.

Preparation

Anhydrous nickel chloride is prepared by burning nickel in chlorine gas.
Some other methods of preparation involve
(1) the action of acetyl chloride on nickel acetate in a nonaqueous solvent such as benzene:
(2) the action of thionyl chloride on nickel chloride hexahydrate:
NiCl2•6H2O + 6SOCl2 → NiCl2 + 12HCl + 6SO2
(3) heating nickel chloride hexahydrate or nickel chloride ammoniate:
NiCl2•6H2O → NiCl2 + 6H2O
NiCl2•6NH3 → NiCl2 + 6NH3
The hexahydrate is prepared either by the action of hot dilute hydrochloric acid on nickel powder or by dissolving nickel oxide in dilute hydrochloric acid followed by crystallization. For the preparation of ammoniate, see Reactions below.

Reaction

When ammonia gas is passed over anhydrous nickel chloride the product is an ammoniate, hexamine nickel chloride, NiCl2•6NH3. Ammoniate also can be prepared in solution by dissolving nickel chloride hexahydrate in an aqueous solution of ammonia.
Nickel chloride forms double salts with alkali metal chlorides or ammonium chloride. Such double salts, NH4Cl•NiCl2•6H2O, are obtained as hexahydrate when crystallized from a mixed solution of nickel chloride and ammonium chloride in equimolar amounts.
Warming a solution of nickel chloride and sodium hydroxide at moderate concentrations may partially precipitate a basic salt of indefinite composition. The average composition of this salt is NiCl2•3Ni(OH)2. Salt composition may vary depending on reaction conditions.
When hydrogen sulfide is passed through a buffered solution of nickel chloride, nickel sulfide, NiS, precipitates.
An alcoholic solution of nickel chloride, when treated with an ethereal solution of dithiobenzoic acid, C6H5CSSH, blue nickel(II) dithiobenzoate,(C6H5CSS)2Ni, is formed:
NiCl2 + 2C6H5CSSH→ Ni (C6H5CSS)2 + 2HCl
The product oxidizes readily to a violet dimeric nickel(IV) complex.

Health Hazards

Acute Health Effects
The following acute (short-term) health effects may occur immediately or shortly after exposure to Nickel Chloride:   Chronic Health Effects
The following chronic (long-term) health effects can occur at some time after exposure to Nickel Chloride and can last for months or years:

Cancer Hazard Reproductive Hazard Other Long-Term Effects

References

[1] X. N. Zhang, Y. X. Li and Z. H. Zhang, Nickel chloride-catalyzed one-pot three-component synthesis of pyrazolophthalazinyl spirooxindoles, Tetrahedron, 2011, vol. 67, 7426-7430
[2] Z. Jiang, J. Xie, D. Jiang, X. Wie and M. Chen, Modifiers- assisted formation of nickel nanoparticles and their catalytic application to p-nitrophenol reduction, CrystEngComm, 2013, vol. 15, 560-569
[3] NA Eckert, EM Bones, RJ Lachicotte and PL Holland, Nickel complexes of a bulky beta-diketiminate ligand, Inorg. Chem., 2003, vol. 42, 1720-1725

Chemical Properties

Brown scales, deliquescent

Chemical Properties

Nickel chloride appears as green or brown scales, or sparkling golden-yellow powder.

Uses

Nickel chloride solutions are used for electroplating nickel onto other metal items.It also is used to prepare various nickel salts and nickel catalysts; and in industrial gas masks to protect from ammonia.

Definition

ChEBI: A compound of nickel and chloride in which the ratio of nickel (in the +2 oxidation state) to chloride is 1:2.
Nickel chloride is a yellow deliquescent solid with a boiling point of 973°C(1690°F). Nickel chloride is soluble in water and alcohol. Nickel chloride(hydrated),NiCI2·H20, is a gray deliquescent solid that is also soluble in water and alcohol.It is used in nickel plating.

Hazard

Confirmed carcinogen.

Safety Profile

Confirmed human carcinogen. Poison by ingestion, intravenous, intramuscular, and intraperitoneal routes. An experimental teratogen. Experimental reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of Cl-. See also NICICEL COMPOUNDS.

Potential Exposure

Nickel chloride is used in electroplating and ink manufacturing.

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit.

Shipping

UN3288 Toxic solids, inorganic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

It crystallises from dilute HCl to form the green hexahydrate. At 70o this dehydrates to the tetrahydrate, and at higher temperatures it forms the anhydrous salt. It sublimes in yellow hexagonal scales in a stream of HCl. Store it in a desiccator as it is deliquescent. [Hart & Partington J Chem Soc 104 1943.]

Incompatibilities

Strong acids, potassium, sulfur. Forms an impact-sensitive mixture with potassium.

Waste Disposal

Recycle or disposal in a chemical waste landfill is recommended.

Nickel chloride Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Nickel chloride Suppliers

Global( 185)Suppliers
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Mainchem Co., Ltd.
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TCI (Shanghai) Development Co., Ltd. 021-67121386 / 800-988-0390
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J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
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