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Chemical properties Uses content analysis Toxicity usage limits Production methods Hazards & Safety Information
Propylparaben structure
Chemical Name:
Nipasol;Nipazol;nipaginp;NipasolM;nipasolp;Parabens;Paseptol;Propagin;solbrolp;FEMA 2951
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Propylparaben Properties

Melting point:
95-98 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
vapor pressure 
0.67 hPa (122 °C)
refractive index 
Flash point:
storage temp. 
ethanol: soluble0.1M, clear, colorless
Crystalline Powder
pKa 8.4 (Uncertain)
Specific Gravity
0.789 (20/4℃)
6-7 (H2O, 20°C) (saturated solution)
Water Solubility 
<0.1 g/100 mL at 12 ºC
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases.
CAS DataBase Reference
94-13-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
184.1670; 582.3670; 172.515; 201.327; 310.545; 352.70
SCOGS (Select Committee on GRAS Substances)
Propyl Paraben
Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS)
EWG's Food Scores
NIST Chemistry Reference
EPA Substance Registry System
Propylparaben (94-13-3)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Hazard Codes  Xi
Risk Statements  36/37/38
Safety Statements  26-24/25-36
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  DH2800000
Autoignition Temperature >600 °C
HS Code  29182930
Toxicity LD50 orally in Rabbit: > 5000 mg/kg

Propylparaben price More Price(22)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 16897 Propylparaben certified reference material, TraceCERT 94-13-3 100mg $289 2019-12-02 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1577008 Propylparaben United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard 94-13-3 200mg $384.65 2019-12-02 Buy
TCI Chemical H0219 Propyl 4-Hydroxybenzoate >99.0%(T) 94-13-3 25g $15 2020-06-24 Buy
TCI Chemical H0219 Propyl 4-Hydroxybenzoate >99.0%(T) 94-13-3 500g $46 2020-06-24 Buy
Alfa Aesar A10180 n-Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate, 99+% 94-13-3 250g $37.8 2020-06-24 Buy

Propylparaben Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical properties

Propylparaben is a colorless and fine crystalline or white crystalline powder, almost odorless and with slightly astringent.Soluble in ethanol, ethyl ether, acetone and other organic solvents, slightly soluble in water.


1. Propylparaben Used as preservatives and antioxidants, and also used in the pharmaceutical industry
2. Used as the antimicrobial preservative in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics
3. According to ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate (17007)
4. Used as antiseptic and antimicrobial.
5. Used as the preservatives of food, cosmetics and medicines.

content analysis

Same with Method 1 in "Butyl p-hydroxybenzoate (07002)".
In calculation, per mL of 1 mol/L sodium hydroxide corresponds to 180.2mg of this goods (C10Hl2O8).


Adl  0-10 mg/kg (FAO/WHO, 2001).
LD50  3.7g/kg (mouse, oral).
GRAS  (FDA, § 184.1670, 2000).
HACSG  listed in the restricted list.

usage limits

2760--2002 GB (calculate in p-hydroxybenzoic acid; g/kg):
fresh fruit and vegetable 0.012; vinegar 0.10; carbonated beverages 0.20; fruit juice (fruit flavor) type beverages, jam (excluding canned), soy sauces 0.25; pastry stuffing 0.5 (the total amount of single use or mixed use with ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate); egg yolk filling 0.20.
Another provision that sodium methylparaben is also equivalent application.
FAO/WHO (1984): Jam and jelly, 1000 mg/kg
FDA § 184.1670 (2000): 0.1%.
EEC(1990, mg/kg): Frozen drinks 160; beet pickled vegetables, salad dressings, 250; fragrance, fruit tarts, purees, concentrated soft drinks, 800; Fruit canned, salted fish, 1000.
Japan (calculate in p-hydroxybenzoic acid, g/kg; this product, g):
soy sauce 0.25g/L (this product 0.32); vinegarsoysoy 0.1g/L (This product 0.13); soft drinks and syrup 0.1 (this product 0.13); fruit sauce 0.2 (this product 0.26); fruits and vegetables 0.012 (this product 0.015).

Production methods

This product can be derived from the esterification of p-hydroxybenzoic acid and n-propanol. First mix p-hydroxybenzoic acid with propanol and heat to dissolve. Then add sulfuric acid slowly and continue to heat for 8h of refluxion. After cooling, pour them into the 4% sodium carbonate solution for precipitation and crystallization. Filtrate and wash to neutral to obtain the crude product. After further ethanol recrystallization, the finished products are obtained. In the preparation, the cation exchange resin can be used in place of the sulfuric acid catalyst.
It can be derived from the esterification of p-hydroxybenzoic acid and n-propanol in the presence of sulfuric acid.
Add p-hydroxybenzoic acid and n-propanol in turn to the esterification reactor, and heat to dissolve. Add concentrated sulfuric acid slowly and heat for 8h of refluxion. Pour the reaction solution into 4% sodium carbonate solution before it is cooled. Constantly stir for precipitation and crystallization. Then the crude product can be obtained after centrifugal filtration and washed to neutral. Finally the finished product is acquired after activated carbon decolorization and ethanol recrystallization. The method of preparing ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate can also be used as a reference.

Hazards & Safety Information

Category: Toxic substances
Toxicity classification :Moderate toxicity
Acute Toxicity :Celiac-mouse LD50: 200 mg/kg
Flammable hazardous characteristics :Flammable; excrete acrid and pungent smoke from fire
Storage and transport characteristics :Stored in the low-temperature, well-ventilated and dry warehouse
Fire extinguishing agent :water, carbon dioxide, dry powder, sand

Chemical Properties

White or almost white, crystalline powder.

Chemical Properties

Propylparaben occurs as a white, crystalline, odorless, and tasteless powder.

Chemical Properties

Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate is almost odorless.


propylparaben is one of the most frequently used preservatives against bacteria and mold. It has a low sensitizing and low toxicity factor, is reputed to be very safe, and considered to be a noncomedogenic raw material.


An antimicrobial


Pharmaceutic aid (antifungal). Antimicrobial preservative in foods and cosmetics.


ChEBI: The benzoate ester that is the propyl ester of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid. Preservative typically found in many water-based cosmetics, such as creams, lotions, shampoos and bath products. Also used as a food additive.

Production Methods

Propylparaben is prepared by the esterification of p-hydroxybenzoic acid with n-propanol.


Produced by esterfying p-hydroxybenzoic acid with n-propanol, using an acid catalyst such as sulfuric acid and an excess of propanol. The materials are heated in a glass-lined reactor under reflux. The acid is then neutralized with caustic soda and the product is crystallized by cooling. The crystallized product is centrifuged, washed, dried under vacuum, milled and blended, all in corrosion-resistant equipment to avoid metallic contamination.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 20 ppb

General Description

Colorless crystals or white powder or chunky white solid. Melting point 95-98°C. Odorless or faint aromatic odor. Low toxicity, Tasteless (numbs the tongue). pH: 6.5-7.0 (slightly acidic) in solution.

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble [Hawley].

Reactivity Profile

Maximum stability of Propylparaben occurs at a pH of 4 to 5. Incompatible with alkalis and iron salts. Also incompatible with strong oxidizing agents and strong acids .

Fire Hazard

Flash point data for Propylparaben are not available; however, Propylparaben is probably combustible.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Propylparaben is widely used as an antimicrobial preservative in cosmetics, food products, and pharmaceutical formulations.
It may be used alone, in combination with other paraben esters, or with other antimicrobial agents. It is one of the most frequently used preservatives in cosmetics.
The parabens are effective over a wide pH range and have a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity, although they are most effective against yeasts and molds.
Owing to the poor solubility of the parabens, the paraben salts, particularly the sodium salt, are frequently used in formulations. This may cause the pH of poorly buffered formulations to become more alkaline.
Propylparaben (0.02% w/v) together with methylparaben (0.18% w/v) has been used for the preservation of various parenteral pharmaceutical formulations.

Contact allergens

This substance is one of the parabens family. Parabens are esters formed by p-hydroxybenzoic acid and an alcohol. They are largely used as biocides in cosmetics and toiletries, medicaments, or food. They have synergistic power with other biocides. Parabens can induce allergic contact dermatitis, mainly in chronic dermatitis and wounded skin.


Propylparaben and other parabens are widely used as antimicrobial preservatives in cosmetics, food products, and oral and topical pharmaceutical formulations.
Propylparaben and methylparaben have been used as preservatives in injections and ophthalmic preparations; however, they are now generally regarded as being unsuitable for these types of formulations owing to the irritant potential of the parabens. Systemically, no adverse reactions to parabens have been reported, although they have been associated with hypersensitivity reactions. The WHO has set an estimated acceptable total daily intake for methyl, ethyl, and propyl parabens at up to 10 mg/kg body-weight.
LD50 (mouse, IP): 0.2 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, oral): 6.33 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, SC): 1.65 g/kg


Aqueous propylparaben solutions at pH 3–6 can be sterilized by autoclaving, without decomposition.At pH 3–6, aqueous solutions are stable (less than 10% decomposition) for up to about 4 years at room temperature, while solutions at pH 8 or above are subject to rapid hydrolysis (10% or more after about 60 days at room temperature).


The antimicrobial activity of propylparaben is reduced considerably in the presence of nonionic surfactants as a result of micellization. Absorption of propylparaben by plastics has been reported, with the amount absorbed dependent upon the type of plastic and the vehicle. Magnesium aluminum silicate, magnesium trisilicate, yellow iron oxide, and ultramarine blue have also been reported to absorb propylparaben, thereby reducing preservative efficacy.
Propylparaben is discolored in the presence of iron and is subject to hydrolysis by weak alkalis and strong acids.

Regulatory Status

Propylparaben and methylparaben are affirmed GRAS direct food substances in the USA at levels up to 0.1%. All esters except the benzyl ester are allowed for injection in Japan. In cosmetics, the EU and Brazil allow use of each paraben at 0.4%, but the total of all parabens may not exceed 0.8%. The upper limit in Japan is 1.0%.
Accepted as a food additive in Europe. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (IM, IV, and SC injections; inhalations; ophthalmic preparations; oral capsules, solutions, suspensions, and tablets; otic, rectal, topical, and vaginal preparations).
Included in parenteral and nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Non-medicinal Ingredients.

Propylparaben Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Propylparaben Suppliers

Global( 399)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 China 2678 55
Jiangxi alpha high tech Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
86-51085010237 CHINA 41 58
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 21838 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 22625 55
Tianjin Zhongxin Chemtech Co., Ltd.
022-66880086 CHINA 602 58
Shanghai Zheyan Biotech Co., Ltd.
18017610038 CHINA 3623 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 30043 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51861608;;; CHINA 23977 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
027-59599243 CHINA 28231 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
+86 531 8582 1093 CHINA 10157 58

View Lastest Price from Propylparaben manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2020-05-27 Propyl paraben
US $0.00 / mg 100mg ≥99%(HPLC) 100 g Shanghai Standard Technology Co., Ltd.
2018-08-20 Propylparaben
US $1.00 / KG 1G 98% 100KG career henan chemical co
2018-07-26 Propylparaben
US $150.00 / KG 1KG 99% 12000kg career henan chemical co

Propylparaben Spectrum

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