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Miconazole nitrate

Pharmacological effects Antifungals Drug Interactions Uses
Miconazole nitrate
Miconazole nitrate
CAS No.
22832-87-7
Chemical Name:
Miconazole nitrate
Synonyms
Ecobi;Vodol;Daktar;Florid;Aflorix;Brentan;Hi-Pick;Micatin;Miconal;Micotef
CBNumber:
CB0705402
Molecular Formula:
C18H15Cl4N3O4
Formula Weight:
479.14
MOL File:
22832-87-7.mol

Miconazole nitrate Properties

Melting point:
170-185 C
Density 
1.5000 (rough estimate)
refractive index 
1.6200 (estimate)
storage temp. 
Store at RT
solubility 
pyridine: soluble50mg/mL
form 
neat
color 
white to off-white
optical activity
[α]25/D 0°, c = 10 in water
Water Solubility 
Slightly soluble in water. Soluble in propylene glycol or pyridine.
Merck 
14,6178
InChIKey
MCCACAIVAXEFAL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
22832-87-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  Xn
Risk Statements  22-43-40
Safety Statements  36/37
RIDADR  3249
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  NI4771000
HazardClass  6.1(b)
PackingGroup  III
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Warning
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction Sensitisation, Skin Category 1 Warning P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H320 Causes eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2B Warning P264, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313
H333 May be harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 5 P304+P312
H371 May cause damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P264, P270, P309+P311, P405,P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P321 Specific treatment (see … on this label).
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P333+P313 IF SKIN irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

Miconazole nitrate price More Price(17)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich M3512 (±)-Miconazole nitrate salt imidazole antibiotic 22832-87-7 1g $44.8 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1443500 Miconazole nitrate United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard 22832-87-7 200mg $348 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical M1769 Miconazole Nitrate >98.0%(T) 22832-87-7 5g $94 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical M1769 Miconazole Nitrate >98.0%(T) 22832-87-7 25g $278 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar J60796 (±)-Miconazole nitrate, 98+% 22832-87-7 25g $278 2018-11-13 Buy

Miconazole nitrate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Pharmacological effects

Miconazole nitrate is a kind of artificially synthetic 1-phenylethyl imidazole derivatives and belongs to imidazole-class broad-spectrum antifungal drug. It is a commonly used drug for treating skin ringworm without containing hormones and without side effects. Its main active ingredient is miconazole. However, miconazole nitrate is now seldom used in China. Its antibacterial spectrum, antibacterial activity and mechanism of action are all similar with clotrimazole. It can be used as a substitute drug when the treatment of amphotericin in deep fungal infection is invalid. It is suitable for treating the systemic, disseminated infection caused by some kinds of fungus such as Cryptococcus neoformans and Candida albicans. The efficacy of absorption via oral administration is poor. After topical administration, the drug is mainly maintained in the lesion place with only a small fraction getting absorbed into the body. In vivo, it is widely distributed in various body tissues and fluids and can penetrate into the inflamed joints, vitreous and the peritoneum, but the concentration in the sputum and saliva is low and it has a poor penetrating capability through the blood-brain barrier and is difficult to penetrate through the blood-brain barrier. It has a plasma protein binding rate of 90%. It is mainly inactive through liver metabolism into inactive metabolites with 14%~22% of the metabolites being excreted through urine, of which less than 1% of drug being in its prototype. 50% of the drug is excreted through the feces via in its prototype form. The half-life of the α-phase is 0.4 hour while the half-life of the β phase is 2.1 hours with the terminal half-life being 20 to 24 hours.
[Mechanism of action of the miconazole nitrate]
1. It can interfere with the activity of cytochrome P450, inhibit the ergosterol biosynthesis of the fungal cell membrane, causing damage to the fungal cell membrane and changing its permeability, further resulting in the leakage of the important intracellular material.
2. It can inhibit the biosynthesis of the fungal triglyceride and phospholipid.
3. It can inhibit the activity of the oxidase and peroxidase enzyme, resulting in the excessive accumulation of the hydrogen peroxide inside the cell, further leading to the submicroscopic structural degeneration and necrosis of fungus.
4. To candida albicans, it can suppress the process of the transition from spores into aggressive hyphae.
[Antimicrobial spectrum]
Miconazole nitrate has an excellent antifungal effect against various kinds of deep fungi (such as Candida albicans, Aspergillus, Cryptococcus neoformans, blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis and torulopsis), some epidermis fungi and yeasts. It also has antibacterial effect against some kinds of Gram-positive bacteria (such as staphylococcus, streptococcus) and Bacillus (such as Bacillus anthracis).
[Clinical application]
1. for serious infections caused by Candida species, including peritonitis, pneumonia and urinary tract infections. Miconazole nitrate can also be used for treating the secondary infection caused by the Gram-positive bacteria.
2. The local administration can be used for treating chronic and extensive mucocutaneous candidiasis, vulvovaginitis candidiasis, tinea, ringworm, jork itch, athlete’s foot, tinea versicoeor and paronychomycosis caused by various kinds of dermatophytes, yeast and other kinds of fungus.
3. Intravenous administration of it can be used for treating serious cryptococcosis, coccidioidomycosis and vice coccidioidomycosis.
The above information is edited by the Chemicalbook of Dai Xiongfeng.

Antifungals

Miconazole nitrate is a kind of antifungal agent which is the drug ”Dakelin” which we are familiar with as commonly used drugs for treating skin ringworm. It has various kinds of effects. It inhibit the biosynthesis of ergosterol which is the fungal cell membrane component, causing damage to the cell membrane structure, increasing the membrane permeability, resulting in the leakage of the intracellular components and inhibiting the glucose utilization, preventing the nutrient uptake, and finally leading to fungal cell death. It is therefore suitable for the treatment of tinea, jock itch, ringworm, athlete's foot, tinea versicolor and paronychomycosis as well as the vaginal infection and secondary infection caused by the yeast (such as Candida) and Gram-positive bacteria. It is also effective in treating otitis externa and bacterial skin infections.
The common adverse reactions and side effects of miconazole nitrate include: occasional allergy, blisters, burning feeling, redness, itching or other skin irritation. Very rare angioedema, urticaria, eczema, contact dermatitis, erythema, pelvic pain (cramps), vaginal irritation, vaginal secretions and discomfort in the administration site.

Drug Interactions

1. When it is used in combination with anticoagulant drugs such as coumarin or indandione derivative, it can enhance the effects of the later drugs, leading to prolonged prothrombin time. The patient should be subject to close observation and monitoring of prothrombin time as well as adjustment of the dosage of the anti-coagulation drugs.
2. Miconazole nitrate can be used to increase the cyclosporine blood concentration and could increase the risk of renal toxicity. Therefore, when these two drugs are used in combination, we should monitor the blood concentration of cyclosporine.
3. Rifampicin may enhance the metabolism of this product, increase the liver toxicity. When being used in combination with this drug, it can reduce the plasma concentration of this product, leading to the treatment failure. Being used in combination with isoniazid may also reduce the blood concentration of this product. Thus, we should be cautious when use those above drugs in combination with each other.
4. Combination with phenytoin and miconazole nitrate can cause changes in metabolism of these two drugs, and prolong the peak time of this product. When use the two drugs in combination, we should closely monitor their reactions.
5. Combination with hypoglycemic agent can lead to severe hypoglycemia due to inhibit the metabolism of the drug.
6. Combination with cisapride should be tabooed because this can lead to inhibition of the cytochrome P450 metabolic pathways, further causing arrhythmia. There is also risk of arrhythmia when apply miconazole nitrate in combination with astemizole or terfenadin. Therefore, this should also be avoided.

Uses

It is a kind of broad-spectrum anti-fungal drug and can be applied to the treatment of deep fungal infections.

Chemical Properties

White Solid

Uses

An antifungal agent that inhibits platelet cyclooxygenase

Uses

Antifungal (topical).

Uses

Miconazole is a widely used antifungal imidazole that acts by inhibiting the 14α-demethylation of lanosterol, which consequently leads to the inhibition of ergosterol synthesis in fungal cell membranes. Additionally, miconazole has been shown to induce reactive oxygen species in fungal biofilms, demonstrating a MIC value of ≥256 μM against Candida spp.

brand name

M-Zole (Actavis); Monistat (Ortho-McNeil); Monistat (Personal Products); Monistat (Johnson & Johnson).

Biological Activity

Antifungal agent. Inhibits lanosterol demethylase and induces formation of reactive oxygen species.

Miconazole nitrate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Miconazole nitrate Suppliers

Global( 318)Suppliers
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Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd.
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View Lastest Price from Miconazole nitrate manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-12-17 Miconazole nitrate
22832-87-7
US $7.00 / kg 1kg 99% 100KG career henan chemical co
2018-12-17 Miconazole nitrate
22832-87-7
US $7.00 / kg 1kg 99% 100KG career henan chemical co
2018-12-17 Miconazole nitrate
22832-87-7
US $1.00 / kg 1kg 99% Customized career henan chemical co

Miconazole nitrate Spectrum


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