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Aluminum nitrate

Physical Properties Uses Preparation Reactions
Aluminum nitrate
Aluminum nitrate
CAS No.
13473-90-0
Chemical Name:
Aluminum nitrate
Synonyms
AL(NO3)3;Nsc143017;Aluminiumnitrat8;ALUMINUM NITRATE;ALUMINIUM NITRATE;nitrato de aluminio;aluminum trinitrate;ALUMINIUMTRINITRATE;ALUMINUM NITRATE SOLUTION;Nitric acid, alumium salt
CBNumber:
CB0711018
Molecular Formula:
AlN3O9
Formula Weight:
213
MOL File:
13473-90-0.mol

Aluminum nitrate Properties

Melting point:
73°C
form 
solid
CAS DataBase Reference
13473-90-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Nitric acid, aluminum salt(13473-90-0)

SAFETY

Hazard Codes  O;Xi,Xi,O
Risk Statements  8-36/37/38
Safety Statements  17-26
RIDADR  UN 1438
HazardClass  5.1
PackingGroup  III
Hazardous Substances Data 13473-90-0(Hazardous Substances Data)

Aluminum nitrate price

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Aluminum nitrate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Physical Properties

White or colorless crystalline solid (nonahydrate – rhombic crystal); deliquescent; refractive index 1.54; melts at 73.5°C; decomposes at 150°C; highly soluble in cold water (63.7% at 25°C), decomposes in hot water, soluble in polar organic solvents.

Uses

The nonahydrate and other hydrated aluminum nitrates have many applications. These salts are used to produce alumina for preparation of insulating papers, in cathode tube heating elements, and on transformer core laminates. The hydrated salts are also used for extraction of actinide elements.

Preparation

The nonahydrate is prepared by treating aluminum, aluminum hydroxide, aluminum oxide, or aluminous mineral with nitric acid. The nitrate is crystallized from the solution.

Reactions

Since Al(NO3)3 or its salt hydrates dissociates to Al3+ and NO3 – ions in the aqueous solution, its reactions in solutions are those of Al3+ . It is partially hydrolyzed, producing H3O+ and thus accounting for the acidity of its solution in water. The products constitute a complex mixture of monoand polynuclear hydroxo species.
Aluminum nitrate is soluble in bases, forming aluminates, [Al(OH)4(H2O)2]–. It decomposes to Al2O3 when heated at elevated temperatures.

Chemical Properties

White crystals. Soluble in cold water, alcohol and acetone; decomposes in hot water.

Chemical Properties

Aluminum nitrate is an odorless, white crystalline solid, often in liquid solution

Uses

Textiles (mordant), leather tanning, manufacture of incandescent filaments, catalyst in petroleum refining, nucleonics, anticorrosion agent, antiperspirant.

General Description

A white, crystalline solid. Noncombustible but can accelerate the burning of combustible materials. If large quantities are involved or the combustible material is finely divided, an explosion may result. Prolonged exposure to fire or heat may result in an explosion. Fires that involve Aluminum nitrate , produce oxides of nitrogen. Uses include, petroleum refining, dyeing, and leather tanning.

Air & Water Reactions

Deliquescent. Water soluble. Aqueous solutions are acidic.

Reactivity Profile

Aluminum nitrate is an oxidizing agent. Mixtures with alkyl esters may explode. Mixtures with phosphorus, tin(II) chloride or other reducing agents may react explosively [Bretherick 1979 p. 108].

Hazard

Powerful oxidizing agent. Do not store near combustible materials.

Health Hazard

Ingestion of large doses causes gastric irritation, nausea, vomiting, and purging. Contact with dust irritates eyes and skin.

Safety Profile

A poison. A severe eye and mdd skin irritant. A powerful oxidmer. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic NOx. See NITRATES and ALUMINUM COMPOUNDS. A nitrating agent. AHE250

Potential Exposure

Aluminum nitrate is used in tanning leather; as an antiperspirant, as a corrosion inhibitor, in the extraction of uranium and as a nitrating agent

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. Aluminum nitrate poisoning requires special first aid and antidote.

Shipping

UN1438 Aluminum nitrate, Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer.

Purification Methods

Crystallise the nitrate from dilute HNO3, and dry it by passing dry nitrogen through the crystals for several hours at 40o. After 2 recrystallisations of ACS grade, it had S, Na and Fe at 2.2, 0.01 and 0.02 ppm, respectively.

Incompatibilities

Aluminum nitrate is a strong oxidizer; avoid contact with flammable or combustible materials; and reducing agents, including chlorides. In solution this chemical is a strong acid; avoid contact with bases. Explosions may occur when aluminum nitrate is shocked or exposed to heat.

Waste Disposal

See Spill Handling above.

Aluminum nitrate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Aluminum nitrate Suppliers

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13473-90-0(Aluminum nitrate )Related Search:


  • ALUMINUM NITRATE
  • ALUMINIUM NITRATE
  • ALUMINIUM ICP STANDARD, AL(NO3)3
  • AL(NO3)3
  • ALUMINUM NITRATE SOLUTION
  • ALUMINIUMTRINITRATE
  • Aluminiumnitrat8
  • aluminum trinitrate
  • nitrato de aluminio
  • Aluminum(III) nitrate (1:3)
  • Trisnitric acid aluminum salt
  • Nitric acid, alumium salt
  • Nsc143017
  • 13473-90-0
  • Industrial/Fine Chemicals
  • Inorganics
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