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Gliquidone

Oral hypoglycemic agents Diabetes Medicine interactions Side effects Precautions Uses
Gliquidone
Gliquidone structure
CAS No.
33342-05-1
Chemical Name:
Gliquidone
Synonyms
ardf26;ardf26se;Glurenorm;GLIQUIDONE;Gliquidone>GLIQUIDONE 99%;Gliquidone powder;Gliquidone Tablets;Gliquidone USP/EP/BP;Gliquidone 33342-05-1
CBNumber:
CB1183076
Molecular Formula:
C27H33N3O6S
Formula Weight:
527.63
MOL File:
33342-05-1.mol

Gliquidone Properties

Melting point:
179 °C
Density 
1.34±0.1 g/cm3(Predicted)
storage temp. 
Inert atmosphere,Room Temperature
pka
5.12±0.10(Predicted)
Merck 
14,4443
CAS DataBase Reference
33342-05-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
FDA UNII
C7C2QDD75P
NCI Drug Dictionary
gliquidone
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Safety Statements  24/25
RTECS  DB1584250
HS Code  29147000

Gliquidone price More Price(6)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
TCI Chemical G0332 Gliquidone >98.0%(HPLC)(T) 33342-05-1 1g $47 2021-03-22 Buy
TCI Chemical G0332 Gliquidone >98.0%(HPLC)(T) 33342-05-1 5g $141 2021-03-22 Buy
Cayman Chemical 29596 Gliquidone 33342-05-1 1g $48 2021-03-22 Buy
Cayman Chemical 29596 Gliquidone 33342-05-1 10g $275 2021-03-22 Buy
Cayman Chemical 29596 Gliquidone 33342-05-1 500mg $25 2021-03-22 Buy

Gliquidone Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Oral hypoglycemic agents

Gliquidone is an oral hypoglycemic agent, and was called as the second generation sulfonylurea oral hypoglycemic drug together with glyburide, gliclazide and glipizide, primarily for the treatment of non-insulin-dependent (namely, II type) diabetes. Its mechanism of action is the same as other sulfonylurea drugs and can stimulate insulin secretion from pancreatic β cells, and can enhance the action of insulin, enhance the sensitivity of tissues to insulin action, increase the number of insulin receptor and strengthen post-receptor action of insulin. During the early phase of treatment, it is mainly used for promoting the secretion of endogenous insulin; after a period of time of treatment, its main role is to improve the sensitivity of peripheral tissues to insulin. Diabetic nephropathy is one of the late complications of diabetes while gliquidone is the only sulfonylurea drugs that not affected by renal function and therefore can be applied to diabetic patients with impaired renal function. It is the primary-choice of drug for the treatment of patients of non-insulin dependent diabetes accompanied with insufficiency of renal function. Gliquidone is characterized by short duration of action and seldom undergoing of renal excretion with a small dose being able to control postprandial blood glucose. Oral absorption is quick and complete. After the first oral administration of 30mg, the plasma concentration reaches its peak value, 500~700μg/L after 2 to 3 hours. The efficacy onset occurs at 1 hour after administration, the maximal effect can be extended up to 2 to 3 hours with the duration of 8 hours and the plasma protein binding rate being 99% and the half-life of about 1.5 hours. It is mainly metabolized in the liver through hydroxylation or demethylation with its metabolites having no significant hypoglycemic activity and most of them being discharged through feces via biliary while only 5% being subject to renal excretion. This product has mild effect and can be subject to dose adjustment timely based on blood sugar or urine glucose and rarely cause hypoglycemia reaction. It is suitable for the treatment of adult-type mild, moderate diabetes which can’t be simply treated through diet, especially for patients with renal insufficiency.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a group of syndrome of carbohydrate, fat, water and electrolyte metabolic disorder caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors, absolute or relative lack of insulin, and reduced cellular insulin sensitivity. According to the suggestion of ADA (in 1997) and WHO (in 1999), the diabetes are divided into four types, namely type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, other specific types, and gestational diabetes. The vast majority belongs to type 2 diabetes (non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM), type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent, IDDM) accounted for only 10% to 15%. The main clinical manifestations: polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria, weight loss, fatigue, etc., advanced case is often accompanied with cataracts, abnormal reflexes in depth of feeling, urinary retention and skin infections. Type 1 " three polys and one little " is more obvious and is susceptible; the majority of patients with type 2 have no typical performances and is mainly in the form of complications or complications. Common complication mainly includes diabetic ketoacidosis and diabetic nonketotic hyperosmotic syndrome.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Dai Xiongfeng.

Medicine interactions

The hypoglycemic effect of gliquidone can be enhanced by salicylates, sulfonamides, phenylbutazone, anti-tuberculosis drugs, tetracyclines, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, β receptor blockers and cyclophosphamide.
Combination with chlorpromazine, sympathomimetic drugs, corticosteroids, thyroid hormones, oral contraceptives and niacin preparations can reduce the hypoglycemic effect of this product.

Side effects

This product can be well tolerated. There is rare case of hypoglycemia during the treatment. There are only individual cases of patients who get gastrointestinal symptoms and skin allergy. Rare symptoms also include rash, jaundice, liver damage, bone marrow suppression, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia psychosis.

Precautions

1. Only 5% of this product is excreted through the kidneys. Therefore, for patients of diabetes with mild to moderate renal insufficiency, it is significantly better to adopt gliquidone rather than other sulfonylurea drug. However, for patients of severe renal dysfunction, insulin is still appropriate. Patients of pregnancy and those who are allergic to sulfonylureas, patients of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, patients of pre-coma and coma of diabetes, diabetic patients with acidosis or ketosis should be banned.
2. Children and lactating women should apply with caution. During medication, elderly should start from small dose and gradually adjust the dose.
3. In case of hypoglycemia reaction, the patients should immediately have carbohydrates diet. If hypoglycemia continues, the patients should consider discontinuing.

Uses

It is a kind of hypoglycemic agents and can be used for the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes.

Originator

Glurenorm,Thornae,W. Germany,1975

Uses

Gliquidone is an anti diabetic agent used in the treatment of hypoglycemia which leads to an increased risk in diabetic cardiovascular disease. Also used in the treatment diabetic nephropathy.

Manufacturing Process

A mixture consisting of 4 grams of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-4,4-dimethyl-7- methoxy-isochromanedione-(1,3) (MP 95° to 97°C), 2.53 grams of 4- aminosulfonyl-phenyl-(2)-ethylamine and 150 ml of xylene was heated for 2 hours at its boiling point in an apparatus provided with a water separator. Thereafter, the reaction mixture was allowed to cool and was then vacuumfiltered, and the filter cake was recrystallized from n-propanol in the presence of activated charcoal. 2.9 grams (58% of theory) of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-4,4- dimethyl-2-[p-aminosulfonylphenyl-(2)-ethyl]-7-methoxy-isoquinolinedione- (1,3), MP 203° to 205°C, of the formula below were obtained.
32.2 grams of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-4,4-dimethyl-2-[p-aminosulfonylphenyl-(2)-ethyl]-7-methoxy-isoquinolinedione-(1,3) were dissolved in 700 ml of dimethylformamide, 9.1 grams of potassium tert-butylate were added to the solution, and, while cooling the mixture with ice, 14.9 grams of cyclohexyl isocyanate were added dropwise thereto.
Subsequently, the reaction mixture was stirred for 5 hours on an ice bath and was then allowed to stand overnight at -2°C. Thereafter, the reaction solution was admixed with water, the precipitate formed thereby was separated by vacuum-filtration, the filtrate was admixed with more water, and the aqueous solution was acidified with 2N hydrochloric acid. A greasy substance precipitated out which crystallized after a brief period of contact with boiling methanol. 2.6 grams (85% of theory) of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-2-[p-(N'- cyclohexyl-ureido-N-sulfonyl)-phenethyl]-4,4-dimethyl-7-methoxyisoquinolinedione-(1,3), MP 180° to 182°C, were obtained.

Therapeutic Function

Oral hypoglycemic

Hazard

Low toxicity by ingestion. A reproductive hazard.

Gliquidone Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Gliquidone Suppliers

Global( 206)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Beijing Cooperate Pharmaceutical Co.,Ltd
010-60279497
010-60279497 sales01@cooperate-pharm.com CHINA 1817 55
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 22607 55
Hangzhou FandaChem Co.,Ltd.
008615858145714
+86-571-56059825 fandachem@gmail.com CHINA 8882 55
Hubei XinRunde Chemical Co., Ltd.
+8615102730682
02783214688 bruce@xrdchem.cn CHINA 567 55
Zjartschem
+86-571-8723 8903 jocelynpan@zjarts.com
+86-571-87063838 jocelynpan@zjarts.com CHINA 997 58
Shanghai Zheyan Biotech Co., Ltd.
18017610038
zheyansh@163.com CHINA 3623 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 29961 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 592-605 1114
sales@amoychem.com CHINA 6369 58
HubeiwidelychemicaltechnologyCo.,Ltd
18627774460
faith@widelychemical.com CHINA 743 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
86-13657291602
027-59338440 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 23035 58

View Lastest Price from Gliquidone manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2021-08-26 Gliquidone powder
33342-05-1
US $1.90 / KG 1KG 99% 10 ton Hebei Crovell Biotech Co Ltd
2021-07-22 Gliquidone
33342-05-1
US $1143.00 / KG 1KG 99% 10kg Baoji Guokang Bio-Technology Co., Ltd.
2021-07-13 Gliquidone
33342-05-1
US $15.00-10.00 / KG 1KG 99%+ HPLC Monthly supply of 1 ton Zhuozhou Wenxi import and Export Co., Ltd

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