Chinese Japanese Germany Korea

Silica glass

Overview Physical and Chemical Properties Application Preparation References
Silica glass
Silica glass structure
Chemical Name:
Silica glass
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Silica glass Properties

Melting point:
1610 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
2.6 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.544(lit.)
rod (1/8")
CAS DataBase Reference
NIST Chemistry Reference
Silicon dioxide(60676-86-0)
EPA Substance Registry System
Silica vitreous (60676-86-0)

Mechanical Properties

Modulus of Elasticity
70.0 - 78.0 GPa
Poissons Ratio
Shear Modulus
31.0 GPa
Hardness, Mohs
5.5 - 7.0
Hardness, Knoop
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Signal word  Warning
Hazard statements  H319-H335-H373
Precautionary statements  P260-P305+P351+P338
Hazard Codes  T,Xn
Risk Statements  48/20-36/38-45-36/37
Safety Statements  22-24/25-45-26-53-36
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  VV7311000
HS Code  28112200
Toxicity LDLo intravenous in cat: 5mg/kg

Silica glass price More Price(27)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich CX0574 Celite® 545 60676-86-0 500 g $38.29 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.07910 Kieselguhr purified and calcined GR for analysis Reag. Ph Eur 60676-86-0 250 g $48.19 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.02693 Celite® 545 particle size 0.02-0.1 mm 60676-86-0 250 g $49.95 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 22140 Celite® 545 filter aid, treated with sodium carbonate, flux calcined 60676-86-0 1 kg $62.8 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.02693 Celite® 545 particle size 0.02-0.1 mm 60676-86-0 1 kg $63.45 2021-03-22 Buy

Silica glass Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Quartz glass, Fused quartz, and  silica glass are synonyms for glass made from high purity quartz.  Quartz Glass is manufactured by melting naturally occurring high purity quartz sand at approximately 2000 °C, using either an electrically heated furnace (electrically fused) or a gas/oxygen-fueled furnace (flame fused). Fused quartz is normally transparent.
Quartz glass is a kind of special glass composed of a single component of silica. According to its purity, it can be divided into high-purity quartz glass, ordinary quartz glass and doped quartz glass, three categories. According to transparency, it is divided into transparent and opaque, two categories; because of a series of excellent characteristics such as high purity, excellent performance for light penetration, high temperature resistance capability, thermal shock resistance, stable chemical property and resistance to radiation as well as electrical insulation, it is known as the "king of glass"; it can be made of tubes, rods, plates, blocks and fibers, can be processed into various shapes of equipment containers, can also be cut, polished, polished into prisms, lenses and other optical components. Being mixed with a small amount of impurities can be made of new varieties of special properties such as ultra-low temperature expansion, fluorescent quartz glass, etc.; thus widely used in semiconductor, new light source, optical, instrumentation, thermal, metallurgical, chemical and building materials industry and laser technology, space technology, astronomy, nuclear engineering, optical communication and other high-tech fields.
A number of unique optical, mechanical and thermal properties have made quartz glass an indispensable material in the fabrication of high-tech products.

Physical and Chemical Properties

It has high mechanical strength, high temperature resistance, and low coefficient of thermal expansion, excellent thermal shock resistance, good chemical stability, high dielectric strength and small refractive index. It has excellent property for being penetrated by light at the range of ultraviolet, visible and infrared light regions. It has excellent low or high temperature insulation performance;
An overview of the quartz glass, physical and chemical properties, preparation methods, applications, etc. are edited by Ding Hong from Chemicalbook. (2015-11-16)



(1) Chemical Vapor Deposition method (CVD)
The silicon tetrachloride liquid is brought into the burner by the gas bubbling method, then the high temperature flame is produced by the combustion of the hydrogen-oxygen gas to hydrolyze and melt the gaseous silicon tetrachloride. After the reaction, the silicon dioxide is deposited on the substrate on. CVD deposition device can be divided into two kinds, horizontal and vertical according to the structure. In contrast, the base rod applied vertical layout inside the vertical deposition device, generating a higher deposition rate, being able to prepare large-size quartz glass.
The reaction is as follows:
SiCl4 (gas) + 2H2 + O2 (gas) → SiO2 ↓ + 4HCl ↑
Quartz glass synthesized by CVD method has low metal impurity content, and its performance is better than that of fused silica glass, such as high deep ultraviolet transmittance, high optical uniformity and excellent radiation resistance, which can meet the needs of some high-tech fields. However, the quartz glass prepared by the CVD method has a serious drawback: since the preparation process is always in a hydrogen excess atmosphere, the content of hydroxyl groups in the prepared quartz glass is high. The researchers generally believe that the hydroxyl group led to that infrared absorption spectrum of quartz glass has a strong absorption peak at 2.73 μm, and the presence of hydroxyl groups can also lead to lower density of quartz glass, thereby reducing its mechanical properties and thermal properties.
(2) High-frequency plasma flame method
The most relevant part to the synthesis process is the plasma torch part in the whole deposition device. The torch is four-tube (shown in Fig. 3): the innermost quartz glass tube is used for conveying raw material gas, the second quartz glass tube is used for conveying oxygen, The third layer of quartz glass tube is used for conveying the working gas, the outermost layer adopts the oxygen-containing gas as the cooling gas, and the high-frequency coil surrounds the outermost quartz glass tube to excite the plasma; the raw material gas transported by the inner tube, after being mixed with the oxygen transported by the second layer, enters into the plasma area for reaction, and then generate quartz glass particles to be deposited on the base for completing the process of vitrification and obtaining high-quality hydrogen-free quartz glass ingot or quartz glass mound.
four-tube quartz

  Figure 1 is the torch of four-tube quartz


Chemical Properties

Made up of spherical submicroscopic particles under 0.1 micron in size.

Chemical Properties

Amorphous silica, the noncrystalline form of SiO2, is a transparent to gray, odorless, amorphous powder


This material is known largely as a synthetic material, but there are instances of the material occurring in nature. Vitreous tubes called fulgurites are produced when lightning fuses quartz sand. Large deposits of fulgurite exist in the Libyan desert. Vitreous silica can also be produced by meteor impact. The impact leads to rapid adiabatic heating of the quartz above its melting point. The quartz forms a glass on cooling. Examples of this type of vitreous silica have been found near Canyon Diablo, Arizona, and in meteorite craters in Australia and Arabia.


Chemical Applications. Because of its excellent chemical durability, high purity, thermal shock resistance, and usefulness at high temperature, vitreous silica has a wide range of applications in chemical analysis and preparations. Tubing, rods, crucibles, dishes, boats, and other containers and special apparatus are available in both transparent and nontransparent varieties. Because of its inertness, vitreous silica is used as a chromatographic substrate in the form of microparticles, capillary tubing, and open columns for high resolution gas chromatography.
Thermal Applications. The protection of precious-metal thermocouples in high temperature pyrometry is an important application of vitreous silica. Although satin tubing is usually employed, transparent tubes are superior for protecting couples when used in a reducing atmosphere.
Optical Applications. Vitreous silica is ideal for many optical applications because of its excellent uv transmission, resistance to radiation darkening, optical polishing properties, and physical and chemical stability. It is used for prisms, lenses, cells, windows, and other optical components where uv transmission is critical. Cuvettes used in scatter and spectrophotometer cells are manufactured from fused silica and fused quartz because of the transmissive properties and high purity.
Mechanical Applications. The volume of vitreous silica used for fibers is a very small part of the total consumption. However, some interesting and significant applications have been developed in the laboratory, particularly in the area of measurements.
Electronic Applications. In electronic systems, such as radar and computers, signal delay is sometimes necessary. A transducer converts electrical signals to ultrasonic elastic waves, which pass through a connecting medium to another transducer, where the waves are reconverted to electrical signals.
Space and Astronomy. Vitreous silica is used in several space-based applications because of static fatigue (slow crack growth), thermal stability, and radiation resistance. Every U.S. space vehicle having service personnel, including Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, and space shuttle vehicles, has been equipped with windows made of high optical-quality vitreous silica (Corning Code 7940 or 7980) in order to have the clarity needed for visual, photographic, and television-based observations. The space shuttle utilizes triple-layer windows that have outer and central panes of vitreous silica with a tempered aluminosilicate inner pane. The outer pane is thinner for thermal endurance, whereas the two inner panes are thicker to supply strength.


Concrete, grouts, mortars, elastomers, refrac- tory and coating applications.

Production Methods

Modern manufacturing processes of vitreous typically involve the fusion or viscous sintering of silica particles; the particles can be derived from sand crystals or are produced through a chemical process, e.g., flame hydrolysis or sol–gel. In one practice of the flame hydrolysis process, the powder is produced and fused into glass a single step, without the isolation of a porous body. Dopant and additive profiles are concentration are then controlled by the deposition conditions. When a process involving a discrete porous silica body as an intermediate is used, subsequent processing steps can be used to control dopant levels and in particular, the hydroxyl level of the final glass. The choice of fabrication method is often dictated by the end-use specifications. Flame hydrolysis or similar chemical techniques that allow for the production of very high purity glass are the methods of choice for optical applications but may be economically wasteful for less demanding applications.
Translucent Vitreous Silica. Translucent vitreous silica is produced by fusion of high purity quartz sand crystals. Sand is packed around a graphite rod through which a current is passed. The resistance heating produces a plastic mass that can be blown into molds, drawn into tubing, or shaped by rolling or pressing. Separation from the graphite rod is facilitated by gaseous products formed by interfacial reaction. Because the outside is sandy, the product is known as sand-surface ware. A matte finish is obtained by mechanical buffing. A glazed surface is produced by fusing the outside surface with an electric carbon arc or flame.
Transparent Vitreous Silica. Clear, transparent, bubble-free vitreous silica may be obtained by melting natural quartz minerals by flame or plasma vapor deposition (synthetic fused silicas), and by sol–gel processing.


Questionable carcinogen.

Safety Profile

An inhalation hazard. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Poison by intraperitoneal, intravenous, and intratracheal routes. See also other shca entries.

Potential Exposure

Amorphous fumed silica is used as a mineral, natural or synthetic fiber. A potential danger to those involved in the production and handling of fumed silica for paint pigments or catalysts. Diatomaceous earth is used in clarifying liquids, in manufacture of fire brick and heat insulators; used as a filtering agent; as a filler in construction materials; pesticides, paints, and varnishes. A potential danger to those involved in mining of diatomaceous earth or fabrication of products there from.

Purification Methods

Purification of silica for high technology applications uses isopiestic vapour distillation from concentrated volatile acids and is absorbed in high purity water. The impurities remain behind. Preliminary cleaning to remove surface contaminants uses dip etching in HF or a mixture of HCl, H2O2 and deionised water [Phelan & Powell Analyst 109 1299 1984].


Silica, amorphous is a noncombustible solid. Generally unreactive chemically. Incompatible with fluorine, oxygen difluoride, chlorine trifluoride. Soluble in molten alkalis and reacts with most metallic oxides at high temperature.

Waste Disposal

Sanitary landfill.

Silica glass Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Silica glass Suppliers

Global( 136)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 22607 55
Shanghai Zheyan Biotech Co., Ltd.
18017610038 CHINA 3623 58
career henan chemical co
13203830695 0086-371-86658258
0086-371-86658258 CHINA 29865 58
18062405514 86 18062405514 CHINA 3475 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd. 86-21-51086038
86-21-51861608;;; CHINA 23975 58
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. 400-660-8290 21-61259100-
86-21-61259102 China 40264 62
3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd. 18930552037 821-50328103-801
86-21-50328109 China 15877 69
BeiJing Hwrk Chemicals Limted 18516978288 0757-86329057-
0757-86311057 China 17295 55
Energy Chemical 400-005-6266 021-58432009-
021-58436166 China 43495 61
Secco work (Beijing) chemical technology co., LTD 010-69755668
010-69755668 343367102@QQ.COM China 3529 54

View Lastest Price from Silica glass manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2019-12-23 Silica glass
US $2.00 / KG 1KG ≥98% 100kg Career Henan Chemical Co

Silica glass Spectrum

60676-86-0(Silica glass)Related Search:

Copyright 2017 © ChemicalBook. All rights reserved