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Copper dinitrate

Physical Properties Uses Preparation Reactions Hazard
Copper dinitrate
Copper dinitrate structure
Chemical Name:
Copper dinitrate
claycop;CU(NO3)2;COPPER NITRATE;Cupric nitrate;cupricdinitrate;Copper dinitrate;copper(2+)nitrate;Kupfer(II)-nitrat;Copperbis(nitrate);COPPER (II) NITRATE
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Copper dinitrate Properties

Melting point:
1.00 g/mL at 20 °C
blue-green orthorhombic crystals
Water Solubility 
Stable. Oxidant. Incompatible with combustible materials.
Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances
CAS DataBase Reference
3251-23-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Cupric nitrate (3251-23-8)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
GHS03, GHS05, GHS07, GHS09
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H272-H315-H318-H335-H410
Precautionary statements  P220-P261-P273-P280-P305+P351+P338-P501
Hazard Codes  O,C,Xi,N,Xn
Risk Statements  8-20/21/22-34-22-36/38-20-45-51/53-41-38-50/53-37/38-52/53
Safety Statements  53-17-26-36/37/39-45-36-61-39
RIDADR  UN 3085 5.1/PG 3
WGK Germany  3
HazardClass  5.1
PackingGroup  II
NFPA 704
1 0

Copper dinitrate price More Price(2)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 305340 Copper(II) nitrate on Celite extent of labeling: 30 wt. % loading 3251-23-8 25g $304 2021-12-16 Buy
American Custom Chemicals Corporation ING0002761 COPPER(II) NITRATE 95.00% 3251-23-8 25G $1383.14 2021-12-16 Buy

Copper dinitrate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Physical Properties

Blue-green orthorhombic crystals; deliquescent; sublimes; readily dissolves in water, alcohols and dioxane.
The trihydrate and hexahydrate are blue rhombohedral crystals; hygroscopic; density 2.32 g/cm3 (trihydrate), 2.07 g/cm3 (hexahydrate); melts at 114°C (trihydrate); trihydrate decomposes at 170°C; hexahydrate decomposes to trihydrate at 26.4°C; both the hydrates are very soluble in water and ethanol.


Copper(II) nitrate is used in light-sensitive reproduction papers; as a mordant in dyeing and printing of fabrics; as a coloring reagent for ceramics; for coloring copper black; as a burnishing agent for iron; in nickel-plating baths; in pyrotechnic compositions; and in paints, varnishes, and enamels. Other applications are as an oxidizing agent; nitrating agent for aromatics; as a catalyst; and an analytical standard for copper.
Copper nitrate trihydrate occurs in nature as the mineral gerhardite.


Copper(II) nitrate is made by action of copper or copper(II) oxide with nitric acid. The solution is evaporated and the product is obtained by crystallization CuO + 2HNO3 → Cu(NO3)2 + H2O
The nitrate salt prepared by this method is hydrated. It cannot be dehydrated fully without decomposition. Anhydrous CuNO3 may be prepared by dissolving copper metal in a solution of dinitrogen tetroxide, N2O4, in ethyl acetate. Upon crystallization, an N2O4 adduct of Cu(NO3)2 that probably has the composition [NO+][Cu(NO3)3] is obtained. This adduct, on heating at 90°C, yields blue anhydrous copper(II) nitrate which can be sublimed in vacuum at 150°C and collected.


Thermal decomposition of copper(II) nitrate produces copper oxides and nitrogen oxides.
In aqueous solutions, copper(II) nitrate undergoes many double decomposition reactions with soluble salts of other metals, forming precipitates of insoluble copper salts.
When H2S is passed through its aqueous solution, black CuS precipitates. Copper(II) nitrate reacts with ether forming a complex.


Copper(II) nitrate is moderately toxic by ingestion. Skin or eye contact can cause irritation.
LD50 oral (rat): 940 mg/kg.
Copper(II) nitrate, being an oxidizing agent, can undergo violent reactions with readily oxidizable substances. Reaction with acetic anhydride is violent, and heating with potassium or ammonium ferrocyanide at 220°C may cause an explosion. It can ignite paper on prolonged contact.

Chemical Properties

Cupric nitrate is a Blue crystalline solid.


Light-sensitive papers; analytical reagent; mordant in textile dyeing; nitrating agent; insecticide for vines; coloring copper black; electroplating; production of burnished effect on iron; paints; varnishes, enamels; pharmaceutical preparations; catalyst.


ChEBI: An inorganic nitrate salt having copper(2+) as the couterion.

General Description

Obtained as a trihydrate and as a hexahydrate. Both are blue crystalline solids. Used in medicine, as an insecticide, in chemical analysis, in making light sensitive papers. Toxic oxides of nitrogen are produced in fires involving Copper dinitrate.

Air & Water Reactions

Deliquescent. Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Mixtures of Copper dinitrate with alkyl esters may explode, owing to the formation of alkyl nitrates. Mixtures with phosphorus, tin(II) chloride or other reducing agents may react explosively [Bretherick, 1979 p. 108-109]. A finely divided mixture of potassium ferrocyanide and Copper dinitrate exploded when dried at 220°C [Chem. Abst. 77:1343 (1972)]. Noncombustible, but Copper dinitrate will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. If large quantities of the material are involved in a fire or the material is finely divided, an explosion may result. Prolonged exposure to fire or heat may result in an explosion.


Oxidizer, causes violent combustion or explosion with organic materials.

Health Hazard

Inhalation causes irritation of throat and lungs. Ingestion of large amounts causes violent vomiting and purging, intense pain, collapse, coma, convulsions, and paralysis. Solutions irritate eyes; contact with solid causes severe eye surface injury and skin irritation.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion. A severe eye and skin irritant. Potentially explosive reaction above 22OOC with ammonium or potassium hexacyanoferrate(I1). Reaction with ammonia + potassium amide gives explosive product. Violent reaction with acetic anhydride. May ignite on prolonged contact with paper. Concentrated solutions may ipte in contact with tin or aluminum foil. Used as a fungicide, herbicide, and as a catalyst component in solid rocket fuel. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx. See also COPPER COMPOUNDS and NITRATES.

Potential Exposure

Cupric nitrate is used as an insecticide, in paint, varnish, enamel, and in wood preservatives. Metal compounds are often used in “hot” operations in the work-place. These may include, but are not limited to, welding, brazing, soldering, plating, cutting, and metallizing. At the high temperatures reached in these operations, metals often form metal fumes which have different health effects and exposure standards than the original metal compound and require specialized controls.


UN1479 Oxidizing solid, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

Crystallise it from weak aqueous HNO3 (0.5mL/g) by cooling from room temperature. The anhydrous salt can be prepared by dissolving copper metal in a 1:1 mixture of liquid NO2 and ethyl acetate and purified by sublimation [Evans et al. J Chem Soc, Faraday Trans 1 75 1023 1979]. The hexahydrate dehydrates to the trihydrate at 26o, and the anhydrous salt sublimes between 150 and 225o, but melts at 255-256o and is deliquescent.


A strong oxidizer. Aqueous solution is acidic; incompatible with bases. Violent reaction with potassium hexacyanoferrate; ammonia and potassium amide mixtures; acetic anhydrides, cyanides, ethers. Forms explosive materials with nitromethanes, sodium hypobromite; acetylene; chemically active metals, such as potassium, sodium, etc. May ignite on contact with aluminum foil or tin. Risk of spontaneous combustion with combustibles (wood, cloth, etc.) organics, or reducing agents and readily oxidizable materials. Attacks metals in the presence of moisture.

Waste Disposal

Copper-containing soluble wastes can be concentrated through the use of ion exchange, reverse osmosis, or evaporators to the point where copper can be electrolytically removed and sent to a reclaiming firm. If recovery is not feasible, the copper can be precipitated through the use of caustics and the sludge deposited in a chemical waste landfill. Add slowly to water; stir in excess soda ash. Let stand, then neutralize. Decant solution and flush to sewer; landfill sludge

Copper dinitrate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Copper dinitrate Suppliers

Global( 107)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
027-59599243 CHINA 28229 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
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Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
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Chongqing Chemdad Co., Ltd
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86-18523575427 China 47498 58
career henan chemical co
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Zhuozhou Wenxi import and Export Co., Ltd
+8613111626072 (WhatsApp)
Wechat: +8613111626072 Wickr me: waynehu CHINA 13187 58
Zhengzhou Alfa Chemical Co.,Ltd
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13806087780 +86 13806087780 CHINA 17384 58
0082-42-3676760 South Korea 300 58

View Lastest Price from Copper dinitrate manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2021-08-12 Copper dinitrate
US $15.00-10.00 / KG 1KG 99%+ HPLC Monthly supply of 1 ton Zhuozhou Wenxi import and Export Co., Ltd
2020-01-10 Cupric nitrate
US $9.80 / KG 1KG ≥98% 20 tons Career Henan Chemical Co

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