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Chemical Name:
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Glyoxal Properties

Melting point:
-14 °C
Boiling point:
104 °C
1.265 g/mL at 25 °C
vapor density 
>1 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
18 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.409
Flash point:
storage temp. 
water: soluble(lit.)
Clear colorless to yellow
Water Solubility 
Stability Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Strong reducing agent. May polyermize exothermically. Incompatible with air, water, oxygen, peroxides, amides, amines, hydroxy-containing materials, nitric acid, aldehydes. Corrodes many metals.
CAS DataBase Reference
107-22-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
EPA Substance Registry System
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  Xn
Risk Statements  20-36/38-43-68
Safety Statements  36/37
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  MD2700000
Autoignition Temperature 545 °F
HS Code  29121900
Hazardous Substances Data 107-22-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 in rats, guinea pigs (mg/kg): 2020, 760 orally (Smyth)
Signal word: Warning
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction Sensitisation, Skin Category 1 Warning P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H332 Harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 4 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects Germ cell mutagenicity Category 2 Warning P201,P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H371 May cause damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P264, P270, P309+P311, P405,P501
H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H402 Harmful to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 3
Precautionary statements:
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

Glyoxal price More Price(17)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 128465 Glyoxal solution 40 wt. % in H2O 107-22-2 1kg $54.9 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 128465 Glyoxal solution 40 wt. % in H2O 107-22-2 3kg $132 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical G0152 Glyoxal (39% in Water, ca. 8.8mol/L) 107-22-2 25g $15 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical G0152 Glyoxal (39% in Water, ca. 8.8mol/L) 107-22-2 500g $23 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar A16144 Glyoxal, 40% w/w aq. soln. 107-22-2 100ml $21.2 2018-11-13 Buy

Glyoxal Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

colourless or light yellow liquid


ermanent-press fabrics; dimensional stabilization of rayon and other fibers. Insolubilizing agent for compounds containing polyhydroxyl groups (polyvinyl alcohol, starch, and cellulosic materials); insolubilizing of proteins (casein, gelatin, and animal glue); embalming fluids; leather tanning; paper coatings with hydroxyethylcellulose; reducing agent in dyeing textiles.


ChEBI: The dialdehyde that is the smallest possible and which consists of ethane having oxo groups on both carbons.

General Description

Yellow crystals melting at15°C. Hence often encountered as a light yellow liquid with a weak sour odor. Vapor has a green color and burns with a violet flame.

Air & Water Reactions

Mixtures with air may explode. Polymerizes quickly on standing, or on contact with a trace of water (possibly a violent reaction), or when dissolved in solvents containing water, [Merck, 502(1968)]. Soluble in water. An aqueous solution contains mono molecular Glyoxal. [Hawley]

Reactivity Profile

Glyoxal reacts vigorously with strong oxidizing agents such as nitric acid. Polymerizes rapidly even at low temperature if anhydrous [Noller]. Aqueous solutions are more stable but also polymerize on standing. Reacts with itself in the presence of base to give glyconates. Undergoes addition and condensation reactions that may be exothermic with amines, amides, aldehydes, and hydroxide-containing materials. Mixing in equal molar portions with any of the following substances in a closed container caused the temperature and pressure to increase: chlorosulfonic acid, oleum, ethyleneimine, nitric acid, sodium hydroxide [NFPA 1991].


Mixture of vapor and air may explode. Questionable carcinogen.

Health Hazard

Inhalation causes some irritation of nose and,40% solution throat. Contact with liquid,40% solution irritates eyes and causes mild irritation of skin; stains skin yellow. (No information available on symptoms of ingestion.)

Fire Hazard

Behavior in Fire: Heat may cause polymerization to a combustible, viscous material.

Safety Profile

Low toxicity by SYN: AEROTEX GLYOXAL 40 ingestion and skin contact. A skin irritant. A powerful reducing agent. May explode on contact with air. Polymerizes violently on contact with water. During storage it may spontaneously polymerize and ignite. Reacts violently with chlorosulfonic acid, ethylene imine, HNO3, oleum, NaOH, can cause violent reactions. Can explode during manufacture. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. See also ALDEHYDES.

Glyoxal Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Glyoxal Suppliers

Global( 237)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32651 55
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
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Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 20786 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
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Zhonglan Industry Co., Ltd.
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Jinan Jianfeng Chemical Co., Ltd
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Cangzhou Goldlion Chemicals Co., Ltd +86-13315721466
+86-317-5304268 China 115 60
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 China 25106 65
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933; China 96815 76

Glyoxal Spectrum

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