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SODIUM FLUOROACETATE

SODIUM FLUOROACETATE
SODIUM FLUOROACETATE structure
CAS No.
62-74-8
Chemical Name:
SODIUM FLUOROACETATE
Synonyms
smfa;1080;tl869;FRATOL;furatol;compd1080;latka1080;yasoknock;fluorakil3;ten-eighty
CBNumber:
CB1739103
Molecular Formula:
C2H2FNaO2
Formula Weight:
100.02
MOL File:
62-74-8.mol

SODIUM FLUOROACETATE Properties

Melting point:
200-205 °C (dec.)
Merck 
13,4194
Stability:
Stable. Flammable. Risk of explosion above flashpoint.
CAS DataBase Reference
62-74-8(CAS DataBase Reference)

SAFETY

Hazard Codes  T+,N,T
Risk Statements  26/27/28-50
Safety Statements  13-22-36/37-45-61
RIDADR  UN 2629 6.1/PG 1
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  AH9100000
3
Hazard Note  Highly Toxic
HazardClass  6.1(a)
PackingGroup  I
HS Code  29159000

SODIUM FLUOROACETATE price

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SODIUM FLUOROACETATE Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

white odourless hygroscopic powder

Chemical Properties

Sodium fluoroacetate is a fluffy, colorless, odorless, hygroscopic solid (sometimes dyed black).

Uses

Predator elimination (coyotes), rodenticide.

General Description

A fine, white, odorless, powdered solid. Toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption. Used as a rodenticide.

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Salts, basic, such as SODIUM FLUOROACETATE, are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydroxide ions and have pH's greater than 7.0. They react as bases to neutralize acids. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of the bases in reactivity group 10 (Bases) and the neutralization of amines. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible.

Hazard

Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption. For use by trained operators only, use has been restricted. Cardiac impairment, central nervous system impairment, and nausea.

Health Hazard

SODIUM FLUOROACETATE is super toxic. The probable oral lethal dose in humans is less than 5 mg/kg, or a taste (less than 7 drops) for a 150-lb. person.

Fire Hazard

When heated to decomposition, SODIUM FLUOROACETATE emits highly toxic fumes of sodium oxide and fluorides. Avoid decomposing heat.

Agricultural Uses

Insecticide, Rodenticide, Wildlife control: A U.S. EPA restricted Use Pesticide (RUP). Not listed for use in EU countries. It is seldom used as an insecticide. Sodium fluoroacetate is primarily used around sewers, ships and warehouses, and in agriculture and by state agricultural departments as bait for rodents and large predators, to control rats, mice, squirrels, prairie dogs, coyotes, rabbits and otherpests. It is seldom used as an insecticide. It is very toxic to birds, domestic animals and wildlife either by consuming the bait or eating poisoned carcasses. It is sometimes used in 1% solutions which are injected into collars which are strapped to the necks of sheep, goats and other livestock that predators are attracted to. Coyotes that puncture the collars are likely to be fatally poisoned by the sodium fluoroacetate as a result.

Trade name

AI3-08434®; FLUORAKIL® 3; FRATOL®; FURATOL®; RATBANE 1080®; TENEIGHTY®; TL 869®; YASOKNOCK®

Safety Profile

A deadly human poison by ingestion. Experimental poison by ingestion, skin contact, intraperitoneal, subcutaneous, and intravenous routes. A very highly toxic water-soluble salt used mainly as an immediate-action rodenticide. It is absorbed rapidly by the gastrointestinal tract but slowly by the skin unless the skin is abraded or cut. It operates by blocking the Krebs cycle by formation of fluorocitric acid, which inhbits aconitase. It has an effect on either the cardiovascular or nervous system, or both, in all species and, in some species, the skeletal muscles. Humans have mixed responses, with the cardiac feature predominating. By a duect action on the heart, contractile power is lost, which leads to declining blood pressure. Ventricular premature contractions and arrhythmias are seen in all species, including humans. The central nervous system is directly attacked by sodtum fluoroacetate. In humans, the action on the central nervous system produces epileptiform convulsive seizures followed by severe depression. The dangerous dose for humans is 0.5-2 mg/kg. Other species vary considerably in their response to hs material, with primates and birds being the most resistant and carnivora and rodents being the most susceptible. Most domestic animals show a susceptibility fahng between the two extremes indtcated above. Experimental reproductive effects. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of NazO and F-.

Potential Exposure

A potential danger to those involved in the manufacture, formulation, and application of this highly toxic, immediate-action rodenticide.

Shipping

UN2629 Sodium fluorosilicate, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

Purification Methods

It is a free-flowing white HIGHLY TOXIC powder which is purified by dissolving it in ca 4 parts of H2O and the pH is checked. If it is alkaline, add a few drops of FCH2CO2H to make the solution just acidic. Evaporate (fumehood) on a steam bath until crystals start to separate, cool and filter the solid off. More solid can be obtained by adding EtOH to the filtrate. Dry it at 100o in vacuum. The p-nitrobenzyl ester crystallises from EtOH with m 76o. POISONOUS. The free acid interferes with the citric acid cycle. [Saunders & Stacey J Chem Soc 1778 1948, Beilstein 2 IV 446.]

Incompatibilities

Incompatible with alkaline metals and carbon disulfide. Avoid decomposing heat.

Waste Disposal

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform to EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. In accordance with 40CFR165, follow recommendations for the disposal of pesticides and pesticide containers. Must be disposed properly by following package label directions or by contacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contacting your regional EPA office. This compound is unstable at temperatures above 110°C and decomposes @ 200°C. Thus, careful incineration has been suggested as a disposal procedure. According to their procedure, the produce should be mixed with large amounts of vermiculite, sodium bicarbonate, and sand-soda ash. Slaked lime should also be added to the mixture. Two incineration procedures for this mixture are suggested. The better of these procedures is to burn the mixture in a closed incinerator equipped with an afterburner and an alkali scrubber. The other procedure suggests that the mixture be covered with scrap wood and paper in an open incinerator. (The incinerator should be lighted by means of an excelsior train).

SODIUM FLUOROACETATE Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


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SODIUM FLUOROACETATE Spectrum


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