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Aluminum Bromide

Description Uses Preparation Reactions
Aluminum Bromide
Aluminum Bromide structure
Chemical Name:
Aluminum Bromide
AlBr3;Tribromoalumane;Tribromoaluminum;ALUMINUM BROMIDE;ALUMINIUM BROMIDE;aluminumtribromide;Aluminumbromide,99%;Aluminium tribromide;ALUMINUM BROMIDE, 98+%;aluminumbromide(albr3)
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Aluminum Bromide Properties

Melting point:
94-98 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
265 °C
3.205 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 81.3 °C)
Flash point:
268°C subl.
storage temp. 
Soluble in benzene, nitrobenzene, toluene, xylene, ether, simple hydrocarbons, alcohol, carbon disulfide, ether.
White to orange
Specific Gravity
Water Solubility 
Moisture Sensitive
Stable, but reacts violently with water. Incompatible with aqueous solutions, alcohols, acids.
CAS DataBase Reference
7727-15-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Aluminum tribromide(7727-15-3)
EPA Substance Registry System
Aluminum bromide (AlBr3)(7727-15-3)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  C,Xi,N,F
Risk Statements  23/24/25-34-22-14-67-65-50/53-11-52/53-20
Safety Statements  9-16-26-29-36/37/39-43-45-60-61-62-28-27
RIDADR  UN 3264 8/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  BD0350000
Hazard Note  Irritant
HazardClass  8
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  28275900
Hazardous Substances Data 7727-15-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in Rabbit: 1598 mg/kg
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H332 Harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 4 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 3 P273, P501
Precautionary statements:
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

Aluminum Bromide price More Price(19)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 210072 Aluminum bromide powder and chunks, ≥98% 7727-15-3 25g $51.5 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 210072 Aluminum bromide powder and chunks, ≥98% 7727-15-3 100g $134 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical A2692 Aluminum Bromide Anhydride >95.0%(T) 7727-15-3 5g $27 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical A2692 Aluminum Bromide Anhydride >95.0%(T) 7727-15-3 25g $84 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar 011113 Aluminum bromide, 98% 7727-15-3 10g $17.8 2018-11-16 Buy

Aluminum Bromide Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Aluminum bromide is a light-yellow colored liquid or colorless monoclinic crystals. Very corrosive to skin, eyes and mucous membranes, moderately poisonous. Aluminum bromide is an inorganic binary compound. The substance is a salt of aluminum and bromine-hydrogen acid. it exists in form of a dimer. The commercial use of aluminum bromide is relatively insignificant at the moment. Aluminum bromide belongs as the main component to xylene electrolytes for electric precipitation of aluminum coatings. The anhydrous aluminum bromide is used in organic synthesis, in particular, in the alkylation reaction or Friedel-Crafts reaction by analogy with aluminum chloride.This compound can be catalyst in a bromo-alkanes` isomerizating reaction. Aluminum bromide can also be used as bromating agent, for example, in a reaction with chloroform.


The anhydrous form is used as a catalyst for the Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction. Its catalytic activity is similar to anhydrous AlCl3. Commercial applications, however, are few.


Prepared from bromine and metallic aluminum.
2Al + 3Br2 →Al2Br6 (anhydrous)


Decomposes upon heating in air to bromine and metallic aluminum.
2 AlBr3→ 2Al + 3Br2
Reacts with carbon tetrachloride at 100°C to form carbon tetrabromide;
4AlBr3 + 3CCl4 → 4AlCl3 + 3Br4
Reaction with phosgene yields carbonyl bromide and aluminum chlorobromide;
AlBr3 + COCl2 → COBr2 + AlCl2Br
Reacts violently with water; absorbs moisture forming hexahydrate, AlBr3⋅6H2O

Chemical Properties

White Crystalline Powder


Anhydrous: bromination, alkylation, and isomerization catalyst in organic synthesis.

General Description

A white to yellowish-red, lumpy solid with a pungent odor.

Reactivity Profile

An acid. May catalyze organic reactions. Corrosive to metals. Solutions of aluminum bromide in dichloromethane should be kept cold as a potentially dangerous exothermic halide exchange reaction occurs on warming, [Acc. Chem. Res., 1986, 19(3), 78].


The anhydrous form reacts violently with water; corrosive to skin.

Health Hazard

CORROSIVE and/or TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Reaction with water may generate much heat that will increase the concentration of fumes in the air. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

Fire Hazard

EXCEPT FOR ACETIC ANHYDRIDE (UN1715), THAT IS FLAMMABLE, some of these materials may burn, but none ignite readily. May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Substance will react with water (some violently), releasing corrosive and/or toxic gases and runoff. Flammable/toxic gases may accumulate in confined areas (basement, tanks, hopper/tank cars, etc.). Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water. Substance may be transported in a molten form.

Safety Profile

A toxic, corrosive material. See also BROMIDES and ALUMINUM COMPOUNDS. Mixtures with sodium or potassium explode violently upon impact. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Br-. Do not add H2O to anhydrous material. Hydrolysis can be violent.

Purification Methods

Reflux it and then distil it from pure aluminium chips in a stream of nitrogen into a flask containing more of the chips. It is then distilled under vacuum into ampoules [Tipper & Walker J Chem Soc 1352 1959]. Anhydrous conditions are essential, and the white to very light brown solid distillate can be broken into lumps in a dry-box (under nitrogen). It fumes in moist air. [Becher in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 812-813 1963.]

Aluminum Bromide Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Aluminum Bromide Suppliers

Global( 106)Suppliers
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Mainchem Co., Ltd.
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