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Polystyrene

CAS No.
9003-53-6
Chemical Name:
Polystyrene
Synonyms
3A;KB;r3;up1;up2;upm;ps2;hf10;hf55;hf77
CBNumber:
CB4146768
Molecular Formula:
[CH2CH(C6H5)]n
Formula Weight:
2.01588
MOL File:
9003-53-6.mol

Polystyrene Properties

Melting point
212 °C
Boiling point
30-80 °C
Density
1.06 g/mL at 25 °C
refractive index
n20/D 1.5916
Flash point
>230 °F
storage temp.
2-8°C
form
powder
color
White
Water Solubility
insoluble
Stability
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
InChIKey
ZJMWRROPUADPEA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances
POLYSTYRENE
FDA 21 CFR
175.125; 175.300; 175.320; 177.1200; 177.2600
CAS DataBase Reference
9003-53-6
EWG's Food Scores
1
IARC
3 (Vol. 19, Sup 7) 1987
NIST Chemistry Reference
Polystyrene(9003-53-6)
EPA Substance Registry System
Polystyrene (9003-53-6)

SAFETY

Risk and Safety Statements

Hazard Codes  Xi
Risk Statements  41
Safety Statements  26-36/37/39-24/25
RIDADR  2211
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  WL6475000
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  9
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  39039000
NFPA 704
0
1 0

Polystyrene price More Price(102)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich NIST705A Polystyrene (narrow molecular weight distribution) NIST? SRM? 705a 9003-53-6 5 g $592 2022-05-15 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich NIST1479 Polystyrene (narrow molecular weight distribution) NIST? SRM? 1479 9003-53-6 2 g $654 2022-05-15 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich NIST1478 Polystyrene (narrow molecular weight distribution) NIST? SRM? 1478 9003-53-6 2 g $622 2022-05-15 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich GF04664572 Polystyrene (PS), film, thickness 0.125?mm, size 150 × 150?mm, clear clear 1EA $171 2022-05-15 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich GF72602300 Polystyrene (PS), film, thickness 0.19?mm, L 0.5?m, clear clear 1EA $199 2022-05-15 Buy
Product number Packaging Price Buy
NIST705A 5 g $592 Buy
NIST1479 2 g $654 Buy
NIST1478 2 g $622 Buy
GF04664572 1EA $171 Buy
GF72602300 1EA $199 Buy

Polystyrene Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

Poly(styrene) is white powder or beads, or clear solid.Polystyrene is rigid with excellent dimensional stability, has good chemical resistance to aqueous solutions, and is an extremely clear material.
Impact polystyrene contains polybutadiene added to reduce brittleness. The polybutadiene is usually dispersed as a discrete phase in a continuous polystyrene matrix. Polystyrene can be grafted onto rubber particles, which assures good adhesion between the phases.

Chemical Properties

The specific gravity of general purpose and impact polystyrene is 1.05. It can vary for copolymers. It is higher for some specialty grades. Density varies slightly with pressure, but for practical purposes, the polymer is noncompressible. In terms of heat-resistance, deflection temperatures range from about 66 to 99 °C (170 to 215 °F), depending upon the formulation. Continuous resistance to heat for polystyrene is usually 60 to 80 °C (140 to 175 °F). Time and load have a significant influence on the useful service temperature of a part.
Polystyrene is nontoxic when free from additives and residuals. It has no nutritive value and does not support fungus or bacterial growth. Dimensional stability of polystyrene resins is excellent. Mold shrinkage is small. The low moisture absorption (about 0.02%) allows fabricated parts to maintain dimensions and strength in humid environments.
General-purpose polystyrene is water white, and transmission of visible light is about 90%. Modifiers reduce this property, and translucence results. The refractive index is about 1.59; critical angle about 39. Polystyrene molecules do not have the same optical properties in all directions. When molecules become oriented in a given direction during fabrication, a double refraction occurs and a birefringence effect can be observed if the part is examined through a polarized lens under a polarized light source. Injection moldings often exhibit birefringence in a random pattern.

Uses

Packaging film; molded parts for automobiles, appliances, housewares, etc.; wire and cable coat- ing; food container closures; coated and laminated products; bottles; artificial grass and turfs; plastic pipe; wearing apparel (acid-dyed); fish nets; sur- gical casts; strapping; synthetic paper; reinforced plastics; nonwoven disposable filters.

Uses

Polystyrene latex microspheres are utilized in flow cytometry, fluorescence microscopy, and as calibration particles. It finds a use in the detection of trace amounts of antigens or antibodies in serum, urine, and cerebro-spinal fluids. It is also employed as a stimulus responsive particulate emulsifier for oil-in-water emulsion.

Uses

Containers, tubs, and trays formed from extruded impact polystyrene sheets are used for packaging a large variety of food. Biaxially oriented polystyrene film is thermoformed into blister packs, meat trays, container lids, and cookie, candy, pastry, and other food packages where clarity is required.
Housewares is another large segment of the use of polystyrenes. Refrigerator door liners and furniture panels are typical thermoformed impact polystyrene applications. Extruded profiles of solid or foamed impact polystyrene are used for mirror or picture frames, and moldings for construction applications.
General-purpose polystyrene is extruded either clear or embossed for room dividers, shower doors, glazings, and lighting applications. Injection molding of impact polystyrene is used for household items, such as flower pots, personal care products, and toys. General-purpose polystyrene is used for cutlery, bottles, combs, disposable tumblers, dishes, and trays. Injection blow molding can be used to convert polystyrene into bottles, jars, and other types of open containers.
Impact polystyrene with ignition-resistant additives is used for appliance housings, such as those for television and small appliances. Structural foam impact polystyrene modified with flame-retardant additives is used for business machine housings and in furniture because of its decorability and ease of processing. Consumer electronics, such as cassettes, reels, and housings, is a fast growing area for use of polystyrenes. Medical applications include sample collectors, petri dishes, and test tubes. In an effort to make homes and other buildings more energy efficient, the use of polystyrenes in extruded foam board with flame-retardant additives for walls and under slabs has experienced exceptional growth in recent years. Used as a sheeting material, extruded foam board complies with the requirements of the major building codes as well as federal and military specifications.

Definition

A synthetic polymer made from styrene (phenylethene). Expanded polystyrene is a rigid foam used in packing and insulation.

Preparation

Styrene may be polymerized by means of all four techniques by bulk, solution, suspension and emulsion polymerization. Each of these methods is practised commercially, but solution polymerization is now the most extensively used. The four processes are described below.
(a) Bulk polymerization
In a common type of process, styrene is partially polymerized batch-wise by heating the monomer (without added initiator) in large vessels at about 80°C for 2 days until about 35% conversion is attained. The viscous solution of polymer in monomer is then fed continuously into the top of a tower which is some 25 feet high. The top of the tower is maintained at a temperature of about 100°C, the centre at about 150°C and the bottom at about 180°C. As the feed material traverses the temperature gradient, polymerization occurs and fully polymerized material emerges from the base of the tower. The reaction is controlled by a complex array of heating and cooling jackets and coils with which the tower is fitted. The molten material is fed into an extruder, extruded as filament and then cooled and chopped into granules. Since the product contains few impurities, it has high clarity and good electrical insulation properties. The polymer has a broader molecular weight distribution than polymer prepared at one temperature.
(b) Solution polymerization
Continuous solution processes have found wide commercial utilization, the main advantage over bulk methods being a lessening of the problems associated with the movement and heat transfer of viscous masses. However, the technique does require the added steps of solvent removal and recovery. Typically, a mixture of monomer, solvent (3-12% ethylbenzene) and initiator is fed into a train of three polymerization reactors, each with several heating zones. The reaction temperature is progressively increased, rising from 110-130°C in the first reactor to 150-170°C in the last. The polymer solution is then extruded as fine strands into a devolatilizing vessel. In this vessel, which is at a temperature of 225°C, removal of solvent and unreacted monomer takes place, being aided by the large surface area of the strands. The molten material is fed into an extruder, extruded as filament, cooled and chopped. It may be noted that this type of process is commonly regarded as a continuous bulk process since the amount of solvent used is so small.
(c) Suspension polymerization
Suspension processes simplify the heat transfer problems associated with bulk methods and, unlike solution methods, they do not involve solvent removal and recovery. The disadvantages of the suspension technique are that it requires the added step of drying and it does not readily lend itself to continuous operation. Typically, polymerization is carried out batch-wise in a stirred reactor, jacketed for heating and cooling.
Reaction temperature is about 90°C. When polymerization is complete, the product, in the form of a slurry, is washed with hydrochloric acid and water to remove suspending agent, centrifuged, dried in warm air (at about 60°C), extruded and chopped.
(d) Emulsion polymerization
Emulsion processes are not used for making solid grades of polystyrene. This is because these processes lead to polymer containing large quantities of soap residues which impair the electrical insulation properties and optical clarity. Emulsion polymerization does, however, find limited application in the production of polystyrene latex used in water-based surface coatings. The techniques employed are very similar to those used for other polymer latices, e.g. poly(vinyl acetate) latex.

Definition

poly styrene: A clear glasslike materialmanufactured by free-radicalpolymerization of phenylethene(styrene) using benzoyl peroxide asan initiator. It is used as both a thermaland electrical insulator and forpacking and decorative purposes.

Definition

ChEBI: A polymer composed of repeating ethyl benzene groups.

General Description

Polystyrene (for GPC, 4,000) is a synthetic thermoplastic, that is attractive for a wide range of applications because of its properties such as low cost, rigidity, low specific weight, high chemical resistance, mechanical flexibility, biocompatibility and good processability.

Hazard

Questionable carcinogen.

Industrial uses

Polystyrene is brittle at room temperature,becomes soft at 80°C, and is often modified bycopolymerization. Traditionally, it is used infilm form for capacitors, and it remains competitivefor this application. Poly styrene is alsoused for coaxial-cable insulation, but in woundstrip or bead form, because the solid is not veryflexible.

Safety Profile

Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data by implant. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. See also POLYMERS, IN SOLUBLE.

Purification Methods

Precipitate polystyrene repeatedly from CHCl3 or toluene solution by addition of MeOH. Dry it in vacuo. [Miyasaka et al. J Phys Chem 92 249 1988.]

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View Lastest Price from Polystyrene manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2022-02-24 Polystyrene
9003-53-6
US $20.00 / Kg/Drum 25Kg/Drum 99.99% 1 ton per week Wuhan Mulei New Material Technology Co. Ltd
2021-01-22 Polystyrene
9003-53-6
US $1.00 / PCS 1KG 99% 10 mt Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
2020-01-10 Polystyrene
9003-53-6
US $9.80 / KG 1g ≥99% 100kg Career Henan Chemical Co
  • Polystyrene
    9003-53-6
  • US $20.00 / Kg/Drum
  • 99.99%
  • Wuhan Mulei New Material Technology Co. Ltd
  • Polystyrene
    9003-53-6
  • US $1.00 / PCS
  • 99%
  • Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
  • Polystyrene
    9003-53-6
  • US $9.80 / KG
  • ≥99%
  • Career Henan Chemical Co
POLYSTYRENE STANDARD 2'000 CERTIFIED & POLYSTYRENE, BEADS, AVERAGE DIAMETER 0.4 6UM, 10 WT. % DISPERSION IN WATER MALDI VALIDATION SET POLYSTYRENE MP 500- 70000 CERTIFIED POLYSTYRENE STANDARD 200'000 Polystyrene standard, for GPC, typical MW 2,000,000 Polystyrene standard, for GPC, typical MW 4,000 POLYSTYRENE STANDARD 650000 CERTIFIED AC C. TO DIN Polystyrene standard, for GPC, typical MW 50,000 Polystyrene, melt index 6.0-9.0 HILLEX MICROCARRIER BEADS & POLYSTYRENE, BEADS, AVERAGE DIAMETER 0.6 UM, 10 WT. % DISPERSION IN WATER POLYSTYRENE STANDARD 250000 CERTIFIED AC C. TO DIN POLYSTYRENE STANDARD KIT CONTAINING 13& POLYSTYRENE STANDARD 3'000 CERTIFIED & POLYSTYRENE STANDARD BROAD 350'000 CERT. REF. MAT. ACC. BAM POLYSTYRENE STANDARD BROAD 206'000 CERT. REF. MAT. ACC. BAM Polystyrene standard 4'000 POLYSTYRENE, BEADS, AVERAGE DIAMETER 0.3 UM, 10 WT. % DISPERSION IN WATER POLYSTYRENE STANDARD 5'000 CHROMOSORB 103,80/100,50G Polystyrene standard, for GPC, typical MW 35,000 POLYSTYRENE, SECONDARY STANDARD MTO-CHROMOSORB 106, 80/100 MESH, 50GM Polystyrene standard, for GPC, typical MW 600,000 MTO-CHROMOSORB 103, 100/120 MESH, 50GM POLYSTYRENE STANDARD 10'000 Polystyrene standard, for GPC, typical MW 400,000 POLYSTYRENE STANDARD 150'000 CHROMOSORB 102,100/120 50G POLYSTYRENE, BEADS, AVERAGE DIAMETER 1.1 UM, 10 WT. % DISPERSION IN WATERU POLYSTYRENE, AVERAGE MW CA. 280,000 (GPC ) CHROMOSORB 106, 60/80 MESH, 50GM POLYSTYRENE STANDARD 1000000 CERTIFIED A CC. TO DIN POLYSTYRENE STANDARD 1'000 POLYSTYRENE, ISOTACTIC, AVERAGE MW CA. 4 00,000 (GPC) Polystyrene standard, for GPC, typical MW 13,000 POLYSTYRENE STANDARD 3'000 Polystyrene standard, for GPC, typical MW 800 STANDARD MW 90000 General-purpose and impact modified Polystyrene resins (GP/HIPS) Poly(styrene), average M.W. 250.000 Poly(styrene), secondary standard, M.W. 288.800/ M.N. 131.500 polystrene standard 88'000 polystrene standard broad 206'000 polystrene standard broad 350'000 polystyrene latex microsphere, 0.10 micron polystyrene latex microsphere, 0.20 micron polystyrene latex microsphere, 0.50 micron polystyrene latex microsphere, 1 micron polystyrene latex microsphere, 2 micron polystyrene latex microsphere, 6.0 micron polystyrene latex microsphere, 75.0 micron polystyrene latex microsphere, 0.75 micron polystyrene latex microsphere, fluorescent, 6.0 micron polystyrene solution polystyrene latex microsphere, 1 micron, dry form polystyrene latex microsphere, 25.0 micron