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thiocyanate structure
Chemical Name:
SRI;FLJ26259;[S-C#N](-);Chebi:18022;Thiocyanate;THIOCYANATEION;Thiocyanic acid anion;Nitridothiocarbonate(iv);Nitridothiocarbonate(1-);Nitridosulfidocarbonate(1-)
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

thiocyanate Properties

Melting point:
168-169 °C
storage temp. 
EPA Substance Registry System
Thiocyanate (302-04-5)

thiocyanate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production




Thiocyanate is one of the most important spectrophotometric reagents. The availability of the reagent and the simplicity of thiocyanate methods are responsible for its great popularity in analytical laboratories. Thiocyanate is principally used for determination of Fe(III), Mo, W, Nb, Re, Co, U, and Ti.
The determination of metals by thiocyanate is carried out in aqueous or aqueous-acetone media, or after extraction with oxygen-containing solvents. The extractability of metal complexes depends on the acidity of the medium, the concentration of thiocyanate, and the organic solvent. The more acidic is the aqueous phase, and the higher the thiocyanate concentration, the more thiocyanic acid (HSCN) is also extracted by the organic phase.
Stepwise formation of thiocyanate complexes gives cationic (e.g., FeSCN2+), neutral [e.g., Fe(SCN)3], and anionic [e.g., Fe(SCN)4-] species. The last is formed at high thiocyanate concentrations. With organic bases such as pyridine, tributylamine, and diantipyrylmethane, anionic thiocyanate complexes form ion-pairs which can be extracted into chloroform and other inert solvents.
Increased selectivity in the determination of metals by thiocyanate is obtained by the choice of acidity, thiocyanate concentration, masking agent, and metal oxidation state. For example, the presence of a reducing agent is necessary for colour reactions with Mo, W, and Re. The reducing medium precludes the colour reaction of thiocyanate with iron.
Thiocyanate methods vary widely in sensitivity. The methods for determining Te, Fe(III), and Nb are highly sensitive, whereas those for U and Co are less sensitive.
The colour stability of some thiocyanate systems is low (e.g., that with iron). This is connected with either the reducing properties of the thiocyanate or the slow polymerization of thiocyanic acid in acid solutions, which causes yellowing. Solvents miscible with water increase the colour intensity of thiocyanate complexes in aqueous solutions. This is apparently owing to the lowered dielectric constants of the media, which inhibit dissociation of the complexes.
Anionic thiocyanate complexes are extractable as ion-association species with basic dyes.


thiocyanate: A salt or ester of thiocyanicacid.


ChEBI: A pseudohalide anion obtained by deprotonation of the thiol group of thiocyanic acid.


Rapid-acting poisons, thyrotoxic.

thiocyanate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

thiocyanate Suppliers

Global( 5)Suppliers
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Portail Substances Chimiques --
-- France 6085 58
Wuhan Aibotek Biotechnology Co., Ltd. --
-- CHINA 6795 58
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-- CHINA 6227 58
Shanghai Qumai Biological Technology Co., Ltd. --
-- CHINA 6227 58
Nanjing Sai Ruirui Biotechnology Co., Ltd. --
-- CHINA 6876 58
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-- United States 6905 87
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