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Succinic anhydride

Succinic anhydride
Succinic anhydride structure
CAS No.
108-30-5
Chemical Name:
Succinic anhydride
Synonyms
SAA;SAN;SAA1;SAA2;succinic;NSC 8518;rikacidsa;108-30-8?;NCI-C55696;AURORA KA-669
CBNumber:
CB5166246
Molecular Formula:
C4H4O3
Formula Weight:
100.07
MOL File:
108-30-5.mol

Succinic anhydride Properties

Melting point:
118-120 °C (lit.)
Boiling point:
261 °C (lit.)
Density 
1,572 g/cm3
vapor density 
3.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 92 °C)
refractive index 
1.4688 (estimate)
Flash point:
157°C
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
solubility 
62.9g/l Hydrolysis
Specific Gravity
1.2340 (20℃)
PH
2.7 (10g/l, H2O)
Water Solubility 
<0.1 g/100 mL at 21 ºC (decomposes)
Sensitive 
Moisture Sensitive
Merck 
14,8870
BRN 
108441
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with oxidising agents, strong acids, strong bases, alcohols, amines. Avoid exposure to water or moisture.
InChIKey
RINCXYDBBGOEEQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
108-30-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS)
SUCCINIC ANHYDRIDE
EWG's Food Scores
2
FDA UNII
6RF4O17Z8J
NIST Chemistry Reference
2,5-Furandione, dihydro-(108-30-5)
IARC
3 (Vol. 15, Sup 7) 1987
EPA Substance Registry System
Succinic anhydride (108-30-5)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Symbol(GHS) 
GHS05,GHS07,GHS08
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H302-H314-H317-H334-H335-H315-H319
Precautionary statements  P280i-P304+P340-P501a-P260-P280-P284-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340+P310-P305+P351+P338-P261-P264-P270-P271-P301+P312+P330-P302+P352+P332+P313+P362+P364-P304+P340+P312-P305+P351+P338+P337+P313-P403+P233-P405-P501
Hazard Codes  Xi,Xn
Risk Statements  36/37-22
Safety Statements  25-46
RIDADR  UN 3261 8 / PGII
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  WN0875000
21
Autoignition Temperature 480 °C
TSCA  Yes
HS Code  29171990
Toxicity LD50 orally in Rabbit: 1510 mg/kg
NFPA 704
0
2 0

Succinic anhydride price More Price(18)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.00683 Succinic anhydride for synthesis 108-30-5 100 g $29.04 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.00683 Succinic anhydride for synthesis 108-30-5 500 g $40.88 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 239690 Succinic anhydride ≥99% (GC) 108-30-5 50g $43.7 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.00683 Succinic anhydride for synthesis 108-30-5 1 kg $59.85 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 239690 Succinic anhydride ≥99% (GC) 108-30-5 250g $151 2021-03-22 Buy

Succinic anhydride Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Description

Succinic anhydride, also called di hydro - 2,5- furandione , is an organic compound with the molecular formula C4H4O3.This colorless solid is the acid anhydride of succinic acid.

Chemical Properties

fine white crystalline solid

Uses

It was used in the preparation of covalently cross-linked oxidized-alginate/N-succinyl-chitosan hydrogels, as injectable systems towards tissue engineering.It was also used in preparing functionalized oxide surfaces on a chip.

Uses

Succinic Anhydride is an acidulant that hydrolyzes very slowly to succinic acid in water. it has thermal stability and a low melting point of 118°c which permits it to be used in products at compara- tively low temperatures. it is used as a leavening acidulant for bak- ing powder.

Application

Alkyl succinic anhydride (ASA) is used as a sizing agent or wet strength additive in paper production.

Production Methods

The compound is produced from succinic anhydride and hydrogen peroxide . This material must be stabilized by using a dehydrating agent such as disodium sulfate or magnesium sulfate.

Preparation

A solution of succinic acid (500 mg, 42 mmol) and triethylamine (1.23 mL, 42 mmol) in anhydrous THF (120 mL) was allowed to react with triphosgene (42 mg, 7.0 mmol) at ice-water temperature for 10 min. The reaction mixture was subsequently stirred for a further 15 min at room temperature. The solution was then filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated to dryness. The residue was crystallized from ethyl acetate to afford the desired product as white crystals (370 mg, 85%).

Synthesis Reference(s)

Synthetic Communications, 23, p. 419, 1993 DOI: 10.1080/00397919308009796

General Description

Colorless needles or white crystalline solid. Melting point 237°F. Sublimes at 239°F at 5 mm Hg pressure; and at 198°F and 1 mm Hg pressure. Moderately toxic and an irritant.

Air & Water Reactions

Reacts slowly with water. Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Succinic anhydride reacts exothermically with water. Reactions are usually slow, but might become violent if local heating accelerates their rate. Acids accelerate the reaction with water. Incompatible with acids, strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, amines, and bases.

Fire Hazard

Flash point data for Succinic anhydride are not available, however, Succinic anhydride is probably combustible.

Safety Profile

Experimental teratogenic effects. Moderately toxic by ingestion. A severe eye irritant. Mutation data reported. Questionable carcinogen with experimental neoplastigenic data. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. See also ANHYDRIDES.

Purification Methods

Crystallise the anhydride from redistilled acetic anhydride or CHCl3, then filter, wash with diethyl ether and dry it in a vacuum. [Beilstein 17 H 606, 17 V 6.]

Succinic anhydride Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Succinic anhydride Suppliers

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View Lastest Price from Succinic anhydride manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2021-12-01 Succinic Anhydride
108-30-5
US $10.00 / KG 1KG 99% 10 ton Hebei Crovell Biotech Co Ltd
2021-11-30 Succinic anhydride
108-30-5
US $10.20 / KG 200KG 98% 1-200mt Baoji Guokang Bio-Technology Co., Ltd.
2021-11-30 Succinic anhydride
108-30-5
US $12.00 / KG 1KG 99% 10 tons Baoji Guokang Bio-Technology Co., Ltd.

Succinic anhydride Spectrum


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