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Glycidol

Glycidol
Glycidol structure
CAS No.
556-52-5
Chemical Name:
Glycidol
Synonyms
EpiolOH;Glycide;lycidol;GLYCIDOL;NCI-C55549;dl-Glycidol;Glycidol96%;Glycidol 96%;(RS)-Glycidol;Glycidol ,97%
CBNumber:
CB5338946
Molecular Formula:
C3H6O2
Formula Weight:
74.08
MOL File:
556-52-5.mol

Glycidol Properties

Melting point:
-54 °C
Boiling point:
61-62 °C15 mm Hg(lit.)
Density 
1.117 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
2.15 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
0.9 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.433(lit.)
Flash point:
178 °F
storage temp. 
2-8°C
solubility 
Soluble in acetone, alcohol, benzene, chloroform, and ether (Weast, 1986)
pka
14.62±0.10(Predicted)
form 
Powder, Crystals or Chunks
color 
White to light yellow-beige
Water Solubility 
soluble
Merck 
13,4503
BRN 
383562
Exposure limits
TLV-TWA 75 mg/m3 (25 ppm) (ACGIH); 150 mg/m3 (50 ppm) (OSHA); IDLH 500 ppm (NIOSH).
Stability:
Stability Stable, but may explode on contact with strong acids, strong bases, heavy metals, heavy metal salts. May decompose on exposure to water or moist air.
InChIKey
CTKINSOISVBQLD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
556-52-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
EWG's Food Scores
6
FDA UNII
S54CF1DV9A
NIST Chemistry Reference
Glycidol(556-52-5)
Proposition 65 List
Glycidol
EPA Substance Registry System
Glycidol (556-52-5)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Symbol(GHS) 
GHS02,GHS06,GHS08
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H242-H302+H312-H315-H319-H331-H335-H341-H350-H360F
Precautionary statements  P201-P261-P280-P304+P340+P312-P308+P313-P403+P233
Hazard Codes  T
Risk Statements  45-60-21/22-23-36/37/38-68
Safety Statements  53-45-36/37-26
RIDADR  UN 2810 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  UB4375000
10-21
Autoignition Temperature 780 °F
Hazard Note  Toxic
HazardClass  6.1(b)
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  29109000
Toxicity Acute oral LD50 for mice 431 mg/kg, rats 420 mg/kg (quoted, RTECS, 1985).

Glycidol price More Price(6)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 74595 (±)-Glycidol analytical standard 556-52-5 100mg $52.6 2019-12-02 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich G5809 Glycidol 96% 556-52-5 2.5kg $615 2019-12-02 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich G5809 Glycidol 96% 556-52-5 500g $167 2019-12-02 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich Y0001048 Levodropropizine impurity C European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard 556-52-5 y0001048 $183 2019-12-02 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich G5809 Glycidol 96% 556-52-5 5g $35.1 2019-12-02 Buy

Glycidol Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid

Chemical Properties

Glycidol is a colorless liquid.

Uses

Glycidol is used as a stabilizer for natural oilsand vinyl polymers, as a demulsifier, and asa leveling agent for dyes.

Uses

Stabilizer in manufacturing of vinyl polymers; intermediate in synthesis of glycerol, glycidyl ethers, and amines; additive for oil and synthetic hydraulic fluids; epoxy resin diluent.

Uses

An epoxide building block

Definition

an epoxide

General Description

Odorless clear colorless liquid.

Air & Water Reactions

Sensitive to moisture.

Reactivity Profile

Glycidol is sensitive to moisture. Glycidol is also sensitive to light. Glycidol may polymerize if heated above room temperature. Glycidol may darken on storage. Stability studies of Glycidol stored for two week protected from light indicated definite decomposition at 140° F, and strongly indicated instability at 77° F. A solution of Glycidol in water was found to be unstable when stored at room temperature, even after one day in the dark. Glycidol is incompatible with strong oxidizers. Glycidol will undergo explosive decomposition in the presence of strong acids or bases, salts (such as aluminum chloride, iron(III)chloride or tin(IV) chloride) or metals (such as copper and zinc). Glycidol is also incompatible with nitrates. Glycidol will attack some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings.

Hazard

Toxic material. Probable carcinogen.

Health Hazard

Glycidol is an eye, lung, and skin irri-tant. The pure compound caused severebut reversible corneal injury in rabbit eyes(ACGIH 1986). Exposure to its vapor causedirritation of lung in mice, resulting in pneu-monitis. There is no evidence of any cumula-tive toxicity. From the limited toxicity data,it appears that the health hazard to humansfrom its exposure is, primarily, respiratoryirritation, stimulation of the central nervoussystem, and depression.
Glycidol is mutagenic, testing positive inthe histidine reversion–Ames test. There isno report of its carcinogenic action. Oraland intraperitoneal administration of gly-cidol in rats showed harmful effects onfertility.

Fire Hazard

Glycidol is combustible.

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen with carcinogenic data reported. Poison by intraperitoneal route. Moderately toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and sh contact. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. A skin irritant. Human mutation data reported. Animal experiments suggest somewhat lower toxicity than for related epoxy compounds. Readdy absorbed through the skin. Causes nervous excitation followed by depression. Explodes when heated or in the presence of strong acids,bases, metals (e.g., copper, zinc), and metal salts (e.g., aluminum chloride, iron(II1) chloride, tin(Iy chloride). When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes. See also DIGLYCIDYL ETHER.

Potential Exposure

Glycidol is used as an intermediate in the synthesis of glycerol, glycidyl ethers, esters, and amines.

Carcinogenicity

Glycidol is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in experimental animals.

Environmental Fate

Chemical/Physical. May hydrolyze in water forming glycerin (Lyman et al., 1982).

Shipping

UN2810 Toxic liquids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

[S(-)-isomer, § also available on polymer support, has b 49-50o/7mm, 66-67o/19mm, [ ] D -1 5o(neat)], [R(+)-isomer has b 56 -5 6 . 5o/11mm, d 4 1.117, n D 1.429, [ ] D +15o (neat)]. Purify glycidol by fractional distillation.

Incompatibilities

May form explosive mixture with air. Violent reaction with strong oxidizers, nitrates. Decomposes on contact (especially in the presence of heat) with strong acids, strong bases, water, metal salts, e.g., alu minum chloride, ferric chloride, and tin chloride), or metals (copper and zinc), causing fire and explosion hazard. Contact with barium, lithium, sodium, magnesium, and tita nium may cause polymerization. Attacks some plastics, rubber, and coatings.

Waste Disposal

Concentrated waste contain ing no peroxides: discharge liquid at a controlled rate near a pilot flame. Concentrated waste containing peroxides: perforation of a container of the waste from a safe distance followed by open burning.

Glycidol Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Glycidol Suppliers

Global( 161)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86-571-85586718
+86-571-85864795 sales@capotchem.com China 19927 60
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
info@dakenchem.com CHINA 21826 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 22626 55
Nanjing ChemLin Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.
025-83697070
product@chemlin.com.cn CHINA 3015 60
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 30050 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51086038
86-21-51861608 chemwill_asia@126.com;sales@chemwill.com;chemwill@hotmail.com;chemwill@gmail.com CHINA 23977 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
86-531-88032799
+86 531 8582 1093 export@haihangchem.com CHINA 10217 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
86-13657291602
027-59338440 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 23047 58
Standardpharm Co. Ltd.
86-714-3992388
yxzy@std-med.net United States 14344 58
Changzhou Carman Chemical Co., Ltd.
15061933924
jane@carmanchem.com; catal@carmanchem.com CHINA 513 58

View Lastest Price from Glycidol manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-08-06 Glycidol
556-52-5
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 99% Customized career henan chemical co

Glycidol Spectrum


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