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Lithium hydroxide

Physical Properties Uses Preparation Reaction
Lithium hydroxide
Lithium hydroxide structure
CAS No.
1310-65-2
Chemical Name:
Lithium hydroxide
Synonyms
LiOH;Lithium hydoxide;Lithium hydroxide;HEXANE, 95+%, PRA GRADE;lithiumhydroxide(li(oh));LithiuM hydroxide,anhydro;lithiumhydroxideanhydrous;LITHIUM HYDROXIDE 98+ 1 KG;Lithium hydroxide (Li(OH));LITHIUM HYDROXIDE 98+ 100 G
CBNumber:
CB5406836
Molecular Formula:
LiOH
Formula Weight:
23.95
MOL File:
1310-65-2.mol

Lithium hydroxide Properties

Melting point:
462 °C
Boiling point:
925°C
Density 
1.43
storage temp. 
Store at R.T.
solubility 
water: soluble71g/L at 20°C
form 
Solid
Specific Gravity
2.54
color 
White to light yellow
PH
12 (50g/l, H2O, 50℃)
Water Solubility 
113 g/L (20 ºC)
Sensitive 
Air Sensitive & Hygroscopic
Merck 
14,5534
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with moisture. strong acids, carbon dioxide.
CAS DataBase Reference
1310-65-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Lithium hydroxide(1310-65-2)
EPA Substance Registry System
Lithium hydroxide (Li(OH))(1310-65-2)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  C
Risk Statements  52/53-35-20/22-22-34-23
Safety Statements  45-36/37/39-26-22
RIDADR  2680
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  OJ6307070
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  8
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  28252010
Toxicity LD50 orally in Rabbit: 210 mg/kg
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H301 Toxic if swalloed Acute toxicity,oral Category 3 Danger P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H331 Toxic if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 3 Danger P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
Precautionary statements:
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.

Lithium hydroxide price More Price(17)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 442410 Lithium hydroxide reagent grade, 98% 1310-65-2 100g-a $65.9 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 442410 Lithium hydroxide reagent grade, 98% 1310-65-2 500g-a $251 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical L0225 Lithium Hydroxide Anhydrous >98.0%(T) 1310-65-2 25g $22 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical L0225 Lithium Hydroxide Anhydrous >98.0%(T) 1310-65-2 100g $50 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar 013407 Lithium hydroxide, anhydrous, 98% 1310-65-2 25g $16.4 2018-11-16 Buy

Lithium hydroxide Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Physical Properties

White tetragonal crystals; refractive index 1.464; density 1.46 g/cm3; melts at 450°C; decomposes at 924°C; dissolves in water (12.8g/100g at 20°C and 17.5 g/100g at 100°C); slightly soluble in alcohol.
The monohydrate is white monoclinic crystalline solid; refractive index 1.460; density 1.51 g/cm3; soluble in water, more soluble than the anhydrous salt (22.3g and 26.8g/100g at 10 and 100°C, respectively); slightly soluble in alcohol; insoluble in ether.

Uses

Lithium hydroxide is used as an electrolyte in certain alkaline storage batteries; and in the production of lithium soaps. Other uses of this compound include its catalytic applications in esterification reactions in the production of alkyd resins; in photographic developer solutions; and as a starting material to prepare other lithium salts.

Preparation

Lithium hydroxide is prepared by the reaction of lithium carbonate with calcium hydroxide:
Li2CO3 + Ca(OH)2 → 2LiOH + CaCO3
Calcium carbonate is filtered out and the solution is evaporated and crystallized.
The product obtained is the monohydrate, LiOH•H2O. The anhydrous compound is obtained by heating the hydrate above 100°C in vacuum or carbon dioxide-free air.
The hydroxide also may be prepared by treating lithium oxide with water.

Reaction

Lithium hydroxide is a base. However, it is less basic than sodium or potassium hydroxide.
The compound undergoes neutralization reactions with acids:
LiOH + HCl → LiCl + H2O
Heating the compound above 800°C in vacuum yields lithium oxide:
2LiOH Li2O + H2O
Lithium hydroxide readily absorbs carbon dioxide, forming lithium carbonate:
2LiOH + CO2 → Li2CO3 + H2O
Passing chlorine through a solution of lithium hydroxide yields lithium hypochlorite:
LiOH + Cl2 → LiOCl + HCl
Saponification of fatty acids with lithium hydroxide produces lithium soaps.
LiOH + CH3(CH2)16COOH → CH3(CH2)16COOLi + H2O
(stearic acid)        (lithium stearate)

Chemical Properties

White solid

Definition

A white crystallinesolid, LiOH, soluble in water,slightly soluble in ethanol and insolublein ether. It is known as the monohydrate(monoclinic; r.d. 1.51) and inthe anhydrous form (tetragonal, r.d.1.46; m.p. 450°C; decomposes at924°C). The compound is made by reacting lime with lithium salts orlithium ores. Lithium hydroxide isbasic but has a closer resemblance togroup 2 hydroxides than to the othergroup 1 hydroxides (an example ofthe first member of a periodic grouphaving atypical properties).

General Description

A clear to water-white liquid which may have a pungent odor. Contact may cause severe irritation to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Lithium hydroxide may be toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption. Lithium hydroxide is used to make other chemicals.

Air & Water Reactions

Dilution with water may generate enough heat to cause steaming or spattering.

Reactivity Profile

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE SOLUTION neutralizes acids exothermically to form salts plus water. Reacts with certain metals (such as aluminum and zinc) to form oxides or hydroxides of the metal and generate gaseous hydrogen. May initiate polymerization reactions in polymerizable organic compounds, especially epoxides. May generate flammable and/or toxic gases with ammonium salts, nitrides, halogenated organics, various metals, peroxides, and hydroperoxides. May serve as a catalyst. Reacts when heated above about 84°C with aqueous solutions of reducing sugars other than sucrose, to evolve toxic levels of carbon monoxide [Bretherick, 5th Ed., 1995].

Health Hazard

TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or skin contact with material may cause severe injury or death. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Avoid any skin contact. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.

Fire Hazard

Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Some are oxidizers and may ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion and subcutaneous routes. Mtldly toxic by inhalation. A corrosive. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Li.

Purification Methods

It crystallises from hot water (3mL/g) as the monohydrate. It is dehydrated at 150o in a stream of CO2-free air. It sublimes at 220o with partial decomposition [Cohen Inorg Synth V 3 1957, Bravo Inorg Synth VII 1 1963].

Lithium hydroxide Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Lithium hydroxide Suppliers

Global( 175)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
info@dakenchem.com CHINA 21935 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 20676 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
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+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32452 55
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
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Hebei Huanhao Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
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Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
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View Lastest Price from Lithium hydroxide manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2019-07-09 Lithium hydroxide
1310-65-2
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 99% 100kg career henan chemical co
2018-09-17 Lithium hydroxide
1310-65-2
US $10.00 / KG 1KG 99% 20mt Hebei Huanhao Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
2018-09-19 Lithium hydroxide
1310-65-2
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 99% 500ton/month Hebei Minshang Biotechnology Co., Ltd

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