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ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE

ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE
ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE structure
CAS No.
7783-70-2
Chemical Name:
ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE
Synonyms
SbF5;Antimonyfluoride2;ANTIMONY FLUORIDE;Pentafluoroantimony;Anmony(Ⅴ) Fluoride;ANTIMONY(V) FLUORIDE;AntimonyPentafluride;antimonyfluoride(sbf5);ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE;Antimony(V)fluoride,98%
CBNumber:
CB5716957
Molecular Formula:
F5Sb
Formula Weight:
216.75
MOL File:
7783-70-2.mol

ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE Properties

Melting point:
7 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
149.4 °C
Density 
2.993 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
2.2 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
10 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
Flash point:
149.5°C
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
solubility 
liquid sulfur dioxide: slightly soluble(lit.)
form 
Shiny Flakes or Powder
color 
White to off-white
Water Solubility 
reacts vigorously with H2O, becoming hydrolyzed [HAW93] [KIR78]
Sensitive 
Moisture Sensitive
Merck 
13,702
CAS DataBase Reference
7783-70-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
EWG's Food Scores
1
FDA UNII
6C93R71VRF
EPA Substance Registry System
Antimony pentafluoride (7783-70-2)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Symbol(GHS) 
GHS07,GHS09
Signal word  Warning
Hazard statements  H302+H332-H411
Precautionary statements  P261-P301+P312+P330
Hazard Codes  T,O,C,N,Xn
Risk Statements  23/24/25-34-51/53-20/22
Safety Statements  61-45-36/37/39-28-27-26-22
RIDADR  UN 2923 8/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  CC5800000
10
Hazard Note  Corrosive/Oxidising agent
HazardClass  8
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  28261990
Toxicity LC50 ihl-mus: 270 mg/m3 GISAAA 35(7),25,70
NFPA 704
0
4 1

ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE price More Price(4)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 175129 Antimony(V) fluoride 99% 7783-70-2 5g $101 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 175129 Antimony(V) fluoride 99% 7783-70-2 25g $242 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.12034 Antimony(V) fluoride for synthesis 7783-70-2 100 g $554.07 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.12034 Antimony(V) fluoride for synthesis. CAS No. 7783-70-2, EC Number 232-021-8., for synthesis 7783-70-2 8120340100 $579 2020-08-18 Buy

ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

colourless oily liquid

Chemical Properties

Antimony pentafluoride is a noncombustible, oily, colorless liquid with a pungent odor.

Physical properties

Colorless oily liquid; highly viscous; hygroscopic; freezes at 8.3°C; boils at 149.5°C; density 2.99 g/cm3 at 23°C; soluble in excess water (with violent reaction) and glacial acetic acid; also soluble in potassium fluoride.

Uses

HF/SbF5 is an excellent medium for the preparation of alkylidene oxonium salts.1

Uses

In the fluorination of organic Compounds, see the monograph Preparation, Properties and Technology of Fluorine and Organic Fluoro Compounds, C. Slesser, S. R. Schram, Eds. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1951) 868 pp.

Preparation

Antimony pentafluoride is prepared by the reaction of antimony pentachloride with anhydrous hydrogen fluoride:
SbCl5 +5 HF → SbF5 +5 HCl
It may also be prepared from antimony trifluoride and fluorine, or by treating antimony pentaoxide with aqueous hydrofluoric acid and evaporing water.

General Description

A colorless, oily liquid. Fumes irritate the eyes and mucous membranes. Toxic. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Extremely dangerous to tissue; its burns may be followed by gangrene. Only shipped in cylinders. Under prolonged exposure to heat cylinders may violently rupture and rocket. Used to make other chemicals as well as a catalyst in the manufacture of other chemicals.

Reactivity Profile

ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE is strongly acidic. Reacts vigorously with bases. When heated to decomposition, ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE emits highly toxic fumes of fluorides and metallic antimony. Reacts with ammonia to form a diammoniate.

Hazard

Corrosive to skin and tissue.

Health Hazard

The compound is irritating to eyes, skin, and lungs. Contact with eyes or skin causes severe burns. The compound is extremely toxic with a probable oral lethal dose of 5-50 mg/kg or between 7 drops and one teaspoonful for a 150 pound person (antimony salts).

Fire Hazard

Reacts violently with water, to form poisonous hydrogen fluoride fumes. If confined and wet can cause explosion. May cause fire in contact with combustible material. Hazardous polymerization may not occur.

Safety Profile

A poison by inhalation. A very reactive, corrosive liquid to skin, eyes, mucous membranes. See also FLUORIDES and ANTIMONY COMPOUNDS. Violent reaction with phosphates. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of F and Sb.

Potential Exposure

It is used as a catalyst in chemical reactions or as a source of fluorine (fluorinating reagent) in fluorination reactions.

Shipping

UN1732 Antimony pentafluoride, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material, 6.1-Poisonous materials.

Purification Methods

Purify it by vacuum distillation, preferably in a quartz apparatus, and store it in quartz or aluminum bottles. It is a hygroscopic viscous liquid which reacts violently with H2O and is hydrolysed by alkalis. It is POISONOUS and attacks the skin. [Woolf & Greenwood J Chem Soc 2200 1950, Kwasnik in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 200 1965.]

Incompatibilities

Water and other forms of moisture releases hydrofluoric acid, combustible organic and siliceous materials, phosphorus, and phosphate materials. Attacks glass, ceramic, lead, and metals, including copper in the presence of moisture. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Antimony pentafluoride, if confined and wet may cause explosion. Antimony pentafluoride appears to have oxidizing properties; may cause fire in contact with combustible or organic materials. May react with metals, including lead, releasing flammable hydrogen gas.

Waste Disposal

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.

ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE Suppliers

Global( 75)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Hangzhou FandaChem Co.,Ltd.
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Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
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View Lastest Price from ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2021-11-08 ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE
7783-70-2
US $10.00 / KG 1KG 99% 20 tons Wuhan wingroup Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
2021-07-02 ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE
7783-70-2
US $15.00-10.00 / KG 1KG 99%+ HPLC Monthly supply of 1 ton Zhuozhou Wenxi import and Export Co., Ltd
2020-02-26 Antimony(V) fluoride
7783-70-2
US $0.00-0.00 / KG 5KG 99%+ 800 tons Shaanxi Dideu Medichem Co. Ltd

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