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description Chemical Properties application Uses indicator Toxicity Production method
Benzophenone structure
Chemical Name:
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Benzophenone Properties

Melting point:
47-51 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
305 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
4.21 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 108 °C)
refractive index 
Flash point:
>230 °F
storage temp. 
ethanol: soluble100mg/mL, clear, colorless (80% ethanol)
Crystalline Powder or Flakes
White to off-white
Water Solubility 
insoluble (<0.1 g/100 mL at 25 ºC)
JECFA Number
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents. Combustible.
CAS DataBase Reference
119-61-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
EPA Substance Registry System
Methanone, diphenyl-(119-61-9)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  Xi,N,Xn,F
Risk Statements  36/37/38-52/53-50/53-67-65-62-51/53-48/20-11-40
Safety Statements  26-61-37/39-29-60-36-62-36/37-33-16-9
RIDADR  UN 3077 9/PG 3
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  DI9950000
HazardClass  9
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  29143900
Hazardous Substances Data 119-61-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in Rabbit: > 10000 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit 3535 mg/kg
Signal word: Warning
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H303 May be harmfulif swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 5 P312
H313 May be harmful in contact with skin Acute toxicity,dermal Category 5 P312
H400 Very toxic to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
Precautionary statements:
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P391 Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

Benzophenone price More Price(23)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 427551 Benzophenone purified by sublimation, ≥99% 119-61-9 1g $34 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1056130 Benzophenone United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard 119-61-9 25mg $1220 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical B0083 Benzophenone >99.0%(GC) 119-61-9 25g $15 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical B0083 Benzophenone >99.0%(GC) 119-61-9 500g $30 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar A10739 Benzophenone, 99% 119-61-9 250g $21 2018-11-13 Buy

Benzophenone Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Benzophenone appears as colorless prismatic crystals, with sweetness and aroma of roses, melting point is 47-49 ℃, the relative density is 1.1146, refractive index is 1.6077. It is soluble in alcohol, ether, chloroform and other organic solvents and monomers, insoluble in water. It is a free radical photoinitiator, are mainly used in free radical UV curing systems , such as coatings, inks, adhesives and so on, and also used as the intermediates of organic pigments, pharmaceuticals, perfume, and insecticide . In the pharmaceutical industry, it is mainly used for the production of bicyclic Piperidine Benztropine hydrobromide, diphenhydramine hydrochloride. This product is styrene polymerization inhibitor and perfume fixative agent, to impart a sweet flavor with spices, widely used in the perfume and soap flavor. Attentions should be paid to the products to prevent moisture, sun , heat in the storage and transportation process, the temperature should not exceed 45 ℃.
The above information is edited by the Chemicalbook of Tian Ye.

Chemical Properties

Shiny white prismatic crystals with a sweet taste, smell like a rose, melting point is 47-49 ℃, boiling point is 306 ℃, insoluble in water, soluble in alcohol, ether and chloroform.


Sunscreen cosmetics is the hot new products of cosmetics, almost all sunscreens contain benzophenone compound on the current market. Benzophenone compounds that protect the skin from harm, often is used to produce high product. In recent years, the cosmetics consumption of benzophenone grows continuesly. Recent studies suggest that fluorescence is also a harmful ultraviolet light source, so benzophenone expands the range of applications in the field of cosmetics, it has been extended to hair conditioners, lotions and lipsticks. In addition, the perfume fixative agent also can give spice sweet flavor, is used in many perfumes and soap flavor.
Banana Boat company has developed a UVA ultraviolet-absorbing technology called AvoTriplex, which is benzophenone-based, adding a stabilizer to prevent the benzophenone from breaking down in the sun. Enhancer is also added into the formula, and stabilizer may act synergistically, to optimize benzophenone sunscreen capacity.


  1. Benzophenone Mainly used for the preparation of vanilla, butter and other flavor,It can be used as a fixative agent. Its weak sweet bay leaves fragrant , can be widely used in low-grade flavors, such as roses, bay leaves, sweet curd, shy flower, lily of the valley, sunflower, orchid, hawthorn flowers, incense and Wei Oriental flavor and other flavors. It is also used as an antioxidant in soaps, and occasionally used for almonds, berries, fruit, butter, nuts, peaches, vanilla beans and other food flavors in trace amount.
  2. Uses for photosensitive resins, coatings and adhesives.
  3. Benzophenone is an intermediate of UV absorbers, organic pigments, pharmaceuticals, perfume, insecticide . It is used for the production of bicyclic Piperidine Benztropine hydrobromide, diphenhydramine hydrochloride in the pharmaceutical industry . The product itself is a styrene polymerization inhibitor and a perfume fixative. Giving sweet taste to flavors, it is used in many perfumes and soap flavors.
  4. It is commonly used in soap flavor, used in ultraviolet absorbers, pigments, pharmaceuticals and reagents production, and also is low temperature fast curing agent for fluorine rubber. It serves to manufacturers to package the product in clear glass or plastic.
  5. Benzophenone is widely employed as a photo initiator in UV-curing applications such as inks, imaging and clear coatings in the printing industry. It acts as a UV blocker to prevent photo-degradation of the packaging polymers or its contents.
  6. It is light initiator for UV products, pharmaceutical intermediates, fragrances, light stabilizers etc.
  7. It is light pigment, medicine, perfume, pesticides intermediates, it can also be used for UV-curable resins, inks and coatings initiator.


Benzophenone is widely used in the synthesis experiment as an indicator, it can be used as a indicator while handling toluene, benzene, THF, acetonitrile ect.; if there is a beautiful blue after added, it can be distillated and used, it is the best to kept in sodium, but the reason of generating blue is still a puzzle.
Here is the reason from a foreign book about reactions mechanism : 'a radical anion generated by the one called carbonyl radical, benzophenone acts as the indicator is that benzophenone oxygen atoms in sodium capture electrons to generate dark blue carbonyl radical; the radicals perspective on the electrical aspect is stable, mainly used to indicate 'anaerobic conditions',Widely used.
After the addition of benzophenone, more blue of the solution, indicating less oxygen in the solution, indirectly instructing the little water. However, whether the solution turns blue, is related to the added amount of benzophenone and processing solvent, THF (300ml) contains lots of water, and needs more than about 6 hours to reflux, and of course, it is related to the amount of processing solvent, the more the longer, toluene , benzene and other samples containing less aqueous need less reflux time, it is best to add the common desiccants to pretreat, such as: potassium carbonate, sodium sulfate, sodium hydroxide, etc., so that the processing time will be shortened.


LD502897mg/kg(Mice, orally)。

Production method

There are different methods. 1. Condensation of benzyl chloride and benzene , and then by nitric acid oxidation. 2. The condensation of benzene and carbon tetrachloride, and then by hydrolysis. In the laboratory, the production is based on aluminum chloride as a catalyst, prepared by reacting benzene with benzoyl chloride.3.Condensation of benzene and benzoyl chloride in the presence of aluminum chloride, and then crystallized from ethanol.

Chemical Properties

Orange Crystals

Chemical Properties

Benzophenone is a combustible, white, crystalline solid with a rose-like odor


It is used in the manufacturing of antihistamines, hypnotics, insecticides.


Reported to bind monsaccharides in the presence of polysaccharides

General Description

White solid with a flowery odor. May float or sink in water.

Air & Water Reactions

Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Ketones, such as Benzophenone, are reactive with many acids and bases liberating heat and flammable gases (e.g., H2). The amount of heat may be sufficient to start a fire in the unreacted portion of the ketone. Ketones react with reducing agents such as hydrides, alkali metals, and nitrides to produce flammable gas (H2) and heat. Ketones are incompatible with isocyanates, aldehydes, cyanides, peroxides, and anhydrides. They react violently with aldehydes, HNO3, HNO3 + H2O2, and HClO4. Benzophenone can react with oxidizing materials.

Health Hazard

Ingestion causes gastrointestinal disturbances. Contact causes eye irritation and, if prolonged, irritation of skin.

Fire Hazard

Flash point data for Benzophenone are not available, but Benzophenone is probably combustible.

Fire Hazard

Flash Point: This is a combustible product; Flammable Limits in Air (%): No data; Fire Extinguishing Agents: Foam, dry chemical, carbon dioxide; Fire Extinguishing Agents Not To Be Used: Water may be ineffective; Special Hazards of Combustion Products: No data; Behavior in Fire: No data; Ignition Temperature: No data; Electrical Hazard: No data; Burning Rate: Not pertinent.

Chemical Reactivity

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: Will attack some plastics; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Contact allergens

Unsubstituted benzophenone is largely used in chemical applications. It acts as a marker for photoallergy to ketoprofen.

Potential Exposure

Benzophenone is used in UV curing of inks and coatings; as an intermediate; as an odor fixative in fragrances, flavoring, soaps; in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and insecticides; in organic syntheses.

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, rinse mouth and get medical attention.


UN1224 Ketones, liquid, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3—Flammable liquid, Technical Name Required. UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9—Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

Crystallise it from MeOH, EtOH, cyclohexane, *benzene or pet ether, then dry in a current of warm air and store it over BaO or P2O5. It is also purified by zone melting and by sublimation [Itoh J Phys Chem 89 3949 1985, Naguib et al. J Am Chem Soc 108 128 1986, Gorman & Rodgers J Am Chem Soc 108 5074 1986, Ohamoto & Teranishi J Am Chem Soc 108 6378 1986, Naguib et al. J Phys Chem 91 3033 1987]. [Beilstein 7 III 2048, 7 IV 1357.]


Oxidizing materials, such as dichromates and permanganates.

Benzophenone Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Benzophenone Suppliers

Global( 442)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Shanghai Bojing Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86-21-37127788 CHINA 500 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 China 1664 55
Yancheng Green Chemicals Co.,Ltd
86-515-87883652 CHINA 351 58
Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86 (0)571-855 867 18
+86 (0)571-858 647 95 China 19953 60
Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd.
0755-23311925 18102838259
0755-23311925 CHINA 3217 55
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 22043 58
Dalian Richfortune Chemicals Co., Ltd
86-411-84820922, 84821539
86-411-84821380 China 362 57
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 20786 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32651 55
Hangzhou FandaChem Co.,Ltd.
0086 158 5814 5714 (Mobile; WhatsApp; Telegram)
+86-571-56059825 CHINA 2464 55

View Lastest Price from Benzophenone manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-07-26 Benzophenone
US $15.00 / KG 1KG 99% 1000kg career henan chemical co

Benzophenone Spectrum

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