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Decane

Decane
Decane structure
CAS No.
124-18-5
Chemical Name:
Decane
Synonyms
Decan;DECANE;n-Decan;N-DECANE;n-C10H22;N- Decano;ALKANE C10;Decane >Decane #nn-Decane
CBNumber:
CB5852985
Molecular Formula:
C10H22
Formula Weight:
142.28
MOL File:
124-18-5.mol

Decane Properties

Melting point:
-30 °C
Boiling point:
174 °C(lit.)
Density 
0.735
vapor density 
4.9 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 16.5 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.411(lit.)
Flash point:
115 °F
storage temp. 
Flammables area
solubility 
0.00005g/l
form 
Liquid
color 
Colorless
Specific Gravity
0.731 (20/4℃)
Relative polarity
-0.3
Odor Threshold
0.87ppm
explosive limit
0.7-5.4%(V)
Water Solubility 
INSOLUBLE
BRN 
1696981
Henry's Law Constant
5.59 at 25 °C (calculated from water solubility and vapor pressure, Tolls, 2002)
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents. Flammable.
InChIKey
DIOQZVSQGTUSAI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
124-18-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
EWG's Food Scores
1
FDA UNII
NK85062OIY
NIST Chemistry Reference
Decane(124-18-5)
EPA Substance Registry System
Decane (124-18-5)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Symbol(GHS) 
GHS02,GHS08
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H226-H304
Precautionary statements  P301+P310-P331-P210-P370+P378-P280a-P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P405-P501a
Hazard Codes  Xn,N,F
Risk Statements  10-65-66-67-62-51/53-48/20-38-11
Safety Statements  62-23-16-61-36/37-33-29-9
RIDADR  UN 2247 3/PG 3
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  HD6550000
Autoignition Temperature 410 °F
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  29011090
Toxicity LD50 orally in Rabbit: > 5000 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rat > 2000 mg/kg
NFPA 704
2
1 0

Decane price More Price(27)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 30540 Decane analytical standard 124-18-5 5ml $63.2 2020-08-18 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 30540 Decane analytical standard 124-18-5 25ml $224 2020-08-18 Buy
TCI Chemical D0011 Decane >99.0%(GC) 124-18-5 25mL $22 2020-06-24 Buy
TCI Chemical D0011 Decane >99.0%(GC) 124-18-5 500mL $78 2020-06-24 Buy
Alfa Aesar 031209 n-Decane, 99+% 124-18-5 10g $20.5 2020-06-24 Buy

Decane Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid

Chemical Properties

Decane, C10H22, is a flammable liquid with specific gravity 0.73. Decane is a constituent in the paraffin fraction of crude oil and natural gas. It is released to the environment via the manufacture, use, and disposal of many products associated with the petroleum, gasoline, and plastics industries.

Physical properties

Clear, colorless liquid. Reported odor threshold concentrations were 11.3 mg/m3 by Laffort and Dravnieks (1973) and 620 ppbv by Nagata and Takeuchi (1990).

Uses

Internal standard in the GC analysis of oxalic, malonic, and succinic acids in biological materials.

Uses

Decane is obtained mainly from the refining of petroleum. It is a component of engine fuel and is used in organic synthesis, as a solvent, as a standardized hydrocarbon, and in jet fuel research.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Chemistry Letters, 16, p. 1485, 1987
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 43, p. 2259, 1978 DOI: 10.1021/jo00405a036
Tetrahedron Letters, 34, p. 3745, 1993

General Description

A colorless liquid. Flash point 115°F. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Vapors heavier than air. In high concentrations its vapors may be narcotic. Used as a solvent and to make other chemicals.

Air & Water Reactions

Flammable. Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

DECANE is incompatible with oxidizing agents.

Health Hazard

Contact with eyes may produce mild irritation. Contact with skin may cause defatting, redness, scaling, and hair loss. Ingestion may cause diarrhea, slight central nervous system depression, difficulty in breathing and fatigue. Inhalation of high concentrations may cause rapid breathing, fatigue, headache, dizziness, and other CNS effects.

Fire Hazard

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: May produce toxic fumes, including carbon monoxide.

Safety Profile

Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. A simple asphyxiant. Narcotic in high concentrations, Flammable liquid when exposed to heat or flame. Can react with oxidizing materials. Moderately explosive in its vapor form. To fight fire, use foam, CO2, dry chemical. Emitted from modern buildtng materials (CENEAR 69,22,91). See also ARGON for discussion of asphyxiants.

Carcinogenicity

Mice treated with decane developed tumors on the backs, after exposure to ultraviolet radiation at wavelengths longer than 350 nm, generally considered noncarcinogenic. A series of 21 tobacco smoke components and related compounds were applied to mouse skin (50 female ICR/Ha Swiss mice/group) three times weekly with 5 mug/application of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P). The test compounds were of five classes: aliphatic hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons, phenols, and longchain acids and alcohols. Decane was among the compounds that enhanced remarkably the carcinogenicity of B[a]P. and also acted as tumor promoter in two-stage carcinogenesis.

Source

Major constituent in paraffin (quoted, Verschueren, 1983).
Identified as one of 140 volatile constituents in used soybean oils collected from a processing plant that fried various beef, chicken, and veal products (Takeoka et al., 1996).
California Phase II reformulated gasoline contained decane at a concentration of 1,120 mg/kg. Gas-phase tailpipe emission rates from gasoline-powered automobiles with and without catalytic converters were 300 and 42,600 μg/km, respectively (Schauer et al., 2002).

Environmental Fate

Biological. Decane may biodegrade in two ways. The first is the formation of decyl hydroperoxide, which decomposes to 1-decanol, followed by oxidation to decanoic acid. The other pathway involves dehydrogenation to 1-decene, which may react with water giving 1-decanol (Dugan, 1972). Microorganisms can oxidize alkanes under aerobic conditions (Singer and Finnerty, 1984). The most common degradative pathway involves the oxidation of the terminal methyl group forming the corresponding alcohol (1-decanol). The alcohol may undergo a series of dehydrogenation steps, forming decanal, followed by oxidation forming decanoic acid. The fatty acid may then be metabolized by β-oxidation to form the mineralization products, carbon dioxide and water (Singer and Finnerty, 1984). Hou (1982) reported 1-decanol and 1,10-decanediol as degradation products by the microorganism Corynebacterium.
Photolytic. A photooxidation reaction rate constant of 1.16 x 10-11 cm3/molecule?sec was reported for the reaction of decane with OH in the atmosphere (Atkinson, 1990).
Chemical/Physical. Complete combustion in air yields carbon dioxide and water vapor. Decane will not hydrolyze because it has no hydrolyzable functional group.

Purification Methods

It can be purified by shaking with conc H2SO4, washing with water, aqueous NaHCO3, and more water, then drying with MgSO4, refluxing with Na and distilling. Also purify through a column of silica gel or alumina. It has been purified by azeotropic distillation with 2-butoxyethanol, the alcohol being washed out of the distillate, using water, the decane is next dried and redistilled. It can be stored with NaH. Further purification can be achieved by preparative gas chromatography on a column packed with 30% SE-30 (General Electric methyl-silicone rubber) on 42/60 Chromosorb P at 150o and 40psig, using helium [Chu J Chem Phys 41 226 1964]. It is soluble in EtOH and Et2O. [Beilstein 1 IV 484.]

Decane Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Decane Suppliers

Global( 192)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
BEYOND INDUSTRIES (CHINA) LIMITED
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Shanghai Standard Technology Co., Ltd.
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HENAN BON INDUSTRIAL CO.,LTD
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View Lastest Price from Decane manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2020-04-24 Decane
124-18-5
US $0.00 / ml 0.1ml GC≥98% 100 ml Shanghai Standard Technology Co., Ltd.
2019-07-09 Decane
124-18-5
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 99% 100kg career henan chemical co

Decane Spectrum


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