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Terbufos

Terbufos
Terbufos structure
CAS No.
13071-79-9
Chemical Name:
Terbufos
Synonyms
Plydax;st-100;HUNTER;TERTIN;ac92100;Aragran;Counter;ac92,100;AC 92100;CONTRAVE
CBNumber:
CB6348870
Molecular Formula:
C9H21O2PS3
Formula Weight:
288.43
MOL File:
13071-79-9.mol

Terbufos Properties

Melting point:
-29°C
Boiling point:
69°C (0.01 mmHg)
Density 
1.105
vapor pressure 
3.46×10-2 Pa (25 °C)
Flash point:
88°C
storage temp. 
APPROX 4°C
form 
Liquid
color 
Colorless, pale
Water Solubility 
Insoluble
Merck 
13,9233
BRN 
1710115
CAS DataBase Reference
13071-79-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
FDA UNII
M83BN0F8R9
NCI Drug Dictionary
Contrave
NIST Chemistry Reference
Phosphorodithioic acid, s-[(tert-butylthio)methyl] o,o-diethyl ester(13071-79-9)
EPA Substance Registry System
Terbufos (13071-79-9)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Symbol(GHS) 
GHS06,GHS09
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H300+H310-H410
Precautionary statements  P273-P280-P301+P310+P330-P302+P352+P310-P391-P501
Hazard Codes  T+;N,N,T+
Risk Statements  27/28-50/53
Safety Statements  36/37-45-60-61
RIDADR  UN 2810
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  TD7200000
HazardClass  6.1(a)
PackingGroup  I
HS Code  29309090
Toxicity LD50 orally in quail: 15 mg/kg (Hill, Camardese)

Terbufos price More Price(2)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 45313 Terbufos PESTANAL 13071-79-9 100mg $16.2 2021-12-16 Buy
TRC T109000 Terbufos 13071-79-9 50mg $130 2021-12-16 Buy

Terbufos Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

Yellowish liquid. Soluble in alcohol, acetone.

Chemical Properties

Terbufos is a colorless to pale yellow liquid.

Uses

Terbufos is used to control soil pests in maize, sugar beet and vegetables and also nematodes in sugar beet and bananas.

Uses

Soil insecticide.

General Description

Technical product is a clear, colorless to pale yellow liquid. Used as a soil insecticide.

Air & Water Reactions

Hydrolyzes under alkaline conditions [EPA, 1998]. Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Organothiophosphates, such as Terbufos, are susceptible to formation of highly toxic and flammable phosphine gas in the presence of strong reducing agents such as hydrides. Partial oxidation by oxidizing agents may result in the release of toxic phosphorus oxides. Terbufos decomposes in the presence of acids or bases .

Hazard

Moderate fire risk. Toxic by ingestion. Cholinesterase inhibitor. Questionable carcinogen.

Health Hazard

Terbufos may be fatal if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed through the skin. Repeated inhalation or skin contact may progressively increase susceptibility to poisoning.

Fire Hazard

This is a liquid organophosphorus pesticide. Fire may produce irritating or poisonous gases. Hydrolyzes under alkaline conditions.

Agricultural Uses

Insecticide, Nematicide: This insecticide and nematicide is applied at planting time to corn, sugar beets, sorghum, maize, cotton, bananas and cabbage. It controls corn rootworms, wireworms, white grubs, maggots, billbugs and nematodes. Some above-ground pests can be controlled when soil has been treated with terbufos. Terbufos has no residential use. Not approved for use in EU countries. A U.S. EPA restricted use Pesticide (RUP).

Trade name

AC 921000®; ARAGRAN®; CONTRAVEN®; COUNTER®; COUNTER 15G SYSTEMIC INSECTICIDE®; PLYDOX®; TERBUROX®

Potential Exposure

A potential danger to those involved in the manufacture, formulation or application of this organophosphate soil insecticide.

Environmental Fate

Soil. Oxidized in soil to its primary and secondary oxidation products, terbufos sul- foxide and terbufos sulfone, respectively (Bowman and Sans, 1982; Chapman et al., 1982; Wei, 1990). Both metabolites were formed due to micobial activity and chemical oxidation (Chapman et al., 1982). Incubation of terbufos (5 μg/g) in a loamy sand containing Nitrosomonas sp. and Nitrobacter sp. gave terbufos sulfoxide and terbufos sulfone as the primary products. After 2 weeks, the sulfoxide increased the bacterial population >55% and the sulfone increased the fungal population at least 66% (Tu, 1980). The half-life in soil is 9–27 days (Worthing and Hance, 1991).
Chemical/Physical. Terbufos and its degradation products terbufos sulfoxide and ter- bufos sulfone followed first-order disappearance in natural, sterilized natural and distilled water at 20°C. In natural and distilled water, the sulfoxide and su

Metabolic pathway

Terbufos is the S-tertiary butyl homologue of phorate (the S-ethyl homolope). Consequently, the compound is more strongly sorbed to soils; however, the metabolism is essentially the same, with activation via thiooxidation and to a lesser degree oxidative desulfuration being the principal mechanisms. The metabolic routes for terbufos biotransformation have mainly been studied in soils where oxidation to the sulfoxide is rapid and further metabolism to the sulfone quite slow. In common with other phosphorodithioate insecticides, the phosphorodithioate moiety is excreted in mammalian urine as diethyl phosphate, O,O-diethyl phosphorothioate and O,O-diethyl phosphorodithioate and in humans the concentrations of these metabolites have been found useful as indicators of exposure to the insecticide.

Metabolism

The metabolic routes of terbufos are essentially the same in plants, animals, and soils, involving the oxidation of the sulfide group into the sulfoxide, then sulfone, and oxidative desulfuration to the corresponding oxons, followed by hydrolysis to diethyl hydrogen phosphorodithioate, phosphorothioate, and phosphate. DT50 in soil is 9–27 d.

Shipping

UN3018 Organophosphorus pesticides, liquid, toxic, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials. UN2783 Organophosphorus pesticides, solid, toxic, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials. UN2810 Toxic liquids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

Toxicity evaluation

The acute oral LD50 for rats is 1.6mg/kg. Inhalation LC50 (4 h) for rats is 1.2–6.1 μg/L air. ADI is 0.2 μg/kg b.w.

Degradation

Terbufos is hydrolysed in strong alkalis (pH>9) and acids (pH﹤2) (PM). Terbufos disappeared rapidly when incubated in distilled water (pH 5.9), natural water (pH 8.7) and sterilised natural water (pH 8.75) with DT50 values of 3.3, 3.2 and 3.5 days, respectively. Terbufos was not converted into the sulfoxide (2) or the sulfone (3) under these conditions. The actual products of hydrolysis were not identified. Terbufos sulfoxide (2) and sulfone (3) were ten to one hundred times more stable than terbufos under the same conditions and there was evidence that, in contrast to terbufos, the hydrolysis was pH dependent (Bowman and Sans, 1982).

Incompatibilities

Organophosphates are susceptible to formation of highly toxic and flammable phosphine gas in the presence of strong reducing agents such as hydrideds and active metals. Partial oxidation by oxidizing agents may result in the release of toxic phosphorus oxides. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Strong oxidizers may cause release of toxic phosphorus oxides. Organophosphates, in the presence of strong reducing agents, such as hydrides, may form highly toxic and flammable phosphine gas. Keep away from alkaline materials.

Waste Disposal

In accordance with 40CFR165 recommendations for the disposal of pesticides and pesticide containers. Must be disposed properly by following package label directions or by contacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contacting your regional EPA office.

Terbufos Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

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