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tert-Butylisocyanate structure
Chemical Name:
t-C4H9NCO;T-BUTYL ISOCYANATE;Tertbuty Isocyanate;left-Butyl isocyanate;TERT-BUTYL ISOCYANATE;Isocyanatobutanegem.DWCP;TERT-BUTYL ISOCYANATE 98%;tert-Butyl isocyanate,97%;1,1-dimethylethylisocyanate;2-isocyanato-2-methyl-propan
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

tert-Butylisocyanate Properties

Melting point:
Boiling point:
85-86 °C(lit.)
0.868 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.386(lit.)
Flash point:
24 °F
storage temp. 
Clear colorless
Moisture Sensitive
CAS DataBase Reference
1609-86-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Propane, 2-isocyanato-2-methyl-(1609-86-5)
EPA Substance Registry System
Propane, 2-isocyanato-2-methyl-(1609-86-5)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F,T+,T
Risk Statements  11-14-22-26-34-37-42-36/37/38-23/24/25-10
Safety Statements  16-26-36/37/39-45-43-30-7/9
RIDADR  UN 2484 6.1/PG 1
WGK Germany  3
HazardClass  6.1
PackingGroup  I
HS Code  29291090
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction Sensitisation, Skin Category 1 Warning P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H330 Fatal if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 1, 2 Danger P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H334 May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled Sensitisation, respiratory Category 1 Danger P261, P285, P304+P341, P342+P311,P501
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P284 Wear respiratory protection.
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P320 Specific treatment is urgent (see … on this label).
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.

tert-Butylisocyanate price More Price(3)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 144452 tert-Butyl isocyanate 97% 1609-86-5 5g $26 2018-11-20 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 144452 tert-Butyl isocyanate 97% 1609-86-5 25g $75.6 2018-11-20 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 144452 tert-Butyl isocyanate 97% 1609-86-5 100g $269 2018-11-20 Buy

tert-Butylisocyanate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

Clear colorless liquid

Chemical Properties

A clear, colorless, flammable liquid. Pungent odor.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with a pungent odor. Flash point 68°F. Very toxic by ingestion, may also be toxic by skin absorption and inhalation. Vapors heavier than air. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Vapors heavier than air. Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. May react with water to produce a toxic vapor. Very slowly decomposed by water.

Reactivity Profile

tert-Butylisocyanate can react exothermically with amines, aldehydes, alcohols, alkali metals, ketones, mercaptans, strong oxidizing agents, hydrides, phenols, and peroxides. May undergo polymerization with acids and bases. May react with water to form tert-butylamine and carbon dioxide. Base-catalysed reactions of isocyanates with alcohols should be carried out in inert solvents. Such reactions in the absence of solvents often occur with explosive violence [Wischmeyer 1969].

Health Hazard

TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Bromoacetates and chloroacetates are extremely irritating/lachrymators. Reaction with water or moist air will release toxic, corrosive or flammable gases. Reaction with water may generate much heat that will increase the concentration of fumes in the air. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.

Fire Hazard

HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors and sewers explosion hazards. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Substance will react with water (some violently) releasing flammable, toxic or corrosive gases and runoff. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water.

Potential Exposure

tert-Butyl isocyanate is used as a reagent in organic synthesis; used as intermediates in production of pharmaceuticals and other chemicals

First aid

Move victim to fresh air. Call 911 or emergency medical service. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; give artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin. Keep victim warm and quiet. Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion or skin contact) to substance may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy


UN2484 tert-Butyl isocyanate, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1—Poison Inhalation Hazard, 3—Flammable liquid. Inhalation Hazard Zone A. PGI

Purification Methods

It is LACHRYMATORY and TOXIC, and should have IR with 2251 (CN) cm-1 and no OH bands. The NMR should have one band at 1.37 ppm from TMS. Purify it by fractional distillation under reduced pressure. [Greene & Bergmark J Org Chem 36 3056 1971, Curtius J Prakt Chem 125 152 1930, Beilstein 4 IV 669.]


Highly flammable liquid and vapor; forms explosive mixture with air. Isocyanates are highly flammable and reactive with many compounds, even with themselves. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Reaction with moist air, water or alcohols may form amines and insoluble polyureas and react exothermically, releasing toxic, corrosive or flammable gases, including carbon dioxide; and, at the same time, may generate a violent release of heat increasing the concentration of fumes in the air. Incompatible with amines, aldehydes, alkali metals, ammonia, carboxylic acids, caprolactum, alkaline materials, glycols, ketones, mercaptans, hydrides, organotin catalysts, phenols, strong acids, strong bases, strong reducing agents such as hydrides, urethanes, ureas. Elevated temperatures or contact with acids, bases, tertiary amines, and acyl-chlorides may cause explosive polymerization. Attacks some plastics, rubber and coatings. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors

Waste Disposal

Dispose of contents and container to an approved waste disposal plant. Use a licensed professional waste disposal service to dispose of this material. Caution: this chemical is highly flammable with a very low flash point (23.5C). Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

tert-Butylisocyanate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

tert-Butylisocyanate Suppliers

Global( 154)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 21930 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 20680 55
Shanghai Time Chemicals CO., Ltd.
+86-021-57951555 CHINA 1367 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32457 55
+86-571-8723 8903
+86-571-87063838 CHINA 998 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 (0)592-605 1114 CHINA 6374 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 20516 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51861608;;; CHINA 23982 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-188-71490254 CHINA 20094 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
+86 531 8582 1093 CHINA 4660 58

View Lastest Price from tert-Butylisocyanate manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-08-16 tert-Butylisocyanate
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 98% 500kg career henan chemical co
2018-08-15 tert-Butylisocyanate
US $1.00 / KG 1G 98% 100KG career henan chemical co

tert-Butylisocyanate Spectrum

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