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3-Nitrotoluene

3-Nitrotoluene
3-Nitrotoluene structure
CAS No.
99-08-1
Chemical Name:
3-Nitrotoluene
Synonyms
MNT;3NT;MAD6;MXD6;nsc9578;3-Nitrotol;3-Nitrotoluol;m-Nitrotoluol;m-nitro-toluen;3-NITROTOLUENE
CBNumber:
CB7854761
Molecular Formula:
C7H7NO2
Formula Weight:
137.14
MOL File:
99-08-1.mol

3-Nitrotoluene Properties

Melting point:
15 °C
Boiling point:
230-231 °C(lit.)
Density 
1.157 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
4.73 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 50.2 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.541(lit.)
Flash point:
215 °F
storage temp. 
2-8°C
solubility 
0.419g/l
form 
Liquid
color 
Clear yellow to yellow-brownish
explosive limit
2.2%(V)
Water Solubility 
insoluble
Merck 
14,6650
BRN 
1906910
Stability:
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with reducing agents, strong oxidizing agents, strong bases.
CAS DataBase Reference
99-08-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Benzene, 1-methyl-3-nitro-(99-08-1)
EPA Substance Registry System
Benzene, 1-methyl-3-nitro-(99-08-1)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • NFPA
Hazard Codes  T,F,Xn
Risk Statements  23/24/25-33-51/53-36/37/38-11-36-20/21/22
Safety Statements  36/37-45-61-37-28A-27-16-26
RIDADR  UN 1664 6.1/PG 2
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  XT2975000
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  6.1
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  29042000
Hazardous Substances Data 99-08-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H301 Toxic if swalloed Acute toxicity,oral Category 3 Danger P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H311 Toxic in contact with skin Acute toxicity,dermal Category 3 Danger P280, P302+P352, P312, P322, P361,P363, P405, P501
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H320 Causes eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2B Warning P264, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313
H330 Fatal if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 1, 2 Danger P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H331 Toxic if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 3 Danger P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H332 Harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 4 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child Reproductive toxicity Category 2 Warning P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H371 May cause damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P264, P270, P309+P311, P405,P501
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P314, P501
H401 Toxic to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 2 P273, P501
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 2
Precautionary statements:
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P284 Wear respiratory protection.
P309 IF exposed or if you feel unwell:
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P391 Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

NFPA 704

Diamond Hazard Value Description
1
3 1
Health   3 Short exposure could cause serious temporary or moderate residual injury (e.g. liquid hydrogen, sulfuric acid, calcium hypochlorite, hexafluorosilicic acid)
Flammability   1 Materials that require considerable preheating, under all ambient temperature conditions, before ignition and combustion can occur. Includes some finely divided suspended solids that do not require heating before ignition can occur. Flash point at or above 93.3 °C (200 °F). (e.g. mineral oil, ammonia)
Instability   1 Normally stable, but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures (e.g. propene)
Special  

(NFPA, 2010)

3-Nitrotoluene price More Price(5)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 45986 3-Nitrotoluene analytical standard 99-08-1 250mg $27.6 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich N27314 3-Nitrotoluene 99% 99-08-1 100g $31.1 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical N0274 3-Nitrotoluene >99.0%(GC) 99-08-1 25g $21 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical N0274 3-Nitrotoluene >99.0%(GC) 99-08-1 500g $96 2018-11-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 47241 3-Nitrotoluene solution 1000 μg/mL in acetonitrile, analytical standard 99-08-1 47241 $31.2 2018-11-23 Buy

3-Nitrotoluene Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

yellow-green liquid

Chemical Properties

Nitrotoluene is formed in 3 isomeric forms. The o-and m-forms are yellow liquids or solids. The p-form is a pale yellow crystalline solid. All have weak aromatic odors. The Odor Thresholds are: 0.05 mg/L (o-isomer); 1.74 ppm (m-isomer).

Uses

Organic synthesis.

Definition

ChEBI: A mononitrotoluene carrying a nitro group at position 3.

General Description

Yellow crystals that melt at 59°F to a yellow liquid. Often therefore encountered as a liquid. Flash point 223°F. Boiling point 450°F. Insoluble in water. Toxic by inhalation and ingestion.

Air & Water Reactions

Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

3-Nitrotoluene reacts with sulfuric acid, strong oxidizing agents and reducing agents.

Hazard

Toxic by inhalation, ingestion, skin absorption. Methemoglobinemia. Probable carcinogen.

Health Hazard

INHALATION, INGESTION OR SKIN ABSORPTION: Headache, flushing of face, dizziness, difficult breathing, cyanosis, nausea, vomiting, muscular weakness, increased pulse and respiratory rate, irritability and convulsions. EYES: Slight irrita- tion. SKIN: Slight irritation.

Potential Exposure

The nitrotoluenes are used in the production of toluidines and other dye intermediates. All isomers are used in manufacture of agriculture and rubber chemicals and in various dyes.

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit.

Shipping

UN1664 Nitrotoluenes, (o-; m-; p-), Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

Purification Methods

Dry 3-nitrotoluene over P2O5 for 24hours, then fractionally distil it under reduced pressure. [Clark & Taylor Org. Synth Coll Vol I 415 1941, Beilstein 5 IV 847.]

Incompatibilities

Decomposes on contact with strong oxidizers; strong acids; reducing agents; strong bases; ammonia, amines producing toxic fumes, causing fire and explosion hazard. Heat above 190C may cause explosive decomposition. Attacks some plastics, rubbers, and coatings.

Waste Disposal

Controlled incineration-care must be taken to maintain complete combustion at all times. Incineration of large quantities may require scrubbers to control the emission of nitrogen oxides.

3-Nitrotoluene Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


3-Nitrotoluene Suppliers

Global( 144)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
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3-Nitrotoluene Spectrum


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