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1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene structure
Chemical Name:
ai3-07775;1.2.4-Tric;1,2,4TrichL;Hipochem GM;hostetexl-pec;Hostetex l-pec;Trojchlorobenzen;as-trichlorobenzene;1,2,4-Trichlorobenze;1,2,4-Trichlorbenzol
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene Properties

Melting point:
16 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
214 °C(lit.)
1.454 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
>6 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 40 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.571(lit.)
Flash point:
>230 °F
storage temp. 
water: insoluble
Characteristic aromatic odor
explosive limit
6.6%, 150°F
Water Solubility 
λ: 308 nm Amax: 1.00
λ: 310 nm Amax: 0.50
λ: 350 nm Amax: 0.05
λ: 375-400 nm Amax: 0.01
Henry's Law Constant
0.997 at 20.0 °C (wetted-wall column, ten Hulscher et al., 1992) 1.24, 2.27, 2.58, 3.06, and 3.90 at 2.0, 6.0, 10.0, 18.0, and 25.0 °C, respectively (EPICS-SPME, Dewulf et al., 1999)
Exposure limits
NIOSH REL: TWA ceiling 5 ppm (40 mg/m3); ACGIH TLV: ceiling 5 ppm (adopted).
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Combustible.
EPA Primary Drinking Water Standard
CAS DataBase Reference
120-82-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
EWG's Food Scores
NIST Chemistry Reference
Benzene, 1,2,4-trichloro-(120-82-1)
EPA Substance Registry System
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene (120-82-1)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H400-H225-H301+H311+H331-H370-H411-H302-H315-H410
Precautionary statements  P264-P280g-P301+P312a-P321-P332+P313-P501a-P210-P260-P273-P280-P301+P310-P311-P501-P301+P312+P330
Hazard Codes  Xn,N,Xi,T,F
Risk Statements  22-38-50/53-52/53-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11-51/53
Safety Statements  23-37/39-60-61-45-36/37-16-7
RIDADR  UN 2321 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  DC2100000
Autoignition Temperature 571 °C
Hazard Note  Irritant
HazardClass  6.1
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  29036990
Toxicity LD50 orally in Rabbit: 550 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rat 6139 mg/kg
NFPA 704
2 0

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene price More Price(32)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.21152 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene for synthesis 120-82-1 100 mL $35.06 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 40007 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene solution certified reference material, 5000?μg/mL in methanol 120-82-1 1 mL $48.7 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.21152 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene for synthesis 120-82-1 1 L $56.05 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 132047 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene ReagentPlus , ≥99% 120-82-1 1l $123 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.21152 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene for synthesis 120-82-1 2.5 L $144.3 2021-03-22 Buy

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Trichlorobenzenes (TCBs) are synthetic chemicals that occur in three different isomeric forms. The three chlorinated cyclic aromatic isomers are 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene (1,2,3-TCB), 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene (1,2,4-TCB), and 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene (1,3,5-TCB). 1,2,4-TCB is one of the 188 chemicals designated as a hazardous air pollutant under the Clean Air Act.

Chemical Properties

Colorless, stable liquid; odor similar to that of o-dichlorobenzene. Miscible with most organic solvents and oils; insoluble in water. Combustible.

Chemical Properties

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene is a low-melting solid or liquid with a pleasant, aromatic odor. The Odor Threshold is 1.4 ppm.

Physical properties

Colorless liquid with an odor similar to o-dichlorobenzene. Odor threshold concentration is 1.4 (quoted, Amoore and Hautala, 1983).


Trichlorobenzenes are primarily used as solvents in chemical manufacturing industries. 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene is economically the most important isomer. 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene is used as a solvent in chemical reactions to dissolve oils, waxes, and resins. Furthermore, it is also used as a dye carrier. 1,2,3- Trichlorobenzene is used as an intermediate for pesticides production, pigments, and dyes. 1,3,5-Trichlorobenzene is not marketed commercially and has very limited use as a chemical intermediate. Besides, trichlorobenzenes can also be used as degreasing agents, as septic tanks and drain cleaners, and as an ingredient in wood preservatives and abrasive formulations. Other minor uses include metal work, anticorrosive paint, and corrosion inhibitor in sprays. In the past, mixed isomers of trichlorobenzenes were used to control termites; however, their use has been discontinued.


1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene is a solvent in various organic chemical reactions.


ChEBI: A trichlorobenzene with chloro substituents at positions 1, 2 and 4.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 74, p. 3890, 1952 DOI: 10.1021/ja01135a052

General Description

Colorless liquid or white solid with a sharp chlorobenzene odor. Melting point 16.95°C (62.5°F) .

Reactivity Profile

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene can react vigorously with oxidizing materials . Yields hydrogen chloride and phosgene when heated to decomposition [USCG, 1999].

Health Hazard

Exposures to high concentrations via inhalation are potentially hazardous to the lungs, kidneys and liver. Prolonged or repeated exposures or short exposure to high concentrations via inhalation are potentially hazardous to the lungs, kidneys and liver. Prolonged or repeated exposure to the eyes is likely to result in moderate pain and transient irritation. Prolonged or repeated contact with the skin may result in moderate irritation and possible systemic effects. Ingestion: May cause kidney and liver damage.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion. Moderately toxic by intraperitoneal route. An experimental teratogen. Experimental reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. A slan irritant. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use water, foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS, AROMATIC.

Potential Exposure

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene is used as a dye carrier, herbicide intermediate; a heat transfer medium; a dielectric fluid in transformers; a degreaser; a lubricant; as an industrial chemical; solvent, emulsifier, and as a potential insecticide against termites. The other trichlorobenzene isomers are not used in any quantity.

Environmental Fate

Biological. Under aerobic conditions, biodegradation products may include 1,2-dichlorobenzene, 1,3-dichlorobenzene, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, and carbon dioxide (Kobayashi and Rittman, 1982). A mixed culture of soil bacteria or a Pseudomonas sp. transformed 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene to 2,4,5- and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (Ballschiter and Scholz, 1980). When 1,2,4- trichlorobenzene was statically incubated in the dark at 25 °C with yeast extract and settled domestic wastewater inoculum, significant biodegradation occurred, with gradual acclimation followed by a deadaptive process in subsequent subcultures. At a concentration of 5 mg/L, 54, 70, 59, and 24% losses were observed after 7, 14, 21, and 28-d incubation periods, respectively. At a concentration of 10 mg/L, only 43, 54, 14, and 0% were observed after 7, 14, 21, and 28-d incubation periods, respectively (Tabak et al., 1981). In activated sludge, <0.1% mineralized to carbon dioxide after 5 d (Freitag et al., 1985).
In an enrichment culture derived from a contaminated site in Bayou d’Inde, LA, 1,2,4- trichlorobenzene underwent reductive dechlorination to 1,3- and 1,4-dichlorobenzene at relative molar yields of 4 and 96%, respectively. The maximum dechlorination rate, based on the recommended Michaelis-Menten model, was 4.6 nM/d (Pavlostathis and Prytula, 2000).
Surface Water. Estimated half-lives of 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene (0.5 μg/L) from an experimental marine mesocosm during the spring (8–16 °C), summer (20–22 °C), and winter (3–7 °C) were 22, 11, and 12 d, respectively (Wakeham et al., 1983).
Photolytic. A carbon dioxide yield of 9.8% was achieved when 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene adsorbed on silica gel was irradiated with light (λ >290 nm) for 17 h (Freitag et al., 1985).
Chemical/Physical. The hydrolysis half-life was estimated to be >900 yr (Ellington et al., 1988). At 70.0 °C and pH values of 3.10, 7.11, and 9.77, the hydrolysis half-lives were calculated to be 18.4, 6.6, and 5.9 d, respectively (Ellington et al., 1986).
At influent concentrations of 1.0, 0.1, 0.01, and 0.001 mg/L, the GAC adsorption capacities were 157, 77.6, 38.4, and 19.0 mg/g, respectively (Dobbs and Cohen, 1980).


UN2321 Trichlorobenzenes, liquid, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

Purification Methods

Separate it from a mixture of isomers by washing with fuming H2SO4, then water, drying with CaSO4 and slowly fractionally distilling. [Jensen et al. J Am Chem Soc 81 3303 1959, Beilstein 5 IV 664.]

Toxicity evaluation

The liver is themain target of trichlorobenzenes irrespective of the route of exposure. The mechanisms of liver toxicity induced by these chemicals have not been illustrated. It might involve intermediate arene oxides formed during initial transformation to trichlorophenols. In addition, exposure to 1,2,4-TCB induced porphyria in rats by inducing daminolevulinic acid (ALA) synthetase, a rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of heme, and also heme oxygenase, a ratelimiting enzyme in the degradation of heme synthetase, and therefore increasing heme production.


Reacts violently with oxidants, acids, acid fumes; steam.

Waste Disposal

Incineration, preferably after mixing with another combustible fuel. Care must be exercised to assure complete combustion to prevent the formation of phosgene. An acid scrubber is necessary to remove the halo acids produced.

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene Suppliers

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View Lastest Price from 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2021-10-09 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
US $0.00 / Kg/Bag 1ASSAYS 99% 20ton Hebei Mojin Biotechnology Co., Ltd
2021-07-10 trichlorobenzene
US $63.00 / KG 25KG 99.99% 200ton Hebei Mojin Biotechnology Co., Ltd
2020-01-13 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
US $0.10 / KG 1KG 99.0% 1000 tons Shaanxi Dideu Medichem Co. Ltd

1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene Spectrum

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