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Description References
Chemical Name:
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:


Melting point:
Boiling point:
90-100 °C
0.77 g/mL at 20 °C
vapor density 
2.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
25.8 psi ( 55 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.428
Flash point:
−57 °F
storage temp. 
Store at room temperature.
Specific Gravity
0.715 (20/4℃)
APHA: ≤10
explosive limit
Water Solubility 
Insoluble in water.
λ: 210 nm Amax: 1.00
λ: 220 nm Amax: 0.30
λ: 230 nm Amax: 0.10
λ: 240 nm Amax: 0.05
λ: 260-400 nm Amax: 0.01
Exposure limits
TLV-TWA 300 ppm (~1350 mg/m3) (ACGIH), 75 ppm (~350 mg/m3) (NIOSH); TLV-STEL 400 ppm (ACGIH).
Stable. Extremely flammable. Avoid strong oxidizing agents, all sources of ignition. As a consequence of its low flashpoint, mixtures of this material with air may ignite upon contact with hot surfaces - a naked flame is not required.
EPA Substance Registry System
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • NFPA
Hazard Codes  Xn,T,F,N,F+
Risk Statements  12-65-45-67-51/53-38-11-22-50/53-10-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-46-66-52/53
Safety Statements  62-45-53-61-16-60-23-36/37-24
RIDADR  UN 3295 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  OI6180000
Autoignition Temperature 475 °F
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  I
Hazardous Substances Data 8032-32-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H224 Extremely flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 1 Danger
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways Aspiration hazard Category 1 Danger
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness Specific target organ toxicity,single exposure; Narcotic effects Category 3 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H340 May cause genetic defects Germ cell mutagenicity Category 1A, 1B Danger
H350 May cause cancer Carcinogenicity Category 1A, 1B Danger
H370 Causes damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 2
Precautionary statements:
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

NFPA 704

Diamond Hazard Value Description
1 0
Health   1 Exposure would cause irritation with only minor residual injury (e.g. acetone, sodium bromate, potassium chloride)
Flammability   4 Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal atmospheric pressure and temperature, or is readily dispersed in air and will burn readily. Includes pyrophoric substances. Flash point below room temperature at 22.8 °C (73 °F). (e.g. acetylene, propane, hydrogen gas)
Instability   0 Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water (e.g. helium,N2)

(NFPA, 2010)

PETROLEUM ETHER price More Price(32)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 184519 Petroleum ether ACS reagent 8032-32-4 1l $67.9 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 184519 Petroleum ether ACS reagent 8032-32-4 6x1l $338 2018-11-13 Buy
Alfa Aesar 038985 Petroleum ether 35/60, HPLC Grade 8032-32-4 *4x1L $119 2018-11-16 Buy
Alfa Aesar 038985 Petroleum ether 35/60, HPLC Grade 8032-32-4 1L $48.2 2018-11-16 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 300314 Petroleum ether anhydrous 8032-32-4 100ml $46.1 2018-11-13 Buy

PETROLEUM ETHER Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Petroleum ether, a petroleum distillation fraction, is a mixture of low molecular weight aliphatic hydrocarbons (mostly pentanes and hexanes) with a low boiling range, typically around 30-60oC. Its name is derived from its origin and its ease of evaporation.The majority components include paraffins, olefins, naphthenes, aromatics, and about 10%–40% ethyl alcohol。
Petroleum ether is commonly used as a nonpolar solvent for oils, fats, and waxes. Petroleum ether is used in pharmaceutical industries as a solvent to isolate compounds, e.g. petroleum ether can extract stigmasterol and beta-sitosterol from the aerial parts of Ageratum conyzoides and compounds with immunomodulatory activity from Anacyclus pyrethrum. It is also used as a detergent, a fuel, insecticide, in paints and varnishes, and in photography.


[1] Anjoo Kamboj, Ajay Kumar Saluja (2011) Isolation of Stigmasterol and beta sitosterol from petroleum ether extract of Aerial parts of Ageratum Conyzoides (Asteracea), Inter. J. Pharma. Pharma. Sci.  3, 94-¬96.
[2] Ashton Acton (2011) Advances in Immune System Research and Applications

Chemical Properties

Petroleum ether is a flammable liquid used as a universal solvent and extractant during the processing of different chemicals, like fats, waxes, paints, varnishes, furniture polish thinning, as detergent, and as fuel. The major components include paraffi ns, olefi ns, naphthenes, aromatics, and about 10%–40% ethyl alcohol.

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid with hydrocarbon odour


Thinners in paints and varnish.


Any of a number of narrowboiling-range fractions of petroleum with bp of approximately 93–204C, according to the specific use.


A flammable mixture of hydrocarbons, mainly pentane and hexane, used as a solvent. Note that it is not an ether.


A colourlessvolatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons(not an ether), mainly pentaneand hexane. It boils in the range30–70°C and is used as a solvent.

General Description

Colorless liquid with the odor of gasoline. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Hence floats on water. Also refered to as Varnish Makers & Painters Naphtha. This petroleum fraction is similar to Petroleum Ether (CAS 8030-30-6) but V.M. & P. is a heavier distillate. Flash point ranges from 20° F to 100° F.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

PETROLEUM NAPHTHA, [FLAMMABLE LIQUID LABEL] may be incompatible with strong oxidizing agents like nitric acid. Charring may occur followed by ignition of unreacted material and other nearby combustibles. In other settings, mostly unreactive. Not affected by aqueous solutions of acids, alkalis, most oxidizing agents, and most reducing agents. When heated sufficiently or when ignited in the presence of air, oxygen or strong oxidizing agents, burns exothermically to produce mostly carbon dioxide and water.


Flammable, dangerous fire risk.

Health Hazard

Inhalation of concentrated vapor may cause intoxication. Liquid is not very irritating to skin or eyes but may get into lungs by aspiration.

Health Hazard

The vapors of VM&P solvent are irritant tothe eyes and upper respiratory tract. Suchirritant action in humans may be manifested at an exposure level of 1000 ppm for15 minutes. It is narcotic at high concentrations. The symptoms noted in rats of acuteexposure were loss of coordination as wellas convulsions. The inhalation LC50 value for4-hour exposure in rats is 3400 ppm (NIOSH1986)..

Health Hazard

After acute and prolonged exposures to petroleum ether in work places, occupational workers suffer and demonstrate a variety of health disorder. The symptoms of toxicity include, but are not limited to, erythema, edema, skin peeling, loss of appetite, muscle weakness, paresthesia, CNS depression, peripheral nerve disorders, skin and respiratory irritation, and chemical pneumonia in children. Occupational workers exposed to rubber solvent, varnish, thinner, and petroleum spirits develop skin irritation, respiratory problems, and hematologic effects.

Fire Hazard

Flammable liquid; flash point (closed cup) 14°C (57°F); vapors form explosive mixtures with air within the range 1.2–6.0% by volume in air.

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen. A poison by intravenous route. Mildly toxic by inhalation. Ingestion can cause a burning sensation, vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness, and, in severe cases, pulmonary edema. Inhalation of concentrated vapors can cause intoxication resembling that from alcohol, headache, nausea, coma, and hemorrhage to various vital organs. An eye irritant. A flammable liquid and highly dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, sparks, or oxidizing materials. Explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame. Highly dangerous; keep away from heat or flame. To fight fire, use foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes

Purification Methods

Shake it several times with conc H2SO4, then 10% H2SO4 and concentrated KMnO4 (to remove unsaturated, including aromatic, hydrocarbons) until the permanganate colour persists. Wash it with water, aqueous Na2CO3 and again with water. Dry it with CaCl2 or Na2SO4, and distil it. It can be dried further using CaH2 or sodium wire. Passage through a column of activated alumina, or treatment with CaH2 or sodium, removes peroxides. For the elimination of carbonyl-containing impurities without using permanganate, see n-heptane. These procedures could be used for all fractions of pet ethers. See skellysolve below, p. 178. Rapid purification: Pass it through an alumina column and fractionally distilling, collecting the desired boiling fraction.

PETROLEUM ETHER Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Global( 156)Suppliers
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Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 21954 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 20680 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
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career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 20331 58
Sinopharm Chemical Reagent Co,Ltd. 86-21-63210123
86-21-63290778 86-21-63218885 China 9851 79

View Lastest Price from PETROLEUM ETHER manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 98% 1 career henan chemical co

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