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PETROLEUM ETHER

Description References
PETROLEUM ETHER
PETROLEUM ETHER structure
CAS No.
8032-32-4
Chemical Name:
PETROLEUM ETHER
Synonyms
vm;BENZIN;PETROL;HEXANES;BENZINE;LIGROIN;NAPHTHA;LIGROINE;Hsdb 7177;eum ether
CBNumber:
CB9248175
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
0
MOL File:
Mol file

PETROLEUM ETHER Properties

Melting point:
-40℃
Boiling point:
90-100 °C
Density 
0.77 g/mL at 20 °C
vapor density 
2.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
25.8 psi ( 55 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.428
Flash point:
−57 °F
storage temp. 
Store at room temperature.
form 
Liquid
color 
APHA: ≤10
Specific Gravity
0.715 (20/4℃)
Odor
Gasoline or kerosene
Evaporation Rate
10
explosive limit
8%
Water Solubility 
Insoluble in water.
λmax
λ: 210 nm Amax: 1.00
λ: 220 nm Amax: 0.30
λ: 230 nm Amax: 0.10
λ: 240 nm Amax: 0.05
λ: 260-400 nm Amax: 0.01
Merck 
14,5489
Exposure limits
TLV-TWA 300 ppm (~1350 mg/m3) (ACGIH), 75 ppm (~350 mg/m3) (NIOSH); TLV-STEL 400 ppm (ACGIH).
Stability:
Stable. Extremely flammable. Avoid strong oxidizing agents, all sources of ignition. As a consequence of its low flashpoint, mixtures of this material with air may ignite upon contact with hot surfaces - a naked flame is not required.
Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances
LIGROINE
EPA Substance Registry System
Ligroine (8032-32-4)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Symbol(GHS) 
GHS02,GHS06,GHS08,GHS07,GHS09
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H225-H301+H311+H331-H340-H350-H370-H304-H336-H411-H315-H224
Precautionary statements  P301+P310a-P303+P361+P353-P405-P501a-P201-P210-P280-P308+P311-P370+P378-P403+P235-P261-P273-P301+P310-P331-P308+P313
Hazard Codes  Xn,T,F,N,F+
Risk Statements  12-65-45-67-51/53-38-11-22-50/53-10-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-46-66-52/53
Safety Statements  62-45-53-61-16-60-23-36/37-24
RIDADR  UN 3295 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  OI6180000
Autoignition Temperature 475 °F
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  I
HS Code  27101299
Toxicity LD50 intravenous in mouse: 40mg/kg
NFPA 704
4
1 0

PETROLEUM ETHER price More Price(33)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 184519 Petroleum ether ACS reagent 8032-32-4 1l $71.3 2020-08-18 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 184519 Petroleum ether ACS reagent 8032-32-4 6x1l $342 2019-12-02 Buy
Alfa Aesar 038985 Petroleum ether 35/60, HPLC Grade 8032-32-4 *4x1L $131 2020-06-24 Buy
Alfa Aesar 038985 Petroleum ether 35/60, HPLC Grade 8032-32-4 1L $34.1 2020-06-24 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 24534 Petrol puriss., bp 100-140?°C 8032-32-4 0 $0 2019-12-02 Buy

PETROLEUM ETHER Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Description

Petroleum ether, a petroleum distillation fraction, is a mixture of low molecular weight aliphatic hydrocarbons (mostly pentanes and hexanes) with a low boiling range, typically around 30-60oC. Its name is derived from its origin and its ease of evaporation.The majority components include paraffins, olefins, naphthenes, aromatics, and about 10%–40% ethyl alcohol。
Petroleum ether is commonly used as a nonpolar solvent for oils, fats, and waxes. Petroleum ether is used in pharmaceutical industries as a solvent to isolate compounds, e.g. petroleum ether can extract stigmasterol and beta-sitosterol from the aerial parts of Ageratum conyzoides and compounds with immunomodulatory activity from Anacyclus pyrethrum. It is also used as a detergent, a fuel, insecticide, in paints and varnishes, and in photography.

References

[1] Anjoo Kamboj, Ajay Kumar Saluja (2011) Isolation of Stigmasterol and beta sitosterol from petroleum ether extract of Aerial parts of Ageratum Conyzoides (Asteracea), Inter. J. Pharma. Pharma. Sci.  3, 94-¬96.
[2] Ashton Acton (2011) Advances in Immune System Research and Applications
[3] https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pdfs/77-192c.pdf

Chemical Properties

Petroleum ether is a flammable liquid used as a universal solvent and extractant during the processing of different chemicals, like fats, waxes, paints, varnishes, furniture polish thinning, as detergent, and as fuel. The major components include paraffi ns, olefi ns, naphthenes, aromatics, and about 10%–40% ethyl alcohol.

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid with hydrocarbon odour

Uses

Thinners in paints and varnish.

Definition

Any of a number of narrowboiling-range fractions of petroleum with bp of approximately 93–204C, according to the specific use.

Definition

A flammable mixture of hydrocarbons, mainly pentane and hexane, used as a solvent. Note that it is not an ether.

Definition

A colourlessvolatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons(not an ether), mainly pentaneand hexane. It boils in the range30–70°C and is used as a solvent.

General Description

Colorless liquid with the odor of gasoline. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Hence floats on water. Also refered to as Varnish Makers & Painters Naphtha. This petroleum fraction is similar to Petroleum Ether (CAS 8030-30-6) but V.M. & P. is a heavier distillate. Flash point ranges from 20° F to 100° F.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

PETROLEUM NAPHTHA, [FLAMMABLE LIQUID LABEL] may be incompatible with strong oxidizing agents like nitric acid. Charring may occur followed by ignition of unreacted material and other nearby combustibles. In other settings, mostly unreactive. Not affected by aqueous solutions of acids, alkalis, most oxidizing agents, and most reducing agents. When heated sufficiently or when ignited in the presence of air, oxygen or strong oxidizing agents, burns exothermically to produce mostly carbon dioxide and water.

Hazard

Flammable, dangerous fire risk.

Health Hazard

Inhalation of concentrated vapor may cause intoxication. Liquid is not very irritating to skin or eyes but may get into lungs by aspiration.

Health Hazard

The vapors of VM&P solvent are irritant tothe eyes and upper respiratory tract. Suchirritant action in humans may be manifested at an exposure level of 1000 ppm for15 minutes. It is narcotic at high concentrations. The symptoms noted in rats of acuteexposure were loss of coordination as wellas convulsions. The inhalation LC50 value for4-hour exposure in rats is 3400 ppm (NIOSH1986)..

Health Hazard

After acute and prolonged exposures to petroleum ether in work places, occupational workers suffer and demonstrate a variety of health disorder. The symptoms of toxicity include, but are not limited to, erythema, edema, skin peeling, loss of appetite, muscle weakness, paresthesia, CNS depression, peripheral nerve disorders, skin and respiratory irritation, and chemical pneumonia in children. Occupational workers exposed to rubber solvent, varnish, thinner, and petroleum spirits develop skin irritation, respiratory problems, and hematologic effects.

Fire Hazard

Flammable liquid; flash point (closed cup) 14°C (57°F); vapors form explosive mixtures with air within the range 1.2–6.0% by volume in air.

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen. A poison by intravenous route. Mildly toxic by inhalation. Ingestion can cause a burning sensation, vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness, and, in severe cases, pulmonary edema. Inhalation of concentrated vapors can cause intoxication resembling that from alcohol, headache, nausea, coma, and hemorrhage to various vital organs. An eye irritant. A flammable liquid and highly dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, sparks, or oxidizing materials. Explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame. Highly dangerous; keep away from heat or flame. To fight fire, use foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes

Purification Methods

Shake it several times with conc H2SO4, then 10% H2SO4 and concentrated KMnO4 (to remove unsaturated, including aromatic, hydrocarbons) until the permanganate colour persists. Wash it with water, aqueous Na2CO3 and again with water. Dry it with CaCl2 or Na2SO4, and distil it. It can be dried further using CaH2 or sodium wire. Passage through a column of activated alumina, or treatment with CaH2 or sodium, removes peroxides. For the elimination of carbonyl-containing impurities without using permanganate, see n-heptane. These procedures could be used for all fractions of pet ethers. See skellysolve below, p. 178. Rapid purification: Pass it through an alumina column and fractionally distilling, collecting the desired boiling fraction.

PETROLEUM ETHER Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


PETROLEUM ETHER Suppliers

Global( 249)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
info@dakenchem.com CHINA 21842 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 22625 55
ATK CHEMICAL COMPANY LIMITED
+86 21 5161 9050/ 5187 7795
+86 21 5161 9052/ 5187 7796 ivan@atkchemical.com CHINA 24886 60
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 30039 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 28231 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
86-531-88032799
+86 531 8582 1093 export@haihangchem.com CHINA 10132 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 592-605 1114
sales@amoychem.com CHINA 6371 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
86-13657291602
027-59338440 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 23045 58
Chongqing Chemdad Co., Ltd
+86-13650506873
sales@chemdad.com CHINA 35434 58
CONIER CHEM AND PHARMA LIMITED
86-18523575427
sales@conier.com CHINA 47486 58

View Lastest Price from PETROLEUM ETHER manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2020-04-21 Naphtha
8032-32-4
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 99% 20T Shaanxi Dideu Medichem Co. Ltd
2018-08-06 PETROLEUM ETHER
8032-32-4
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 98% 1 career henan chemical co

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