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Palmitic acid

Description References
Palmitic acid
Palmitic acid structure
CAS No.
57-10-3
Chemical Name:
Palmitic acid
Synonyms
C16;PA900;PamOH;NAA160;A 1600;V 1695;FA 1695;LunacP95;palmitic;Hydrofol
CBNumber:
CB9388222
Molecular Formula:
C16H32O2
Formula Weight:
256.42
MOL File:
57-10-3.mol

Palmitic acid Properties

Melting point:
61-62.5 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
351.5 °C
Density 
0.852 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor pressure 
10 mm Hg ( 210 °C)
refractive index 
1.4273
FEMA 
2832 | PALMITIC ACID
Flash point:
>230 °F
storage temp. 
+15C to +30C
solubility 
chloroform: 0.5 M, clear, colorless
form 
Flakes
color 
White or almost white
Water Solubility 
insoluble
Merck 
14,6996
JECFA Number
115
BRN 
607489
Stability:
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with bases, oxidizing agents, reducing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
57-10-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Hexadecanoic acid(57-10-3)
EPA Substance Registry System
Hexadecanoic acid(57-10-3)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Hazard Codes  Xi
Risk Statements  36-36/38-36/37/38
Safety Statements  26-37/39-36
WGK Germany  -
RTECS  RT4550000
TSCA  Yes
HS Code  29157015
Toxicity LD50 i.v. in mice: 57±3.4 mg/kg (Or, Wretlind)

Palmitic acid price More Price(36)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 27734 Palmitic acid ≥98% palmitic acid basis (GC) 57-10-3 1kg $63.2 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1492007 Palmitic acid United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard 57-10-3 500mg $401 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical P0002 Palmitic Acid >97.0%(GC)(T) 57-10-3 25g $16 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical P0002 Palmitic Acid >97.0%(GC)(T) 57-10-3 500g $27 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar B20322 Palmitic acid, 95% 57-10-3 500g $28.2 2018-11-13 Buy

Palmitic acid Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Description

Palmitic acid is a kind of common saturated fatty acid of a 16-carbon backbone, which is contained in fats and waxes.  It naturally exists in palm oil and palm kernel oil, and can also be found in butter, cheese, milk, meat, cocoa butter, soybean oil and sunflower oil. It can be produced by many kinds of plants and organisms.  It can be used for the production of soap, cosmetics, and industrial mold release agents. It is also a food processing aid. It can also be used to produce cetyl alocohol which is useful in the production of detergents and cosmetics. Recently, it has been also used for the manufacture of a long-acting antipsychotic medication, paliperidone palmitate.

References

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/palmitic_acid#section=Top
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palmitic_acid

Chemical Properties

white chips, crystals or powder

Chemical Properties

Palmitic acid occurs as white crystalline scales with a slight characteristic odor and taste.

Chemical Properties

Palmitic acid is virtually odorless. It is also reported as having a slight characteristic odor and taste. It is a mixture of solid organic acids obtained from fats consisting chiefly of palmitic acid (C16H35O2) with varying amounts of stearic acid (C16H36O2).

Occurrence

Reported found in apple, beef fat, preferments of bread, celery, cheddar cheese, blue cheese, roquefort cheese, other cheeses, roasted cocoa bean, cognac, country cured ham, essential oil of lemon, heated milk, essential oil of sweet orange, pork fat, potato, black tea, tomato, banana, grapefruit juice, cranberry, guava, grapes, melon, papaya, pear, raspberry, strawberry, cinnamon, ginger, saffron, milk powder, fatty fish, chicken, lamb, hop oil, beer, rum, whiskies, grape wines, peanut oil, popcorn, soybean, coconut meat, avocado, cloudberry, plums, beans, mushroom, starfruit, marjoram, fenugreek, mango, tamarind, fig, kelp, cardamom,rice, prickly pear, dill, licorice, sake, buckwheat, corn oil, malt, wort, roasted chicory root, lemon balm, shrimp, crab, clam, scallop, Chinese quince, pawpaw and sweet grass oil.

Uses

Palmitic Acid is a fatty acid which is a mixture of solid organic acids from fats consisting principally of palmitic acid with varying amounts of stearic acid. it functions as a lubricant, binder, and defoaming agent.

Uses

palmitic acid is one of the skin’s major fatty acids produced by the sebaceous glands. In cosmetic preparations, it is used as a formula texturizer. This acid is naturally occurring in allspice, anise, calamus oil, cascarilla bark, celery seed, coffee, tea, and many animal fats and plant oils. It is obtained from palm oil, Japan wax, or Chinese vegetable tallow.

Uses

Palmitic Acid is a common fatty acid found in plants and animals. The body converts excess carbohydrates into Palmitic Acid, thus Palmitic Acid is the first fatty acid produced during fatty acid synt hesis as well as a precursor for longer fatty acids.

Definition

ChEBI: A straight-chain, sixteen-carbon, saturated long-chain fatty acid.

Production Methods

Palmitic acid occurs naturally in all animal fats as the glyceride, palmitin, and in palm oil partly as the glyceride and partly uncombined. Palmitic acid is most conveniently obtained from olive oil after removal of oleic acid, or from Japanese beeswax. Synthetically, palmitic acid may be prepared by heating cetyl alcohol with soda lime to 270°C or by fusing oleic acid with potassium hydrate.

Application

Palmitic acid is mainly used to produce soaps, cosmetics, and release agents. These applications utilize sodium palmitate, which is commonly obtained by saponification of palm oil. To this end, palm oil, rendered from the coconut palm nut, is treated with sodium hydroxide (in the form of caustic soda or lye), which causes hydrolysis of the ester groups. This procedure affords glycerol and sodium palmitate.
Because it is inexpensive and adds texture to processed foods (convenience food), palmitic acid and its sodium salt find wide use including foodstuffs. Sodium palmitate is permitted as a natural additive in organic products.
Hydrogenation of palmitic acid yields cetyl alcohol, which is used to produce detergents and cosmetics.
Recently, a long-acting antipsychotic medication, paliperidone palmitate (marketed as INVEGA Sustenna), used in the treatment of schizophrenia, has been synthesized using the oily palmitate ester as a long-acting release carrier medium when injected intramuscularly. The underlying method of drug delivery is similar to that used with decanoic acid to deliver long-acting depot medication, in particular, neuroleptics such as haloperidol decanoate.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Palmitic acid is used in oral and topical pharmaceutical formulations. Palmitic acid has been used in implants for sustained release of insulin in rats.

Biotechnological Applications

Excess carbohydrates in the body are converted to palmitic acid. Palmitic acid is the first fatty acid produced during fatty acid synthesis and the precursor to longer fatty acids. Palmitate negatively feeds back on acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), which is responsible for converting acetyl-CoA to malonyl-CoA, which in turn is used to add to the growing acyl chain, thus preventing further palmitate generation. In biology, some proteins are modified by the addition of a palmitoyl group in a process known as palmitoylation. Palmitoylation is important for membrane localisation of many proteins.

Safety Profile

A poison by intravenous route. A human skin irritant. Questionable carcinogen with experimental neoplastigenic data. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes

Safety

Palmitic acid is used in oral and topical pharmaceutical formulations and is generally regarded as nontoxic and nonirritant at the levels employed as an excipient. However, palmitic acid is reported to be an eye and skin irritant at high levels and is poisonous by intravenous administration.
LD50 (mouse, IV): 57 mg/kg

storage

The bulk material should be stored in a well-closed container in a cool, dry, place.

Purification Methods

Purify palmitic acid by slow (overnight) recrystallisation from hexane. Some samples are also crystallised from acetone, EtOH or EtOAc. The crystals are kept in air to lose solvent, or are pumped dry of solvent on a vacuum line. [Iwahashi et al. J Chem Soc, Faraday Trans 1 81 973 1985, pK: White J Am Chem Soc 72 1858 1950, Beilstein 2 IV 1157.]

Incompatibilities

Palmitic acid is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents and bases.

Regulatory Status

GRAS listed. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (oral tablets). Included in nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK.

Palmitic acid Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Palmitic acid Suppliers

Global( 306)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
SHANDONG ZHI SHANG CHEMICAL CO.LTD
+86 18953170293
+86 0531-67809011 sales@sdzschem.com CHINA 2995 58
Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86 (0)571-855 867 18
+86 (0)571-858 647 95 sales@capotchem.com China 19918 60
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32447 55
Shanghai Zheyan Biotech Co., Ltd.
18017610038
zheyansh@163.com CHINA 3623 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 30001 58
Chengdu GLP Biotech Co., Ltd
13350802083
scglp@glp-china.com CHINA 1007 58
Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd.
18080483897
maggie@biopurify.com CHINA 2258 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51086038
86-21-51861608 chemwill_asia@126.com;sales@chemwill.com;chemwill@hotmail.com;chemwill@gmail.com CHINA 23980 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 sales@jushengtech.com CHINA 28236 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
86-531-88032799
+86 531 8582 1093 export@haihangchem.com CHINA 8921 58

View Lastest Price from Palmitic acid manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-12-17 Palmitic acid
57-10-3
US $1.00 / kg 1kg 99% 100KG career henan chemical co

Palmitic acid Spectrum


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