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BERYLLIUM HYDROXIDE

BERYLLIUM HYDROXIDE
BERYLLIUM HYDROXIDE structure
CAS No.
13327-32-7
Chemical Name:
BERYLLIUM HYDROXIDE
Synonyms
Be(OH)2;Chebi:35102;berylliumhydrate;Dihydroxyberyllium;BERYLLIUM HYDROXIDE;berylliumdihydroxide;Beryllium dihydoxide;Beryllium(ii) hydroxide;Beryllium(2+) hydroxide;berylliumhydroxide(be(oh)2)
CBNumber:
CB9449796
Molecular Formula:
BeH2O2
Formula Weight:
43.03
MOL File:
13327-32-7.mol

BERYLLIUM HYDROXIDE Properties

Melting point:
105 °C (decomp)
Density 
1.92
form 
amorphous powder or crystals
color 
Colorless, orthorhombic, amorphous powder orcrystals
Water Solubility 
very slightly soluble H2O, dilute alkali; soluble hot NaOH, acids [MER06]
EWG's Food Scores
4
FDA UNII
2X0LRF1T6Q
EPA Substance Registry System
Beryllium hydroxide (Be(OH)2) (13327-32-7)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
RIDADR  1566
HazardClass  6.1(a)
PackingGroup  II
Toxicity LDLo ivn-rat: 3821 mg/kg XEURAQ UR-70,1949

BERYLLIUM HYDROXIDE Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

White powder. Decomposes to the oxide at 138C. Soluble in acids and alkalies; insoluble in water.

Physical properties

Beryllium Hydroxide can be prepared by reacting the oxide with water:
BeO+H2O→Be(OH)2
If heated, it decomposes at 1273°C. Its solubility in water is slight and its solubility product Ksp(H2O) is 6.92×10-22. It is soluble in acids and bases.
Beryllium hydroxide exists in three forms: as a metastable tetragonal crystalline solid (a-Be(OH)2; as a stable orthorhombic crystalline solid (b-Be(OH)2); and in a slightly basic pH, it appears as a slimy, gelatinous substance (Be(OH)42-).

Uses

Beryllium hydroxide is a strategic component concerning the usage of beryllium metal and its compounds in industry. Beryllium hydroxide is the key compound used to prepare a variety of beryllium products.Note that Be(OH)2 is the primary product used to prepare the metal and various beryllium salts.
The largest usage of beryllium hydroxide is to make the oxide or the metal that is used in many industries. The total tonnage is not large but substantial. Beryllium hydroxide is available commercially in large quantities.

Uses

manufacture of beryllium and beryllium oxide.

Definition

beryllium hydroxide: A whitecrystalline compound, Be(OH)2, precipitatedfrom solutions of berylliumsalts by adding alkali. Like the oxide,it is amphoteric and dissolves in excessalkali to give beryllates.

Preparation

Beryllium hydroxide, Be(OH)2, is an amphoteric hydroxide, dissolving in both acids and alkalis. Industrially it is produced as a by-product in the extraction of beryllium metal from the ores, “beryl” and “bertrandite” When alkali is added to beryllium salt solutions, the a-form (a gel) is formed. If this left to stand or boiled the rhombic b-form precipitates. This has the Zn(OH)2 structure with tetrahedral beryllium centers. The alkali dissolution forms a “beryllate”:
2NaOH(aq)+Be(OH)2(solid) → Na2Be(OH)4(aq)
With acids, beryllium salts are formed involving the Be(OH)+ cation. With sulfuric acid, H2SO4:
2Be(OH)2+H2SO4→[Be(OH)]2SO4+ 2H2O
Thus, the probable formula for beryllium hydroxide is Be(OH)OH. However, this has never been reported. Beryllium hydroxide dehydrates completely at 400°C to form a white powder of acid soluble beryllium oxide:
Be(OH)2+ heat → BeO+H2O
Further heating at higher temperature produces acid insoluble BeO.

Hazard

Very toxic.

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen withexperimental carcinogenic and tumorigenic data. Poisonby intravenous route. When heated to decomposition it emitsvery toxic fumes of BeO.

BERYLLIUM HYDROXIDE Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


BERYLLIUM HYDROXIDE Suppliers

Global( 13)Suppliers
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Changsha Jing Kang New Material Technology Co., Ltd. 18874718518
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