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Chemical Name:
R40;R 40;R-40;Artic;CH3Cl;HCC40;freon40;Freon 40;Clorometano;Chlormethan
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:


Melting point:
−97 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
−24.2 °C(lit.)
0.915 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
1.74 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
3796 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
Flash point:
<-30 °F
storage temp. 
water: soluble5.32g/L at 25°C
explosive limit
Exposure limits
TLV-TWA 50 ppm (~105 mg/m3) (ACGIH), 100 ppm (~210 mg/m3) (OSHA); ceiling 100 ppm (MSHA), 200 ppm (OSHA); TLV STEL 100 ppm (ACGIH); carcinogenicity: Animal Inadequate Evidence, Human Inad equate Evidence (IARC).
Stable. May react violently or explosively with interhalogens, magnesium, zinc, potassium, sodium or their alloys. Incompatible with natural rubber and neoprene composites, but does not attack PVA. Highly flammable. May decompose upon exposure to moist air or water.
CAS DataBase Reference
74-87-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • NFPA
Hazard Codes  F+,Xn,T,F
Risk Statements  12-40-48/20-67-66-22-19-38-23/25-11-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-62-63
Safety Statements  9-16-33-29-36-24-45-7-36/37
RIDADR  UN 1993 3/PG 1
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  PA6300000
Autoignition Temperature 1169 °F
HazardClass  2.1
PackingGroup  II
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H220 Extremely flammable gas Flammable gases Category 1 Danger P210, P377, P381, P403
H224 Extremely flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 1 Danger
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H280 Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated Gases under pressure Compressed gas
Liquefied gas
Dissolved gas
Warning P410+P403
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness Specific target organ toxicity,single exposure; Narcotic effects Category 3 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H351 Suspected of causing cancer Carcinogenicity Category 2 Warning P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 Causes damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P314, P501
H420 Harms public health and the environment by destroying ozone in the upper atmosphere Hazardous to the ozone layer Category 1 Warning P502
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P281 Use personal protective equipment as required.
P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P377 Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P403 Store in a well-ventilated place.
P502 Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling

NFPA 704

Diamond Hazard Value Description
2 0
Health   2 Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury (e.g. diethyl ether, ammonium phosphate, iodine)
Flammability   4 Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal atmospheric pressure and temperature, or is readily dispersed in air and will burn readily. Includes pyrophoric substances. Flash point below room temperature at 22.8 °C (73 °F). (e.g. acetylene, propane, hydrogen gas)
Instability   0 Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water (e.g. helium,N2)

(NFPA, 2010)

METHYL CHLORIDE price More Price(7)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 294799 Chloromethane solution 1.0M in diethyl ether 74-87-3 200ml $242 2018-11-20 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 295507 Chloromethane ≥99.5% 74-87-3 1.8kg $533 2018-11-20 Buy
TCI Chemical M2813 Methyl Chloride (ca. 5.7% in Tetrahydrofuran, ca. 1mol/L) 74-87-3 100mL $162 2018-11-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 295507 Chloromethane ≥99.5% 74-87-3 500g $220 2018-11-20 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 339725 Chloromethane solution 1.0M in 74-87-3 200ml $231 2018-11-20 Buy

METHYL CHLORIDE Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

Methyl chloride,CH3CI, is a flammable, narcotic,colorless compressed gas or liquid with a faintly sweet odor.Slightly soluble in water and soluble in alcohol this gas boils at -23.7℃ and freezes at -97.6℃ and is used as a refrigerant, catalyst carrier, and methylating agent. Also known as chloromethane.

Chemical Properties

Methyl chloride is a colorless gas with a faint, sweet odor which is not noticeable at dangerous concentrations. The odor threshold is 10 ppm. Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.


Methyl chloride is used as a refrigerant,as a local anesthetic, as a blowing agentfor polystyrene foams, and as a methylat ing agent in the synthesis of a number ofchemicals of commercial application.


manufacture of silicones, tetramethyleads. Solvent catalyst for butyl rubber. Has been used as a refrigerant.


ChEBI: A one-carbon compound that is methane in which one of the hydrogens is replaced by a chloro group.

General Description

A colorless gas with a faint sweet odor. Shipped as a liquid under its vapor pressure. A leak may either be liquid or vapor. Contact with the liquid may cause frostbite by evaporative cooling. Easily ignited. Vapors heavier than air. Can asphyxiate by the displacement of air. Under prolonged exposure to fire or intense heat the containers may rupture violently and rocket. Used to make other chemicals and as a herbicide.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable.

Reactivity Profile

METHYL CHLORIDE can react vigorously with oxidizing agents. May react explosively with sodium, potassium, sodium-potassium alloy, magnesium, zinc. Reacts with aluminum powder in the presence of catalytic amounts of aluminum chloride to form pyrophoric trimethylaluminum. When heated to decomposition, METHYL CHLORIDE emits highly toxic fumes of chlorine [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 176].


Flammable, dangerous fire risk, explosive limits in air 10.7–17%. Narcotic. Psychic effects. Central nervous system impairment; liver, kidney and testicular damage, and teratogenic effects. Questionable carcinogen.

Health Hazard

Inhalation causes nausea, vomiting, weakness, headache, emotional disturbances; high concentrations cause mental confusion, eye disturbances, muscular tremors, cyanosis, convulsions. Contact of liquid with skin may cause frostbite.

Health Hazard

Inhalation of methyl chloride can produceheadache, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea,vomiting, convulsions, coma, and respiratoryfailure. It is narcotic at high concentrations.Repeated exposures can produce liver and Methyl chloride caused adverse reproduc tive effects in test animals. These includeembryo toxicity, fetal death, developmentalabnormalities, and paternal effects in rats andmice. It tested positive to the histidine rever sion–Ames test for mutagenicity. The car cinogenic properties of this compound havenot been established. The evidence in ani mals and humans is inadequate.

Fire Hazard

Flammable gas, burns with a smoky flame; autoignition temperature 632°C (1170°F). Methyl chloride forms explosive mixtures with air within the range 7.6–19.0% by volume in air. It reacts explosively with alkali metals, potassium, sodium, or lithium; sodium–potassium alloy; and with magnesium, aluminum, or zinc in powder form.

Safety Profile

Suspected carcinogen. Very mildly toxic by inhalation. An experimental teratogen. Other experimental reproductive effects. Human mutation data reported. Human systemic effects by inhalation: convulsions, nausea or vomiting, and unspecified effects on the eye. Methyl chloride has slight irritant properties and may be inhaled without noticeable discomfort. It has some narcotic action, but this effect is weaker than that of chloroform. Acute poisoning, characterized by the narcotic effect, is rare in industry. In exposures to high concentrations, dizziness, drowsiness, incoordination, confusion, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pains, hiccoughs, diplopia, and dimness of vision are followed by delirium, convulsions, and coma. Death may be immediate; however, if the exposure is not fatal, recovery is usually slow. Degenerative changes in the central nervous system are not uncommon. The liver, hdneys, and bone marrow may be affected, with resulting acute nephritis and anemia. Death resulting from degenerative changes in the heart, liver, and especially the kidneys may occur several days after exposure. Repeated exposure to low concentrations causes damage to the central nervous system and, less frequently, to the liver, hdneys, bone marrow, and cardiovascular system. Hemorrhages into the lungs, intestinal tract, and dura have been reported. Sprayed on the skin, chloromethane produces anesthesia through freezing of the tissues as it evaporates. Flammable gas. Very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or powerful oxidizers. Moderate explosion hazard when exposed to flame and sparks. Explodes on contact with interhalogens (e.g., bromine trifluoride, bromine pentafluoride), magnesium and alloys, potassium and alloys, sodium and alloys, zinc. Potentially explosive reaction with aluminum when heated to 152' in a sealed container. Mxtures with aluminum chloride + ethylene react exothermically and then explode when pressurized to above 30 bar. May ignite on contact with aluminum chloride or powdered aluminum. To fight fire, stop flow of gas and use CO2, dry chemical, or water spray. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of Cl-. See also CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS, ALIPHATIC.

Potential Exposure

Methyl chloride is used as a methylating and chlorinating agent in organic chemistry; Used in production of silicones and tetramethyl lead. In petroleum refineries it is used as an extractant for greases, oils, and resins. Methyl chloride is also used as a solvent in the synthetic rubber industry; as a refrigerant; and as a propellant in polystyrene foam production. In the past it has been used as a local anesthetic (freezing). It is an intermediate in drug manufacture.

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. If frostbite has occurred, seek medical attention immediately; do NOT rub the affected areas or flush them with water. In order to prevent further tissue damage, do NOT attempt to remove frozen clothing from frostbitten areas. If frostbite has NOT occurred, immediately and thoroughly wash contaminated skin with soap and water. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy


UN1063 Methyl chloride, or Refrigerant gas R 40, Hazard Class: 2.1; Labels: 2.1-Flammable gas. Cylinders must be transported in a secure upright position, in a well-ventilated truck. Protect cylinder and labels from physical damage. The owner of the compressed gas cylinder is the only entity allowed by federal law (49CFR) to transport and refill them. It is a violation of transportation regulations to refill compressed gas cylinders without the express written permission of the owner

Purification Methods

Bubble methyl chloride through a sintered-glass disc dipped into conc H2SO4, then wash it with water, condense it at low temperature and fractionally distil it. It has been distilled from AlCl3 at -80o. Alternatively, pass it through towers containing AlCl3, soda-lime and P2O5, then condense and fractionally distil it. Store it as a gas. [Beilstein 1 IV 28.]


Violent reaction with chemically active metals, such as potassium, powdered aluminum; zinc, and magnesium. Reaction with aluminum trichloride, ethylene. Reacts with water (hydrolyzes) to form hydrochloric acid. Attacks many metals in the presence of moisture

Waste Disposal

Return refillable compressed gas cylinders to supplier. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform to EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. Controlled incineration with adequate scrubbing and ash disposal facilities

METHYL CHLORIDE Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Global( 97)Suppliers
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