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Lithium chloride

Lithium chloride
Lithium chloride structure
CAS No.
7447-41-8
Chemical Name:
Lithium chloride
Synonyms
LiCl;LITHIUM ION;chlorkulitu;Chlorku litu;Chlorolithium;Lithiumchlorid;Lithium chloride;Lihtium Chloride;99.3,99.0and98,0%;chloruredelithium
CBNumber:
CB9854200
Molecular Formula:
ClLi
Formula Weight:
42.39
MOL File:
7447-41-8.mol

Lithium chloride Properties

Melting point:
605 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
1382°C
Density 
2.06
vapor pressure 
1.33 hPa (547 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.381
Flash point:
-4 °F
storage temp. 
2-8°C
solubility 
H2O: soluble
form 
beads
color 
White to gray
Specific Gravity
2.068
PH
5.5-7.5 (25℃, 50mg/mL in H2O)
Water Solubility 
832 g/L (20 ºC)
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
λmax
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.01
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.01
Merck 
14,5528
Stability:
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, bromine trichloride, bromine trifluoride. Very hygroscopic. Protect from moisture.
InChIKey
KWGKDLIKAYFUFQ-UHFFFAOYSA-M
CAS DataBase Reference
7447-41-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Lithium chloride(7447-41-8)
EPA Substance Registry System
Lithium chloride (LiCl)(7447-41-8)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F,Xn,C,Xi
Risk Statements  11-36/38-22-36/37/38-35-10-36/37-19-63-20/21/22-62-41-40
Safety Statements  26-37/39-36/37/39-16-36-45-33-29-22-36/37
RIDADR  UN 2789 8/PG 2
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  OJ5950000
3-10
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  8
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  28273980
Hazardous Substances Data 7447-41-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 in mice (mg/kg): 990 i.p.; in rats (mg/kg): 600 i.p., 4.8 i.v. (Wielosz).
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H226 Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 3 Warning
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
H351 Suspected of causing cancer Carcinogenicity Category 2 Warning P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child Reproductive toxicity Category 2 Warning P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P314, P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P337+P313 IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

Lithium chloride price More Price(71)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 203637 Lithium chloride powder, ≥99.98% trace metals basis 7447-41-8 10g $77.6 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 203637 Lithium chloride powder, ≥99.98% trace metals basis 7447-41-8 50g $306 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical L0222 Lithium Chloride (2.3% in Tetrahydrofuran, ca. 0.5mol/L) 7447-41-8 100mL $52 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar 010515 Lithium chloride, anhydrous, 99% 7447-41-8 1kg $95.1 2018-11-16 Buy
Alfa Aesar 010515 Lithium chloride, anhydrous, 99% 7447-41-8 5kg $419 2018-11-16 Buy

Lithium chloride Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

White cubic crystals; granules or powder; hygroscopic; sharp salt-like taste; refractive index 1.662; density 2.068 g/cm3; melts at 605°C; vaporizes around 1,360°C; readily dissolves in water (64g/100mL at 0°C); also highly soluble in alcohol and pyridine; moderately soluble in acetone (4.1 g/100mL at 25°C).
It dehumidifies air for industrial drying and for air conditioning. Lithium chloride bums with a chrims on flame and is used in pyrotechnics. It is also used as a pyrotechnic in welding and brazing fluxes.

Uses

manufacture of mineral waters; in pyrotechnics; soldering aluminum; in refrigerating machines.

Definition

ChEBI: A metal chloride salt with a Li(+) counterion.

Preparation

Lithium chloride may be prepared by reaction of lithium carbonate or lithium hydroxide with hydrochloric acid followed by crystallization:
Li2CO3+ 2HCl →2LiCl + CO2+ H2O LiOH + HCl →LiCl + H2O
Crystallization above 95°C yields anhydrous salt. Hot solution upon cooling forms crystals of monohydrate, LiCl.H2O.
Lithium chloride can be synthesized from its elements by heating lithium metal with chlorine gas. It also may be obtained from natural brine.

General Description

Colorless crystals or powder. Low toxicity.

Air & Water Reactions

Very hygroscopic. Very soluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

These materials have weak oxidizing or reducing powers. Redox reactions can however still occur. For example, CO2, which is often regarded as chemically inert, vigorously oxidizes the strong reducing agent Mg if the two are heated together. The majority of compounds in this class are slightly soluble or insoluble in water. If soluble in water, then the solutions are usually neither strongly acidic nor strongly basic. These compounds are not water-reactive. Some do react with acids: carbonates generate carbon dioxide and heat when treated with acids; fluorides, sulfites and sulfides generate toxic gases (hydrogen fluoride, sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide, respectively) when treated with acids.

Fire Hazard

Flash point data for Lithium chloride are not available. Lithium chloride is probably combustible.

Safety Profile

Human poison by ingestion. Experimental poison by intravenous and intracerebral routes. Moderately toxic by subcutaneous and intraperitoneal routes. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Human systemic effects by ingestion: somnolence, tremors, nausea or vomiting. An eye and severe skin irritant. Human mutation data reported. Questionable carcinogen with experimental neoplastigenic data. This material has been recommended and used as a substitute for sodwm chloride in "saltfree" diets, but cases have been reported in which the ingestion of lithium chloride has produced dminess, ringing in the ears, visual disturbances, tremors, and mental confusion. In most cases, the symptoms disappeared when use was discontinued. Prolonged absorption may cause disturbed electrolyte balance, impaired renal function. Reaction is violent with BrF3. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. Used for dehumidification in the air conditioning industry. Also used to obtain lithum metal. See also LITHIUM COMPOUNDS.

Purification Methods

Crystallise it from water (1mL/g) or MeOH and dry it for several hours at 130o. Other metal ions can be removed by preliminary crystallisation from hot aqueous 0.01M disodium EDTA. It has also been crystallised from conc HCl, fused in an atmosphere of dry HCl gas, cooled under dry N2 and pulverised in a dry-box. Kolthoff and Bruckenstein [J Am Chem Soc 74 2529 1952] precipitated it with ammonium carbonate, washed it with Li2CO3 five times by decantation and finally with suction, then dissolved it in HCl. The LiCl solution is evaporated slowly with continuous stirring in a large evaporating dish, the dry powder being stored (while still hot) in a desiccator over CaCl2.

Lithium chloride Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Lithium chloride Suppliers

Global( 282)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Qingdao Hongjin Trading Co., Ltd.
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Jinan Finer Chemical Co., Ltd
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View Lastest Price from Lithium chloride manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-08-10 Lithium chloride
7447-41-8
US $20.10 / KG 1000KG 98.5% 20T career henan chemical co

Lithium chloride Spectrum


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