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次亜塩素酸ナトリウム

次亜塩素酸ナトリウム 化学構造式
7681-52-9
CAS番号.
7681-52-9
化学名:
次亜塩素酸ナトリウム
别名:
次亜塩素酸ナトリウム;次亜塩素酸ソーダ;次亜塩素酸ソ-ダ;アンチホルミン(有効塩素:5.0%以上);次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液(有効塩素5.0%以上);デーキンシエキ;漂白液;ミルトン;ラバラック氏液;クロロナイトロンエキ;次素酸ナトリウム;アンチホルミン(次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液);ショウクロン;次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液;次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液 10%;次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液 12%;次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液12%(ショウクロン);次亜塩素酸ナトリウム (水溶液);次亜塩素酸ナトリウム SOLUTION REAGENT GRADE,AVAILABLE CHLORINE 10-15 %;次亜塩素酸ナトリウム SOLUTION REAGENT GRADE,AVAILABLE CHLORINE 4.00-4.99 %
英語化学名:
Sodium hypochlorite
英語别名:
javex;naocl;milton;purinb;clorox;deosan;chloros;chlorox;klorocin;parozone
CBNumber:
CB1705333
化学式:
ClNaO
分子量:
74.44
MOL File:
7681-52-9.mol

次亜塩素酸ナトリウム 物理性質

融点 :
-16 °C
沸点 :
111 °C
比重(密度) :
1.25 g/mL at 20 °C
蒸気圧:
17.5 mmHg ( 20 °C)
屈折率 :
1.3870
貯蔵温度 :
2-8°C
外見 :
Solution
色:
Light yellow
比重:
1.209
水溶解度 :
decomposes.
Merck :
14,8628
安定性::
Stable. Contact with acids releases poisonous gas ( chlorine ). Light sensitive. Incompatible with strong acids, amines, ammonia, ammonium salts, reducing agents, metals, aziridine, methanol, formic acid, phenylacetonitrile.
CAS データベース:
7681-52-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Hypochlorous acid, sodium salt(7681-52-9)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  C,Xi,N
Rフレーズ  31-34-36/38-36/37/38-50
Sフレーズ  26-36/37/39-45-50A-28A-36-61-50-28
RIDADR  UN 1791 8/PG 3
WGK Germany  2
RTECS 番号 NH3486300
TSCA  Yes
国連危険物分類  8
容器等級  III
HSコード  28289000
有毒物質データの 7681-52-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 Skin contact with the solid hypochlorite pentahydrate or its concentrated solution can cause irritation. Ingestion may cause corrosion of mucous membranes and gastric perforation.
化審法 一般化学物質
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H314 重篤な皮膚の薬傷?眼の損傷 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 1A, B, C 危険 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 重篤な眼の損傷 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 1 危険 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H400 水生生物に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、急性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
H401 水生生物に毒性 水生環境有害性、急性毒性 2 P273, P501
注意書き
P273 環境への放出を避けること。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P301+P330+P331 飲み込んだ場合:口をすすぐこと。無理に吐かせ ないこと。
P303+P361+P353 皮膚(または髪)に付着した場合:直ちに汚染された衣 類をすべて脱ぐこと/取り除くこと。皮膚を流水/シャワー で洗うこと。
P305+P351+P338 眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。
P310 ただちに医師に連絡すること。
P405 施錠して保管すること。

次亜塩素酸ナトリウム 価格 もっと(15)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01W0119-0221 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム 4.0+% (as Cl) (Titration)
Sodium Hypochlorite 4.0+% (as Cl) (Titration)
7681-52-9 500mL ¥900 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ALF033369
Sodium hypochlorite, 11-15% available chlorine
7681-52-9 500g ¥15300 2018-12-26 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 37194-01 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液(有効塩素5.0%以上) >5.0%(as available chlorine)(T)
Sodium hypochlorite solution >5.0%(as available chlorine)(T)
7681-52-9 500mL ¥1100 2018-12-13 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 239305 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム 溶液 reagent grade, available chlorine 4.00-4.99?%
Sodium hypochlorite solution reagent grade, available chlorine 4.00-4.99?%
7681-52-9 25ml ¥6100 2018-12-25 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 239305 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム 溶液 reagent grade, available chlorine 4.00-4.99?%
Sodium hypochlorite solution reagent grade, available chlorine 4.00-4.99?%
7681-52-9 500ml ¥7800 2018-12-25 購入

次亜塩素酸ナトリウム 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

無~淡緑黄色の液体

溶解性

水及びエタノールと任意の割合で混和する。

用途

漂白剤等としての食品添加物。

用途

塩素標準液、無機及び有機合成原料、酸化剤、漂白剤、殺菌剤等。

用途

繊維?パルプの漂白,水処理,医薬,食品添加物,殺菌剤(失効農薬)

効能

殺菌消毒薬

商品名

アンチホルミン (日本歯科薬品); キャナルクリーナー (ビーブランド・メディコーデンタル); テキサント (シオエ製薬); ネオクリーナー (ネオ製薬工業); ハイポライト (サンケミファ); ヤクラックス (ヤクハン製薬); ヤクラックス (ヤクハン製薬); ヤクラックス (ヤクハン製薬); ヤクラックス (ヤクハン製薬); ヤクラックス (ヤクハン製薬); 次亜塩 (吉田製薬); 次亜塩 (吉田製薬); 次亜塩 (吉田製薬); 次亜塩 (吉田製薬); 次亜塩 (吉田製薬)

使用上の注意

酸と混合すると塩素を発生する。異なる容器に移し替えた場合はその容器を密栓しないこと。保存中内圧がかかって破裂することがある。当社製品そのままの容器では安全である。

化学的特性

Sodium hypochlorite, NaOCl, is an air-unstable,pale green crystalline solid that is soluble in cold water, decomposes in hot water, and has a sweet aroma. It generally is available in one of two strengths. The household liquid bleach contains about 5.25 wt% NaCIO. The commercial product(sometimes called 15% bleach) contains 150g/L available chlorine. This is equivalent to about 13 wt% sodium hypochlorite. Sodium hypochlorite is used as a bleaching agent for paper pulp and textiles, as an oxidizing reagent, as a disinfectant, as a chemical intermediate,and in medicines.
The hypochlorite ion (OCI-) is similar to wet chlorine gas in its effects on materials. Not many metals exhibit good resistance even at low temperatures and concentrations. Because hypochlorite solutions are unstable at neutral and lower pHs,they normally contain excess alkali,which modifies the aggressiveness somewhat.

化学的特性

Anhydrous sodium hypochlorite explodes; the pentahydrate is a pale-green 870 SODIUM HYPOCHLORITEcrystalline solid; orthorhombic structure; density 1.6 g/cm3; melts at 18°C; decomposed by CO2 in the air; soluble in water, 29.3 g/100 mL at 0°C; the aqueous solution is highly stable.

来歴

Sodium hypochlorite exists as an aqueous solution from 5 15% NaOCl and is commonly called bleach. Household bleach is typically a 5.25% solution, and industrial bleach is sold as a 12% solution. When sodium hypochlorite is used in this entry, it is assumed to be the aqueous solution, which is clear, slightly yellow, corrosive, and has a distinctive chlorine smell. Chorine gas was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1742 1786) in 1774 and known initially as depholgisticated salt spirit. In 1787, the French chemist Claude Louis Berthollet (1749 1822) experimented with aqueous solution of chlorine gas as bleaching agents. Based on Berthollet's work, the Javel Company located on the outskirts of Paris began to produce bleaches in 1788. Chlorine gas was dissolved in a solution of soda potash (potassium carbonate) to obtain a product called liqueur de Javel, which was potassium hypochlorite. Potash treated with chlorine gas was also used to produce bleaching powders. In 1820, Antoine Germaine Labarraque (1777 1850), an apothecary, substituted cheaper soda ash (sodium carbonate) for potash to produce Eau de Labarraque or Labarraque solution, which was sodium hypochlorite. Eau de Labarraque was used as a disinfectant and to bleach paper. Bleaching powders, borax, lye, and blueing were used as bleaches throughout the 19th century.
Sodium hypochlorite is the primary hypochlorite used as a bleach and disinfectant, accounting for 83% of world hypochlorite use, with calcium hypochlorite accounting for the remaining 17%. Approximately 1 million tons of sodium hypochlorite was used globally in 2005, with about half this amount used in households for laundry bleaching and disinfection. The other half was used primarily for wastewater and drinking water treatment; other uses include pool sanitation, bleaching of pulp, paper, and textiles, and as an industrial chemical.

使用

NaOCl is a strong oxidizer used in swimming pools, and when diluted to 5.25%, it is known as the laundry bleach Clorox.

使用

Aq solution as bleach, disinfectant; chlorination of swimming pools; sanitation of drinking water.

使用

Sodium hypochlorite is marketed only as an aqueous solution because the anhydrous solid is highly unstable and can explode. The solid pentahydrate also is unstable in air, decomposed by reaction with carbon dioxide from air. Aqueous solutions are very stable. They are used for bleaching textiles and paper pulp; in cleaning solutions; in water purification; as a disinfectant for swimming pools; and as a germicide and topical antiinfective. The hypochlorite also is used as an oxidizing agent in many preparative reactions. It is an ingredient of commercial bleaching products such as Clorox and Dazzle.

製造方法

Sodium hypochlorite solution is obtained by passing chlorine into sodium hydroxide solution. The pentahydrate is obtained by crystallization.

定義

ChEBI: An inorganic sodium salt in which hypochlorite is the counterion.

一般的な説明

Green to yellow watery liquid with an odor of bleaching liquid odor. Sinks and mixes with water.

空気と水の反応

Water soluble. Decomposes into chlorine and oxygen gases in hot water.

反応プロフィール

Salts of hypochlorous acid, HClO. Generally toxic, irritants and powerful oxidizers, particularly in the presence of water at higher temperature as they decompose to release oxygen and chlorine gases. On contact with urea they form the highly explosive NCl3 . When heated or on contact with acids, they produce highly toxic fumes of chlorine gas [Sax, 9th ed., 1996, p. 1905]. Can react with sulfuric acid to produce heat and chlorine gas.

危険性

Fire risk in contact with organic materials. Toxic by ingestion, strong irritant to tissue.

健康ハザード

Liquid can be irritating to skin and eyes if contact is maintained.

火災危険

Behavior in Fire: May decompose, generating irritating chlorine gas.

副作用

Sodium hypochlorite, commonly known as bleach, may be used as a disinfectant solution. It is a strong irritant; however, isolated reports of CoU to sodium hypochlorite exist. The mechanism for the Cou is uncertain.
Hostynek et al. describe a 36-year-old woman who developed an intensely pruritic maculopapular rash to a hypochlorite-containing cleaning product that she spilled on her leg. The rash progressed to involve her trunk and extremities and was associated with teary eyes, dyspnea, and facial edema. There was a history of a previous sensitizing event, and open testing to 1% sodium hypochlorite produced an immediate urticarial reaction. The authors suggest that this could be due to an immunological mechanism given the generalized symptoms; however, no confirmatory testing was performed and the potential of sodium hypochlorite to cause nonimmunologic Cou was evident with four of 10 controls experiencing a wheal-and-flare reaction to open application of 6% sodium hypochlorite.
Caliskan et al. described a 32-year-old female who developed severe lip edema and breathing difficulty after using a sodium hypochlorite irrigation during endodontic treatment. A scratch test to sodium hypochlorite resulted in immediate erythema and edema that began to extend up the patient’s arm. She also had a history of breathing difficulties and had developed dermatitis from her hands to elbows with the use of household cleaning agents.
Neering reported on a patient who had experienced intermittent Cou to chlorinated pools and contact with a cleansing agent containing sodium hypochlorite. A scratch test to chlorinated water was strongly positive in this patient, but negative in five controls, and closed patch testing to sodium hypochlorite was strongly positive at three hours.

安全性プロファイル

Mddly toxic by ingestion. Human systemic effects by ingestion: somnolence, blood pressure lowering, corrosive to skin, nausea or vomiting. Human mutation data reported. An eye irritant. Corrosive and irritating by ingestion and inhalation. The anhydrous salt is highly explosive and sensitive to heat or friction. Explosive reaction with formic acid (at So), phenylacetonitrile. Reacts to form explosive products with amines, ammonium salts (e.g., ammonium acetate, (NH4)2CO3, ammonium nitrate, ammonium oxalate, (NH4)3P04), aziridme, methanol. Violent reaction with phenyl acetonitrile, cellulose, ethyleneimine. Solutions in water are storage hazards due to oxygen evolution. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NaaO and Cl-. Used as a bleach.

次亜塩素酸ナトリウム 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


次亜塩素酸ナトリウム 生産企業

Global( 289)Suppliers
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Shanghai Bojing Chemical Co., Ltd 13681836088
021-37597788 bj@bj-chem.com China 466 58

7681-52-9(次亜塩素酸ナトリウム)キーワード:


  • 7681-52-9
  • SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE SOLUTION, 10-13% AVAILABLE CHLORINESODIUM HYPOCHLORITE SOLUTION, 10-13% AVAILABLE CHLORINESODIUM HYPOCHLORITE SOLUTION, 10-13% AVAILABLE CHLORINE
  • diversolbx
  • epapesticidechemicalcode014703
  • hospitalmilton
  • hyclorite
  • hypochloritedesodium
  • hypochloritesolutioncontaining>7%avaliablechlorinebywt.(un1791)
  • Hypochlorousacid,sodiumsalt
  • hyposanandvoxsan
  • javex
  • klorocin
  • milton
  • miltoncrystals
  • naocl
  • neo-cleaner
  • neoseptalcl
  • parozone
  • purinb
  • sodiumchlorideoxide
  • sodiumhypochlorite(bleach)
  • sodiumhypochlorite(solution,active
  • sodiumhypochlorite(solution,activechlorine<
  • LIQUID CHLORINE
  • HYPOCHLORITE
  • ANTIFORMIN
  • Sodium hypschlorite solution
  • Chlorine liquid
  • SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE SOLUTION CA.10% TEC&
  • SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE SOLUTION REAGENT &
  • SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE SOLUTION MIN. 10 % C L ACTIVE
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム
  • 次亜塩素酸ソーダ
  • 次亜塩素酸ソ-ダ
  • アンチホルミン(有効塩素:5.0%以上)
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液(有効塩素5.0%以上)
  • デーキンシエキ
  • 漂白液
  • ミルトン
  • ラバラック氏液
  • クロロナイトロンエキ
  • 次素酸ナトリウム
  • アンチホルミン(次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液)
  • ショウクロン
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液 10%
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液 12%
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液12%(ショウクロン)
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム (水溶液)
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム SOLUTION REAGENT GRADE,AVAILABLE CHLORINE 10-15 %
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム SOLUTION REAGENT GRADE,AVAILABLE CHLORINE 4.00-4.99 %
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液 アンチホルミン
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム(ツルクロンスーパー)
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム溶液(有効塩素約10%)
  • ハイポ-クロール, 5.25%, 滅菌済
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム 溶液
  • 次亜塩素酸ソーダ, 11-15% available chlorine
  • 次亜塩素酸ナトリウム (JAN)
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