ChemicalBook
Chinese english Germany Korea

ヘキサン

ヘキサン 化学構造式
110-54-3
CAS番号.
110-54-3
化学名:
ヘキサン
别名:
n-ヘキサン;ヘキサン (HPLC用);ヘキサン (無水);ヘキサン [流動パラフィン試験用];スケリソルブB;ノルマルヘキサン;ノルマル-ヘキサン;ジプロピル;正ヘキサン;ビプロピル;ヘキサン(脱水);nヘキサン;ヘキサン(n-〃);ヘキサン [GC用標準物質];ヘキサン [高速液体クロマトグラフィー用];ヘキサン [吸光分析用];ノルマル‐ヘキサン;N‐ヘキサン;ヘキサン(脱水) ‐SUPER‐;ヘキサン FRACTION DIST.,1 L
英語化学名:
Hexane
英語别名:
Esani;OXFORD;Heksan;HEXANE;Hexanen;n-C6H14;n-Hexan;HEXANES;dipropyl;Bipropyl
CBNumber:
CB1852811
化学式:
C6H14
分子量:
86.18
MOL File:
110-54-3.mol

ヘキサン 物理性質

融点 :
-95 °C
沸点 :
68.95 °C(lit.)
比重(密度) :
0.659 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
蒸気密度:
3.5 (vs air)
蒸気圧:
40 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
屈折率 :
n20/D 1.388
闪点 :
30 °F
貯蔵温度 :
Store at +5°C to +30°C.
溶解性:
Very soluble in ethanol, ethyl ether and chloroform.
外見 :
Liquid
酸解離定数(Pka):
>14 (Schwarzenbach et al., 1993)
比重:
0.660 (20/4℃)
色:
Colorless
Relative polarity:
0.009
臭い (Odor):
Mild gasoline-like odor detectable at 65 to 248 ppm
臭気閾値(Odor Threshold):
1.5ppm
爆発限界(explosive limit):
1.0-8.1%(V)
水溶解度 :
insoluble
極大吸収波長 (λmax):
λ: 200 nm Amax: ≤0.70
λ: 225 nm Amax: ≤0.10
λ: 250 nm Amax: ≤0.01
Merck :
14,4694
BRN :
1730733
Henry's Law Constant:
0.238, 0.413, 0.883, 0.768, and 1.56 at 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 °C, respectively (EPICS, Ashworth et al., 1988)
暴露限界値:
TLV-TWA 50 ppm (~175 mg/m3) (ACGIH), 500 ppm (~1750 mg/m3) (OSHA); IDLH 5000 ppm (NIOSH).
安定性::
Stable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, chlorine, fluorine, magnesium perchlorate. Highly flammable. Readily forms explosive mixtures with air. Note low flash point.
InChIKey:
VLKZOEOYAKHREP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS データベース:
110-54-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Hexane(110-54-3)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Hexane (110-54-3)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  F,Xn,N
Rフレーズ  11-38-50/53-65-67-62-51/53-48/20-36/37/38
Sフレーズ  9-16-29-33-60-61-62-36/37-45-36/37/39-53-26
RIDADR  UN 3295 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS 番号 MN9275000
3-10
自然発火温度 225 °C
TSCA  Yes
国連危険物分類  3
容器等級  II
HSコード  29011000
有毒物質データの 110-54-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LC50 (4 hr) in mice by inhalation: 48000 ppm; LD50 orally in rats: 32.0 g/kg (Couri, Milks)
消防法 危険物第4類第一石油類(非水溶性)
化審法 (2)-6 優先評価化学物質
安衛法 有機則 第二種有機溶剤等
PRTR法 第一種指定化学物質
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H225 引火性の高い液体および蒸気 引火性液体 2 危険 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H304 飲み込んで気道に侵入すると生命に危険のおそ れ 吸引性呼吸器有害性 1 危険
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H336 眠気やめまいのおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 麻酔作用 3 警告 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H361 生殖能または胎児への悪影響のおそれの疑い 生殖毒性 2 警告 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H372 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 1 危険 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H373 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害のおそれ 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 2 警告 P260, P314, P501
H401 水生生物に毒性 水生環境有害性、急性毒性 2 P273, P501
H411 長期的影響により水生生物に毒性 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 2
注意書き
P202 全ての安全注意を読み理解するまで取り扱わないこ と。
P233 容器を密閉しておくこと。
P240 容器を接地すること/アースをとること。
P264 取扱い後は皮膚をよく洗うこと。
P264 取扱い後は手や顔をよく洗うこと。
P270 この製品を使用する時に、飲食または喫煙をしないこ と。
P271 屋外または換気の良い場所でのみ使用すること。

ヘキサン 価格 もっと(197)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01W0108-0041 ヘキサン 96.0+% (GC)(mass/mass)
Hexane 96.0+% (GC)(mass/mass)
110-54-3 500mL ¥1030 2021-03-23 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01W0108-0040 ヘキサン 96.0+% (Capillary GC)
Hexane 96.0+% (Capillary GC)
110-54-3 500mL ¥2200 2021-03-23 購入
東京化成工業 H0394 ヘキサン [吸光分析用] >96.0%(GC)
Hexane [for Spectrophotometry] >96.0%(GC)
110-54-3 100mL ¥4200 2021-03-23 購入
東京化成工業 H0405 ヘキサン [流動パラフィン試験用] >96.0%(GC)
Hexane [for Liquid Paraffin Test] >96.0%(GC)
110-54-3 100mL ¥4200 2021-03-23 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 16078-1A ヘキサン
n‐Hexane
110-54-3 1L ¥11700 2021-03-23 購入

ヘキサン 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

無色澄明の液体

溶解性

水に難溶 (0.002g/100ml, 20℃), エタノール, エーテルに混和。エタノールに極めて溶けやすく、水にほとんど溶けない。

用途

液体クロマトグラフ分析用の溶離液及び溶離液調製用。

用途

汎用試薬、高純度を要する低沸点溶剤。

用途

精密分析、超高純度溶剤として個人専用試薬等。

用途

汎用試薬、低沸点溶剤、有機合成原料。

用途

生体試料中等のダイオキシン類の分析における溶媒。

用途

環境ホルモンの分析に使用します。

用途

薄層クロマトグラフィー、ペーパークロマトグラフィーの展開溶媒。

用途

溶剤

用途

ビタミン類等の吸収スペクトル測定用溶媒。

主な用途/役割

溶剤型接着剤、エマルション系接着剤、エアゾール接着剤に使用される。

化学的特性

n-Hexane is a highly flammable liquid, usually isolated from crude oil, and has extensive industrial applications as a solvent in adhesive bandage factories and other industries.
n-Hexane
It is highly toxic, triggering several adverse health effects, i.e., nausea, skin irritation, dizziness, numbness of limbs, CNS depression, vertigo, and respiratory tract irritation to animals and humans. Occupational exposure of industrial workers has demonstrated motor polyneuropathy. Workers associated with long-term glue sniffi ng showed adverse effects in the form of degeneration of axons and nerve terminals.

化学的特性

n-Hexane is a highly flammable, colorless, volatile liquid with a gasoline-like odor. The water/odor threshold is 0.0064 mg/L and the air/odor threshold is 230 875 milligram per cubic meter.

物理的性質

Clear, colorless, very flammable liquid with a faint, gasoline-like odor. An odor threshold concentration of 1.5 ppmv was reported by Nagata and Takeuchi (1990).

使用

n-Hexane is a chief constituent of petroleumether, gasoline, and rubber solvent. It is usedas a solvent for adhesives, vegetable oils,and in organic analysis, and for denaturingalcohol.

使用

Determining refractive index of minerals; filling for thermometers instead of mercury, usually with a blue or red dye; extraction solvent for oilseed processing.

使用

Suitable for HPLC, spectrophotometry, environmental testing

定義

ChEBI: An unbranched alkane containing six carbon atoms.

一般的な説明

Clear colorless liquids with a petroleum-like odor. Flash points -9°F. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Vapors heavier than air. Used as a solvent, paint thinner, and chemical reaction medium.

空気と水の反応

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

反応プロフィール

HEXANE may be sensitive to light. Hexane may also be sensitive to prolonged exposure to heat. Hexane can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. This would include compounds such as liquid chlorine, concentrated O2, sodium hypochlorite and calcium hypochlorite. Hexane is also incompatible with dinitrogen tetraoxide. Hexane will attack some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings. .

危険性

Flammable, dangerous fire risk.

健康ハザード

n-Hexane is a respiratory tract irritant andat high concentrations a narcotic. Its acutetoxicity is greater than that of n-pentane.Exposure to a concentration of 40,000 ppmfor an hour caused convulsions and death inmice. In humans a 10-minute exposure toabout 5000 ppm may produce hallucination,distorted vision, headache, dizziness, nausea,and irritation of eyes and throat. Chronicexposure to n-hexane may cause polyneuritis.
The metabolites of n-hexane injected inguinea pigs were reported as 2,5- hexanedioneand 5-hydroxy-2-hexanone, which arealso metabolites of methyl butyl ketone(DiVincenzo et al. 1976). Thus methyl butylketone and n- hexane should have similartoxicities. The neurotoxic metabolite, 2,5-hexanedione, however, is produced considerablyless in n-hexane. However, in the caseof hexane, the neurotoxic metabolite 2,5-hexanedione is produced to a much lesserextent. Continuous exposure to 250 ppmn-hexane produced neurotoxic effects in animals. Occupational exposure to 500 ppmmay cause polyneuropathy (ACGIH 1986).
Inhalation of n-hexane vapors have shownreproductive effects in rats and mice.

燃焼性と爆発性

Hexane is extremely flammable (NFPA rating = 3), and its vapor can travel a considerable distance to an ignition source and "flash back." Hexane vapor forms explosive mixtures with air at concentrations of 1.1 to 7.5 % (by volume).
Hydrocarbons of significantly higher molecular weight have correspondingly higher vapor pressures and therefore present a reduced flammability hazard. Carbon dioxide or dry chemical extinguishers should be used for hexane fires.

化学反応性

Reactivity with Water: No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reactions; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

職業ばく露

n-Hexane is industrial chemical, emul sifier, in manufacture of plastics, resins; as a solvent, par ticularly in the extraction of edible fats and oils; as a laboratory reagent; and as the liquid in low temperature thermometers. Technical and commercial grades consist of 45 85% hexane, as well as cyclopentanes, isohexane, and 1% to 6% benzene.

Carcinogenicity

Male rabbits exposed to 3000 ppm hexane (8 h/day, 6 days/week for 24 weeks) developed papillary proliferation of nonciliated bronchiolar cells. No tumors were found in mice painted with hexane and croton oil as cocarcinogen, presumably for the lifetime of each animal. Hexane is inactive as a tumorpromoting agent.

Source

In diesel engine exhaust at a concentration of 1.2% of emitted hydrocarbons (quoted, Verschueren, 1983).
A constituent in gasoline. Harley et al. (2000) analyzed the headspace vapors of three grades of unleaded gasoline where ethanol was added to replace methyl tert-butyl ether. The gasoline vapor concentrations of hexane in the headspace were 4.31 wt % for regular grade, 3.74.8 wt % for midgrade, and 2.3 wt % for premium grade.
Gas-phase tailpipe emission rates from gasoline-powered automobiles with and without catalytic converters were 1.82 and 268 mg/km, respectively (Schauer et al., 2002).

環境運命予測

Biological. Hexane may biodegrade in two ways. The first is the formation of hexyl hydroperoxide, which decomposes to 1-hexanol followed by oxidation to hexanoic acid. The other pathway involves dehydrogenation to 1-hexene, which may react with water giving 1-hexanol (Dugan, 1972). Microorganisms can oxidize alkanes under aerobic conditions (Singer and Finnerty, 1984). The most common degradative pathway involves the oxidation of the terminal methyl group forming 1-hexanol. The alcohol may undergo a series of dehydrogenation steps forming a hexanal followed by oxidation to form hexanoic acid. The fatty acid may then be metabolized by β-oxidation to form the mineralization products, carbon dioxide and water (Singer and Finnerty, 1984).
Photolytic. An aqueous solution irradiated by UV light at 50 °C for 1 d resulted in a 50.51% yield of carbon dioxide (Knoevenagel and Himmelreich, 1976). Synthetic air containing gaseous nitrous acid and exposed to artificial sunlight (λ = 300–450 nm) photooxidized hexane into two isomers of hexyl nitrate and peroxyacetal nitrate (Cox et al., 1980).
Chemical/Physical. Complete combustion in air yields carbon dioxide and water vapor.

貯蔵

hexane should be used only in areas free of ignition sources, and quantities greater than 1 liter should be stored in tightly sealed metal containers in areas separate from oxidizers.

輸送方法

UN1208 Hexanes, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid.

純化方法

Purify as for n-heptane. Modifications include the use of chlorosulfonic acid or 35% fuming H2SO4 instead of conc H2SO4 in washing the alkane, and final drying and distilling from sodium hydride. Unsaturated impurities can be removed by shaking the hexane with nitrating acid (58% H2SO4, 25% conc HNO3, 17% water, or 50% HNO3, 50% H2SO4), then washing the hydrocarbon layer with conc H2SO4, followed by H2O, drying, and distilling over sodium or n-butyl lithium. It can also be purified by distillation under nitrogen from sodium benzophenone ketyl solubilised with tetraglyme. Also purify it by passage through a silica gel column followed by distillation [Kajii et al. J Phys Chem 91 2791 1987]. It is a FLAMMABLE liquid and a possible nerve toxin. [Beilstein 1 IV 338.] Rapid purification: Distil, discarding the first forerun and stored over 4A molecular sieves.

Toxicity evaluation

Identification of 2,5-hexanedione as the major neurotoxic metabolite of n-hexane proceeded rapidly after its discovery as a urinary metabolite. 2,5-Hexanedione has been found to produce a polyneuropathy indistinguishable from n-hexane. 2,5-Hexanedione is many times more potent than n-hexane, the parent compound, in causing neurotoxicity in experimental animals. It appears that the neurotoxicity of 2,5-hexanedione resides in its γ-diketone structure since 2,3-, 2,4-hexanedione and 2,6-heptanedione are not neurotoxic, while 2,5-heptanedione and 3,6-octanedione and other g-diketones are neurotoxic.

不和合性

May form explosive mixture with air. Contact with strong oxidizers may cause fire and explo sions. Contact with dinitrogen tetraoxide may explode @ 28℃.Attacks some plastics, rubber and coatings. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors.

廃棄物の処理

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinera tor equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

ヘキサン 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品

1-メチル-2-ホルミル-1H-イミダゾール (1R,3S)‐3‐アミノシクロペンタンカルボン酸 1,1'-フェロセンジカルボキシアルデヒド カノラ油 N-メチル-o-トルイジン 3-クロロベンゾ[b]チオフェン-2-カルボヒドラジド 1,2-ビス(ジメチルシリル)ベンゼン ビス(ジイソプロピルアミノ)クロロホスフィン 5-ブロモピコリン酸 シアノメチレントリブチルホスホラン 2,5-ジクロロイソニコチン酸 3-クロロベンゾ[b]チオフェン-2-カルボニルクロリド L-カルニチンL-酒石酸 3-クロロベンゾ[b]チオフェン-2-カルボン酸メチル 3-クロロベンゾ[b]チオフェン-2-カルボン酸 アナトー色素 3-アセトキシ安息香酸 ビス(ジエチルアミノ)クロロホスフィン 1-ジフェニルホスフィノ-1'-(ジ-T-ブチルホスフィノ)フェロセン 4-BOC-アミノニコチン酸 1,1'-ビス(ジイソプロピルホスフィノ)フェロセン 2-[(2-フラニルメチル)[(1H-イミダゾール-1-イル)カルボニル]アミノ]ブタン酸4-ペンテニル 3,4-ジヒドロ-2H-1,5-ベンゾジオキセピン-7-カルブアルデヒド (1R,4S)-4-アミノシクロペント-2-エンカルボン酸 2'-ブロモアセトアニリド 5-クロロ-2-ニトロベンズアルデヒド [ビス(トリフルオロアセトキシ)ヨード]ベンゼン 1-(2-メトキシフェニル)ピペラジン 4-ヒドロキシ-7-(トリフルオロメチル)-3-キノリンカルボン酸エチル

ヘキサン 生産企業

Global( 411)Suppliers
名前 電話番号 ファックス番号 電子メール 国籍 製品カタログ 優位度
Shandong Yanshuo Chemical Co., Ltd.
+8618678179670
+86-533-7077568 leon@yanshuochem.com China 60 58
Shanghai Bojing Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86-21-37122233
+86-21-37127788 Candy@bj-chem.com CHINA 497 55
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 22607 55
Hangzhou FandaChem Co.,Ltd.
008615858145714
+86-571-56059825 fandachem@gmail.com CHINA 8909 55
ATK CHEMICAL COMPANY LIMITED
+86 21 5161 9050/ 5187 7795
+86 21 5161 9052/ 5187 7796 ivan@atkchemical.com CHINA 26762 60
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
+86-0551-65418679
86-0551-65418697 info@tnjchem.com China 3000 55
Shanxi Naipu Import and Export Co.,Ltd
+8613734021967
kaia@neputrading.com CHINA 1009 58
HEBEI YINGONG NEW MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD
+8619933070948
claire@hbyingong.com China 479 58
SHANDONG ZHI SHANG CHEMICAL CO.LTD
+86 18953170293
+86 0531-67809011 sales@sdzschem.com CHINA 2941 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 28229 58

110-54-3(ヘキサン)キーワード:


  • 110-54-3
  • MARQUIS TEST KIT
  • OXFORD
  • SALT SOLUTION ACC. BS2011 PART 2.1KB (AR
  • Hexane for HPLC, >=97.0% (GC)
  • n-Hexane, HPLC, 95.0% min.
  • n-Hexane, Environmental
  • n-Hexane4x1L
  • n-Hexane, Spectrophotometric
  • X-GAL - IPTG READY SOL.
  • Hexane 〈H2O<30ppm〉
  • Hexane Hexyl hydride dipropyl
  • n-Hexane for gas chromatography ECD and FID SupraSolv
  • n-Hexane for gas chromatography MS SupraSolv
  • n-Hexane reference substance for gas chromatography
  • n-Hexane for analysis EMPARTA ACS
  • n-Hexane for preparative chromatography Prepsolv
  • n-Hexane dried (max. 0.004% HO) SeccoSolv
  • n-Hexane for organic trace analysis UniSolv
  • n-Hexane, Residue Free
  • n-Hexane, Anhydrous, over molecular sieves
  • Ligroine, Hexane (Laboratory)
  • n-Hexane, For ACS analysis
  • Hexane, Reag. Ph. Eur.
  • Hexanes, Packaged under Nitrogen
  • Hexane, 99.8%, HR-GC, OmniSolv?
  • n-Hexane, OmniPure?
  • Hexanes, 98.5%, approx 64% n-Hexane
  • Hexanes, For ACS analysis
  • Hexane, for HPLC
  • n-Hexane, Over Molecular Sieves
  • n-ヘキサン
  • ヘキサン (HPLC用)
  • ヘキサン (無水)
  • ヘキサン [流動パラフィン試験用]
  • スケリソルブB
  • ノルマルヘキサン
  • ノルマル-ヘキサン
  • ジプロピル
  • 正ヘキサン
  • ビプロピル
  • ヘキサン(脱水)
  • nヘキサン
  • ヘキサン(n-〃)
  • ヘキサン [GC用標準物質]
  • ヘキサン [高速液体クロマトグラフィー用]
  • ヘキサン [吸光分析用]
  • ノルマル‐ヘキサン
  • N‐ヘキサン
  • ヘキサン(脱水) ‐SUPER‐
  • ヘキサン FRACTION DIST.,1 L
  • ヘキサン LABORATORY REAGENT,≥95%
  • ヘキサン LC-MS クロマソルブ
  • ヘキサン PURISS. P.A.,ACS REAGENT,REAG. PH. EUR.,≥99% (GC)
  • ヘキサン REAGENTPLUS,≥99%
  • ヘキサン クロマソルブ FOR ANALYSIS OF DIOXINS,FURANS AND PCB,≥95%
  • ヘキサン クロマソルブ FOR PESTICIDE RESIDUE ANALYSIS
  • ヘキサン クロマソルブ FOR RESIDUE ANALYSIS,≥99.0%
  • ヘキサン クロマソルブ PLUS,FOR HPLC,≥95%
  • ヘキサン クロマソルブ,FOR HPLC,&GE;97.0% (GC)
  • ヘキサン クロマソルブ,FOR HPLC,≥95%
  • ヘキサン クロマソルブ,FOR HPLC,≥97.0% (GC)
  • ヘキサン,B&J BRAND
  • ヘプタン クロマソルブ,FOR HPLC,≥99%
  • ヘキサン 5000
  • N-ヘキサン(HLC用)
  • ヘキサン(N-)
  • N-HEXANE FOR LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY
  • ヘキサン,n-ヘキサン
  • 分析化学
  • 高速液体クロマトグラフィー用溶剤
  • 溶剤 (HPLC用/吸収スペクトル測定用)
  • 脱水溶媒
  • 吸収スペクトル測定用溶剤
  • 有機合成化学
  • GC用標準物質
  • n-パラフィン (GC用標準物質)
Copyright 2017 © ChemicalBook. All rights reserved