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D-(+)-グルコース

D-(+)-グルコース 化学構造式
50-99-7
CAS番号.
50-99-7
化学名:
D-(+)-グルコース
别名:
D-(+)-グルコース;純生グルコース;グルコリン;グレープシュガー;(+)-D-グルコース;カルトース;光糖;(2R,3S,4R,5R)-2,3,4,5,6-ペンタヒドロキシヘキサナール;大塚糖;小林糖;大塚糖-TN;α-D-グルコース;デキストロース;β-D-グルコース;第一糖;デキストロプール;ブドウ糖SN;D-グルコース;第一葡萄糖;テルモ糖
英語化学名:
D(+)-Glucose
英語别名:
sirup;Vadex;Emdex;Candex;Flolys;Hexose;Cartose;DEXTROSE;Glucolin;Roferose
CBNumber:
CB2250047
化学式:
C6H12O6
分子量:
180.16
MOL File:
50-99-7.mol

D-(+)-グルコース 物理性質

融点 :
150-152 °C(lit.)
比旋光度 :
52.75 º (c=10, H2O, NH4OH 25 ºC)
沸点 :
232.96°C (rough estimate)
比重(密度) :
1.5440
屈折率 :
53 ° (C=10, H2O)
貯蔵温度 :
2-8°C
溶解性:
H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
酸解離定数(Pka):
pKa 12.43(H2O,t = 18,)(Approximate)
外見 :
Crystalline Powder
色:
White
PH:
5.0-7.0 (25℃, 1M in H2O)
光学活性 (optical activity):
[α]25/D +52.5 to +53.0°(lit.)
水溶解度 :
Soluble
極大吸収波長 (λmax):
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.03
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.02
Merck :
14,4459
BRN :
1281608
安定性::
Stable. Substances to be avoided include strong oxidizing agents. Combustible.
InChIKey:
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-DVKNGEFBSA-N
CAS データベース:
50-99-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Glucose(50-99-7)

安全性情報

主な危険性  Xi,Xn
Rフレーズ  36/37/38-63-62-46-36/38-21
Sフレーズ  26-36/37-24/25-53-25
WGK Germany  1
RTECS 番号 LZ6600000
3
自然発火温度 500 °C
TSCA  Yes
HSコード  17023051
有毒物質データの 50-99-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 25800 mg/kg
化審法 (8)-46 届出不要化学物質

D-(+)-グルコース 価格 もっと(78)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01CHDASB-00004248 デキストロース
Dextrose
50-99-7 500mg ¥20200 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01CHDASB-00004248 デキストロース
Dextrose
50-99-7 1g ¥33600 2018-12-26 購入
東京化成工業 G0048 D-(+)-グルコース >98.0%(GC)
D-(+)-Glucose >98.0%(GC)
50-99-7 25g ¥1600 2018-12-04 購入
東京化成工業 G0048 D-(+)-グルコース >98.0%(GC)
D-(+)-Glucose >98.0%(GC)
50-99-7 500g ¥1900 2018-12-04 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 10017-01 D(+)‐グルコース >98.0%(α+β形)(GC)
D(+)‐Glucose >98.0%(α+β形)(GC)
50-99-7 500g ¥1900 2018-12-13 購入

D-(+)-グルコース MSDS


D(+)-Glucose

D-(+)-グルコース 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

白色の結晶又は結晶性の粉末

定義

本品は、デンプンを加水分解して得られる糖であり、次の化学式で表される。

溶解性

水に易溶。エタノールに難溶。エーテルに不溶。水に溶けやすく、エタノールに溶けにくい。

用途

還元剤、医薬、食品、工業原料等に汎用。

化粧品の成分用途

保湿.湿潤剤、保水剤、皮膚コンディショニング剤、香味剤

効能

栄養補給剤

商品名

ブドウ糖 (エイワイファーマ); ブドウ糖 (ケミックス); ブドウ糖 (ケミックス); ブドウ糖 (コーアイセイ); ブドウ糖 (シオノケミカル); ブドウ糖 (ニプロ); ブドウ糖 (ニプロ); ブドウ糖 (マイラン製薬); ブドウ糖 (マイラン製薬); ブドウ糖 (共和薬品工業); ブドウ糖 (原沢製薬工業); ブドウ糖 (小堺製薬); ブドウ糖 (小堺製薬); ブドウ糖 (山善製薬); ブドウ糖 (扶桑薬品工業); ブドウ糖 (扶桑薬品工業); ブドウ糖 (扶桑薬品工業); ブドウ糖 (扶桑薬品工業); ブドウ糖 (扶桑薬品工業); ブドウ糖 (日医工); ブドウ糖 (日医工); ブドウ糖 (日新製薬-山形); ブドウ糖 (日新製薬-山形); ブドウ糖 (日新製薬-山形); ブドウ糖 (日新製薬-山形); ブドウ糖 (日新製薬-山形); ブドウ糖 (日新製薬-山形); ブドウ糖 (日新製薬-山形); ブドウ糖 (日新製薬-山形); ブドウ糖 (日新製薬-山形); ブドウ糖 (日新製薬-山形); ブドウ糖 (日興製薬); ブドウ糖 (東和薬品); 光糖液 (光製薬); 光糖液 (光製薬); 大塚糖液 (大塚製薬工場); 大塚糖液 (大塚製薬工場); 大塚糖液 (大塚製薬工場); 大塚糖液 (大塚製薬工場); 小林糖液 (共和クリティケア); 糖注 (テルモ); 糖注 (テルモ); 糖液 (アルフレッサファーマ); 糖液 (第一三共)

説明

Glucose is one of the most important biological compounds found in nature. It is a main product in photosynthesis and is oxidized in cellular respiration. Glucose polymerizes to form several important classes of biomolecules including cellulose, starch, and glycogen. It also combines with other compounds to produce common sugars such as sucrose and lactose. The form of glucose displayed above is D-glucose. The “D” designation indicates the configuration of the molecule. The “D” configuration specifies that the hydroxyl group on the number 5 carbon is on the right side of the molecule. The mirror image of D-glucose produces another form of glucose called L-glucose.
Glucose is the most common form of a large class of molecules called carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are the predominant type of organic compounds found in organisms and include sugar, starches, and fats. Carbohydrates, as the name implies, derive their name from glucose,C6H12O6, which was considered a hydrate of carbon with the general formula of Cn(H2O)n, where n is a positive integer. Although the idea of water bonded to carbon to form a hydrate of carbon was wrong, the term carbohydrate persisted. Carbohydrates consist of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms, with the carbon atoms generally forming long unbranched chains. Carbohydrates are also known as saccharides derived from the Latin word for sugar, saccharon.

化学的特性

White or almost white, crystalline powder.

来歴

D-Glucose is the most important and predominant monosaccharide found in nature. It was isolated from raisins by Andreas Sigismund Marggraf (1709–1782) in 1747, and in 1838, Jean-Baptiste-André Dumas (1800–1884) adopted the name glucose from the Greek word glycos meaning sweet. Emil Fischer (1852–1919) determined the structure of glucose in the late 19th century. Glucose also goes by the names dextrose (from its ability to rotate polarized light to the right), grape sugar, and blood sugar. The term blood sugar indicates that glucose is the primary sugar dissolved in blood. Glucose’s abundant hydroxyl groups enable extensive hydrogen bonding, and so glucose is highly soluble in water.

使用

Glucose is the primary fuel for biological respiration. During digestion, complex sugarsand starches are broken down into glucose (as well as fructose and galactose) in the small intestine.Glucose then moves into the bloodstream and is transported to the liver where glucoseis metabolized through a series of biochemical reactions, collectively referred to as glycolysis.Glycolysis, the breakdown of glucose, occurs in most organisms. In glycolysis, the final productis pyruvate. The fate of pyruvate depends on the type of organism and cellular conditions.In animals, pyruvate is oxidized under aerobic conditions producing carbon dioxide. Underanaerobic conditions in animals, lactate is produced. This occurs in the muscle of humansand other animals. During strenuous conditions the accumulation of lactate causes musclefatigue and soreness. Certain microorganisms, such as yeast, under anaerobic conditions convertpyruvate to carbonic dioxide and ethanol. This is the basis of the production of alcohol.Glycolysis also results in the production of various intermediates used in the synthesis of otherbiomolecules. Depending on the organism, glycolysis takes various forms, with numerousproducts and intermediates possible.

使用

Dextrose(D-glucose), a simple sugar (monosaccharide), is an important carbohydrate in biology

使用

Labelled D-Glucose is a simple sugar that is present in plants. A monosaccharide that may exist in open chain or cyclic conformation if in solution. It plays a vital role in photosynthesis and fuels the energy required for cellular respiration. D-Glucose is used in various metabolic processes including enzymic synthesis of cyclohexyl-α and β-D-glucosides. Can also be used as a diagnostic tool in detection of type 2 diabetes mellitus and potentially Huntington's disease through analysis of blood-glucose in type 1 diabetes mellitus.

使用

A primary source of energy for living organisms

使用

glucose has moisture-binding properties and provides the skin with a soothing effect. It is a sugar that is generally obtained by the hydrolysis of starch.

使用

Glucose is a corn sweetener that is commercially made from starch by the action of heat and acids or enzymes, resulting in the complete hydrolysis of the cornstarch. There are two types of refined commercially available: hydrate, which contains 9% by weight water of crystallization and is the most often used, and anhydrous glucose, which contains less than 0.5% water. is a reducing sugar and produces a high-temperature browning effect in baked goods. It is used in ice cream, bakery products, and confections. It is also termed corn sugar.

定義

ChEBI: The open chain form of D-glucose.

定義

Naturally occurring GLUCOSE belongs to the stereochemical series D and is dextrorotatory, indicated by the symbol (+). Thus the term dextrose is used to indicate D-(+)-glucose. As other stereochemical forms of glucose have no significance in biological systems the term ‘glucose’ is often used interchangeably with dextrose in biology.

brand name

Cartose (Sterling Winthrop) Dextrose.

Biotechnological Production

The D-configuration of D-isoascorbic acid at C5 allows a short biosynthetic pathway from D-glucose, i.e., its 1,5-glucopyranoside, which is oxidized to D-glucono-1,5-lactone by glucose oxidase followed by oxidation at C2 by D-gluconolactone oxidase. The immediate oxidation product of D-glucono-1,5-lactone by gluconolactone oxidase already has reducing activity on, e.g., 2,6-dichlorphenolindophenol. It is rather stable at pH 4. Upon pH shift, this compound spontaneously converts to D-isoascorbic acid. The unidentified immediate oxidation product could be 2-keto-D-glucono-1,5-lactone, which rearranges via a reversible transesterification reaction to the 1,4-lactone followed by an irreversible enolization to D-isoascorbic acid. The formation of 2-keto-D-gluconic acid as the result of 2-keto-D-glucono-1,5-lactone hydrolysis was not reported. The oxidation of the 1,4-lactone by D-gluconolactone oxidase might also occur to some extent, since D-glucono-1,5-lactone shows a tendency to slowly rearrange to the 1,4-lactone at pH[4and the D-gluconolactone oxidase of Penicillium cyaneofulvum accepts both D-glucono-1,5-lactone and the corresponding 1,4-lactone . This reaction would directly deliver the keto-isomer of D-isoascorbic acid. The sequence of the reactions from D-glucose to D-isoascorbic acid, first oxidation at C1, then oxidation at C2 (C1, C2), is similar to the naturally evolved Asc biosynthesis from L-galactose or L-gulose.
Oxidation of D-gluconolactone at C2 is also afforded by pyranose-2-oxidase from Polyporus obtusus. In this reaction both D-isoascorbic acid and 2-keto- D-gluconic acid were obtained in a roughly 1:1 ratio. Obviously, following the natural C1, C2 oxidation sequence, transesterification and (iso)ascorbic acid formation are preferred over hydrolysis and 2-keto sugar acid formation or are at least possible to a significant extent.
If the sequence of oxidation reactions is reversed (C2, C1), i.e., D-glucopyranose is first oxidized by pyranose-2-oxidase to D-glucosone followed by glucose oxidase treatment, 2-keto-D-gluconate was reported as the only oxidation product. Though not explicitly reported, it is safe to assume that the later oxidation occurs with 2-keto-D-gluco-1,5-pyranose and delivers as the immediate reaction product 2-keto-D-glucono-1,5-lactone, which hydrolyzes affording 2-keto-D-gluconate. It is unclear why the spontaneous follow-up reaction of 2-keto-D-glucono-1,5-lactone delivers, at least to some extent, D-isoascorbic acid if obtained according to the C1, C2 reaction sequence, but only 2-keto-D-gluconate if obtained by the C2, C1 oxidation sequence.

一般的な説明

Watery odorless colorless liquid. Denser than water and soluble in water. Hence sinks in and mixes with water.

空気と水の反応

Water soluble.

反応プロフィール

A weak reducing agent.

健康ハザード

No toxicity

安全性プロファイル

Mildly toxic by ingest ion. An experimental teratogen. Experi mental reproductive effects. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Mutation data reported. Potentially explosive reaction with potassium nitrate + sodium peroxide when heated in a sealed container. Uxtures with alkali release carbon monoxide when heated. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

純化方法

Crystallise -D-glucose from hot glacial acetic acid or pyridine. Traces of solvent are removed by drying in a vacuum oven at 75o for >3hours. [Gottfried Adv Carbohydr Chem 5 127 1950, Kjaer & Lindberg Acta Chem Scand 1 3 1713 1959, Whistler & Miller Methods in Carbohydrate Chemistry I 1301962, Academic Press, Beilstein 1 IV 4306.] [For equilibrium forms see Angyal Adv Carbohydr Chem 42 15 1984, Angyal & Pickles Aust J Chem 25 1711 1972.]

D-(+)-グルコース 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


D-(+)-グルコース 生産企業

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50-99-7(D-(+)-グルコース)キーワード:


  • 50-99-7
  • D- anhydrous glucose
  • D-(+)-Glucose Vetec(TM) reagent grade, >=99.5%
  • AROSE I / TBE BLEND 1.5% BIOTECH
  • BROMOTHYMOL BLUE SODIUM SALT ACS GRADE
  • CALCIUM CHLORIDE DIHYDRATE ACS GRADE
  • HYPOXANTHINE MONOSODIUM BIOPHARM PROD
  • NEOMYCIN SULFATE-ULTRA PURE GRADE
  • SULPHURIC ACID 2 MOL/L 4 N AVS TITRINORM
  • Crystallization of glucose
  • D-(+)-Glucose, Animal-Free
  • D-(+)-GLUCOSE BIOXTRA
  • DEXTROSE, MEETS EP, BP, JP, USP TEST
  • aldehydo-D-glucose
  • Standard solution for the determination of glucose
  • 6-(HYDROXYMETHYL)OXANE-2,3,4,5-TETROL
  • D-(+)-GLUCOSE
  • D-GLUCOSE
  • D-Glucose anhydrous
  • DEXTROSE
  • sirup
  • Sugar, grape
  • sugar,grape
  • traubenzucker
  • D-Glucopyranose
  • D(+)-Glucose, anhydrous, for analysis ACS
  • D-GLUCOSE, ANHYDROUS REAGENT (ACS)
  • D-Glucose-UL-12C6 (depleted of 13C)
  • D-Glucose-UL-13C6, 1,2,3,4,5,6,6-D7
  • DEXTROSE,ANHYDROUS,GRANULAR,BIOTECHGRADE
  • D-(+)-Glucose50-99-7
  • D-(+)-グルコース
  • 純生グルコース
  • グルコリン
  • グレープシュガー
  • (+)-D-グルコース
  • カルトース
  • 光糖
  • (2R,3S,4R,5R)-2,3,4,5,6-ペンタヒドロキシヘキサナール
  • 大塚糖
  • 小林糖
  • 大塚糖-TN
  • α-D-グルコース
  • デキストロース
  • β-D-グルコース
  • 第一糖
  • デキストロプール
  • ブドウ糖SN
  • D-グルコース
  • 第一葡萄糖
  • テルモ糖
  • セレロース
  • D(+)-グルコース
  • 糖MP
  • ぶどう糖
  • コーンシュガー
  • デキストロソール
  • テルモ糖-TK
  • ブドウ糖-PL
  • D-(+)-デキストロース
  • グルコース
  • ブドウ糖T
  • 糖NP
  • デキストロース,無水〔D(+)-グルコース〕
  • D(+)‐グルコース
  • グルコース標準液 (300MG/DL)
  • グルコース標準液 (500MG/DL)
  • ぶどう糖(無水)
  • D-(+)-グルコース, ACS
  • ブドウ糖「製造専用」
  • D-(+) グルコース
  • D-(+)-グルコース 溶液
  • D (+) - グルコース
  • デキストロース, 無水〔D (+) - グルコース〕
  • ブドウ糖 (JP17)
  • グルコース
  • 単糖&オリゴ糖
  • 生化学
  • 代謝産物
  • 単糖類
  • 澱粉糖
  • 栄養剤
  • 血糖
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