ChemicalBook
Chinese english Germany Korea

ビフェニル

ビフェニル 化学構造式
92-52-4
CAS番号.
92-52-4
化学名:
ビフェニル
别名:
ビフェニル;[1,1'-ビフェニル];1,1'-ビフェニル;フェニルベンゼン;ジフェニル;ビフェニル標準品;ジフェニル (ビフェニル);ビフェニル(ジフェニル);ビフェニルジフェニル;ビフェニル (UNLABELED);ビフェニル (50ΜG/ML トルエン溶液);ビフェニル 溶液;ビフェニル( ジフェニル);ビフェニル, Acetonitrile Tetrahydrofuran 50:50
英語化学名:
Biphenyl
英語别名:
PHPH;cp390;Xenene;mcs1572;DIPHENYL;BIPHENYL;Lemonene;FEMA 3129;Bibenzene;carolidal
CBNumber:
CB2491271
化学式:
C12H10
分子量:
154.21
MOL File:
92-52-4.mol

ビフェニル 物理性質

融点 :
68-70 °C(lit.)
沸点 :
255 °C(lit.)
比重(密度) :
0.992
蒸気密度:
5.31 (vs air)
蒸気圧:
9.46 mm Hg ( 115 °C)
屈折率 :
1.475
FEMA :
3129 | BIPHENYL
闪点 :
113 °C
貯蔵温度 :
0-6°C
溶解性:
Soluble in alcohol and ether
外見 :
Crystalline Powder, Crystals or Flakes
色:
White to faint yellow
比重:
0.992
爆発限界(explosive limit):
0.6%, 111°F
水溶解度 :
insoluble
JECFA Number:
1332
Merck :
14,3314
BRN :
1634058
Henry's Law Constant:
2.92 at 25 °C (air stripping-GC, Destaillats and Charles, 2002)
暴露限界値:
NIOSH REL: TWA 0.2 ppm, IDLH 100 mg/m3; OSHA PEL: TWA 0.2 ppm; ACGIH TLV: TWA 0.2 ppm.
安定性::
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidising agents.
InChIKey:
ZUOUZKKEUPVFJK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS データベース:
92-52-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Biphenyl(92-52-4)
EPAの化学物質情報:
1,1'-Biphenyl(92-52-4)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xi,N,Xn,F,T
Rフレーズ  36/37/38-50/53-67-65-62-48/20-11-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-52/53
Sフレーズ  23-60-61-62-36/37-33-29-16-9-45
RIDADR  UN 3077 9/PG 3
WGK Germany  2
RTECS 番号 DU8050000
自然発火温度 570 °C
TSCA  Yes
国連危険物分類  9
容器等級  III
HSコード  29029030
有毒物質データの 92-52-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 orally in rats: 3280 mg/kg (Deichmann)
化審法 (4)-13
安衛法 57,57-2
PRTR法 第一種指定化学物質
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H225 引火性の高い液体および蒸気 引火性液体 2 危険 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 呼吸器への刺激のおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 気道刺激性 3 警告
H370 臓器の障害 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 1 危険 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H372 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 1 危険 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H373 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害のおそれ 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 2 警告 P260, P314, P501
H400 水生生物に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、急性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
H410 長期的影響により水生生物に非常に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
H412 長期的影響により水生生物に有害 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 3 P273, P501
注意書き
P264 取扱い後は皮膚をよく洗うこと。
P264 取扱い後は手や顔をよく洗うこと。
P270 この製品を使用する時に、飲食または喫煙をしないこ と。
P271 屋外または換気の良い場所でのみ使用すること。
P314 気分が悪い時は、医師の診断/手当てを受けること。
P391 漏出物を回収すること。

ビフェニル 価格 もっと(35)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ACSH-133S ビフェニル (50μg/mL トルエン溶液)
Biphenyl (50 ug/mL in Toluene)
92-52-4 1mL ¥6000 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ACSH-133N ビフェニル
Biphenyl
92-52-4 500mg ¥5200 2018-12-26 購入
東京化成工業 B0224 ビフェニル >99.0%(GC)
Biphenyl Zone Refined (number of passes:24) >99.0%(GC)
92-52-4 1sample ¥10400 2018-12-04 購入
東京化成工業 B0465 ビフェニル >99.5%(GC)
Biphenyl >99.5%(GC)
92-52-4 25g ¥1700 2018-12-04 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 10429-00 ビフェニル >99.0%(GC)
Biphenyl >99.0%(GC)
92-52-4 500g ¥3400 2018-12-13 購入

ビフェニル MSDS


Phenylbenzene

ビフェニル 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

白色~ほとんど白色、 結晶~結晶性粉末又はフレーク

溶解性

水に不溶。エーテル, 芳香族炭化水素溶剤に可溶。水に不溶, ほとんどの有機溶媒に可溶水にほとんど不溶。エタノール, ジエチルエーテル, 他の有機溶媒に易溶。エタノール及びアセトンに溶け、水にほとんど溶けない。

用途

熱媒体,染色助剤

農薬用途

殺菌剤

使用上の注意

不活性ガス封入

説明

Biphenyl, also called diphenyl, consists of two benzene rings joined by a single bond. It exists as colorless to yellowish crystals, has a distinctive odor, and occurs naturally in oil, natural gas, and coal tar.

化学的特性

Biphenyl has a pungent odor, reminiscent of rose on dilution.

化学的特性

Biphenyl is a combustible, white flakes or crystalline solid. Pleasant, characteristic odor.

化学的特性

1,1’-Biphenyl is a clear colorless liquid with a pleasant odor and stable organic compound. It is combustible at high temperatures, producing carbon dioxide and water when combustion is complete. Partial combustion produces carbon monoxide, smoke, soot, and low molecular weight hydrocarbons. It is used extensively in the production of heat-transfer fl uids, for example, as an intermediate for polychlorinated biphenyls, and dye carriers for textile dyeing. It is also used as a mold retardant in citrus fruit wrappers, in the formation of plastics, optical brighteners, and hydraulic fl ui

化学的特性

white crystals

物理的性質

White scales with a pleasant but peculiar odor. Odor threshold concentration is 0.83 ppb (quoted, Amoore and Hautala, 1983).

天然物の起源

Reported found in coal tar, bilberry, carrots, peas, potato, bell pepper, rum, cocoa, tomato, coffee, roasted peanuts, olive (Olea europae), buckwheat and tamarind (Tamarindus indica L).

使用

Biphenyl is used as an antifungal agent to preserve citrus fruit, in citrus wrappers to retard mold growth, in heat transfer fluids, in dye carriers for textiles and copying paper, as a solvent in pharmaceutical production, in optical brighteners, and as an intermediate for the production of a wide range of organic compounds.

使用

Fungistat for oranges; plant disease control.

使用

As heat transfer agent; fungistat for oranges (applied to inside of shipping container or wrappers); in organic syntheses.

使用

Biphenyl is used to prevent fungal attack on stored citrus fruit. It is impregnated into fruit wraps.

定義

ChEBI: A benzenoid aromatic compound that consists of two benzene rings connected by a single covalent bond. Biphenyl occurs naturally in coal tar, crude oil, and natural gas. Formerly used as a fungicide for citrus crops.

定義

An organic compound having a structure in which two phenyl groups are joined by a C–C bond.

製造方法

By thermal dehydrogenation of benzene.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 0.5 ppb

一般的な説明

A clear colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Flash point 180°F. Insoluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air. Used to manufacture other chemicals and as a fungicide.

空気と水の反応

Insoluble in water.

反応プロフィール

Biphenyl is incompatible with oxidizers.

健康ハザード

CALL FOR MEDICAL AID. VAPOR, MIST OR DUST: Irritating to eyes, nose, throat and skin. Flush affected area with plenty of water. IF IN EYES, hold eyelids open and flush with plenty of water. SOLID OR LIQUID: Irritating to skin and eyes, nose and throat. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Flush affected areas with plenty water. IF IN EYES, hold eyelids open and flush with plenty of water. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting. Harmful if inhaled or swallowed. Causes irritation to eyes, skin and mucous membrane and upper respiratory tract. Causes central nervous system depression, paralysis and convulsion in animals. May cause headache, diffuse gastrointestinal pain, nausea, indigestion, numbness and aching of limbs, and general fatigue. Liver function test may show abnormalities. Chronic exposure is mostly characterized by central nervous system symptoms, fatigue, headache, tremor, insomnia, sensory impairment, and mood changes. Such symptoms are rare however.

健康ハザード

Exposures to 1,1’-biphenyl cause acute effects with symptoms that include, but are not limited to, polyuria, accelerated breathing, lacrimation, anorexia, weight loss, muscular weakness, coma, fatty liver cell degeneration, and severe nephrotic lesions. Exposure to biphenyl fumes for short periods of time causes nausea, vomiting, irritation of the eyes and respiratory tract, and bronchitis. Breathing small amounts of 1,1’-biphenyl over long periods of time causes damage to the liver and the nervous system of exposed workers. Breathing the mists, vapors, or fumes may irritate the nose, throat, and lungs. Depending on the concentration and duration of exposure, the symptoms include, but are not limited to, sore throat, coughing, labored breathing, sneezing, a burning sensation, and the effects of CNS depression. Symptoms may include headache, excitation, euphoria, dizziness, incoordination, drowsiness, light-headedness, blurred vision, fatigue, tremors, convulsions, loss of consciousness, coma, respiratory arrest, and death, depending on the concentration and duration of exposure

火災危険

Combustible. Emits toxic fumes under fire conditions.

職業ばく露

Biphenyl is a fungicide (pesticide). It is also used as a heat transfer agent, dye carrier, and as an intermediate in organic synthesis.

Source

Present in coal tar at a concentration of 2.72 mg/g (Lao et al., 1975). Detected in woodpreserving creosotes at a concentration of 2.1 wt % (Nestler, 1974). Typical concentration of biphenyl in a heavy pyrolysis oil is 2.3 wt % (Chevron Phillips, May 2003).

環境運命予測

Biological. Reported biodegradation products include 2,3-dihydro-2,3-dihydroxybi phenyl, 2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl, 2-hydroxy-6-oxo-6-phenylhexa-2,4-dienoate, 2-hydroxy- 3-phenyl-6-oxohexa-2,4-dienoate, 2-oxopenta-4-enoate, phenylpyruvic acid (Verschueren, 1983), 2-hydroxybiphenyl, 4-hydroxybiphenyl and 4,4′-hydroxybiphenyl (Smith and Rosazza, 1974). Under aerobic conditions, Beijerinckia sp. degraded biphenyl to cis-2,3- dihydro-2,3-dihydroxybiphenyl. In addition, Oscillatoria sp. and Pseudomonas putida degraded biphenyl to 4-hydroxybiphenyl and benzoic acid, respectively (Kobayashi and Rittman, 1982). The microbe Candida lipolytica degraded biphenyl into the following products: 2-, 3- and 4-hydroxybiphenyl, 4,4′-dihydroxybiphenyl and 3-methoxy-4-hydrox ybiphenyl (Cerniglia and Crow, 1981). With the exception of 3-methoxy-4-hydroxybiphe nyl, these products were also identified as metabolites by Cunninghanella elegans (Dodge et al., 1979). In activated sludge, 15.2% mineralized to carbon dioxide after 5 days (Freitag et al., 1985).
Photolytic. A carbon dioxide yield of 9.5% was achieved when biphenyl adsorbed on silica gel was irradiated with light (λ >290 nm) for 17 hours. Irradiation of biphenyl (λ >300 nm) in the presence of nitrogen monoxide resulted in the formation of
Chemical/Physical. The aqueous chlorination of biphenyl at 40°C over a pH range of 6.2 to 9.0 yielded o-chlorobiphenyl and m-chlorobiphenyl (Snider and Alley, 1979). In an acidic aqueous solution (pH 4.5) containing bromide ions and a chlorinatin
Biphenyl will not hydrolyze since it has no hydrolyzable functional group.

代謝経路

Biphenyl is a stable compound. It has a restricted use as a fungistat applied to citrus packing material. This has generated studies on its toxicity and metabolism in mammals and residue studies in stored fruit. Only limited information on its environmental fate has been published.

貯蔵

1,1’-Biphenyl should be kept stored in tightly closed containers in a cool, dry, isolated, and properly ventilated area, away from heat, sources of ignition, incompatibles, and contact with strong oxidizers.

輸送方法

UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1—Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

純化方法

Crystallise biphenyl from EtOH, MeOH, aqueous MeOH, pet ether (b 40-60o) or glacial acetic acid. Free it from polar impurities by passage through an alumina column in *benzene, followed by evaporation. The residue has been purified by distillation in a vacuum and by zone refining. Treatment with maleic anhydride removes anthracene-like impurities. It has been recrystallised from EtOH followed by repeated vacuum sublimation and passage through a zone refiner. [Taliani & Bree J Phys Chem 88 2351 1984, Beilstein 5 H 576, 5 I 271, 5 II 479, 5 III 1726, 5 IV 1807.]

Degradation

Biphenyl is not subject to hydrolysis.

不和合性

Mist may form explosive mixture with air. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides.

廃棄物の処理

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

予防処置

Occupational workers should be careful during use and chemical management because the fi nely dispersed particles of 1,1’-biphenyl form explosive mixtures in air

ビフェニル 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


ビフェニル 生産企業

Global( 265)Suppliers
名前 電話番号 ファックス番号 電子メール 国籍 製品カタログ 優位度
Dalian Richfortune Chemicals Co., Ltd
86-411-84820922, 84821539
86-411-84821380 sales@richfortunechem.com China 360 57
Shanghai Time Chemicals CO., Ltd.
+86-021-57951555
+86-021-57951555 jack.li@time-chemicals.com CHINA 1365 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32447 55
Hangzhou FandaChem Co.,Ltd.
0086 158 5814 5714 (Mobile; WhatsApp; Telegram)
+86-571-56059825 fandachem@gmail.com CHINA 2887 55
ATK CHEMICAL COMPANY LIMITED
+86 21 5161 9050/ 5187 7795
+86 21 5161 9052/ 5187 7796 ivan@atkchemical.com CHINA 24191 60
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51086038
86-21-51861608 chemwill_asia@126.com;sales@chemwill.com;chemwill@hotmail.com;chemwill@gmail.com CHINA 23980 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
86-531-88032799
+86 531 8582 1093 export@haihangchem.com CHINA 8921 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 592-605 1114
sales@amoychem.com CHINA 6372 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
86-13657291602
027-59338440 sales@guangaobio.com CHINA 23049 58
Hangzhou QiFei Chemical Co., Ltd. 0571-28950939 18058801870
0571-28950939 hzqifeihuagong@163.com China 29 55

92-52-4(ビフェニル)キーワード:


  • 92-52-4
  • PHENYL BENZENE
  • 1,1'-biphenyl
  • 1,1'-Diphenyl
  • DIPHENYL
  • 'LGC' (1606)
  • 'LGC' (2610)
  • FEMA 3129
  • BIPHENYL
  • Bibenzene
  • Carolid al
  • carolidal
  • cp390
  • Lemonene
  • mcs1572
  • 2,5-Dimethyl-1,1'
  • 3-Methyl-1,1'
  • Phenador-X
  • PHPH
  • Tetrosin ly
  • Dibenzene
  • Biphenyl ,99.5%
  • Biphenyl, synthesis grade
  • Biphenyl 5g [92-52-4]
  • Biphenyl 1g [92-52-4]
  • Biphenyl in Methanol
  • Biphenyl, 99% 1KG
  • Biphenyl, 99% 250GR
  • Biphenyl Zone Refined
  • Biphenylyl
  • Biphenyl, >=99.5% (GC)
  • ビフェニル
  • [1,1'-ビフェニル]
  • 1,1'-ビフェニル
  • フェニルベンゼン
  • ジフェニル
  • ビフェニル標準品
  • ジフェニル (ビフェニル)
  • ビフェニル(ジフェニル)
  • ビフェニルジフェニル
  • ビフェニル (UNLABELED)
  • ビフェニル (50ΜG/ML トルエン溶液)
  • ビフェニル 溶液
  • ビフェニル( ジフェニル)
  • ビフェニル, Acetonitrile Tetrahydrofuran 50:50
  • 帯融精製品
  • 高純度試薬
  • その他
  • 抗真菌薬
Copyright 2017 © ChemicalBook. All rights reserved