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塩化ナトリウム [一般有機合成用]

塩化ナトリウム [一般有機合成用] 化学構造式
7647-14-5
CAS番号.
7647-14-5
化学名:
塩化ナトリウム [一般有機合成用]
别名:
塩化ナトリウム [一般有機合成用];塩化ナトリウム;ナトリウムクロリド;食塩;岩塩;塩;化ナトリウム;海塩;塩化Na;0.01MOL/L塩化ナトリウム溶液(N/100);0.02MOL/L塩化ナトリウム溶液(N/50);0.05MOL/L塩化ナトリウム溶液(N/20);0.1MOL/L塩化ナトリウム溶液(N/10);1MOL/L塩化ナトリウム溶液(1N);5%塩化ナトリウム溶液;塩化ナトリウム CRM3008‐A;塩化ナトリウム(UE‐E);塩化物イオン標準液;0.002N(N/500) 塩化ナトリウム溶液;0.005N(N/200) 塩化ナトリウム溶液
英語化学名:
Sodium chloride
英語别名:
PAD;IVS;Ayr;SALZ;PDI4;SALT;NaCl;Purex;SALINE;HALITE
CBNumber:
CB4104636
化学式:
NaCl
分子量:
58.44277
MOL File:
7647-14-5.mol

塩化ナトリウム [一般有機合成用] 物理性質

融点 :
801 °C(lit.)
沸点 :
100 °C750 mm Hg
比重(密度) :
1.199 g/mL at 20 °C
蒸気圧:
1 mm Hg ( 865 °C)
屈折率 :
n20/D 1.378
闪点 :
1413°C
貯蔵温度 :
2-8°C
溶解性:
H2O: soluble
外見 :
tablets
色:
White
比重:
2.165
PH:
5.5-6.5(1 tablet in 100 mL purified water)
水溶解度 :
360 g/L (20 ºC)
Sensitive :
Hygroscopic
極大吸収波長 (λmax):
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.02
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.01
Merck :
14,8599
BRN :
3534976
安定性::
Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
InChIKey:
FAPWRFPIFSIZLT-UHFFFAOYSA-M
CAS データベース:
7647-14-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Sodium chloride(7647-14-5)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Sodium chloride (NaCl)(7647-14-5)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xi
Rフレーズ  36-36/37/38-22
Sフレーズ  24/25-26-36
WGK Germany  1
RTECS 番号 VZ4725000
3-10
TSCA  Yes
HSコード  38220000
有毒物質データの 7647-14-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 orally in rats: 3.75 ±0.43 g/kg (Boyd, Shanas)
化審法 (1)-236 届出不要化学物質
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H303 飲み込むと有害のおそれ 急性毒性、経口 5 P312
注意書き

塩化ナトリウム [一般有機合成用] 価格 もっと(200)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01MPB02194848 塩化ナトリウム
SODIUM CHLORIDE
7647-14-5 500g ¥8400 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01MPB02194848 塩化ナトリウム
SODIUM CHLORIDE
7647-14-5 1kg ¥12900 2018-12-26 購入
東京化成工業 S0572 塩化ナトリウム >99.5%(T)
Sodium Chloride >99.5%(T)
7647-14-5 300g ¥1800 2018-12-04 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 20779-1A 塩化ナトリウム
Sodium chloride
7647-14-5 1kg ¥5400 2018-12-13 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 08126-23 塩化物イオン標準液 Cl-:1000mg/L
Chloride ion standard solution Cl-:1000mg/L
7647-14-5 100mL ¥5500 2018-12-13 購入

塩化ナトリウム [一般有機合成用] MSDS


Sodium chloride

塩化ナトリウム [一般有機合成用] 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

無色澄明の液体

定義

本品は、ナトリウムの塩化物であり、次の化学式で表される。

溶解性

水に溶けやすく、エタノールに溶けにくい。

用途

汎用試薬。

用途

低濃度銀標準液の濃度標定。

用途

塩濃度・浸透圧調整用。TNE、SSCの塩溶液用。

用途

汎用試薬、調製液製造原料、寒剤、塩析剤、光学材料。

化粧品の成分用途

保湿.湿潤剤、口腔ケア剤、皮膚コンディショニング剤、親水性増粘剤、香味剤、研磨.スクラブ剤

効能

等張化剤, 補正用電解質液, 食塩補充薬

商品名

エポプロステノール (アクテリオンファーマシューティカルズジャパン); 塩化Na (大塚製薬工場); 塩化Na (大塚製薬工場); 塩化ナトリウム (光製薬); 塩化ナトリウム (大塚製薬工場); 塩化ナトリウム (小堺製薬); 塩化ナトリウム (山善製薬); 塩化ナトリウム (恵美須薬品化工); 塩化ナトリウム (扶桑薬品工業); 塩化ナトリウム (扶桑薬品工業); 塩化ナトリウム (日医工); 塩化ナトリウム (日医工); 塩化ナトリウム (日新製薬-山形); 塩化ナトリウム (日新製薬-山形); 塩化ナトリウム (日本家庭用塩); 塩化ナトリウム (東海製薬); 大塚食塩 (大塚製薬工場); 食塩注 (共和クリティケア)

説明

Sodium chloride is widely distributed in nature. Oceans are the vast source of sodium chloride. It occurs in seawater at an average concentration of 2.68 wt%. It also occurs in many inland saline waters and in salt deposits in sedimentary rocks, as the mineral halite.
Sodium chloride is probably the most important salt of both sodium and chlorine. Sodium chloride, common table salt, is an essential component of most food preparation, imparting flavor to food and providing the sodium nutritional requirement. Also, it is used for preserving food. Therapeutically, NaCl solution is used to combat dehydration as an electrolyte replenisher, and it is an emetic.
The most important applications of sodium chloride in the chemical industry are in making a number of important industrial chemicals such as hydrochloric acid, sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, and metallic sodium. It is the starting material in manufacturing these substances. Other uses are in dyeing and printing fabrics, glazing pottery, in making soap, and for curing hides. Sodium chloride is a component of many freezing mixtures.

化学的特性

Sodium chloride occurs as a white crystalline powder or colorless crystals; it has a saline taste. The crystal lattice is a face-centered cubic structure. Solid sodium chloride contains no water of crystallization although, below 0℃, salt may crystallize as a dihydrate.

化学的特性

Sodium chloride, NaCl, also known as common salt and halite, is a white crystalline solid.It is soluble in water,slightly soluble in alcohol, and melts at 804 °C (1480 °F). Sodium chloride is the most important sodium mineral and occurs naturally in seawater, underground deposits, and brine wells.Sodiumchlorideis a basic raw material for the production of chlorine,sodium hypochlorite, sodium bisulfate,soda ash, and hydrogen chloride. Sodium chloride is also used in food preparation, fertilizers, and by highway departments to control icy road conditions.

物理的性質

Sodium chloride is the familiar compound commonly referred to as salt or table salt. Th e mineral form of sodium chloride is halite and is found in natural deposits throughout the world. It accounts for approximately 2.7% by weight of the dissolved minerals in seawater. Sodium chloride is an ionic compound existing as a white crystalline cubic structure of alternating sodium and chloride ions. Sodium chloride is essential for life, with the average adult requiring about 1 to 2 grams per day. Salt supplies sodium and provides numerous essential functions such as maintaining water balance in cells, taking part in nerve signal transmission and muscle contraction.

使用

Used as an electrolyte; buffers ; matrix modification.

使用

Facilitates the cross-coupling of organostannanes with iodides without using palladium.1

使用

Used in biochemistry and molecular biology applications; a component of PBS and SSC buffers

使用

Natural salt is the source of chlorine and of sodium as well as of all, or practically all, their Compounds, e.g., hydrochloric acid, chlorates, sodium carbonate, hydroxide, etc.; for preserving foods; manufacture of soap, to salt out dyes; in freezing mixtures; for dyeing and printing fabrics, glazing pottery, curing hides; metallurgy of tin and other metals.

使用

sodium chloride (table salt) is used as a preservative, astringent, and anti-septic to treat inflamed lesions. It can also be used to mask odor, reduce product density, and control viscosity. Diluted solutions are not considered irritating.

使用

Sodium chloride Commonly known as table salt, sodium chloride is found as the mineral halite and in brines and seawater. Sodium chloride is soluble in water but less so in alcohol. It was the first halide to be combined with silver nitrate and was also used by L. J. M. Daguerre and W. H. F. Talbot as a stabilizer before fi xing with hypo was adopted.

製造方法

Sodium chloride is produced by solar evaporation of seawater or brine from underground salt deposits. It also is produced by mining rock salt. The commercial product contains small amounts of calcium and magnesium chlorides.

調製方法

Sodium chloride occurs naturally as the mineral halite. Commercially, it is obtained by the solar evaporation of sea water, by mining, or by the evaporation of brine from underground salt deposits.

定義

A compound with an acidic and a basic radical, or a compound formed by total or partial replacement of the hydrogen in an acid by a metal. In general terms a salt is a material that has identifiable cationic and anionic components.

定義

saline: Describing a chemical compoundthat is a salt, or a solutioncontaining a salt.

定義

salt: A compound formed by reactionof an acid with a base, in whichthe hydrogen of the acid has been replacedby metal or other positiveions. Typically, salts are crystallineionic compounds such as Na+Cl– andNH4+NO3-. Covalent metal compounds,such as TiCl4, are also oftenregarded as salts.

定義

ChEBI: An inorganic chloride salt having sodium(1+) as the counterion.

brand name

Broncho Saline (Blairex).

一般的な説明

A white crystalline solid. Commercial grade usually contains some chlorides of calcium and magnesium which absorb moisture and cause caking.

空気と水の反応

Water soluble.

反応プロフィール

Sodium chloride is generally unreactive. Releases gaseous hydrogen chloride if mixed with a concentrated nonvolatile acid such as sulfuric acid.

火災危険

Literature sources indicate that Sodium chloride is nonflammable.

応用例(製薬)

Sodium chloride is widely used in a variety of parenteral and nonparenteral pharmaceutical formulations, where the primary use is to produce isotonic solutions.
Sodium chloride has been used as a lubricant and diluent in capsules and direct-compression tablet formulations in the past, although this practice is no longer common. Sodium chloride has also been used as a channeling agent and as an osmotic agent in the cores of controlled-release tablets. It has been used as a porosity modifier in tablet coatings, and to control drug release from microcapsules.
The addition of sodium chloride to aqueous spray-coating solutions containing hydroxypropyl cellulose or hypromellose suppresses the agglomeration of crystalline cellulose particles.(13) Sodium chloride can also be used to modify drug release from gels and from emulsions. It can be used to control micelle size, and to adjust the viscosity of polymer dispersions by altering the ionic character of a formulation.

农业用途

Halite is a naturally occurring sodium chloride (NaCl) deposit. The most abundant potash mineral deposit is sylvite (KCl). Sylvite with halite forms the common potash ore, called sylvinite.

安全性プロファイル

Poison by intraperitoneal and intracervical routes. Moderately toxic by ingestion, intravenous, and subcutaneous routes. An experimental teratogen. Human systemic effects by ingestion: blood pressure increase. Human reproductive effects by intraplacental route: terminates pregnancy. Experimental reproductive effects. Human mutation data reported. A skin and eye irritant. When bulk sodium chloride is heated to high temperature, a vapor is emitted that is irritating, particularly to the eyes. Ingestion of large amounts of sodium chloride can cause irritation of the stomach. Improper use of salt tablets may produce this effect. Potentially explosive reaction with dichloromaleic anhydride + urea. Electrolysis of mixtures with nitrogen compounds may form the explosive nitrogen trichloride. Reaction with burning lithmm forms the dangerously reactive sodmm. The molten salt at 11 00' reacts explosively with water. Violent reaction with BrF3. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cland Na2O.

安全性

Sodium chloride is the most important salt in the body for maintaining the osmotic tension of blood and tissues. About 5–12 g of sodium chloride is consumed daily, in the normal adult diet, and a corresponding amount is excreted in the urine. As an excipient, sodium chloride may be regarded as an essentially nontoxic and nonirritant material. However, toxic effects following the oral ingestion of 0.5–1.0 g/kg body-weight in adults may occur. The oral ingestion of larger quantities of sodium chloride, e.g. 1000 g in 600mL of water, is harmful and can induce irritation of the gastrointestinal tract, vomiting, hypernatremia, respiratory distress, convulsions, or death.
In rats, the minimum lethal intravenous dose is 2.5 g/kg bodyweight.
LD50 (mouse, IP): 6.61 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, IV): 0.65 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, oral): 4.0 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, SC): 3.0 g/kg
LD50 (rat, oral): 3.0 g/kg

貯蔵

Aqueous sodium chloride solutions are stable but may cause the separation of glass particles from certain types of glass containers. Aqueous solutions may be sterilized by autoclaving or filtration. The solid material is stable and should be stored in a well-closed container, in a cool, dry place.
It has been shown that the compaction characteristics and the mechanical properties of tablets are influenced by the relative humidity of the storage conditions under which sodium chloride was kept.

純化方法

It is recrystallised from a saturated aqueous solution (2.7mL/g) by passing in HCl gas, or by adding EtOH or acetone. It can be freed from bromide and iodide impurities by adding chlorine water to an aqueous solution and boiling it for some time to expel free bromine and iodine. Traces of iron can be removed by prolonged boiling of solid NaCl in 6M HCl; the crystals are then washed with EtOH and dried at ca 100o. Sodium chloride has been purified by sublimation in a stream of pre-purified N2 and collected by electrostatic discharge [Ross & Winkler J Am Chem Soc 76 2637 1954]. For use as a primary analytical standard, analytical reagent grade NaCl should be finely ground, dried in an electric furnace at 500-600o in a platinum crucible, and allowed to cool in a desiccator. For most purposes, however, drying at 110-120o is satisfactory.

不和合性

Aqueous sodium chloride solutions are corrosive to iron. They also react to form precipitates with silver, lead, and mercury salts. Strong oxidizing agents liberate chlorine from acidified solutions of sodium chloride. The solubility of the antimicrobial preservative methylparaben is decreased in aqueous sodium chloride solutions and the viscosity of carbomer gels and solutions of hydroxyethyl cellulose or hydroxypropyl cellulose is reduced by the addition of sodium chloride.

規制状況(Regulatory Status)

GRAS listed. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (injections; inhalations; nasal, ophthalmic, oral, otic, rectal, and topical preparations). Included in nonparenteral and parenteral medicines licensed in the UK. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Non-medicinal Ingredients.

塩化ナトリウム [一般有機合成用] 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品

ウロキナーゼ セフェピム ピロリン酸第一スズ ヒマシ硬化油 トリエンチン·2塩酸塩 C.I.アシッドグリーン28 3-ヒドロキシ-2,7-ナフタレンジスルホン酸 4-[4,5-ジヒドロ-3-メチル-5-オキソ-4-(フェニルアゾ)-1H-ピラゾール-1-イル]ベンゼンスルホン酸ナトリウム 2-アミノ-1,4-ベンゼンジスルホン酸 メチルバイオレットBベース 塩化第一水銀 ホロンスカーレットS-BWFL クロロホルムアミジン塩酸塩 フィシン 2,3,4,5-テトラフルオロ-6-ニトロ安息香酸 2-アミノ-5-クロロベンゾトリフルオリド L-(+)-マンデル酸メチル 3-アミノ-5-ブロモ-2-ヒドロキシピリジン フェニルヒドロキシアミン ダイレクト ブル199 モンテルカスト 2-ヒドロキシ-5-[(4-スルホフェニル)アゾ]安息香酸二ナトリウム トリエチレンテトラミン 四塩酸塩 4-アミノ-5-ヒドロキシ-2,7-ナフタレンジスルホン酸ナトリウム水和物 4-クロロ-3-ピコリン塩酸塩 塩化物 塩素酸アンモニウム 5-フルオロ-2-メチルベンズアルデヒド 1-メチル-4-(3-ニトロフェニル)ピペラジン 3-ヒドロキシ-4-[(2-ヒドロキシ-1-ナフタレニル)アゾ]-7-ニトロ-1-ナフタレンスルホン酸/1-[(2-ヒドロキシ-3,5-ジニトロフェニル)アゾ]-2-ナフタレノール/ナトリウム/クロム酸,(1:1:2:1) 酢酸 プロピル 5-アミノ-2-クロロトルエン-4-スルホン酸 1-メチル-4-(4-ニトロベンジル)ピペラジン

塩化ナトリウム [一般有機合成用] 生産企業

Global( 377)Suppliers
名前 電話番号 ファックス番号 電子メール 国籍 製品カタログ 優位度
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7647-14-5(塩化ナトリウム [一般有機合成用])キーワード:


  • 7647-14-5
  • SODIUMCHLORIDE,CRYSTAL,REAGENT,ACS
  • SODIUMCHLORIDE,GRANULAR,BIOTECHGRADE
  • SODIUMCHLORIDE,GRANULAR,TECHNICAL
  • SODIUMCHLORIDE,GRANULAR,USP
  • SODIUMCHLORIDE,NON-IODIZED,GRANULAR,FCC
  • SODIUMCHLORIDE,POWDER,USP
  • SODIUMCHLORIDE,TECHNICAL(BULK
  • SODIUMCHLORIDE,USP,EP
  • COOKINGSALT
  • CONDIMENTS
  • POTASSIUM-ENRICHEDSALT
  • SALTYSEASONING
  • SALZ
  • N-prop-2-enyldecan-1-amine
  • prop-2-en-1-amine
  • trimethyl-[6-(prop-2-enylamino)hexyl]azanium
  • SODIUM CHLORIDE: 99.999% PURATREM
  • SODIUM CHLORIDE, 99.9%
  • SODIUM CHLORIDE MOLECULAR BIOLOGY GRADE
  • SODIUM CHLORIDE R. G., REAG. ACS, REAG. ISO, REAG. PH. EUR.
  • Sodium chloride, 99.99% (metals basis)
  • Sodium chloride, ultra dry, 99.99% (metals basis)
  • Sodium chloride, Puratronic(R), 99.999% (metals basis)
  • SODIUM CHLORIDE GRANULAR
  • SODIUM CHLORIDES
  • SODIUM CHLORIDE extrapure AR
  • Sodium Chloride, crystal
  • mermaid salt
  • Sodium chloride, 99.994% (metals basis)
  • Isotonic saline, Normal saline
  • 塩化ナトリウム [一般有機合成用]
  • 塩化ナトリウム
  • ナトリウムクロリド
  • 食塩
  • 岩塩
  • 化ナトリウム
  • 海塩
  • 塩化Na
  • 0.01MOL/L塩化ナトリウム溶液(N/100)
  • 0.02MOL/L塩化ナトリウム溶液(N/50)
  • 0.05MOL/L塩化ナトリウム溶液(N/20)
  • 0.1MOL/L塩化ナトリウム溶液(N/10)
  • 1MOL/L塩化ナトリウム溶液(1N)
  • 5%塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 塩化ナトリウム CRM3008‐A
  • 塩化ナトリウム(UE‐E)
  • 塩化物イオン標準液
  • 0.002N(N/500) 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 0.005N(N/200) 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 0.01MOL/L(N/100) 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 0.0282N 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 0.02MOL/L(N/50) 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 0.05MOL/L(N/20) 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 0.141N 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 0.1MOL/L(N/10) 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 0.5MOL/L(N/2) 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 0.9W/V% 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 1MOL/L(1N) 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 1W/V% 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 2.84W/V% 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 20W/V% 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 3.3W/V% 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • HW 38979-500G 塩化ナトリウム TRACESELECT,FOR TRACE ANALYSIS,≥99.999% (METALS BASIS)
  • 塩化ナトリウム ACS REAGENT,≥99.0%
  • 塩化ナトリウム FOR HPLC,≥99.5%
  • 塩化ナトリウム PURISS. P.A.,≥99.5% (AT)
  • 塩化ナトリウム PURISS. P.A.,≥99.5% (AT),POWDER OR CRYSTALS
  • 塩化ナトリウム PURISS. P.A.,ACS REAGENT,REAG. ISO,REAG. PH. EUR.,≥99.5%
  • 塩化ナトリウム PURISS.,MEETS ANALYTICAL SPECIFICATION OF PH. EUR.,BP,USP,99.0-100.5% (CALC. TO THE DRIED SUBSTANCE), 0.00002% AL
  • 塩化ナトリウム SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M NACL (0.1N)
  • 塩化ナトリウム SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,1.0 M NACL (1.0N)
  • 塩化ナトリウム濃縮溶液 FOR 1L STANDARD SOLUTION
  • 塩化物イオン標準液(CL-:1,000MG/L)
  • 0.01MOL/L 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 0.02MOL/L 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 0.05MOL/L 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 0.1MOL/L 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 1MOL/L 塩化ナトリウム溶液
  • 塩化ナトリウム (並塩)
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