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鉛(II)オキシド

鉛(II)オキシド 化学構造式
1317-36-8
CAS番号.
1317-36-8
化学名:
鉛(II)オキシド
别名:
C.I.ピグメントイエロー46;鉛(II)オキシド;鉛プロトキシド;リサージ;リサージイエローL-28;イエロー鉛オークル;マッシコット;リタルゲイエローL-28;酸化鉛(II);マシコチット;鉛オキシドイエロー;マシコット;酸化鉛;酸化第一鉛;一酸化鉛;リサ-ジ;リサージ,3N;酸化鉛(II),3N;一酸化鉛(黄);一酸化鉛(黄),3N
英語化学名:
Lead monoxide
英語别名:
ow;RED LEAD;massicot;LITHARGE;Lead oxid;c.i. 77577;massicotite;lithargepure;Lead(Ⅱ) oxide;Lead(I) Oxide
CBNumber:
CB4119629
化学式:
OPb
分子量:
223.1994
MOL File:
1317-36-8.mol

鉛(II)オキシド 物理性質

融点 :
886 °C(lit.)
沸点 :
1470 °C
比重(密度) :
9.53
蒸気圧:
10 mm Hg ( 0 °C)
屈折率 :
2.67
貯蔵温度 :
Store below +30°C.
溶解性:
Soluble in concentrated alkali, HCl and ammonium chloride. Insoluble in dilute alkali and alcohol.
外見 :
powder
色:
yellow
比重:
9.53
PH:
8-9 (100g/l, H2O, 20℃)(slurry)
水溶解度 :
Soluble in concentrated alkali, hydrochloric acid, and ammonium chloride. Insoluble in water, dilute alkali and alcohol.
Hydrolytic Sensitivity:
4: no reaction with water under neutral conditions
Merck :
14,5413
安定性::
Stable. Reacts violently with hydrogen peroxide, strong oxidizing agents, aluminium, zirconium, halogens, sulphur trioxide, boron, silicon, sodium, zinc.
CAS データベース:
1317-36-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Lead monoxide(1317-36-8)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Lead monoxide (1317-36-8)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  T,N
Rフレーズ  61-20/22-33-50/53-62
Sフレーズ  53-45-60-61
RIDADR  UN 2291 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany  3
RTECS 番号 OG1750000
TSCA  Yes
HSコード  2824 10 00
国連危険物分類  6.1(b)
容器等級  III
有毒物質データの 1317-36-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 i.p. in rats: 40 mg Pb/100g (Bradley, Fredrick)
安衛法 鉛中毒予防規則該当物質,57,57-2
PRTR法 特1-305
毒劇物取締法 III
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H302 飲み込むと有害 急性毒性、経口 4 警告 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H332 吸入すると有害 急性毒性、吸入 4 警告 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H351 発がんのおそれの疑い 発がん性 2 警告 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H360 生殖能または胎児への悪影響のおそれ 生殖毒性 1A, 1B 危険
H362 授乳中の子に害を及ぼすおそれ 生殖毒性、授乳に対するまたは 授乳を介したの影響 追加区分 P201, P260, P263, P264, P270,P308+P313
H372 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 1 危険 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H373 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害のおそれ 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 2 警告 P260, P314, P501
H400 水生生物に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、急性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
H410 長期的影響により水生生物に非常に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
注意書き
P201 使用前に取扱説明書を入手すること。
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P263 妊娠中/授乳期中は接触を避けること。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P304+P340 吸入した場合:空気の新鮮な場所に移し、呼吸しやすい 姿勢で休息させること。
P308+P313 暴露または暴露の懸念がある場合:医師の診断/手当てを 受けること。
P405 施錠して保管すること。

鉛(II)オキシド 価格 もっと(36)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ALF010728 Lead(II) oxide, Puratronic®, 99.9995% (metals basis)
Lead(II) oxide, Puratronic?, 99.9995% (metals basis)
1317-36-8 25g ¥53800 2021-03-23 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ALF010728 Lead(II) oxide, Puratronic®, 99.9995% (metals basis)
Lead(II) oxide, Puratronic?, 99.9995% (metals basis)
1317-36-8 100g ¥175000 2021-03-23 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 24064-00 酸化鉛(II) >99.5%(T)
Lead(II) oxide >99.5%(T)
1317-36-8 500g ¥3000 2021-03-23 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 24064-01 酸化鉛(II) >98.5%(T)
Lead(II) oxide >98.5%(T)
1317-36-8 500g ¥2300 2021-03-23 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 15338 酸化鉛(II) puriss. p.a., ≥99.0% (KT), yellow
Lead(II) oxide puriss. p.a., ≥99.0% (KT), yellow
1317-36-8 250g ¥7220 2021-03-23 購入

鉛(II)オキシド 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

黄色~赤みの黄色, 粉末

溶解性

水に極めて溶けにくい (0.1g/l) 酸, アルカリに可溶。アルコールに不溶。水及びエタノールにほとんど溶けない。硝酸、酢酸及び水酸化ナトリウム溶液に溶ける。

用途

鉛化合物合成原料。鉛ガラス原料。ゴム加硫剤。

用途

塩ビ安定剤、ガラス添加剤

説明

Lead(II) oxide occurs in two polymorphs, red, having a tetragonal crystal structure and yellow, having an orthorhombic crystal structure. Both forms occur naturally as rare minerals. The red form is known as “Litharge” and the yellow form is known as “Massico”.

化学的特性

Lead monoxide, litharge, PbO, exists in a reddish alpha form up to 489 °C; it then transforms to a yellow beta form (massicot), which is stable at high temperatures. It has a water solubility of 17 mg/L at 20 °C, and is soluble in nitric acid, alkalies, lead acetate, ammonium chloride, and chlorides of calcium and strontium. In alkalies, it forms the plumbite ion, [PbO2]2? . Lead oxides are produced industrially by thermal processes in which lead is directly oxidized with air. In the ball mill process, metallic lead balls are tumbled in air to produce a “leady” oxide, which typically contains 20-35% free lead. The Barton pot process oxidizes droplets of molten lead at ca. 430°C to produce either litharge or leady litharge.

物理的性質

The oxide exhibits two crystalline modifications, the reddish or orange-red alpha form, known as litharge, and the yellow beta form, massicot. The alpha form constitutes tetragonal crystals while the beta modification is a yellow amorphous powder of orthorhombic crystal structure. The alpha form is stable at ordinary temperatures, converting to the beta form when heated at 489°C; density 9.35 g/cm3 (beta form); Moh’s hardness 2 (alpha form); the oxide melts at 888°C; vaporizes at 1,472°C with decomposition; vapor pressure 1 torr at 943°C and 5 torr at 1,039°C; practically insoluble in water (the solubility of alpha form is 17 mg/L at 20°C and that of beta form 23 mg/L at 22°C); insoluble in ethanol; soluble in dilute nitric acid and alkalies.

使用

Assay of gold and silver ores.

使用

In ointments, plasters; preparing solution of lead subacetate. Glazing pottery; glass flux for painting on porcelain and glass; lead glass; varnishes; with glycerol as metal cement; producing iridescent colors on brass and bronze; coloring sulfur-containing substances, e.g., hair, nails, wool, horn; manufacture of artificial tortoise shell and horn; pigment for rubber; manufacture of boiled linseed oil; in assay of gold and silver ores.

調製方法

Lead monoxide is obtained commercially by two processes, Barton process and the Ball Mill process. The Ball-Mill process involves reaction of molten lead with oxygen or air, and in the Barton process atomized molten lead is stirred in a mechanical furnace above 550°C. The molten metal splashed by the stirring paddle comes in contact with air fed into the cover of the furnace through a pipe, thus forming a mist of finely divided lead monoxide. The mist also contains a small amount of unreacted lead. The mist is passed through an upright shaft where a major portion of unreacted lead falls back into the furnace. It is then rapidly cooled and collected in condensing chambers. The crude product may contain 1 to 3% lead. It is finely ground and sold. The remaining lead in the crude product may be converted into the lead monoxide by stirring the molten mass in presence of air for several hours. The hot product is then cooled rapidly to a temperature below 300°C to prevent any formation of lead tetroxide, Pb3O4.
In an alternate process, a variation of the above method, molten lead is atomized in a shaft furnace. An air stream carries the very finely divided metal into the hot zone of the shaft furnace where the metal evaporates and oxidizes producing very finely divided lead monoxide. The product is passed through the cold zone of the furnace and cooled rapidly. The product obtained is a yellow powdery material, the beta form of lead oxide, massicot, consisting of orthorhombic crystals.
The red lead oxide (the tetragonal alpha modification) is obtained by slow cooling of the lead monoxide melt. The solidified mass may contain the red alpha form of the oxide resulting from slow cooling of the melt, under an outer layer of yellow beta form that may result from the rapid cooling of the outer portion.
Lead monoxide also is produced by a modified Ball Mill process in which high purity lead balls placed in the mill are partially oxidized to produce black or grey oxide. Both the red and yellow form of the oxide may be prepared by alkaline dehydration of lead hydroxide, Pb(OH)2.

一般的な説明

Odorless gray or yellow green or red-brown solid. Sinks in water.

反応プロフィール

Lead monoxide has weak oxidizing or reducing powers. Redox reactions can however still occur. The majority of compounds in this class are slightly soluble or insoluble in water. If soluble in water, then the solutions are usually neither strongly acidic nor strongly basic. These compounds are not water-reactive. Aluminum carbide is oxidized with incandescence on warming with lead oxide, [Mellor, 1946, Vol. 5, 872]. Mixtures of lead oxide with aluminum powder(as with other metals: sodium, zirconium) give a violent explosions, [Mellor, 1946, Vol. 5, 217, 1941].

健康ハザード

General symptoms of lead poisoning (delayed). Inhalation or ingestion causes abdominal pain (lead colic), metallic taste in mouth, loss of weight, pain in muscles, and muscular weakness. Dust may irritate eyes.

純化方法

Higher oxides are removed by heating under vacuum at 550o with subsequent cooling under vacuum. It is red at room temperature but becomes yellow at high temperatures (~480o) reversibly. [Ray & Ogg J Am Chem Soc 78 5994 1956, Kwestroo et al. J Inorg Nucl Chem 29 39 1967.]

鉛(II)オキシド 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


鉛(II)オキシド 生産企業

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1317-36-8(鉛(II)オキシド)キーワード:


  • 1317-36-8
  • RED LEAD
  • litharge regular
  • yellow lead monoxide
  • Yellow Lead Oxide Granular
  • LEAD OXIDE (YELLOW)/LITHARGE
  • LEAD OXIDE YELOW PB
  • LEAD(II) OXIDE 99+% A.C.S. REAGENT
  • LEAD(II) OXIDE, DAC, B. P. C.
  • Lead(II) oxide, 99.999% metals basis
  • Lead(II) oxide, powder, <10 micron, 99.9+% metals basis
  • Lead(Ii)OxideA.R.
  • LeadMonoxideGr
  • LeadMonoxide(Litharge)
  • Lead(Ⅱ)oxide yellow
  • LEAD(II) OXIDE: 99.99%
  • LEAD(II) OXIDE EXTRA PURE DAC
  • LEAD(II) OXIDE FOR ANALYSIS 1 KG
  • LEAD(II) OXIDE FOR ANALYSIS 250 G
  • Lead(II) oxide, 99.9+%, (trace Metal basis), <10 Microns, powder
  • LEAD(II) OXIDE (PBO)
  • Pigment yellow 46
  • LEAD OXIDE 99.999%
  • LEAD OXIDE REAGENT (ACS)
  • LEAD OXIDE, 99.99%
  • Lead(Ⅱ) oxide
  • Lead(II)oxide(99.999+%-Pb)PURATREM
  • Lead(II)oxide(Litharge),99+%
  • lead(ii) oxide, acs
  • lead(ii) oxide, low silver
  • lead(ii) oxide, puratronic
  • C.I.ピグメントイエロー46
  • 鉛(II)オキシド
  • 鉛プロトキシド
  • リサージ
  • リサージイエローL-28
  • イエロー鉛オークル
  • マッシコット
  • リタルゲイエローL-28
  • 酸化鉛(II)
  • マシコチット
  • 鉛オキシドイエロー
  • マシコット
  • 酸化鉛
  • 酸化第一鉛
  • 一酸化鉛
  • リサ-ジ
  • リサージ,3N
  • 酸化鉛(II),3N
  • 一酸化鉛(黄)
  • 一酸化鉛(黄),3N
  • 一酸化
  • 酸化鉛(Ⅱ)
  • 酸化鉛(Ⅱ) (一酸化鉛)
  • 酸化鉛(Ⅱ) 一酸化鉛
  • LEAD(II) OXIDE, PURATRONIC®, 99.9995% (METALS BASIS)
  • 酸化鉛(II), Puratronic®, 99.9995% (metals basis)
  • 酸化鉛(II) (Lithargリサージ
  • 酸化鉛(II) (99.999+%-Pb) PURATREM
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