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アセチルクロリド

アセチルクロリド 化学構造式
75-36-5
CAS番号.
75-36-5
化学名:
アセチルクロリド
别名:
アセチルクロリド;1-クロロエタノン;塩化アセチル;酢酸クロリド;エタノイルクロリド;アセチルクロライド;塩化アセチル,ジクロロメタン溶液;化アセチル;塩化アセチル アセチルクロリド
英語化学名:
Acetyl chloride
英語别名:
CH3COCl;UN1717 (DOT);ACETYLCLORIDE;Acetylchlorid;ACETYL CHLORIDE;Acetic chloride;1-Chloroethanone;Ethanoylcholride;AcetylChlorideA.R;AKOS BBS-00003929
CBNumber:
CB4485487
化学式:
C2H3ClO
分子量:
78.5
MOL File:
75-36-5.mol

アセチルクロリド 物理性質

融点 :
-112 °C
沸点 :
52 °C(lit.)
比重(密度) :
1.104 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
蒸気密度:
2.7 (vs air)
蒸気圧:
11.69 psi ( 20 °C)
屈折率 :
n20/D 1.389(lit.)
闪点 :
40 °F
貯蔵温度 :
Store at RT
溶解性:
Miscible with acetone, chloroform, glacial acetic acid, petroleum ether, ether and benzene.
外見 :
Liquid
比重:
approximate 1.11
色:
Clear colorless
爆発限界(explosive limit):
7.3-19%(V)
Sensitive :
Moisture Sensitive
Merck :
14,85
BRN :
605303
安定性::
Stability Highly flammable. Reacts violently with DMSO, water, lower alcohols, and amines to generate toxic fumes. May form an explosive mixture with air. Note low flash point. Incompatible with water, alcohols, amines, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, most common metals.
InChIKey:
WETWJCDKMRHUPV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS データベース:
75-36-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Acetyl chloride(75-36-5)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Acetyl chloride(75-36-5)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  F,C,Xn
Rフレーズ  11-14-34-40-36/38
Sフレーズ  9-16-26-45-1/2-36/37
RIDADR  UN 1717 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  1
RTECS 番号 AO6390000
3
自然発火温度 390 °C DIN 51794
TSCA  Yes
国連危険物分類  3
容器等級  II
HSコード  29159080
有毒物質データの 75-36-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
消防法 危険物第4類第一石油類(非水溶性)
化審法 (2)-631
安衛法 特定化学物質障害予防規則:第2類物質(特有),57,57-2
PRTR法 1-186
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H225 引火性の高い液体および蒸気 引火性液体 2 危険 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H290 金属腐食のおそれ 金属腐食性物質 1 警告 P234, P390, P404
H302 飲み込むと有害 急性毒性、経口 4 警告 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 重篤な皮膚の薬傷?眼の損傷 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 1A, B, C 危険 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H333 吸入すると有害のおそれ 急性毒性、吸入 5 P304+P312
H335 呼吸器への刺激のおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 気道刺激性 3 警告
H351 発がんのおそれの疑い 発がん性 2 警告 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H412 長期的影響により水生生物に有害 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 3 P273, P501
注意書き
P201 使用前に取扱説明書を入手すること。
P233 容器を密閉しておくこと。
P234 他の容器に移し替えないこと。
P240 容器を接地すること/アースをとること。
P264 取扱い後は皮膚をよく洗うこと。
P264 取扱い後は手や顔をよく洗うこと。
P270 この製品を使用する時に、飲食または喫煙をしないこ と。
P271 屋外または換気の良い場所でのみ使用すること。
P273 環境への放出を避けること。
P303+P361+P353 皮膚(または髪)に付着した場合:直ちに汚染された衣 類をすべて脱ぐこと/取り除くこと。皮膚を流水/シャワー で洗うこと。

アセチルクロリド 価格 もっと(31)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01FLC094104 アセチルクロリド
Acetyl chloride
75-36-5 100g ¥9200 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01FLC094104 アセチルクロリド
Acetyl chloride
75-36-5 500g ¥23100 2018-12-26 購入
東京化成工業 A0082 アセチルクロリド >98.0%(GC)(T)
Acetyl Chloride >98.0%(GC)(T)
75-36-5 100g ¥2700 2018-12-04 購入
東京化成工業 A0082 アセチルクロリド >98.0%(GC)(T)
Acetyl Chloride >98.0%(GC)(T)
75-36-5 500g ¥7300 2018-12-04 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 01043-01 塩化アセチル >95.0%(T)
Acetyl chloride >95.0%(T)
75-36-5 500g ¥9500 2018-12-13 購入

アセチルクロリド MSDS


Acetic acid chloride

アセチルクロリド 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

無色澄明の液体

溶解性

水, アルコールに分解。エーテルに易溶。水又はエタノールと激しく反応して分解する。

用途

三塩化アンチモン比色法によるビタミンD2の定量試薬。

用途

医薬?農薬?染料?化粧品原料、コレステロール検査用アセチル化剤、有機溶液中の水分検出剤

使用上の注意

水及びアルコール類と混合すると爆発的に反応する。不活性ガス封入

説明

Acetic chloride is a colourless to light yellow liquid with a pungent and choking odour. Acetic chloride is highly flammable and reacts violently with DMSO, water, lower alcohols, and amines to generate toxic fumes. Along with air, acetic chloride may form an explosive mixture. It is incompatible with water, alcohols, amines, strong bases, strong oxidising agents, and most common metals. On decomposition when heated, acetic chloride produces carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen chloride, and phosgene.

化学的特性

Acetic chloride is a colorless to light yellow liquid with a pungent and choking odor. Acetic chloride is highly flammable, reacts violently with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), water, lower alcohols, and amines to generate toxic fumes. Together with air, acetic chloride may form an explosive mixture. It is incompatible with water, alcohols, amines, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, and most common metals. On decomposition when heated, acetic chloride produces carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen chloride, and phosgene.

化学的特性

Acetyl chloride is a highly flammable, colorless, fuming liquid with a pungent odor

化学的特性

colourless to light yellow liquid with a pungent

使用

Acetylating agent; in testing for cholesterol, determination of H2O in organic liquids.

定義

A liquid acyl chloride used as an acetylating agent.

一般的な説明

A colorless, fuming liquid with a pungent odor. Density 9.2 lb / gal. Flash point 40°F. Vapor, which is heavier than air, irritates the eyes and mucous membranes. Corrosive to metals and tissue.
Acetyl chloride, CH30CCI, can be prepared by treatment ofacetic acid with various reagents, such as PCl3 SOCl2 or COCI2. It can be prepared by chlorination of acetic anhydride in several different ways, by reaction of methyl chloride with carbon monoxide in the presence of catalysts, by reaction ofketene with HCI, or by partial hydrolysis of 1, 1, l-trichloroethane, Acetyl chloride hydrolyzes in the presence of water to give acetic acid. It reacts with ammonia and amines to give acetamides. Reaction with alcohols gives the corresponding acetate esters. Acetyl chloride will add across unsaturated bonds in the presence ofsuitable catalysts to give halogenated ketones.

反応プロフィール

Acetyl chloride reacts violently with water, steam, methanol or ethanol to form hydrogen chloride and acetic acid. Reacts vigorously with bases, both organic and inorganic. Incompatible with oxidizing agents and alcohols. Produces highly toxic fumes of phosgene gas and chlorine when heated to decomposition [Sax, 9th ed., 1996, p. 35]. Reaction in a confined space with even a small amount of water may cause a violent eruption of gases [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 281]. Vapor forms an explosive mixture with air [Kirk-Othmer, 3rd ed., Vol. 1, 1978, p. 162]. Polymerization reaction with dimethyl sulfoxide is particularly violent [Buckley, A., J. Chem. Ed., 1965, 42, p. 674]. May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291].

健康ハザード

Vapor irritates mucous membranes. Ingestion of liquid or contact with eyes or skin causes severe irritation.

健康ハザード

Exposure to acetic chloride causes severe health effects. It is corrosive and causes severe skin burns. On contact with the eyes and skin and accidental ingestion, acetic chloride causes permanent eye damage and serious burns to the mouth and stomach. The spray mist or liquid causes tissue damage (mucous membranes of eyes, mouth, and upper respiratory tract). Inhalation of the spray mist causes severe irritation of the respiratory tract, with symptoms of a burning sensation, coughing, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, nausea, and vomiting. Prolonged periods of inhalation of acetic chloride may be fatal as a result of spasm, infl ammation, and edema of the larynx and bronchi, chemical pneumonitis, and pulmonary edema characterized by coughing, choking, or shortness of breath. However, there is no published information about the carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, teratogenicity, and developmental toxicity of acetic chloride in animals and humans.

安全性プロファイル

Poison by inhalation. Moderately toxic by ingestion. A human systemic irritant by inhalation. Violent hydrolysis reaction with water or steam produces heat, acetic acid, HCl, and other corrosive chlorides. May decompose during preparation. Dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Explosion hazard by spontaneous chemical reaction with dimethyl sulfoxide or ethanol. Also incompatible with Pcb. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of phosgene and Cl-. To fight fire, use CO2 or dry chemical. See also CHLORIDES

職業ばく露

Acetyl chloride is used in organic synthesis as an acetylating agent and in testing for water and/ or cholesterol in organic liquids, in the pharmaceutical industry and in pesticide manufacture.

貯蔵

Acetic chloride should be stored in a segregated and approved area, away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, alkalis and moisture. The container of acetic chloride should be kept in a cool, well-ventilated area, tightly sealed until ready for use. Users should avoid all possible sources of ignition, i.e., spark or flames.

輸送方法

UN1717 Acetyl chloride, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid, 8-Corrosive material

純化方法

Reflux acetyl chloride with PCl5 for several hours to remove traces of acetic acid, then distil it. Redistil it from one-tenth its volume of dimethylaniline or quinoline to remove free HCl. A.R. quality is freed from HCl by pumping it for 1hour at -78o and distilling it into a trap at -196o. [Beilstein 2 IV 395.] LACHRYMATORY.

不和合性

ticide manufacture. Incompatibilities: Avoid contact with moisture, steam, water, alcohols, dimethylsulfoxide, strong bases; phosphorus trichloride; oxidizers, and amines, since violent reactions may occur. Keep away from heat, fire, and welding operations.

廃棄物の処理

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. May be mixed slowly with sodium bicarbonate solution and then flushed to sewer with large volumes of water. May also be incinerated.

アセチルクロリド 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


アセチルクロリド 生産企業

Global( 292)Suppliers
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75-36-5(アセチルクロリド)キーワード:


  • 75-36-5
  • ACETYL CHLORIDE, 99%ACETYL CHLORIDE, 99%ACETYL CHLORIDE, 99%ACETYL CHLORIDE, 99%
  • UN1717 (DOT)
  • Acetyl chloride? Ethanoyl chloride
  • ACETYL CHLORIDE 98% MIN.
  • Acetyl chloride 99+ % for analysis
  • Acetyl chloride;Acetyl chloride 99+ % for analysis
  • ACETYL CHLORIDE, REAGENTPLUS, >=99% ACETYL CHLORIDE, REAGENTPLUS, >=99%
  • ACETYL CHLORIDE REAGENT GRADE 98%
  • ACETYL CHLORIDE REAGENTPLUS(TM) >=99%
  • Acetyl Chloride (Controlled Chemical)
  • AcetylChlorideA.R
  • Acetylchloride,99+%
  • Acetylchloride,98%
  • Acetyl chloride, 1M solution in dichloromethane
  • Lidocaine Impurity 38
  • Acetyl chloride1M solution in dichloromethaneAcroSeal§3
  • 1-Chloroethanone
  • ACETYLCLORIDE
  • Acetyl chloride, ACS, 98.5+%
  • Acetyl chloride, synthesis grade
  • Acetyl chloride, reagent grade, ACS
  • Acetyl chloride, 1M solution in dichloromethane, AcroSeal
  • Acetyl chloride, 1M soln. in dichloroMethane
  • Acetyl chloride, 98% 1LT
  • Acetyl chloride, ACS reagent
  • ACETYL CHLORIDE (1,2-13C2, 99%)
  • acetyl chloride, acs
  • ACETYLCHLORIDE,REAGENT
  • Acetyl chloride (C,R,T)
  • ACETYL-TRANS-RESVERATROL
  • アセチルクロリド
  • 1-クロロエタノン
  • 塩化アセチル
  • 酢酸クロリド
  • エタノイルクロリド
  • アセチルクロライド
  • 塩化アセチル,ジクロロメタン溶液
  • 化アセチル
  • 塩化アセチル アセチルクロリド
  • ヌクレオシド,ヌクレオチド&関連試薬
  • 保護剤,りん酸化剤,縮合剤
  • 生化学
  • 水酸基&アミノ基保護剤
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