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五塩化りん

五塩化りん 化学構造式
10026-13-8
CAS番号.
10026-13-8
化学名:
五塩化りん
别名:
五塩化りん;りんペンタクロリド;ペンタクロロりん;りん(V)ペンタクロリド;ペンタクロロホスホラン;ペンタクロロりん(V);五化リン;塩化りん(V);塩化りん(Ⅴ);塩化りん(V), 98%
英語化学名:
Phosphorus pentachloride
英語别名:
PCl5;phosphoricchloride;PHOSPHORUS CHLORIDE;Fosforpentachloride;Phosphoric chloride;pieciochlorekfosforu;Phosphorus pentachlo;Phosphorpentachlorid;Pieciochlorek fosforu;phosphorusperchloride
CBNumber:
CB6423984
化学式:
Cl5P
分子量:
208.24
MOL File:
10026-13-8.mol

五塩化りん 物理性質

融点 :
179-181°C (subl.)
沸点 :
160 °C
比重(密度) :
1.6
蒸気圧:
0.016 hPa (20 °C)
貯蔵温度 :
2-8°C
溶解性:
Soluble in carbon disulfide and carbon tetrachloride.
外見 :
macroporous
比重:
1.6
色:
Yellow
PH:
1 (5g/l, H2O)acidic
水溶解度 :
decomposes
Sensitive :
Moisture Sensitive
Merck :
14,7351
暴露限界値:
TLV-TWA 0.85 mg/m3 (0.1 ppm) (ACGIH), ~1 mg/m3 (0.1 ppm) (OSHA). .
CAS データベース:
10026-13-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Phosphorus pentachloride(10026-13-8)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Phosphorane, pentachloro-(10026-13-8)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  T+
Rフレーズ  14-22-26-34-48/20
Sフレーズ  26-36/37/39-45-7/8
RIDADR  UN 1806 8/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS 番号 TB6125000
3-10
TSCA  Yes
国連危険物分類  8
容器等級  II
HSコード  28121045
有毒物質データの 10026-13-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 660 mg/kg
化審法 (1)-250
安衛法 57,57-2
毒劇物取締法 毒物
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H302 飲み込むと有害 急性毒性、経口 4 警告 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 重篤な皮膚の薬傷?眼の損傷 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 1A, B, C 危険 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H330 吸入すると生命に危険 急性毒性、吸入 1, 2 危険 P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H373 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害のおそれ 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 2 警告 P260, P314, P501
注意書き
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P303+P361+P353 皮膚(または髪)に付着した場合:直ちに汚染された衣 類をすべて脱ぐこと/取り除くこと。皮膚を流水/シャワー で洗うこと。
P304+P340 吸入した場合:空気の新鮮な場所に移し、呼吸しやすい 姿勢で休息させること。
P305+P351+P338 眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。
P320 特別な治療が緊急に必要である(このラベ ルの...を見よ)。
P405 施錠して保管すること。

五塩化りん 価格 もっと(20)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01SRM93-1545
Phosphorus(V) chloride, 98%
10026-13-8 250g ¥15800 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01SRM93-1545
Phosphorus(V) chloride, 98%
10026-13-8 1kg ¥47500 2018-12-26 購入
東京化成工業 P1612 五塩化りん >98.0%(T)
Phosphorus Pentachloride >98.0%(T)
10026-13-8 25g ¥1900 2018-12-04 購入
東京化成工業 P1612 五塩化りん >98.0%(T)
Phosphorus Pentachloride >98.0%(T)
10026-13-8 500g ¥4200 2018-12-04 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 16946-2A 塩化りん(V)
Phosphorus pentachloride
10026-13-8 2.5kg ¥24500 2018-12-13 購入

五塩化りん 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

白色~うすい黄色, 結晶~結晶性粉末又は塊

溶解性

水と反応, エタノールに可溶。水を加えると発熱して、りん酸と塩酸とに分解する。また、エタノールを加えると発熱して分解し、塩化エチルを生成する。

用途

医薬(抗生物質、ビタミンB1、塩酸プロカイン、ペカミン、アクリノール、シンナピリン、ビザチン)各種塩化物の製造、ドーピングガス

使用上の注意

吸湿性が極めて強い

説明

Phthalic anhydride is a white lustrous needle-like solid, phthalic anhydride is slightly soluble in water.
Phthalic anhydride is an important chemical intermediate in the plastics industry. It has extensive industrial applications in the production of phthalic plasticisers, alkydic resins, polyesters resins, and synthetic resins. It is also used in dyes phenolphthalein, PVC stabilisers, drying agents for paints and aro. Phthalic anhydride itself is used as a monomer for synthetic resins such as glyptal, the alkyd resins, and the polyester resins. It is also used to make unsaturated polyesters that are used to manufacture fibreglassreinforced plastics, halogenated anhydrides used as fire retardants; polyester polyols for urethanes, phthalocyanine pigments; dyes, perfumes, pharmaceuticals, tanning and curing agents, as solvents, as insect repellents, and various chemical intermediates. Phthalic anhydride is released to the environment from chemical plants, mainly those that manufacture the chemical or use it in the production of plastics and resins. Phthalic anhydride is used in the synthesis of primary amines, the agricultural fungicide phaltan, and thalidomide.

化学的特性

Phosphorus pentachloride is a pale yellow, fuming solid with an odor like hydrochloric acid.

化学的特性

Yellowish crystalline powder and scales

使用

As catalyst in manufacture of acetylcellulose; for replacing hydroxyl groups by Cl, particularly for converting acids into acid chlorides.

使用

Phosphorus pentachloride is used as a chlorinating agent to convert acids into acid chlorides, as a dehydrating agent, and as a catalyst.

一般的な説明

Phosphorus pentachloride is a greenish-yellow crystalline solid with an irritating odor. Phosphorus pentachloride is decomposed by water to form hydrochloric and phosphoric acid and heat. This heat may be sufficient to ignite surrounding combustible material. Phosphorus pentachloride is corrosive to metals and tissue. Long term exposure to low concentrations or short term exposure to high concentrations can result in adverse health effects from inhalation.

反応プロフィール

Phosphorus pentachloride is a lightly yellow, fuming crystalline material, highly caustic, corrosive and toxic. Flammable by chemical reaction. Violent exothermic reaction with water or steam. When heated to decomposition Phosphorus pentachloride emits highly toxic fumes of chlorides and oxides of phosphorus. Explosive reaction with alkaline metals (sodium, potassium), urea. Ignites on contact with fluorine. Violent reaction with aluminum, chlorine trioxide, hydroxylamine, magnesium oxide, nitrobenzene, phosphorus(III) oxide, potassium. Carbamates form explosive products [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 1360]. Reaction with the mixture of chlorine and chlorine dioxide causes explosion [Mellor, 1941, vol. 2, p. 281; 1940, vol. 8, p. 1013].

健康ハザード

Phosphorus pentachloride can cause death due to pulmonary edemaor by circulatory shock.

健康ハザード

Phosphorus pentachloride vapors are a strong irritant to the eyes and mucous membranes. Contact with skin can cause acid burns, as it reacts readily with moisture to form hydrochloric and phosphoric acids:
PCl5+4H2O→ H3PO4+5HCl
Chronic exposure to this compound can result in bronchitis.
LC50 value, inhalation (rats): 205 mg (24 ppm)/m3 (NIOSH 1986).

火災危険

When heated to decomposition, Phosphorus pentachloride emits highly toxic fumes of chlorides and chlorine. Will react with water or steam to produce heat and toxic and corrosive fumes. Reacts violently with moisture, chlorine trioxide, fluorine hydroxylamine, magnesium oxides, diphosphorus trioxide, sodium and potassium. Decomposed by water to form hydrogen chloride, phosphoric acids, corrosive materials, and heat. This heat may be sufficient to ignite surrounding combustible materials. Incompatible with water, magnesium oxide, chemically active metals: sodium, potassium; alkalis; aluminum; chlorine dioxide; chlorine; diphosphorus trioxide; fluorine; hydroxylamine; magnesium oxide; 3'-methyl-2-nitrobenzanilide; nitrobenzene; sodium; urea; water.

安全性プロファイル

Poison by inhalation. Moderately toxic by ingestion. A severe eye, skin, and mucous membrane irritant. Corrosive to body tissues. Flammable by chemical reaction. Explosive reaction with chlorine dioxide + chlorine, sodium, urea + heat. Reacts to form explosive products with carbamates, 3'-methy-2-nitrobenzanilide (product explodes on contact with air). Ignites on contact with fluorine. Reacts violently with moisture, ClO3, hydroxyl- amine, magnesium oxide, nitrobenzene, phosphorus(Ⅲ) oxide, K. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical. Incompatible with aluminum, chlorine dioxide, chlorine,diphosphorus trioxide, fluorine, hydroxylamine, magnesium oxide, 3'-methyl- 2-nitrobenzanilide, nitrobenzene, sodium, urea, water. Will react with water or steam to produce heat and toxic and corrosive fumes. Used as a catalyst, chlorinating and dehydrating agent. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of Cland POx.

職業ばく露

Phosphorus pentachloride is used as a as a chlorinating and dehydrating agent and as a catalyst. It is used in the manufacture of agricultural chemicals;chlorinated compounds; gasoline additives, plasticizers and surfactants; and in pharmaceutical manufacture

応急処置

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. If victim is conscious, administer water, or milk. Do not induce vomiting. Medical observation is recommended for 2448 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy.

輸送方法

UN1806 Phosphorus pentachloride, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material.

純化方法

[All operations should be carried out in an efficient fume cupboard.] Sublime it at 160-170o in an atmosphere of chlorine. Excess chlorine is then displaced by dry N2 gas. All subsequent manipulations should be performed in a dry-box [Downs & Johnson J Am Chem Soc 77 2098 1955]. It fumes in moist air and attacks the eyes and the mucous membranes of the nose. It should not be breathed in and has very HARMFUL VAPOURS (wash burning eyes with aqueous NaHCO3).

不和合性

Phosphorus pentachloride is a powerful oxidizer. Reacts with water (violent), magnesium oxide, chemically active metals, such as sodium and potassium, alkalis, amines, carbamates, aluminum powder, combustibles, fluorine, phosphorus pentoxide, phosphorus trioxide, and many other substances. Hydrolyzes in water (even in humid air) to form hydrochloric acid and phosphoric acid. Corrosive to many metals, forming flammable and explosive hydrogen gas. Attacks plastic and rubber.

廃棄物の処理

Decompose with water, forming phosphoric and hydrochloric acids. Neutralize acids and dilute if necessary for discharge into the sewer system.

五塩化りん 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品

2‐クロロ‐3‐ニトロチオフェン (R)-α-アミノベンゼン酢酸クロリド·塩酸塩 3-オキサペンタン二酸ジクロリド 3-メチル-2-ニトロベンジルアルコール 2-クロロ-6-メチルイソニコチン酸 シロスタゾール セフゾナム 1-メチル-4-[3,3,3-トリス(4-クロロフェニル)-1-オキソプロピル]ピペラジン 2-クロロ-3-ニトロチオフェン-5-スルホニルクロリド 2'-ヨード馬尿酸 2-クロロ-6-メチルピリミジン-4-カルボン酸メチル 2-クロロピリミジン-5-スルホニルクロリド 4-クロロ-2,6-ピリジンジカルボン酸ジメチル 3-(2-クロロフェニル)-5-メチルイソオキサゾール-4-カルボニルクロリド 5-クロロチオフェン-2-スルホン酸クロリド 5-メチル-3-フェニル-4-イソオキサゾールカルボニルクロリド ロピバカイン ヘキシルアミン 1-クロロ-2-メチル-1-プロペン 2,4-メシチレンジスルホニル ジクロリド m-ベンゾイルフェニル酢酸 4,5-ジブロモチオフェン-2-スルホン酸クロリド イソフタロイルクロリド ジクロロメチルメチルエーテル 2-クロロ-3,5-ジニトロピリジン 2,4,5,6-テトラメチルベンゼンジスルホニル ジクロリド アクリジン-9-アミン N-シアノカルボンイミド酸ジフェニル 5-アセトアミドナフタレン-1-スルホニルクロリド プロピルホスホン酸無水物 (環状トリマー) (48% N,N-ジメチルホルムアミド溶液, 約1.6mol/L) クロキサシリンナトリウム一水和物 5-ブロモ-2-クロロ-3-ニトロピリジン 臭化物 塩化物 4-(1H-ピラゾール-1-イル)ベンゼンスルホニルクロリド 1,2-ベンゼンジカルボン酸ビス(フェニルメチル) 2-クロロベンゾチアゾール

五塩化りん 生産企業

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10026-13-8(五塩化りん)キーワード:


  • 10026-13-8
  • phosphoruschloride(pcl5)
  • phosphorusperchloride
  • Pieciochlorek fosforu
  • pieciochlorekfosforu
  • pieciochlorekfosforu(polish)
  • PhosphorusVchloridewhitextl
  • phosporus pentachloride
  • PHOSPHORUS PENTACHLORIDE REAGENT GRADE&
  • PhosphorousPentachlorideForSynthesis
  • Phosphorus(V)chloride,98%
  • Phosphorous(V) Chloride
  • Phosphorus(V) chloride, 99.998% (metals basis)
  • Phosphorus(V) chloride, 98% (metals basis)
  • Phosphorus(V) chloride, polymer-bound
  • Pentachlorophosphorus(V)
  • Phosphoric pentachloride
  • Phosphorus(V)pentachloride
  • (DG) Phosphorus pentachloride 10g [10026-13-8]
  • Phosphorus(V) chloride/ 99+%
  • Phosphorus pentachlo
  • Phosphorous(V) Chloride 99.999%
  • Pentachlorophosphorane, Phosphorus(V) chloride
  • Phosphorus(V) chloride, Pentachlorophosphorane
  • Phosphorus pentachloride, polymer-bound macroporous, 16-50 mesh, extent of labeling: 1.0-1.5 mmol/g loading
  • Phosphorus(V) chloride, 99.995% trace metals basis
  • PETACHLOROPHOSPHORANE
  • PHOSPHORUS CHLORIDE
  • PHOSPHORUS PENTACHLORIDE
  • PHOSPHORUS PENTACHLORIDE, POLYMER-BOUND
  • PHOSPHORUS(V) CHLORIDE
  • 五塩化りん
  • りんペンタクロリド
  • ペンタクロロりん
  • りん(V)ペンタクロリド
  • ペンタクロロホスホラン
  • ペンタクロロりん(V)
  • 五化リン
  • 塩化りん(V)
  • 塩化りん(Ⅴ)
  • 塩化りん(V), 98%
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