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塩化アンモニウム [一般有機合成用]

塩化アンモニウム [一般有機合成用] 化学構造式
12125-02-9
CAS番号.
12125-02-9
化学名:
塩化アンモニウム [一般有機合成用]
别名:
塩化アンモニウム [一般有機合成用];アンモニウムクロリド;塩化アンモニウム;塩化アンモニウム 塩化物;化アンモニウム;塩安;塩化アンモニウム[(NH4)Cl];アンモニア性窒素標準液(NH4‐N 100);アンモニウムイオン標準液;塩化アンモニウム CRM3011‐A;HW 213330-1KG 塩化アンモニウム ACS REAGENT,≥99.5%;塩化アンモニウム ACS REAGENT,≥99.5%;塩化アンモニウム PURISS. P.A.,ACS REAGENT,REAG. ISO,REAG. PH. EUR.,≥99.5%;塩化アンモニウム PURISS.,MEETS ANALYTICAL SPECIFICATION OF PH. EUR.,BP,USP,FCC,99.5-100.5% (CALC. TO THE DRIED SUBSTANCE);塩化アンモニウム TRACESELECT,FOR TRACE ANALYSIS,≥99.9995% (METALS BASIS);塩化アンモニウム標準品;塩化アンモニウム/ 99.99%;AMMONIUM ION STANDARD SOLUTION;塩化アンモニウム, 99.5+% (ACS);塩化アンモニウム (99.999%) PURATREM
英語化学名:
Ammonium chloride
英語别名:
NH4CL;SALMIAC;Amchlor;Darammon;Ammoneric;ai3-08937;ammonchlor;salammonia;SAL AMMONIA;Salammonite
CBNumber:
CB7129971
化学式:
ClH4N
分子量:
53.49146
MOL File:
12125-02-9.mol

塩化アンモニウム [一般有機合成用] 物理性質

融点 :
340 °C (subl.)(lit.)
沸点 :
100 °C750 mm Hg
比重(密度) :
1.52
蒸気密度:
1.9 (vs air)
蒸気圧:
1 mm Hg ( 160.4 °C)
屈折率 :
1.642
FEMA :
4494 | AMMONIA (ALSO INCLUDES AMMONIUM CHLORIDE)
貯蔵温度 :
Store at RT.
溶解性:
H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
外見 :
Solid
色:
White
比重:
1.53
PH:
4.7 (200g/l, H2O, 25℃)(External MSDS)
水溶解度 :
soluble
Sensitive :
Hygroscopic
極大吸収波長 (λmax):
λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.021
λ: 280 nm Amax: ≤0.019
Merck :
14,509
BRN :
4371014
安定性::
Stable. Incompatible with strong acids, strong bases.
CAS データベース:
12125-02-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Ammonium chloride(12125-02-9)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Ammonium chloride ((NH4)Cl)(12125-02-9)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xn
Rフレーズ  22-36-41-37/38
Sフレーズ  22-36-26
RIDADR  UN 3077 9 / PGIII
WGK Germany  1
RTECS 番号 BP4550000
自然発火温度 >400 °C
TSCA  Yes
国連危険物分類  9
容器等級  III
HSコード  28271000
有毒物質データの 12125-02-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 in rats (mg/kg): 30 i.m. (Boyd, Seymour); LD50 in rats (mg/kg): 1650 orally (Smeets)
化審法 (1)-218
安衛法 57,57-2
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Warning
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H302 飲み込むと有害 急性毒性、経口 4 警告 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 呼吸器への刺激のおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 気道刺激性 3 警告
H361 生殖能または胎児への悪影響のおそれの疑い 生殖毒性 2 警告 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H410 長期的影響により水生生物に非常に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
H411 長期的影響により水生生物に毒性 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 2
注意書き
P201 使用前に取扱説明書を入手すること。
P202 全ての安全注意を読み理解するまで取り扱わないこ と。
P261 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーの吸入を避ける こと。
P264 取扱い後は皮膚をよく洗うこと。
P264 取扱い後は手や顔をよく洗うこと。
P270 この製品を使用する時に、飲食または喫煙をしないこ と。
P271 屋外または換気の良い場所でのみ使用すること。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P337+P313 眼の刺激が続く場合:医師の診断/手当てを受けること。

塩化アンモニウム [一般有機合成用] 価格 もっと(75)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01W0101-0301 塩化アンモニウム 99.0+% (After drying)(Titration)
Ammonium Chloride 99.0+% (After drying)(Titration)
12125-02-9 500g ¥5000 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01S2463-2559 塩化アンモニウム
Ammonium Chloride
12125-02-9 25g ¥22620 2018-12-26 購入
東京化成工業 A2037 塩化アンモニウム >99.5%(T)
Ammonium Chloride >99.5%(T)
12125-02-9 300g ¥1600 2018-12-04 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 01287-01 塩化アンモニウム >98.5%(T)
Ammonium chloride >98.5%(T)
12125-02-9 500g ¥1700 2018-12-13 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 01287-00 塩化アンモニウム >99.5%(T)
Ammonium chloride >99.5%(T)
12125-02-9 500g ¥1900 2018-12-13 購入

塩化アンモニウム [一般有機合成用] 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

白色の結晶性の粉末又は結晶塊

定義

本品は、アンモニアの塩化物であり、次の化学式で表される。

溶解性

水に溶けやすく、エタノールに溶けにくい。

用途

分析用汎用試薬、合成原料。メッキ、乾電池等の原材料。

用途

肥料配合原料、染料?写真薬原料、メッキ溶剤添加剤、医薬?医薬部外品配合原料、食品添加物

用途

分析用汎用試薬、合成原料、薬品製造原料、調製液原料。メッキ、乾電池等の原材料。

化粧品の成分用途

親水性増粘剤、香料

効能

補正用電解質液

主な用途/役割

ユリア樹脂系接着剤、メラミン樹脂系接着剤、フェノール樹脂系接着剤の触媒として使用される。

使用上の注意

不活性ガス封入

化学的特性

Ammonium chloride,Nl4CI, also known as ammoniae, salmiai,and ammonium nituriate,is a white crystalline solid. It is soluble in water, aqueous solutionsof ammonia, and is slightly soluble in methyl alcohol. Ammonium chloride is found in natureas a sublimation productof volcanic activity, or is produced by neutralizing HCI(either in liquid or gaseousphase) with NH3 gas or liquid NH40H then evaporating the excess H20. The salt decomposes at350°C and sublimes under controlled conditions at 520 °C. Ammoniumchlorideis used as an electrolyte in dry cell batteries,as a fluxfor soldering, tinningandgalvanizing, andas a processing ingredientin textile printing and hide tanning. Use as a source of nitrogen for fertilizersis limited because of the possible build up of damaging chloride residuals in the soil.

化学的特性

Ammonium chloride is a white crystalline solid. Odorless.

化学的特性

Ammonium chloride occurs as colorless, odorless crystals or crystal masses. It is a white, granular powder with a cooling, saline taste. It is hygroscopic and has a tendency to cake.

使用

White crystals made by ammonia salts acting upon hydrochloric acid followed by crystallization. Ammonium chloride is also known as sal ammoniac. Soluble in water and alcohol, ammonium chloride was used as a halide in many processes, including the salted paper, albumen paper, albumen opaltype, and gelatin emulsion processes.

使用

ammonium chloride is used as a thickener and as an additive in non-alcoholic toners. According to cosmetic formulators, the ammonium component provides the tingling or stinging sensation that some people associate with toners or aftershaves, and which, in regular toners, is usually provided by the alcohol content. Ammonium chloride’s use is the result of preference in formulation feel.

使用

Ammonium Chloride is a dough conditioner and yeast food that exists as colorless crystals or white crystalline powder. approximately 30–38 g dissolves in water at 25°c. the ph of a 1% solution at 25°c is 5.2. it is used as a dough strengthener and flavor enhancer in baked goods and as a nitrogen source for yeast fermentation. it is also used in condiments and relishes. another term for the salt is ammonium muriate.

使用

Electrolyte

使用

As a flux in zinc and tin plating; electroplating, electrolytic refining of zinc; etching solutions in manufacture of printed circuit boards; in dry and Leclanché batteries; as a nitrogen source for fertilization of rice and wheat, manufacturing of explosives; flame suppressant; hardener for formaldehyde-based adhesives; mordant for dyes and printing.

定義

ChEBI: An inorganic chloride having ammonium as the counterion.

調製方法

Ammonium chloride is prepared commercially by reacting ammonia with hydrochloric acid.

定義

sal ammoniac: A white or colourless cubicsolid, NH4Cl; r.d. 1.53; sublimes at340°C. It is very soluble in water andslightly soluble in ethanol but insolublein ether. It may be prepared byfractional crystallization from a solutioncontaining ammonium sulphateand sodium chloride or ammoniumcarbonate and calcium chloride. Puresamples may be made directly by thegas-phase reaction of ammonia andhydrogen chloride. Because of itsease of preparation it can be manufacturedindustrially alongside anyplant that uses or produces ammonia.The compound is used in drycells, metal finishing, and in thepreparation of cotton for dyeing andprinting.

一般的な説明

Ammonium chloride is a white crystalline solid. Ammonium chloride is soluble in water(37%). The primary hazard is the threat posed to the environment. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. Ammonium chloride is used to make other ammonium compounds, as a soldering flux, as a fertilizer, and for many other uses.

空気と水の反応

Soluble in water. Slowly releases hydrogen chloride [USCG, 1999].

反応プロフィール

Acidic salts, such as Ammonium chloride , are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydrogen ions and have pH's of less than 7.0. They react as acids to neutralize bases. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of inorganic acids, inorganic oxoacids, and carboxylic acid. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible. Many of these compounds catalyze organic reactions.

危険性

Eye and upper respiratory tract irritant.

健康ハザード

Inhalation of fumes irritates respiratory passages. Ingestion irritates mouth and stomach. Fumes are irritating to eyes. Contact with skin may cause irritation.

农业用途

Ammonium chloride, like all other ammonium salts, is used as a fertilizer. It contains 24 to 26% nitrogen and is available as white crystals or granules. A coarse form of this fertilizer is preferred to the powdered form for direct application. Its crystals are used in compound fertilizers.
Ammonium chloride is a good source of nitrogen for cotton, rice, wheat, barley, maize, sorghum, sugar cane and fiber crops. It is easy to handle. In some cases, however, the material tends to become lumpy and difficult to spread.
Ammonium chloride is used either directly for fertilization or in a variety of compound fertilizers, such as ammonium phosphate chloride or ammonium potassium chloride or in combination with urea or ammonium sulphate.
As a fertilizer, ammonium chloride has an advantage in that it contains 26% nitrogen, which is higher than that found in ammonium sulphate (20.5%). In terms of per unit cost of nitrogen, ammonium chloride is relatively cheaper than ammonium sulphate and has some agronomic advantages for rice. Nitrification of ammonium chloride is less rapid than that of urea or ammonium sulphate. Therefore, nitrogen losses are lower and yields, higher.
However, ammonium chloride is a highly acid forming fertilizer and the amount of calcium carbonate required to neutralize the acidity is more than the fertilizer itself, Further, it has a lower nitrogen content and a higher chloride content compared to urea and ammonium nitrate, making it harmful to some plants.
Several methods are used to produce ammonium chloride. The most important is the dual-salt process (modified Solvay process) wherein ammonium chloride and sodium carbonate are produced simultaneously using common salt and anhydrous ammonia as the principal starting materials. When ammonium chloride is mixed with phosphatic and potassic fertilizers, a large amount of soil calcium is lost as its conversion into soluble calcium chloride causes it to leach out easily.
Like ammonium sulphate, ammonium chloride can be applied to wet land crops. In terms of the agronomic suitability, it is generally rated as equal to other straight nitrogenous fertilizers.
Ammonium chloride is, however, not ideal for grapes, chilies, potatoes and tobacco as the added chlorine affects the quality and storability of these crops.
Industrial uses of ammonium chloride are in dry-battery manufacture and as a flux for soldering and brazing.

応用例(製薬)

Ammonium chloride is used as an acidifying agent in oral formulations. It is also used as a food additive and antiseptic agent.
Ammonium chloride is used in the treatment of severe metabolic alkalosis to maintain the urine at an acid pH in the treatment of some urinary tract disorders or in forced acid diuresis. It is also used as an expectorant in cough medicines.

安全性プロファイル

Poison by subcutaneous, intravenous, and intramuscular routes. Moderately toxic by other routes. A severe eye irritant. Mutation data reported. Explosive reaction with potassium chlorate or bromine trifluoride. Violent reaction (ignition) with bromine pentafluoride, NH4, Nos, and IF7. Reaction with hydrogen cyanide may give the explosive nitrogen trichloride. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of NO,, Cl-, and NH3.

安全性

Ammonium chloride is used in oral pharmaceutical formulations. The pure form of ammonium chloride is toxic by SC, IV, and IM routes, and moderately toxic by other routes. Potential symptoms of overexposure to fumes are irritation of eyes, skin, respiratory system: cough, dyspnea, and pulmonary sensitization. Ammonium salts are an irritant to the gastric mucosa and may induce nausea and vomiting.
LD50 (mouse, IP): 1.44 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, oral): 1.3 g/kg
LD50 (rat, IM): 0.03 g/kg
LD50 (rat, oral): 1.65 g/kg

職業ばく露

Ammonium chloride is used as an industrial chemical, pharmaceutical, and veterinary drug; to make dry batteries; in galvanizing; as a soldering flux.

応急処置

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit.

貯蔵

Ammonium chloride is chemically stable. It decomposes completely at 3388℃ to form ammonia and hydrochloric acid. Store in airtight containers in a cool, dry place.

輸送方法

UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required.

純化方法

Crystallise it several times from conductivity water (1.5mL/g) between 90o and 0o. It sublimes. After one crystallisation, ACS grade has: metal(ppm) As (1.2), K (1), Sb (7.2), V (10.2). [Becher in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 812 1963.]

不和合性

Acids, alkalis, and silver salts.

不和合性

Ammonium chloride is incompatible with strong acids and strong bases. It reacts violently with ammonium nitrate and potassium chlorate, causing fire and explosion hazards. It also attacks copper and its compounds.

廃棄物の処理

Pretreatment involves addition of sodium hydroxide to liberate ammonia and form the soluble sodium salt. The liberated ammonia can be recovered and sold. After dilution to the permitted provisional limit, the sodium salt can be discharged into a stream or sewer.

規制状況(Regulatory Status)

GRAS listed. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (oral syrup, tablets). Accepted for use as a food additive in Europe. Included in medicines licensed in the UK (eye drops; oral syrup).

塩化アンモニウム [一般有機合成用] 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品

3,4-ジクロロ-1,2,5-チアジアゾール 3-(4-アミノ-2-メチル-5-ピリミジニルメチル)-5-(2-ヒドロキシエチル)-4-メチル-4-チアゾリン-2-チオン 2-フランカルボアルデヒドジエチルアセタール 1-フェニル-3-チオセミカルバジド 4-(4-クロロフェニル)-1,2,3,6-テトラヒドロピリジン塩酸塩 2-アミノ-4,6-ジメチルピリジン-3-カルボオキサミド エラスターゼ, ヒト好中球由来 4-メチルベンズアミジン塩酸塩 カナマイシン一硫酸塩 ニトリロトリス(メチレンホスホン酸) (約50%水溶液, 約2.2mol/L) 3-ピリジンカルボキシアミジン ベンゾイルぎ酸 エチル 3-(アミノスルホニル)チオフェン-2-カルボン酸メチル 1-アミノシクロペンタン-1-メタノール 5-クロロ-2-テニルクロリド トリ-n-ヘキシルホスフィン ピリジン-2-カルボキシイミドアミド塩酸塩 イソシアン酸1-ナフチル 4-アミジノピリジニウムクロリド 3-メチルチオフェン-2-カルボオキサミド 4-クロロベンズアミジン塩酸塩 2,5-ジクロロ-3-チオフェンスルホンアミド 2-ナフタレニルイソシアナート 4-ニトロベンズアミジン塩酸塩 5-ホルミル-2-フランボロン酸 イリジウム 1,3-ジクロロ-2-ブテン インターフェロン-ガンマ トリシクロヘキシルホスフィン (トリシクロヘキシルホスフィンオキシド含む) (約18%トルエン溶液, 約0.60mol/L) 4-メトキシベンズアミジン塩酸塩 イソニコチンアミジン 重クロム酸ジアンモニウム

塩化アンモニウム [一般有機合成用] 生産企業

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12125-02-9(塩化アンモニウム [一般有機合成用])キーワード:


  • 12125-02-9
  • ammonchlor
  • Ammoneric
  • Ammonium chloride ((NH4)Cl)
  • Ammonium chloride fume
  • Ammonium uriate
  • ammoniumchloratum
  • Ammoniumchlorid
  • ammoniumchloride((nh4)cl)
  • ammoniumchloridefume
  • ammoniumchlorideinjection
  • ammoniumchloridetablets
  • SAL AMMONIA
  • salammonia
  • salammoniate
  • Salammonite
  • AMMONIUM STANDARD SOLUTION
  • ACTIVITY STANDARD FOR AMMONIA ELECTRODE
  • FILLING SOLUTION FOR AMMONIA ELECTRODE
  • FILLING SOLUTION FOR SODIUM ELECTRODE
  • Ammonium chloride Salmiac
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE CHEMICAL PURE
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE BATTERY GRADE
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE MIN. 99.5%
  • ammonia chloride
  • AMMONIUM ION STANDARD SOLUTION FLUKA, FO R ISE, 0.1 M
  • AMMONIUM, VOLUMETRIC STANDARD, SOLUTION IN WATER
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE USP
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE R. G., REAG. ACS, REAG . ISO, REAG. PH. EUR.
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE SOLUTION SATURATED T
  • AMMONIUM CHLORIDE, 99.998%
  • 塩化アンモニウム [一般有機合成用]
  • アンモニウムクロリド
  • 塩化アンモニウム
  • 塩化アンモニウム 塩化物
  • 化アンモニウム
  • 塩安
  • 塩化アンモニウム[(NH4)Cl]
  • アンモニア性窒素標準液(NH4‐N 100)
  • アンモニウムイオン標準液
  • 塩化アンモニウム CRM3011‐A
  • HW 213330-1KG 塩化アンモニウム ACS REAGENT,≥99.5%
  • 塩化アンモニウム ACS REAGENT,≥99.5%
  • 塩化アンモニウム PURISS. P.A.,ACS REAGENT,REAG. ISO,REAG. PH. EUR.,≥99.5%
  • 塩化アンモニウム PURISS.,MEETS ANALYTICAL SPECIFICATION OF PH. EUR.,BP,USP,FCC,99.5-100.5% (CALC. TO THE DRIED SUBSTANCE)
  • 塩化アンモニウム TRACESELECT,FOR TRACE ANALYSIS,≥99.9995% (METALS BASIS)
  • 塩化アンモニウム標準品
  • 塩化アンモニウム/ 99.99%
  • AMMONIUM ION STANDARD SOLUTION
  • 塩化アンモニウム, 99.5+% (ACS)
  • 塩化アンモニウム (99.999%) PURATREM
  • 塩化アンモニウム (JAN)
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