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ベンゾニトリル

ベンゾニトリル 化学構造式
100-47-0
CAS番号.
100-47-0
化学名:
ベンゾニトリル
别名:
ベンゾニトリル;シアノベンゼン;フェニルシアニド;3-シアノベンゼン;ベンゼンカルボニトリル;安息香酸ニトリル;1-シアノベンゼン;4-シアノベンゼン;シアン化フェニル;ベンゾニトリル REAGENTPLUS,99%;ベンゾニトリル STANDARD
英語化学名:
Benzonitrile
英語别名:
FB;BN;BRN;3BN;BRR;2BNC;AKOS 91614;Benzonitril;Fenylkyanid;Benzontrile
CBNumber:
CB7852585
分子式:
C7H5N
分子量:
103.12
MOL File:
100-47-0.mol

ベンゾニトリル 物理性質

融点 :
-13 °C
沸点 :
191 °C(lit.)
比重(密度) :
1.01
屈折率 :
n20/D 1.528(lit.)
闪点 :
161 °F
貯蔵温度 :
Store below +30°C.
溶解性:
10g/l
外見 :
Liquid
色:
Clear colorless to slightly yellow
Relative polarity:
0.333
爆発限界(explosive limit):
1.4-7.2%(V)
水溶解度 :
10 g/L (100 ºC)
極大吸収波長 (λmax):
λ: 300 nm Amax: 1.0
λ: 310 nm Amax: 0.40
λ: 335 nm Amax: 0.03
λ: 360-400 nm Amax: 0.01
Merck :
14,1097
BRN :
506893
安定性::
Stable. Incompatible with strong bases, strong acids, strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents. Air-sensitive. Combustible.
InChIKey:
JFDZBHWFFUWGJE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS データベース:
100-47-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Benzonitrile(100-47-0)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Benzonitrile(100-47-0)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xn
Rフレーズ  21/22-38
Sフレーズ  23
RIDADR  UN 2224 6.1/PG 2
WGK Germany  2
RTECS 番号 DI2450000
TSCA  Yes
国連危険物分類  6.1
容器等級  II
HSコード  29269090
有毒物質データの 100-47-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Warning
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H227 引火性液体 引火性液体 4 警告 P210, P280, P370+P378, P403+P235,P501
H302 飲み込むと有害 急性毒性、経口 4 警告 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H312 皮膚に接触すると有害 急性毒性、経皮 4 警告 P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H331 吸入すると有毒 急性毒性、吸入 3 危険 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H335 呼吸器への刺激のおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 気道刺激性 3 警告
H371 臓器の障害のおそれ 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 2 警告 P260, P264, P270, P309+P311, P405,P501
H373 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害のおそれ 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 2 警告 P260, P314, P501
H402 水生生物に有害 水生環境有害性、急性毒性 3
注意書き
P210 熱/火花/裸火/高温のもののような着火源から遠ざ けること。-禁煙。
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P264 取扱い後は皮膚をよく洗うこと。
P264 取扱い後は手や顔をよく洗うこと。
P270 この製品を使用する時に、飲食または喫煙をしないこ と。
P271 屋外または換気の良い場所でのみ使用すること。
P273 環境への放出を避けること。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P321 特別な処置が必要である(このラベルの... を見よ)。
P403+P235 換気の良い場所で保管すること。涼しいところに 置くこと。

ベンゾニトリル 価格 もっと(27)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01AFAA11173 ベンゾニトリル, 99%
Benzonitrile, 99%
100-47-0 100g ¥5820 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ACSAS-E0701 ベンゾニトリル Standard
Benzonitrile Standard, 1000 ug/mL in Acetonitrile
100-47-0 1mL ¥11800 2018-12-26 購入
東京化成工業 B0082 ベンゾニトリル >99.0%(GC)
Benzonitrile >99.0%(GC)
100-47-0 500g ¥3900 2018-12-04 購入
東京化成工業 B0082 ベンゾニトリル >99.0%(GC)
Benzonitrile >99.0%(GC)
100-47-0 25g ¥2200 2018-12-04 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 04119-30 ベンゾニトリル >98.0%(GC)
Benzonitrile >98.0%(GC)
100-47-0 25g ¥2400 2018-12-13 購入

ベンゾニトリル 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

化学的特性

colourless liquid

化学的特性

Bezonitrile is a colorless, oily liquid. It has an almond odor.

定義

ChEBI: A nitrile that is hydrogen cyanide in which the hydrogen has been replaced by a phenyl group.

使用

Manufacture of benzoguanamine; intermediate for rubber chemicals; solvent for nitrile rubber, spe- cialty lacquers, and many resins and polymers, and for many anhydrous metallic salts.

一般的な説明

A clear colorless liquid with an almond-like odor. Flash point 161°F. Denser (at 8.4 lb / gal) than water and slightly soluble in water. Used as a specialty solvent and to make other chemicals.

空気と水の反応

Slightly soluble in water.

反応プロフィール

The cyano group can be readily hydrolyzed in the presence of mineral acids to produce stable, moderately toxic benzoic acid . When heated to decomposition, Benzonitrile emits highly toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides and hydrogen cyanide [Sax, 9th ed., 1996, p. 353].

危険性

High toxicity; absorbed by skin.

健康ハザード

Benzonitrile may enter the human body by ingestion, absorption through the skin, or inhalation. The earliest symptoms of cyano compound intoxication may be weakness, headaches, confusion, and occasionally nausea and vomiting. The respiratory rate and depth will usually be increased at the beginning and at later stages become slow and gasping. Blood pressure is usually normal, especially in the mild or moderately severe cases, although the pulse rate is usually more rapid than normal.

火災危険

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic hydrogen cyanide and oxides of nitrogen may form in fire.

職業ばく露

Bezonitrile is used as an electroplating agent; in organic synthesis of pharmaceuticals; dyestuffs; rubber chemicals; as a solvent and chemical intermediate.

応急処置

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once, and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, rinse mouth and get medical attention. If cyanide poisoning is suspected use amyl nitrate capsules if symptoms develop. All area employees should be trained regularly in emergency measures for cyanide poisoning and in CPR. A cyanide antidote kit should be kept in the immediate work area and must be rapidly available. Kit ingredients should be replaced every 1 2 years to ensure freshness. Persons trained in the use of this kit; oxygen use, and CPR must be quickly available.

輸送方法

UN2224 Benzonitrile, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1—Poisonous materials.

純化方法

Dry benzonitrile with CaSO4, CaCl2, MgSO4 or K2CO3, and distil it from P2O5 in an all-glass apparatus, under reduced pressure (b 69o/10mm), collecting the middle fraction. Distillation from CaH2 causes some decomposition of benzonitrile. Isonitriles can be removed by preliminary treatment with conc HCl until the odour of isonitrile (carbylamine) has gone, followed by preliminary drying with K2CO3. (This treatment also removes amines.) Steam distil (to remove small quantities of carbylamine). The distillate is extracted into ether, washed with dilute Na2CO3, dried overnight with CaCl2, and the ether is removed by evaporation. The residue is distilled at 40mm (b 96o) [Kice et al. J Am Chem Soc 82 834 1960]. Conductivity grade benzonitrile (specific conductance 2 x 10-8 mho) is obtained by treatment with anhydrous AlCl3, followed by rapid distillation at 40-50o under vacuum. After washing with alkali and drying with CaCl2, the distillate is redistilled in a vacuum several times at 35o before fractionally crystallising several times by partial freezing. It is dried over finely divided activated alumina from which it is withdrawn when required [Van Dyke & Harrison J Am Chem Soc 73 402 1951]. [Beilstein 9 IV 892.]

不和合性

May form explosive mixture with air. Strong acids which can release hydrogen cyanide. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Nitriles may polymerize in the presence of metals and some metal compounds. They are incompatible Benzonitrile 403 with acids; mixing nitriles with strong oxidizing acids can lead to extremely violent reactions. Nitriles are generally incompatible with other oxidizing agents such as peroxides and epoxides. The combination of bases and nitriles can produce hydrogen cyanide. Nitriles are hydrolyzed in both aqueous acid and base to give carboxylic acids (or salts of carboxylic acids). These reactions generate heat. Peroxides convert nitriles to amides. Nitriles can react vigorously with reducing agents. Acetonitrile and propionitrile are soluble in water, but nitriles higher than propionitrile have low aqueous solubility. They are also insoluble in aqueous acids.

廃棄物の処理

(1) Mix with calcium hypochlorite and flush to sewer with water or (2) incinerate.

用途

ベンゾニトリル(benzonitrile)は、芳香族化合物で、ベンゼンの水素原子の一つをニトリル基で置換した構造を持つ。 ベンゾニトリルは有用な溶媒で、多くの誘導体の前駆体でもある。 ベンゾニトリルは後期の遷移金属と配位錯体を作ることができる。ベンゾニトリル配位子は強い配位子によって容易に置換されるので、ベンゾニトリル錯体は合成中間体として便利である。

ベンゾニトリル 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


ベンゾニトリル 生産企業

Global( 215)Suppliers
名前 電話番号 ファックス番号 電子メール 国籍 製品カタログ 優位度
Jiangsu Qingquan Chemical Co., Ltd.
+86-571-86589381/86589382/86589383
lyy@qqpharm.com sales1@qqpharm.com CHINA 137 55
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+86-0311-66562153 whatsapp +8615203118427
+86-0311-66562153 sales@crovellbio.com CHINA 417 50
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
info@dakenchem.com CHINA 22060 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 20795 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32764 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 info@tnjchem.com China 1582 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 20001 58
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 sale@aladdin-e.com China 25127 65
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933 jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com China 96815 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) sh@meryer.com China 40399 62

100-47-0(ベンゾニトリル)キーワード:


  • 100-47-0
  • Benzonitrile ReagentPlus(R), 99%
  • Benzonitrile, 99+%
  • Benzonitrile, 99%, J&KSeal
  • Benzonitrile, 99%, SuperDry, water≤30 ppm, J&KSeal
  • phenylcyanide,benzonitrile,cyanobenzene
  • BENZONITRILE,REAGENT
  • Benzonitril
  • BRN
  • phenylnitrile
  • Benzonitrile, 99%, extra pure
  • Benzonitrile, for spectroscopy
  • Benzenenitrile (benzonitrile)
  • Benzonitrile,99+%,for spectroscopy
  • Benzonitrile,Phenyl cyanide
  • 2BNC
  • 3BN
  • Benzene, cyano-
  • benzenecarbonitrile
  • Benzenenitrile
  • Benzoic acid nitrile
  • benzoicacidnitrile
  • Benzonitrile 10g [100-47-0]
  • Benzonitrile, 99%, pure
  • Benzonitrile, extra pure, 99% 1LT
  • BENZONITRILE FOR SYNTHESIS
  • Benzonitrile, SuperDry, J&KSeal
  • Benzonitrile, J&KSeal
  • Benzonitrile, 99%, SpcDry, with Molecular sieves, Water≤50 ppM (by K.F.), SpcSeal
  • Benzonitrile 2
  • Benzonitrile for HPLC, 99.9%
  • ベンゾニトリル
  • シアノベンゼン
  • フェニルシアニド
  • 3-シアノベンゼン
  • ベンゼンカルボニトリル
  • 安息香酸ニトリル
  • 1-シアノベンゼン
  • 4-シアノベンゼン
  • シアン化フェニル
  • ベンゾニトリル REAGENTPLUS,99%
  • ベンゾニトリル STANDARD
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