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ジフェニルアミン

ジフェニルアミン 化学構造式
122-39-4
CAS番号.
122-39-4
化学名:
ジフェニルアミン
别名:
ジフェニルアミン;ジフェニルアミン (1mg/ml酢酸エチル溶液) [悪臭規制物質分析用内部標準];N-フェニルベンゼンアミン;スカルディプ;N-フェニルアニリン;イミノビスベンゼン;ノースカルド;ビックディパー;ジフェニルアミン標準品;ジフェニルアミン標準原液;N-フェニル アニリン;ジフェニルアミン, 98+%;ジフェニルアミン STANDARD;ジフェニルアミン 溶液;ジフェニルアミン Standard, 100 µg/mL in Dichloromethane;ジフェニルアミン Standard, 1000 µg/mL in EtOH;ジフェニルアミン Standard, 5.0 mg/mL in MeOH;ジフェニルアミン, 1000 µg/mL in MeOH
英語化学名:
Diphenylamine
英語别名:
DFA;DPA;Z-876;OA-505;CORAZA;ci10355;Scaldip;NO SCALD;bigdipper;c.i.10355
CBNumber:
CB7852949
化学式:
C12H11N
分子量:
169.22
MOL File:
122-39-4.mol

ジフェニルアミン 物理性質

融点 :
52 °C
沸点 :
302 °C(lit.)
比重(密度) :
1.16
蒸気密度:
5.82 (vs air)
蒸気圧:
1 mm Hg ( 108 °C)
屈折率 :
1.5785 (estimate)
闪点 :
307 °F
貯蔵温度 :
Store below +30°C.
溶解性:
alcohol: passes test
外見 :
crystalline
酸解離定数(Pka):
0.79(at 25℃)
色:
tan
臭い (Odor):
Floral odor
水溶解度 :
Slightly soluble. 0.03 g/100 mL
Sensitive :
Air & Light Sensitive
Merck :
14,3317
BRN :
508755
暴露限界値:
TLV-TWA 10 mg/m3 (ACGIH and MSHA).
安定性::
Stable; may discolour on exposure to light. Incompatible with strong acids, strong oxidizing agents.
CAS データベース:
122-39-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Diphenylamine(122-39-4)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Diphenylamine (122-39-4)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  T,N,F
Rフレーズ  23/24/25-33-50/53-52/53-39/23/24/25-11-51/53
Sフレーズ  28-36/37-45-60-61-28A-16-7
RIDADR  UN 3077 9/PG 3
WGK Germany  3
RTECS 番号 JJ7800000
8-10-23
自然発火温度 630 °C DIN 51794
TSCA  Yes
HSコード  2921 44 00
国連危険物分類  6.1
容器等級  III
有毒物質データの 122-39-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 1120 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit > 5000 mg/kg
消防法 危-4-1-II
化審法 (3)-133
安衛法 有機溶剤中毒予防規則:第2種有機溶剤,57,57-2
PRTR法 第一種指定化学物質
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H225 引火性の高い液体および蒸気 引火性液体 2 危険 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H301 飲み込むと有毒 急性毒性、経口 3 危険 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H311 皮膚に接触すると有毒 急性毒性、経皮 3 危険 P280, P302+P352, P312, P322, P361,P363, P405, P501
H331 吸入すると有毒 急性毒性、吸入 3 危険 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H370 臓器の障害 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 1 危険 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H373 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害のおそれ 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 2 警告 P260, P314, P501
H400 水生生物に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、急性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
H410 長期的影響により水生生物に非常に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
H411 長期的影響により水生生物に毒性 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 2
注意書き
P210 熱/火花/裸火/高温のもののような着火源から遠ざ けること。-禁煙。
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P261 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーの吸入を避ける こと。
P273 環境への放出を避けること。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P301+P310 飲み込んだ場合:直ちに医師に連絡すること。
P304 吸入した場合:
P311 医師に連絡すること。
P403+P233 換気の良い場所で保管すること。容器を密閉 しておくこと。
P501 内容物/容器を...に廃棄すること。

ジフェニルアミン 価格 もっと(42)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01MPB02150124 ジフェニルアミン
DIPHENYLAMINE
122-39-4 25g ¥2000 2020-09-21 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01MPB02150124 ジフェニルアミン
DIPHENYLAMINE
122-39-4 5g ¥14200 2018-12-26 購入
東京化成工業 D0872 ジフェニルアミン >99.0%(GC)
Diphenylamine >99.0%(GC)
122-39-4 500g ¥8100 2021-03-23 購入
東京化成工業 D0872 ジフェニルアミン >99.0%(GC)
Diphenylamine >99.0%(GC)
122-39-4 25g ¥2000 2021-03-23 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 10441-96 ジフェニルアミン標準原液
Diphenylamine standard stock solution
122-39-4 2mL×5 ¥8000 2021-03-23 購入

ジフェニルアミン 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

白色~わずかにうすい黄色, 結晶~結晶性粉末

溶解性

エタノール, ジエチルエーテルにやや溶けやすく水にはほとんど溶けない。エタノール及びジエチルエーテルにやや溶けやすく、水にはほとんど溶けない。

用途

有機ゴム薬品、染料、火薬安定剤、塩素系溶剤の安定剤、医薬品

用途

硝酸塩の検出試薬、有機合成原料(染料、医薬品)、安定剤(火薬、塩素系溶剤)。

用途

染料中間体、媒染剤

農薬用途

殺菌剤

使用上の注意

不活性ガス封入光によって徐々に着色する。

説明

Solutions of diphenylamine are used to treat apples a few days before harvest. Residue on apples’ surfaces of 10 ppm is permitted by regulation in Australia, Canada, and the United States.

化学的特性

white crystals or powder

化学的特性

Diphenylamine is a colorless monoclinic leafl et substance. It is used in the manufacture of a variety of substances, i.e., dyestuffs and their intermediates, pesticides, antihelmintic drugs, and as reagents in analytical chemistry laboratories.

使用

Diphenylamine is an aromatic amine that was shown to exhibit antioxidant activities and is now used as an anti-scald agent. It is also used in the manufacture of a variety of substances, for instance, dye stuffs and their intermediates, pesticides, anthelmintic drugs, and as reagents in analytical chemistry laboratories.

使用

Diphenylamine is used in the manufactureof dyes, as a stabilizer for nitrocelluloseexplosives, and as an analytical reagent forcolorimetric tests for nitrate and chlorate.
Other applications of this compoundinclude preventing postharvest deteriorationof apple and peer crops; as an antioxidant inrubber and elastomer industry and in the per fumery. As a stabilizer for propellants andexplosives, it binds their degradation prod ucts thus prolonging the storage time of suchpropellants.

使用

Diphenylamine is used post-harvest to prevent superficial scald in apples in cold store.

定義

diphenylamine: A colourless crystallinearomatic compound,(C6H5)2NH; m.p. 54°C. It is made byheating phenylamine (aniline) withphenylamine hydrochloride. It is asecondary amine and is both slightlyacidic (forming an N-potassium salt)and slightly basic (forming salts withmineral acids). Its derivatives are employedas stabilizers for syntheticrubber and rocket fuels.

定義

ChEBI: An aromatic amine containing two phenyl substituents. It has been used as a fungicide for the treatment of superficial scald in apples and pears, but is no longer approved for this purpose within the European Union.

Synthesis Reference(s)

The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 58, p. 6900, 1993 DOI: 10.1021/jo00076a063

一般的な説明

Light tan to brown solid with a pleasant odor. Sinks in water.

空気と水の反応

Dust may be explosive if mixed with air in critical proportions and in the presence of a source of ignition [USCG, 1999]. Insoluble in water.

反応プロフィール

Diphenylamine discolors in light. Diphenylamine can react violently with hexachloromelamine and trichloromelamine. Diphenylamine is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents and strong acids. Diphenylamine is also incompatible with iron and silver salts. Diphenylamine reacts with nitrogen oxides.

健康ハザード

Inhalation may irritate mucous membranes. Overexposure, including ingestion of solid or skin contact, may cause fast pulse, hypertension, and bladder trouble. Contact with dust irritates eyes.

健康ハザード

Diphenylamine is highly toxic and is rapidly absorbed by the skin and through inhalation. It has caused anorexia, hypertension, eczema, and bladder symptoms. Experimental animals exposed to diphenylamine demonstrated cystic lesions but failed to demonstrate cancerous growth. Inhalation of diphenylamine dust may cause systemic poisoning. The symptoms of toxicity include, but are not limited to, anoxia, headache, fatigue, anorexia, cyanosis, vomiting, diarrhea, emaciation, hypothermia, bladder irritation, kidney, heart, and liver damage.

健康ハザード

Diphenylamine is much less toxic than aniline. The acute oral toxicity is low. A doseof 3000 mg/kg was lethal to rats. At a concentration of >500 ppm, a diet fed to ratsfor over 7 months resulted in renal cysts inanimals. Its absorption through the skin andthe respiratory system is lower than that ofaniline. Exposure to its dusts caused changesin liver, spleen, and kidney in test animals.Industrial exposure to diphenylamine hascaused tachycardia, hypertension, eczema,and bladder symptoms in workers (Fairhall1957). Carcinogenicity of this compound isunknown. It showed an adverse reproduc tive effect in animals, causing developmentalabnormalities in urogenital system in pregnant rats.
LD50 value, oral guinea pig: 300 mg/kg.

火災危険

Noncombustible solid; autoignition temperature 634°C (1173°F); low reactivity.

农业用途

Insecticide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Plant growth regulator: Topically in anti-screwworm mixtures, foliar application in a modified growth chamber to decrease ozone injury to leaves of apple, bean, muskmelon, petunia, and tobacco plants. To control weather fleck in tobacco and inhibit algae formation. To prolong the fresh appearance of snapdragons. Protect rice from the toxic effects of thiolcarbamate herbicides [83] . Not currently approved for use in EU countries (resubmitted) . Registered for use in the U.S. and other countries.

製品名

NOSCALD DPA 31; NOSCALD DPA 283; SCALDIP; Z-876

安全性プロファイル

Poison by ingestion. Experimental teratogenic effects. Action similar to anhne but less severe. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. Can react violently with hexachloromelamine or trichloromelamine. Can react with oxilzing materials. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of NOx,. See also ANILINE, AMINES, and AROMATIC AMINES.

環境運命予測

Diphenylamine is present in waste water from industrial processes. Diphenylamine has been detected in milk of animals (cow, sheep, goat, water buffalo) raised in Italy and France.
Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (Algae) growth was inhibited with a dose of 0.30 mg l-1. Aquatic invertebrates Daphnia magna showed an acute 48 h EC50 dose of 1.2 mg l-1.

代謝経路

The major metabolite of diphenylamine (DPA) identified in stored apples is a glucose conjugate of 4-hydroxydiphenylamine, and additional metabolites, characterized as glycosyl conjugates of 2-hydroxy- DPA, 3-hydroxy-DPA, 4-hydroxy-DPA, or dihydroxy- DPA, are also detected along with their intact (i.e. non-conjugated) forms in apple pulp.

貯蔵

Diphenylamine should be protected from physical damage. Storage of diphenylamine outside or a detached area is preferred. Inside storage should be in a standard flammable liquids storage room or cabinet. Diphenylamine should be kept separately from oxidizing materials and incompatible chemical substances. Storage and work areas should be no smoking areas. Diphenylamine should be kept protected from light.

純化方法

Crystallise diphenylamine from pet ether, MeOH, or EtOH/water. Dry it under vacuum. [Beilstein 12 H 174, 12 IV 271.]

Degradation

Diphenylamine is an anti-oxidant and therefore reacts with oxygen under conditions of use. It darkens on exposure to sunlight. Aqueous photolysis is pH and oxygen dependant (Lopez et al., 1980). It is converted into carbazole (2) and hydrogen peroxide in the presence of dissolved oxygen. In degassed solution it is converted into carbazole (2) and tetrahydrocarbazole (3) (see Scheme 1).

予防処置

Students and occupational workers should be careful during use and handling of diphenylamine. Workers should wear impervious protective clothing, including boots, gloves, a laboratory coat, apron or coveralls, as appropriate, to prevent skin contact. Finely dispersed particles of diphenylamine form explosive mixtures in air. Diphenylamine is very harmful on exposures by swallowing, inhalation, and/or skin absorption. Diphenylamine causes irritation to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract, and causes blood vascular changes leading to methemoglobinemia.

ジフェニルアミン 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品

メタニル エロー タンプラミン β-アラニン N-[4-[[4-(ジメチルアミノ)フェニル][4-(エチルアミノ)ナフタレン-1-イル]メチレン]-2,5-シクロヘキサジエン-1-イリデン]-N-メチルメタンアミニウム·クロリド 5-[[4-(アミノスルホニル)-2-ニトロフェニル]アミノ]-2-[[4-[[4-(アミノスルホニル)-2-ニトロフェニル]アミノ]フェニル]アミノ]ベンゼンスルホン酸 N,N'-ジ-1-ナフチル-N,N'-ジフェニルベンジジン (昇華精製品) ダイレクト ブラック22 α-アミルシンナムアルデヒド フェノチアジン 9-メチルアクリジン ノルダゼパム 4,4'-ビス(α,α-ジメチルベンジル)ジフェニルアミン N,N'-ジフェニルベンジジン 4-ニトロソジフェニルアミン 9,10-ジヒドロ-9,9-ジメチルアクリジン 3-アミノプロピオニトリル 2,2'-[(2,4-ジヒドロキシ-1,3-フェニレン)ビス(アゾ-4,1-フェニレンイミノ)]ビス[5-ニトロベンゼンスルホン酸ナトリウム] エリオ グリーン B ジフェニルアミン-4-スルホン酸ナトリウム 4-ジアゾジフェニルアミンスルファート 4-[[4-[(4-ヒドロキシ-2-メチルフェニル)アゾ]フェニル]アミノ]-3-ニトロベンゼンスルホン酸ナトリウム 4-アミノ-3-[[4-[[4-[(2-アミノ-4-ヒドロキシフェニル)アゾ]フェニル]アミノ]-3-(ソジオオキシスルホニル)フェニル]アゾ]-5-ヒドロキシ-6-(フェニルアゾ)-2,7-ナフタレンジスルホン酸ジナトリウム C.I.サルファーブルー7 2-アミノ-5-ニトロベンゾフェノン N-ニトロソジフェニルアミン N,N'-ジフェニル-N,N'-ジ(m-トリル)ベンジジン (昇華精製品) 1,1-ジフェニル-2-ピクリルヒドラジル フリーラジカル N,N,N',N'-テトラフェニルベンジジン

ジフェニルアミン 生産企業

Global( 320)Suppliers
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122-39-4(ジフェニルアミン)キーワード:


  • 122-39-4
  • Diphenylamine, synthesis grade
  • Diphenylamine, redox indicator, reagent grade, ACS
  • Diphenylamine 5g [122-39-4]
  • Diphenylamine 1g [122-39-4]
  • Diphenylamine p.a.
  • DIPHENYLAMINE REAGENT (ACS) N-Phenylbenzeneamine
  • Diphenylamine (Oxidation-reduction indicator,white)
  • DiphenylaMine, AR,99.0%
  • Diphenylamine ACS reagent, >=99%
  • Diphenylamine puriss. p.a., redox indicator, ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., >=98% (GC)
  • Diphenylamine ReagentPlus(R), 99%
  • Diphenylamine Vetec(TM) reagent grade, 98%
  • (1Mg/ML in Ethyl Acetate) [Internal standard for Offensive Odors Analysis] (1ML*5)
  • DiphenylaMine 
  • DiphenylaMine, for analysis ACS 100GR
  • DiphenylaMine, for analysis ACS 5GR
  • DiphenylaMine, pure, 99% 100GR
  • DiphenylaMine, pure, 99% 1KG
  • DiphenylaMine, pure, 99% 5GR
  • deccoscald282
  • DFA
  • Difenylamin
  • Diphenpyramide
  • N,N-Diphenylamine
  • N-Fenylanilin
  • No scald dpa 283
  • no-scalddpa283
  • n-phenyl-anilin
  • n-phenyl-benzenamin
  • N-Phenylbenzenamine
  • ジフェニルアミン
  • ジフェニルアミン (1mg/ml酢酸エチル溶液) [悪臭規制物質分析用内部標準]
  • N-フェニルベンゼンアミン
  • スカルディプ
  • N-フェニルアニリン
  • イミノビスベンゼン
  • ノースカルド
  • ビックディパー
  • ジフェニルアミン標準品
  • ジフェニルアミン標準原液
  • N-フェニル アニリン
  • ジフェニルアミン, 98+%
  • ジフェニルアミン STANDARD
  • ジフェニルアミン 溶液
  • ジフェニルアミン Standard, 100 µg/mL in Dichloromethane
  • ジフェニルアミン Standard, 1000 µg/mL in EtOH
  • ジフェニルアミン Standard, 5.0 mg/mL in MeOH
  • ジフェニルアミン, 1000 µg/mL in MeOH
  • その他
  • 帯融精製品
  • 高純度試薬
  • 農業殺菌剤
  • 殺虫剤
  • 植物成長調整剤
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