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フェナントレン

フェナントレン 化学構造式
85-01-8
CAS番号.
85-01-8
化学名:
フェナントレン
别名:
フェナントレン;フェナントレン標準品;フェナントレン 溶液;フェナントレン, 0.2 mg/mL in CH2Cl2;フェナントレン, 100 µg/mL in MeOH
英語化学名:
Phenanthrene
英語别名:
ravatite;phethane;Phenantren;Phenantrin;Phenanthren;Phenanthrin;Philippines;Phenathrene;Phenznthrene;PHENANTHRENE
CBNumber:
CB8854465
化学式:
C14H10
分子量:
178.23
MOL File:
85-01-8.mol

フェナントレン 物理性質

融点 :
98-100 °C(lit.)
沸点 :
340 °C(lit.)
比重(密度) :
1.063 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
蒸気圧:
0.00012 hPa (20 °C)
屈折率 :
1.5943
闪点 :
99-101°C
貯蔵温度 :
APPROX 4°C
溶解性:
Soluble in alcohol, benzene, toluene, and glacial acetic acid
外見 :
platelets (fine)
酸解離定数(Pka):
>15 (Christensen et al., 1975)
色:
brown
水溶解度 :
insoluble
Merck :
14,7212
BRN :
1905428
Henry's Law Constant:
0.49, 1.80, 3.35, and 7.89 at 5, 15, 25, and 35 °C, respectively (gas stripping-GC, Odabasi et al., 2006)
安定性::
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS データベース:
85-01-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Phenanthrene(85-01-8)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Phenanthrene(85-01-8)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xn,N,F,T
Rフレーズ  22-36/37/38-50-50/53-40-67-65-38-11-52/53-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-63-43-45-20/21/22-20
Sフレーズ  26-60-61-36/37-29-62-45-16-7-24/25-23-53-37/39-22-33-25-9
RIDADR  UN 3077 9/PG 3
WGK Germany  2
RTECS 番号 SF7175000
8
自然発火温度 >450 °C
TSCA  Yes
HSコード  2902 90 00
国連危険物分類  9
容器等級  III
有毒物質データの 85-01-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 i.p. in mice: 700 mg/kg (IARC)
化審法 (4)-635
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H225 引火性の高い液体および蒸気 引火性液体 2 危険 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 飲み込むと有害 急性毒性、経口 4 警告 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H304 飲み込んで気道に侵入すると生命に危険のおそ れ 吸引性呼吸器有害性 1 危険
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 呼吸器への刺激のおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 気道刺激性 3 警告
H336 眠気やめまいのおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 麻酔作用 3 警告 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H351 発がんのおそれの疑い 発がん性 2 警告 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 臓器の障害 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 1 危険 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H373 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害のおそれ 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 2 警告 P260, P314, P501
H400 水生生物に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、急性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
H410 長期的影響により水生生物に非常に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
H411 長期的影響により水生生物に毒性 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 2
注意書き
P210 熱/火花/裸火/高温のもののような着火源から遠ざ けること。-禁煙。
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P261 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーの吸入を避ける こと。
P264 取扱い後は皮膚をよく洗うこと。
P264 取扱い後は手や顔をよく洗うこと。
P270 この製品を使用する時に、飲食または喫煙をしないこ と。
P273 環境への放出を避けること。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P281 指定された個人用保護具を使用すること。
P301+P310 飲み込んだ場合:直ちに医師に連絡すること。
P305+P351+P338 眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。
P330 口をすすぐこと。
P331 無理に吐かせないこと。
P501 内容物/容器を...に廃棄すること。

フェナントレン 価格 もっと(35)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ACSH-122N フェナントレン
Phenanthrene
85-01-8 100mg ¥4800 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ACSAPP-9-178 フェナントレン
Phenanthrene, 100 ug/mL in MeOH
85-01-8 1mL ¥5500 2018-12-26 購入
東京化成工業 P0079 フェナントレン >97.0%(GC)
Phenanthrene >97.0%(GC)
85-01-8 25g ¥4300 2018-12-04 購入
東京化成工業 P0079 フェナントレン >97.0%(GC)
Phenanthrene >97.0%(GC)
85-01-8 500g ¥40300 2018-12-04 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 13009-1A フェナントレン
Phenanthrene
85-01-8 5g ¥2400 2018-12-13 購入

フェナントレン 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

白色~わずかにうすい褐色, 結晶~結晶性粉末

溶解性

水に不溶。各種有機溶剤に可溶。特に芳香族溶媒によく溶ける。溶液は通常青色の蛍光を発する。

用途

有機合成原料(染料、樹脂、医薬)。

用途

染料

化学的特性

white crystals

化学的特性

Phenanthrene is a white crystalline substance. Weak aromatic odor. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are compounds containing multiple benzene rings and are also called polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons.

物理的性質

Colorless, monoclinic crystals with a faint, aromatic odor

使用

Phenanthrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, an environmental pollutant.

使用

Labelled polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as micropollutants.

定義

ChEBI: A polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon composed of three fused benzene rings which takes its name from the two terms 'phenyl' and 'anthracene.'

一般的な説明

Colorless monoclinic crystals with a faint aromatic odor. Solutions exhibit a blue fluorescence.

空気と水の反応

Insoluble in water.

反応プロフィール

Phenanthrene may react with oxidizing materials .

健康ハザード

The acute oral toxicity of phenanthrene is low.It is more toxic than anthracene. An oral LD50value in mice is reported at 700 mg/kg. It maycause tumor in skin at the site of application.The evidence of carcinogenicity in animals,however, is inadequate.

火災危険

Phenanthrene is combustible.

安全性プロファイル

Poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by ingestion. Mutation data reported. A human skin photosensitizer. Questionable carcinogen with experimental neoplastigenic and tumorigenic data by skin contact. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use water, foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes

職業ばく露

Dust may form explosive mixture with air. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides.

Source

Detected in groundwater beneath a former coal gasification plant in Seattle, WA at a concentration of 130 μg/L (ASTR, 1995). Detected in 8 diesel fuels at concentrations ranging from 0.17– 110 mg/L with a mean value of 41.43 mg/L (Westerholm and Li, 1994) and in distilled water-soluble fractions of new and used motor oil at concentrations of 1.9–2.1 and 2.1–2.2 μg/L, respectively (Chen et al., 1994). Lee et al. (1992) reported concentration ranges of 100 to 300 mg/L and 15 to 25 μg/L in diesel fuel and the corresponding aqueous phase (distilled water), respectively. Schauer et al. (1999) reported phenanthrene in diesel fuel at a concentration of 57 μg/g and in a diesel-powered medium-duty truck exhaust at an emission rate of 93.1 μg/km. Identified in Kuwait and South Louisiana crude oils at concentrations of 26 and 70 ppm, respectively (Pancirov and Brown, 1975). Diesel fuel obtained from a service station in Schlieren, Switzerland contained phenanthrene at an estimated concentration of 327 mg/L (Schluep et al., 2001).
Phenanthrene was detected in asphalt fumes at an average concentration of 57.73 ng/m3 (Wang et al., 2001).
Thomas and Delfino (1991) equilibrated contaminant-free groundwater collected from Gainesville, FL with individual fractions of three individual petroleum products at 24–25 °C for 24 h. The aqueous phase was analyzed for organic compounds via U.S. EPA approved test method 625. Phenanthrene was only detected in the water-soluble fraction of diesel fuel at an average concentration of 17 μg/L.
Based on laboratory analysis of 7 coal tar samples, phenanthrene concentrations ranged from 3,100 to 35,000 ppm (EPRI, 1990). Detected in 1-yr aged coal tar film and bulk coal tar at an identical concentration of 10,000 mg/kg (Nelson et al., 1996). A high-temperature coal tar contained phenanthrene at an average concentration of 2.66 wt % (McNeil, 1983). Also identified in high-temperature coal tar pitches at concentrations ranging from 7,500 to 40,300 mg/kg (Arrendale and Rogers, 1981). Lee et al. (1992a) equilibrated eight coal tars with distilled water at 25 °C. The maximum concentration of phenanthrene observed in the aqueous phase is 0.4 mg/L.
Nine commercially available creosote samples contained phenanthrene at concentrations ranging from 48,000 to 120,000 mg/kg (Kohler et al., 2000).
Typical concentration of phenanthrene in a heavy pyrolysis oil is 2.5 wt % (Chevron Phillips, May 2003).

環境運命予測

Biological. Catechol is the central metabolite in the bacterial degradation of phenanthrene. Intermediate by-products include 1-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, 1,2-dihydroxynaphthalene, and salicylic acid (Chapman, 1972; Hou, 1982). It was reported that Beijerinckia, under aerobic conditions, degraded phenanthrene to cis-3,4-dihydroxy-3,4-dihydrophenanthracene (Kobayashi and Rittman, 1982).
Soil. The reported half-lives for phenanthrene in a Kidman sandy loam and McLaurin sandy loam are 16 and 35 d, respectively (Park et al., 1990). Manilal and Alexander (1991) reported a half-life of 11 d in a Kendaia soil.
Surface Water. In a 5-m deep surface water body, the calculated half-lives for direct photochemical transformation at 40 °N latitude in the midsummer during midday were 59 and 69 d with and without sediment-water partitioning, respectively (Zepp and Schlotzhauer, 1979).
Photolytic. A carbon dioxide yield of 24.2% was achieved when phenanthrene adsorbed on silica gel was irradiated with light (λ >290 nm) for 17 h (Freitag et al., 1985). In a 2-wk experiment, [14C]phenanthrene applied to soil-water suspensions under aerobic and anaerobic conditions gave 14CO2 yields of 7.2 and 6.3%, respectively (Scheunert et al., 1987). Matsuzawa et al. (2001) investigated the photochemical degradation of five polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in diesel particulate matter deposited on the ground and in various soil components. The photochemical degradation by artificial sunlight was accomplished using a 900-W xenon lamp. Light from this lamp was passed through a glass filter to eliminate light of shorter wavelengths (λ <290 nm). The intensity of this light was about 170 mW/cm2. In addition, a solar simulator equipped with a 300-W xenon lamp was used to provide the maximum sunlight intensity observed in Tokyo (latitude 35.5 °N). The half-lives of phenanthrene in diesel particulate matter using 900- and 300-W sources were 4.29 and 60.63 h, respectively. The following half-lives were determined for phenanthrene adsorbed on various soil components using 900-W apparatus: 3.04 h for quartz, 2.90 h for feldspar, 1.15 h for kaolinite, 4.97 h for montmorillonite, 3.26 h for silica gel, and 1.17 h for alumina.
Chemical/Physical. The aqueous chlorination of phenanthrene at pH <4 produced phenanthrene- 9,10-dione and 9-chlorophenanthrene. At high pH (>8.8), phenanthrene-9,10-oxide, phenanthrene- 9,10-dione, and 9,10-dihydrophenanthrenediol were identified as major products (Oyler et al., 1983). It was suggested that the chlorination of phenanthrene in tap water accounted for the presence of chloro- and dichlorophenanthrenes (Shiraishi et al., 1985).

輸送方法

UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required.

純化方法

Likely contaminants include anthracene, carbazole, fluorene and other polycyclic hydrocarbons. Purify it by distillation from sodium under vacuum, boiling with maleic anhydride in xylene, crystallisation from acetic acid, sublimation and zone melting. It has also been recrystallised repeatedly from EtOH, *benzene or pet ether (b 60-70o), with subsequent drying under vacuum over P2O5 in an Abderhalden pistol. Feldman, Pantages and Orchin [J Am Chem Soc 73 4341 1951] separated most of the anthracene impurity by refluxing phenanthrene (671g) with maleic anhydride (194g) in xylene (1.25L) under nitrogen for 22hours, then filtered. The filtrate was extracted with aqueous 10% NaOH, the organic phase was separated, and the solvent was evaporated. The residue, after stirring for 2hours with 7g of sodium, was distilled in a vacuum, then recrystallised twice from 30% *benzene in EtOH. It was then dissolved in hot acetic acid (2.2mL/g), and to it was slowly added an aqueous solution of CrO3 (60g in 72mL H2O plus 2.2L of acetic acid), followed by slow addition of conc H2SO4 (30mL). The mixture was refluxed for 15minutes, diluted with an equal volume of water and cooled. The precipitate was filtered off, washed with water, dried and distilled, then recrystallised twice from EtOH. Further purification is possible by chromatography from a CHCl3 solution on activated alumina, with *benzene as eluent, and by zone refining. The picrate (1:1) forms golden yellow needles with m 146o, and the styphnate (1:1) has m 138-139o (plates or needles from EtOH or EtOH/H2O respectively). [Dornfeld et al. Org Synth Coll Vol III 134 1955, Beilstein 5 H 667, 5 I 327, 5 II 579, 5 III 2136, 5 IV 2297.]

廃棄物の処理

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.

フェナントレン 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


フェナントレン 生産企業

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85-01-8(フェナントレン)キーワード:


  • 85-01-8
  • Phenanthrene Zone Refined (number of passes:30)
  • Phenantren
  • [3]Helicene-13C6
  • NSC 26256-13C6
  • Ravatite-13C6
  • coaltarpitchvolatiles:phenanthrene
  • phenanthrene, pure
  • Phenanthrenetech
  • Phenznthrene
  • PHENANTHRENE, FOR FLUORESCENCE
  • PHENANTHRENE, 1X1ML, MEOH, 5000UG/ML
  • o-Diphenylenethylene
  • Phenanthren
  • Phenanthrin
  • PHENANTHRENE, 5000MG, NEAT
  • PHENANTHRENE, 1X1ML, CH2CL2, 200UG/ML
  • PHENANTHRENE, ZONE REFINED, 99.5+%
  • Phenanthrene98+%
  • Phenanthrene(Rri3619)~98%
  • phenanthrene solution
  • PHENANTHRENE,REAGENT
  • 1,2-benznaphthalene
  • Phenantrin
  • ravatite
  • PHENANTHRENE
  • O-DIPHENYLENEETHYLENE
  • Phenanthrene,98%,fluorescent grade
  • Phenanthrene,90%
  • Phenanthrene,97%
  • Phenanthrene ,95%
  • フェナントレン
  • フェナントレン標準品
  • フェナントレン 溶液
  • フェナントレン, 0.2 mg/mL in CH2Cl2
  • フェナントレン, 100 µg/mL in MeOH
  • 帯融精製品
  • 高純度試薬
  • 機能性材料
  • エレクトロルミネッセンス
  • その他
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