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硫酸マグネシウム (無水)

硫酸マグネシウム (無水) 化学構造式
7487-88-9
CAS番号.
7487-88-9
化学名:
硫酸マグネシウム (無水)
别名:
硫酸マグネシウム (無水);マグネシウムスルファート;硫酸マグネシウム;硫酸マグネシウム水物;硫酸マグネシウム(無水);マグネシウム サルフェト;硫酸マグネシウム,無水;硫酸マグネシウム溶液;1MOL/L 硫酸マグネシウム溶液;硫酸マグネシウム ANHYDROUS,FREE-FLOWING,REDI-DRITM,REAGENT GRADE,≥97%;硫酸マグネシウム ANHYDROUS,REAGENT GRADE,≥97%;硫酸マグネシウム PURISS. P.A.,DRYING AGENT,ANHYDROUS,≥98.0% (KT),POWDER (VERY FINE);硫酸マグネシウム SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M MGSO4;硫酸マグネシウム SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,1.0 M MGSO4;硫酸マグネシウム濃縮溶液 FOR 1L STANDARD SOLUTION,0.1 M MGSO4;硫酸マグネシウム溶液(B) 【BOD用】;BOD試験用B液;硫酸マグネシウム,ANHYDROUS;CULTURESURE® 硫酸マグネシウム, 動物由来物フリー;硫酸マグネシウム 溶液
英語化学名:
Magnesium sulfate
英語别名:
DBO2;MgSO4;Salts;Dried;Hair salt;Nsc146179;Sal amarum;salangalis;nesium suL;TBS TABLETS
CBNumber:
CB9122608
化学式:
MgSO4
分子量:
120.37
MOL File:
7487-88-9.mol

硫酸マグネシウム (無水) 物理性質

融点 :
1124 °C
比重(密度) :
1.07 g/mL at 20 °C
蒸気密度:
<0.01 (vs air)
蒸気圧:
<0.1 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
貯蔵温度 :
no restrictions.
溶解性:
H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
外見 :
powder (very fine)
色:
slightly gray
比重:
2.66
PH:
7.9 (50g/l, H2O, 25℃)
水溶解度 :
Soluble in water. Slightly soluble in alcohol, glycerol. Insoluble in acetone.
極大吸収波長 (λmax):
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.03
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.02
Sensitive :
Hygroscopic
Merck :
14,5691
安定性::
Stable. Hygroscopic.
CAS データベース:
7487-88-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Magnesium sulfate(7487-88-9)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Magnesium sulfate (7487-88-9)

安全性情報

主な危険性  Xi
Rフレーズ  36/37/38
Sフレーズ  22-24/25-36-26
WGK Germany  1
RTECS 番号 OM4500000
3
TSCA  Yes
HSコード  28332100
有毒物質データの 7487-88-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
化審法 (1)-467 届出不要化学物質

硫酸マグネシウム (無水) 価格 もっと(61)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01FLC044701
Magnesium sulfate,anhydrous
7487-88-9 500g ¥6300 2021-03-23 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01FLC044701 硫酸マグネシウム,anhydrous
Magnesium sulfate,anhydrous
7487-88-9 1kg ¥9400 2021-03-23 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01FLC044701 硫酸マグネシウム,anhydrous
Magnesium sulfate,anhydrous
7487-88-9 2kg ¥15000 2021-03-23 購入
東京化成工業 M1890 硫酸マグネシウム (無水) >98.0%(T)
Magnesium Sulfate Anhydrous >98.0%(T)
7487-88-9 300g ¥1700 2021-03-23 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 25035-01 硫酸マグネシウム(無水) >95.0%(T)
Magnesium sulfate, anhydrous >95.0%(T)
7487-88-9 500g ¥1800 2021-03-23 購入

硫酸マグネシウム (無水) MSDS


Magnesium sulfate

硫酸マグネシウム (無水) 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

白色の粉末

定義

本品は、硫酸(*)のマグネシウム塩であり、次の化学式で表される。
参照表示名称:硫酸

溶解性

水に易溶 (26.9g/100g水, 0℃), エタノールに不溶。水に溶けやすく、エタノールに極めて溶けにくく、エーテルにほとんど溶けない。

解説

MgSO4(120.37).無水物のほか,多くの水和物が存在する.一般に硫酸マグネシウムとよぶのは七水和物のことである.天然にはアルカリ金属塩との複塩の形でキーゼル石(MgSO4・H2O),カイナイト(KCl・MgSO4・3H2O),ラングバイナイト(K2SO4・2MgSO4),ブレード石(Na2SO4・MgSO4・4H2O),ファントホファイト(3Na2SO4・MgSO4)として産出する.酸化マグネシウムを硫酸に溶かし,加熱濾過した濾液から七水和物が得られる.赤熱すれば無水物となる.無水物は白色の結晶性粉末.密度2.66 g cm-3.融点1185 ℃.それ以上で分解し,酸素,二酸化硫黄,三酸化硫黄を発生して酸化マグネシウムを生じる.水に易溶.飽和水溶液からは-3.9~1.8 ℃ で十二水和物が,1.8~48.1 ℃ で七水和物が,48.1~67.5 ℃ で六水和物が,67.5 ℃ 以上では一水和物が析出する.七水和物は一般にシャリ塩,エプソム塩,硫マグなどとよばれる無色の斜方晶系結晶.乾燥した空気中で風解する.密度1.68 g cm-3.融点67.5 ℃.水に可溶,エタノールに難溶.豆腐凝固剤,脱水剤,紙の充填剤,媒染剤,医薬品(緩下剤),耐火綿布の製造,陶磁器,化粧品,苦土肥料,人工海水,発酵助剤などに用いられる.[CAS 7487-88-9:MgSO4][CAS 14168-73-1:MgSO4・H2O][CAS 10034-99-8:MgSO4・7H2O]
森北出版「化学辞典(第2版)

用途

洗剤のビルダー、グラウト剤、固結防止剤

化粧品の成分用途

増量剤

説明

Magnesium sulfate is an inorganic salt (chemical compound) containing magnesium, sulfur and oxygen, with the formula MgSO4. It is strongly hygroscopic and often encountered as the heptahydrate sulfate mineral epsomite (MgSO4•7H2O), commonly called Epsom salt. And the monohydrate, MgSO4•H2O, is found as the mineral kieserite.
Magnesium sulfate
In gardening and other agriculture, magnesium sulfate is used to correct a magnesium or sulfur deficiency in soil.
In food preparation, magnesium sulfate is used as a brewing salt in beer production or used as a coagulant for making tofu.
In chemistry, anhydrous magnesium sulfate is commonly used as a desiccant in organic synthesis due to its affinity for water.
For Marine use, magnesium sulfate heptahydrate is used to maintain the magnesium concentration in marine aquaria which contain large amounts of stony corals.
For medicine use, it is used in pregnant women to control seizures due to certain complications of pregnancy (eg, severe toxemia) and to control high blood pressure, severe brain function problems (encephalopathy), and seizures in children who have sudden, severe inflammation of the kidneys (acute nephritis). Besides, magnesium sulfate is also used as a laxative to relieve occasional constipation.

化学的特性

Magnesium sulfate (MgS04) is a colorless crystal with a bitter, saline taste. It is soluble in glycerol and used in fireproofing, textile processes, ceramics, cosmetics, and fertilizers.

化学的特性

Magnesium Sulfate is found widely in nature as either a double salt or as a hydrate, colorless crystals,very soluble in water, soluble in glycerol, sparingly soluble in alcohol.

物理的性質

In their hydrated form, these salts have a pH of 6.0 (5.5 to 6.5) in solution. These magnesium sulfates are white crystalline solids. Their densities are: 2.66 g/cm3 (anhydrous); 2.445 g/cm3 (monohydrate); 1.68 g/cm3 (heptahydrate). Solubilities in water are: anhydrous= 26.9 g/100 ml (0°C); monohydrate= 25.5 g/100 ml (20°C); heptahydrate=71 g/100 ml (20°C). Magnesium sulfate is found in nature in many salt deposits and mineral waters, occurring as hydrates or double salts. The heptahydrate or Epsom salt was discovered in 1695, found inthemineralwater at Epsom. Kieserite and epsomite are the two most important minerals. Other than these and the above hydrates, magnesium sulfate is also found in several other minerals, including langbeinite, leonite,vanthoffite,bloedite,kainite,polyhalite,

使用

In agriculture and gardening, magnesium sulfate is used to correct magnesium deficiency in soil, since magnesium is an essential element in the chlorophyll molecule. It is most commonly applied to potted plants, or to magnesium-hungry crops, such as potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, and roses. The advantage of magnesium sulfate over other magnesium compounds (such as dolomitic limestone) is its high solubility. MgSO4 has been used in organic synthesis to remove water from nonaqueous solutions before the organic reaction is started. Since it is insoluble in most organic solvents, its addition forms hydrates that can be easily removed.
Epsom salt is also used to prepare footbaths, intended to soothe sore feet. The reason for the inclusion of the salt is partially cosmetic. However, magnesium sulfate can also be absorbed into the skin, reducing inflammation. It is also sometimes found in bottled mineral water, and accordingly is sometimes listed in the contents thereof. Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate is also used to maintain the magnesium concentration in marine aquaria which contain large amounts of stony corals as it is slowly depleted in their calcification process, precipitation into calcium carbonate. Oral Epsom salt is used as a saline laxative as well as for replacement therapy in “hypomagnesaemia” (lack of Mg2+) in animals and humans. Magnesium sulfate paste has been used as an agent for dehydrating (drawing) boils, carbuncles or abscesses. Magnesium sulfate solution has also been shown to be an effective aid in the fight against blemishes and acne when applied directly to problematic areas. Magnesium sulfate, when used through soaking, can soothe muscle pains and help improve rough patches in the skin. Soaking in a warm bath containing Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) can be beneficial to soothe and relieve herpes outbreak symptoms, such as itching and lesions relating to genital herpes or shingles.

使用

Magnesium sulfate is used widely in several industries including fertilizer, cement, textile, chemicals, and medicine. In the cement industry, it is used in manufacturing oxysulfate cement. In medicine, it is an analgesic and cathartic. An important application of anhydrous magnesium sulfate in the laboratory involves drying organic solvents required for syntheses and GC analysis.
In the textile industry, magnesium sulfate is used in finishing composition for dressing cotton; for weighting and sizing silk; as a mordant for fixing basic dyestuffs on wool; and in fireproofing fabrics. It also is a component of certain types of electrolytic plating baths; of various photographic solutions; of cosmetic lotions. It is a catalyst carrier; a dietary supplement in cattle feed; a coagulant for rubber and plastic; and is used in making citric acid and several magnesium salts, such as magnesium stearate.

製造方法

Hydrated magnesium sulfate occurs in nature as the minerals kieserite and epsomite. The salt is mined in large scale from these and other naturally occurring minerals. The salt also is prepared in the laboratory by the action of sulfuric acid on magnesium oxide, hydroxide, or carbonate followed by evaporation and crystallization:
MgO + H2SO4 → MgSO4 + H2O
Mg(OH)2 + H2SO4 → MgSO4 + 2H2O
MgCO3 + H2SO4 → MgSO4 + CO2 + H2O
Crystallization at temperatures between 1.8 and 48°C yields heptahydrate, MgSO4•7H2O. Below 1.8°C, a dodecahydrate , MgSO4•12H2O crystallizes out. Above 48°C crystals of lower hydrates form. The anhydrous salt is obtained by heating the heptahydrate at about 500°C in a rotary drum; or dehydrating above 150°C in the presence of sulfuric acid.

主な応用

Magnesium sulfate is utilized in the potassium chemicals industry for the manufacture of potassium sulfate (from potassium chloride), sodium sulfate and potash magnesia (potassium magnesium sulfate). Magnesium sulfate, particularly as kieserite, is used as a fertilizer (ca. 80% of total consumption). It is also used in the textile industry, in the manufacture of building and refractory materials, in the pulp industry and in the production of animal feedstuffs and motor oil additives.

調製方法

Magnesium sulfate is widely distributed in nature, e.g. in salt deposits as kieserite, as Epsom salt MgSO4 . 7H20, in the form of double salts such as kainite 4KCl . 4MgSO4 . 11H20 and langbeinite K2SO4 . 2MgSO4, and in brines. Large quantities of kieserite, Epsom salt and anhydrous magnesium sulfate are produced in the processing of potassium salts. Magnesium sulfate is also produced by reacting magnesium carbonate or seawatermagnesium hydroxide with sulfuric acid.

定義

ChEBI: A magnesium salt having sulfate as the counterion.

適応症

Magnesium sulfate prevents convulsions in preeclampsia and directly uncouples excitation–contraction in myometrial cells through inhibition of cellular action potentials. Furthermore, magnesium sulfate decreases calcium uptake by competing for its binding sites, activating adenylyl cyclase (thereby reducing intracellular calcium), and stimulating calcium-dependent adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase), which promotes calcium uptake by the sarcoplasmic reticulum. Magnesium is filtered by the glomerulus, so patients with low glomerular filtration will have low magnesium clearance. Although the compound does have some cardiac side effects, magnesium sulfate may be preferred over β- adrenergic agents in patients with heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, or hyperthyroidism.

生物学の機能

Magnesium sulfate may be effective in terminating refractory ventricular tachyarrhythmias, particularly polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. Digitalis-induced arrhythmias are more likely in the presence of magnesium deficiency. Magnesium sulfate can be administered orally, intramuscularly, or, preferably, intravenously,when a rapid response is intended.The loss of deep tendon reflexes is a sign of overdose.

农业用途

Magnesium sulphate is a white compound existing both in anhydrous (rhombic) and hydrated crystalline forms. The monohydrate MgSO4·H2O (monoclinic) occurs in nature as kieserite. It is a greyish-white crystalline powder which contains about 16 % magnesium and is used as a fertilizer. It is regarded as a concentrated form of epsom salt, having less water of crystallization. The commonest hydrate is heptahydrate MgSO4·7H2O(also called rhombic or epsom salt) which occurs naturally as the mineral epsomite. It is a white powder with a bitter, saline taste. The salt in the monocliic form loses its structural water at 150°C, while the rhombic form loses water at 200°C.
Magnesium sulphate is used in sizing and freproofng cotton and silk, in tanning leather, in the manufacture of fertilizers, in explosives and matches, in medicines as a laxative, and as a veterinary medicine for the treatment of inflammations and infected wounds.

臨床応用

There is much debate as to the efficacy of magnesium sulfate. For effective inhibition of uterine activity, enough must be given to maintain a blood plasma level of at least 5.5 mEq/L. Even at this level, tocolysis may be hard to achieve.

副作用

The side effects of magnesium sulfate administration are dose dependent. As magnesium levels increase, skeletal muscle weakness increases and CNS depression and vascular dilation occur. Magnesium sulfate infusion commonly results in a slight decrease in blood pressure during epidural anesthesia.
Cardiac muscle is not affected to a clinically evident degree when magnesium is administered at therapeutic levels, although magnesium can have profound myocardial effects during a gross overdose.
Magnesium antagonizes the vasoconstrictive effect of α-agonists, so ephedrine and phenylephrine are likely to less effectively increase maternal blood pressure when administered concomitantly with magnesium.
Magnesium is eliminated unchanged by the kidneys. In a patient who is receiving a maintenance infusion of magnesium and who has decreasing urine output, blood levels of magnesium quickly increase, as do related side effects.
Other side effects of magnesium sulfate include the following: (1) Cutaneous vasodilation with flushing (2) Headache and dizziness (3) Nausea (4) Skeletal muscle weakness (5) Depression of deep tendon reflexes (6) Respiratory depression (7) ECG changes

安全性プロファイル

A poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by ingestion, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes. Human systemic effects: heart changes, cyanosis, flaccid paralysis with appropriate anesthesia. An experimental teratogen. Mutation data reported. Potentially explosive reaction when heated with ethoxyethynyl alcohols (e.g., l-ethoxy 3-methyl-1-butyn-3-01). When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of SOx. See also SULFATES.

純化方法

Crystallise it from warm H2O (1g/mL) by cooling. Dry the heptahydrate (Epsom salt) at ~250o until it loses 25% of its weight. Its solubility in H2O is 36% at 20o, 55% at 60o and 74% at 100o; above 110o the solubility decreases with rise of temperature. Store it in a sealed container.

予防処置

Magnesium sulfate is not for use in patients with heart block or extensive myocardial damage. Use it with caution in patients with impaired renal function, in digitalized patients, and with concomitant use of other central nervous system depressants or neuromuscular blocking agents. Intravenous administration is contraindicated during the 2 hours preceding delivery. Oral administration is contraindicated in patients with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fecal impaction, or intestinal irritation, obstruction, or perforation.

参考文献

1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnesium_sulfate
2. https://www.drugs.com/cdi/magnesium-sulfate.html
3. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/magnesium_sulfate
4. http://www.emedicinehealth.com/drug-magnesium_sulfate/article_em.htm

硫酸マグネシウム (無水) 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品

1,4-ビス(2,2,2-トリクロロ-1-ホルミルアミノエチル)ピペラジン 2-アミノ-5-ブロモピラジン フレカイニド 9,9-ジメチルキサンテン 2-フランカルボアルデヒドジエチルアセタール セフチゾキシム 5-ブロモ-2-エトキシピリミジン 2-[2-[2-(2-ブトキシエトキシ)エトキシ]エトキシ]エタノール 2-アミノ-5-クロロベンゾニトリル 4-クロロフェニル シクロプロピル ケトン イソシアン酸ペンチル デラプリル 4-アセチル安息香酸 セフゾナム ドフェチリド ニゾフェノン 4-クロロベンズヒドリル クロリド 2,3-ジクロロ-5-ニトロピリジン 1,2-エポキシシクロオクタン イダルビシン L-(+)-マンデル酸メチル 3'-フルオロアセトアニリド インデロキサジン·塩酸塩 3′,4′-(ジデシルオキシ)ベンズアルデヒド 2,3,5,6-テトラフルオロ-4-メチル安息香酸 3-アミノ-N,N-ジメチルベンゼンスルホンアミド 2,4-ジオキソヘキサン酸エチル 5-アセトキシメチルフルフラール 2,2,2-トリフルオロ-1-(チオフェン-2-イル)エタノン 2-ブロモ-5-メトキシ安息香酸メチル 2,4,6-トリフルオロベンゼンスルホニルクロリド テトラフルオロほう酸トリ-n-ブチルホスホニウム, 99% 三ケイ酸マグネシウム メチル trans-2-ヘキサノエ-ト 1,1,1-トリクロロアセトン (2-フラニル)エチルケトン 1-(3-ブロモ-2-チエニル)-1-エタノン ビス(アンモニウムオキシスルホニルオキシ)マグネシウム

硫酸マグネシウム (無水) 生産企業

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7487-88-9(硫酸マグネシウム (無水))キーワード:


  • 7487-88-9
  • Magnesium sulfate puriss. p.a., drying agent, anhydrous, >=98.0% (KT), powder (very fine)
  • Magnesium sulfate Vetec(TM) reagent grade
  • DTTP 100MM SOL'N PH7.0
  • FTM + RESAZURINE ACC.HARM PHARM 10X100ML
  • MAGNESIUM SULPHATE XH2O
  • MES-SDS BUFFER 20X
  • TBS TABLETS
  • TRIS-ACETATE-SDS BUFFER 10X
  • Magnesium sulfate, anhydrous, 99.5%
  • Magnesium sulfate anhydrous for analysis EMSURE
  • MAGNESIUM SULFATE ANHYDROUS*CELL CUL
  • Magnesium sulfate anhydrous, free-flowing, Redi-Dri, reagent grade, >=97%
  • MAGNESIUM SULFATE SOLUTION 1M MOLECU
  • Magnesium sulfate, anhydrousUSP, 99.0-100.5% (Titration: after ignition)
  • Magnesium Sulfate, Anhydrous, USP/NF
  • Magnesium Sulfate, EMSURE?, For Analysis
  • Magnesium sulfate, sterile
  • Magnesium sulfate, Pure
  • Magnesium Sulfate Heptahydrate Solution, 2.25%
  • Magnesium sulfate, anhydrous, anhydrous
  • (Monohydrate) kieserite
  • Hair salt
  • Kieserite [as monohydrate]
  • Magnesium sulfate (1:1)
  • Magnesium(II) sulfate
  • magnesiumsulfate(1:1)
  • Magnesiumsulfate,anhydrous
  • MgSO4
  • Sal amarum
  • Sal anglicum
  • 硫酸マグネシウム (無水)
  • マグネシウムスルファート
  • 硫酸マグネシウム
  • 硫酸マグネシウム水物
  • 硫酸マグネシウム(無水)
  • マグネシウム サルフェト
  • 硫酸マグネシウム,無水
  • 硫酸マグネシウム溶液
  • 1MOL/L 硫酸マグネシウム溶液
  • 硫酸マグネシウム ANHYDROUS,FREE-FLOWING,REDI-DRITM,REAGENT GRADE,≥97%
  • 硫酸マグネシウム ANHYDROUS,REAGENT GRADE,≥97%
  • 硫酸マグネシウム PURISS. P.A.,DRYING AGENT,ANHYDROUS,≥98.0% (KT),POWDER (VERY FINE)
  • 硫酸マグネシウム SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M MGSO4
  • 硫酸マグネシウム SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,1.0 M MGSO4
  • 硫酸マグネシウム濃縮溶液 FOR 1L STANDARD SOLUTION,0.1 M MGSO4
  • 硫酸マグネシウム溶液(B) 【BOD用】
  • BOD試験用B液
  • 硫酸マグネシウム,ANHYDROUS
  • CULTURESURE® 硫酸マグネシウム, 動物由来物フリー
  • 硫酸マグネシウム 溶液
  • 硫酸マグネシウム、無水
  • 硫酸マグネシウム, 無水, 99+%
  • 硫酸MG
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